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Article
ANATOMICAL STUDY OF THE TRACHEAL CAST AND LUNG IN LOCAL BREED CATS Felis Cactus Domesticus.L.
دراسة تشريحية لقالب الرغامي والرئة لقطط السلالة المحلية Domesticus.L s . Felis Cactus

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Abstract

Cast technique includes ten cats (5 male, 5 female) used the polymerizing resin (cold acrylic) to study the bronchial tree and blood vessels. the examination of bronchial tree of the cats (felis catus) Lung is done by using cold resin in order to prepare cast specimens. The diameter of right principal bronchi of cats mean (7.34 mm± 0.36) and diameter of left principal bronchi means (6.07mm 0.36). The right principal bronchi large than left principal. The air flow in right Lung faster than the left. This result is supported by the researcher .These results are obtained from the cast model showing that the pulmonary trunk divides into right and left pulmonary arteries after arising from the right ventricle of heart. The right pulmonary artery the diameter about (4.18 mm) and diameter of left pulmonary artery about (3.40 mm) that the right pulmonary larger than the left pulmonary artery

Keywords

Cast --- Trachea --- Ventricle.


Article
GROSSLY AND MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE TRACHEA AND BRONCHIAL TREE IN THE LOCAL SHEEP ( OVIS ARIS).

Author: Saffia Kareem Wally Al- Umeri
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 145-155
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The trachea of the local sheep is a tubular structure that begins at the cricoid cartilage of the larynx and ends when it bifurcates to form the principle bronchi, composed of series of incomplete rings that were incomplete dorsally present between of them longitudinal folds. The study include twelve specimens divided into four groups grossly, histological study, cast and radiography. The anatomical study include the mean total tracheal length from the first ring to the bifurcation about (25.9 cm) , mean number of cartilaginous rings (48.6), mean number of folds (45), measured the length of trachea from the cricoids cartilage to the trachealis bronchus which enter to the cranial lobe of lung which branches from the trachea in last third before divided into two bronchi right and left each of one enter the lung for respiration also measure diameters of each tracheal ring which deference according the position of rings, which decrease of diameters when direction caudally to the root of lung the rings have different shape in the three parts of the trachea cervical, middle and thoracic the histological study showed the trachea lining pseudo stratified ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells, the wall of trachea consist of mucosa, submuosa, hyaline cartilage and adventitia and have large amount of tracheal gland,the trachealis muscle composed of elastic fibers interupted with smooth fibers.The cast of trachea showed the bronchial tree and radiography explain the trachea , bronchi and bronchioles.

Keywords

Trachea --- Radiography --- Rings.


Article
LECTIN HISTOCHEMISTRY OF TRACHEO-ESOPHAGEAL REGION IN CHICK EMBRYOS

Authors: Hayder J Mubarak حيدر جواد مبارك --- Amal A. Al-Taee امال علي الطائي --- Ali Sh. Al-Araji علي شعلان الراجي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 4-11
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Glycosylation is an important modification involved during embryonic development. Lectins are specific carbohydrate-binding proteins; they can be employed as specific probes to localize defined monosaccharide and oligosaccharides on cell surface and on cytoplasmic structures, and in extracellular matrix.Objectives:The lectins (SBA, PNA, WGA, SWGA, UEA-I) binding were used as a sensitive, stable, and easy tool that can provide an extraordinarily sensitive detection for changes glycosylation and carbohydrate expression that may occur during embryogenesis and development of trachea-esophageal region.Methods:Fertilized chick eggs were incubated at 38 °C, embryos were fixed with Bouin’s solution. Sections were treated with fluoresce ineisothiocyanate (FITC) labeledlectins.Results:The histochemical study during the 2ndand 3rddays of development revealed variable tempo-spatial variability of lectin bindings to the mesenchymal tissues and other embryonic structures at the trachea-esophageal region.Conclusions:The lectin bindings could be an indicator for the glycoconjucate changes that play an essential role in developmental phenomenon of trachea-esophageal morphogenesis by marking cellular differentiation, cellular migration, and cellular interactions.Key words:Trachea, esophagus, chick, embryo, lectin, histochemistry.

Keywords

Trachea --- esophagus --- chick --- embryo --- lectin --- histochemistry


Article
Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province
دراسة نسيجية وباستخدام المجهرالمتالق لتقدير تراكم الكاربون في الرغامي والقصبة الهوائية للطيور في المناطق الملوثة من محافظة واسط

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to detect the accumulation of carbon and determination its appearance in different areas of groups of ducks. Using special dyes to detect deposits of carbon particles. Also, using AO/ EB stains to detect early and late (progress) apoptosis that occurred due to the precipitated of carbon in both areas (Al-ahdeb oil field and brick factories areas) but late apoptosis occurred in bronchi of brick factories area more than oil field area. The histological examination of trachea showed no any indicator of accumulation of carbon in three different areas, whereas in bronchi showed the presence of carbon in polluted areas (Al-ahdeb oil field and brick factories areas) in different amounts.

الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو الكشف عن تراكم الكاربون وتحديد مظهره في مناطق مختلفة لمجموعات من البط باستخدام اصباغ خاصة للكشف عن ترسب جزيئات الكاربون. وكذلك استخدام صبغات الاكردين البرتقالي/ الاثيديوم بروميد للكشف عن الموت المبرمج المبكر والمتأخر(المتقدم) الذي يحصل نتيجة لترسب جزيئات الكاربون في كلا المنطقتين الملوثة (منطقة حقل الاحدب النفطي ومنطقة معامل الطابوق) ولكن حصول الموت المبرمج المتأخر في منطقة معامل الطابوق يكون اكثر مما هو عليه في منطقة حقل الاحدب النفطي. الفحص النسيجي للرغامي يظهر عدم وجود اي مؤشر على تراكم الكاربون في الثلاث مناطق المستخدمه في هذا البحث. بينما في القصبة الهوائية نلاحظ ترسب الكاربون في المناطق الملوثة (منطقة حقل الاحدب النفطي ومنطقة معامل الطابوق) وبكميات مختلقة.


Article
Histological Study of the Trachea In Indigenous Male Turkey (Meleagris gallopava)
دراسة نسجية لرغامي ذكور الديك الرومي المربى محليا (Meleagris gallopava)

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Abstract

The present study was conducted on five healthy indigenous male turkeys at the first year of their age and live weight was (4715 ± 43.3 gm) collected from the center of Diwanyia city, our need to have a base line data on the respiratory system of this abundant species of bird in Iraq. It is expected that this work will provide a pivot for future research and subsequent clinical application as regards the biology of the turkey.After birds preparation the trachea dissected out and washing by normal saline solution (0.9% Nacl), then were fixed immediately in 10% formalin, then get ready for routine histological processing.Trachea was lined by respiratory epithelium (ciliated, pseudostratified columnar epithelium) with simple branched tubular mucous glands and goblet cells. Laminapropria-submucosa of the trachea was supported by hyaline cartilages and comprised of loose connective tissue, with large bundles of collagen fibers.

استخدم في الدراسة الحالية خمسة طيور من الديك الرومي (Meleagris gallopava ) سليمة بعمر سنة واحدة ومتوسط وزن(.(4715 ± 43.3 gm جمعت من مركز مدينة الديوانية. ولحاجتنا أن يكون هنالك قاعدة بيانات للجهاز التنفسي لهذه الفصيلة من الطيور الواسعة الانتشار في العراق. يتوقع إنها ستزود مدار البحث المستقبلي والتطبيقات السريرية اللاحقة لعلم الأحياء في الديك الرومي. بعد تحضير الطيور استخرج ألرغامي وغسل بمحلول الملح الفسلجي , ثم ثبتت مباشرة في 10% من الفورمالين , وبعد ذلك جهز للعمليات النسجية الروتينية. أظهرت النتائج أن ألرغامي مبطن بالطهارة التنفسية ( الظهارة العمودية المطبقة الكاذبة المهدبة) مع الغدد المخاطية الأنبوبية البسيطة و الخلايا الكأسية. الصفيحة الأساسية-التحت المخاطية للرغامي مسندة بالغضروف الزجاجي ومؤلفة من النسيج الضام الرخو مع حزم كبيرة من ألألياف الغراوية.


Article
Anatomical and Morphometric Study of the Trachea in Pied Kingfisher Birds ( Ceryle rudis ).

Author: Nabeel Abd Murad Al-Mamoori
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 15-23
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The present study include eleven of the Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) birds from both sex, the weight and length of body were (98 ± 6.901gm), (32 ± 0.524 cm) respectively. The trachea characterized by a long flexible tube (6.34 ± 0.26 cm) in length and this refer to (49.403%) from the ratio length of respiratory system. It was mostly extend along the right side of the neck ventral to the esophagus and then enter the coelomic cavity. The trachea extend rostrally from the caudal end of the cricoid cartilage of the larynx into the connection between the trachea and syrinx (First tracheosyringeal cartilage ) caudally. The weight of trachea was (0.152 ± 0.018 gm) and this refer to (9.331%) from the weight of respiratory system. The cartilage rings which forming the trachea was oval in shaped and form the basic unit structure of the trachea. The total number of tracheal cartilage rings was (64.2 ± 1.2) and the diameter of the cartilage rings unequal and show a gradual decrease of its connection of the larynx into the syrinx and the mean of perimeter of the trachea connection with larynx was (43.252 ± 1.911 mm), while the connection with syrinx was (22.915 ± 1.152 mm). It can be see two skeletal muscles connected with trachea were trachiolateralis and sternotrachealis muscles.


Article
Anatomical And Morphometric Study Of The Trachea, Primary Bronchi And Lung In Laughing Dove ( Streptopelia Senegalensis(.

Authors: Nabeel Abd Murad Al-Mamoori --- Maha Abdul-Hadi Abdul-Rida Al-Abdula
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 111-119
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

In the current study use ten of the laughing dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) birds from both sexes, the body weight was (102.811±3.599gm). The present study include the morphometric features of the trachea, primary bronchi and lungs. The trachea was appear long flexible tube consist from several number of the cartilage rings closed like (O) shape which refer to the basic unit structure of the trachea. The mean length of the trachea was (6.166±0.176 cm) and this form (66.544 %) from the total length of the respiratory system. The primary bronchi appear as short tubes consist from several number of cartilage rings has (C) shape open from the medial side, connected together by transparent membrane. The length of right and left primary bronchi was ( 5.6 ± 0.4 mm ) ( 6.6 ± 0.2 mm ) and this form (6.043 %) (7.122%) respectively from the total length of the respiratory system. The lungs was pink into light red color, triangular or pyramidal-shaped. Each lung consist from two surfaces costal and visceral surfaces and three borders were lateral, medial and posterior borders. In the costal surface can be seen the lung contain five impressions. The length of the right and left lungs were ( 1.633 ± 0.02 cm ) ( 1.533 ± 0.03 cm ) and this form low percentage from the length of the respiratory system reaches into (17.623 %) and (16.544 %) and the thickness of right and left lungs were (4 ± 0.44 mm) (4.6 ± 0.49 mm), while the weight of the right and left lungs was (0.325 ± 0.032 gm) (0.308 ± 0.018 gm) respectively.

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