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Article
EFFECTS OF TESTOSTERONE HORMONE ON STRUCTURE OF UTERUS IN FEMALE MICE BALB/C
تأثير هرمون التيستوستيرون على تركيب الرحم في إناث الفئران المختبرية

Author: Emad. k .Abbas عماد خضير عباس
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 66-73
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study shows the effects of Testosterone hormone on uterus tissue in female mice. We used twenty laboratory mice (Ten animals for each group). The first groups used as a control by using physiological saline (0.9%) concentration. The second groups were taken the 10mg/kg for 28 days. Biopsy was taken from the animals to examine their tissue histopathologically, Results were seen in uterus form of degradation in Endometerium and bleeding .Deteriorate in epithelial tissue and infiltration in inflammatory cells .

أجزيج هذ انذراست ن عًزفت حأريز هزيى انخيسخىسخيزو عهى سَيج انزدى في إ بَد انفئزا حى اسخخذاوعشزو ي أ بَد انفئزا ان خًخبزيت حى حقسي هًب عشىائيب انى يج ىًعخي )عشزة نكم يج ىًعت ( اعخبزث ان جً ىًعتالأونى يج ىًعت سيطزةوديذ دق جُ ببن ذًهىل انفسيىنىجي أيب ان جً ىًعت انزب يَت فقذ دق جُ بهزيى انخيسخىسخيزو 10 يهغى/كغى ي وس انجسى ون ذًة ر بً يَت وعشزي يىيب حى انخضذيت ببنذيىا بَث في هَبيت انخجزبت وأخذث ي هُبعضى انزدى نع مً ان قًبطع ان سُجيت وح زًهج انعلايبث ان زًضيت في سَيج انزدى نفئزا ان جً ىًعت انزب يَت بذصىلدبنت انخذهم في انطبقت ان بًط تُ نهزدى يع دبنت ان شُف وكذنك دبنت انخهف نهطبقت انطلائيت يع دبنت أرحشبح نهخلايبالانخهببيت

Keywords

Testosterone --- uterus --- female mice


Article
Pattern of Skin Disorders Among Female Secondary School in Fallujah City
دراسة الأمراض الجلدية ضمن طالبات المدارس الثانوية في مدينة الفلوجة

Author: Asma I Alajeel اسماء ابراهيم العجيل
Journal: Al- Anbar Medical Journal مجلة الأنبار الطبية ISSN: PISSN: 27066207 / EISSN: 26643154 Year: 2012 Volume: Vol.10 Issue: 2 Pages: 19-25
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Introduction: Adolescence is the transitional stage of physical and mental human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. The pattern of skin disease in general varies in frequency and severity in different age groups and it differ with geographical locations due to environmental, race factors, sex and age. Objective: To determine the pattern and severity of skin disease among adolescent female students in Fallujah city in order to understand the effect and the impact of skin diseases at this stage of life.Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional study of 400 adolescent female students with skin diseases in Fallujah secondary schools. The study was performed during the period from November 2009 - May 2010. The students were examined for the type of skin disorder and its severity. Results: The majority of the patients had one skin disorder 62%; the remainder had 2 or more disorders. The most common skin diseases and conditions were the disease of skin appendages (with the acne being the most common one) followed by dermatitis and related conditions and then skin infections.Acne was noticed in (30%) of students, affecting the face (95.5%) and trunk (4.5%). The next common disorder was hirsutism (25%), atopic dermatitis, (15%), diffuse hair loss (10%), dandruff (7.5%), warts (7. 5%) and (scabies 7%).A large number of acne patients had also hirsutism and to lesser extent dandruff and Androgenetic alopecia and these patients were found to have high free testosterone level and ultrasound appearance of polycystic ovary (PCO) which pointed to the diagnosis of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).Conclusion: Skin diseases are common among adolescent female students in Fallujah city. The most common skin disorders at this age were acne and hirsutism which is of cosmetic importance, so early and proper management of these disorders is important to prevent the late disfiguring sequel and psychological problems.

المقدمة : المراهقة هي الفترة الانتقالية من التطور الفيزيائي والذهني للإنسان والتي تحدث بين الطفولة والبلوغ . ان نمط المرض الجلدي بصورة عامة يختلف في المعدل والشدة بالنسبة للأعمار المختلفة والاماكن الجغرافية بسبب العوامل البيئية والعرقية والجنس والعمر.الهدف : تحديد نمط وشدة الأمراض الجلدية بين طالبات الثانوية في مدينة الفلوجة / العراق لبيان تأثير الأمراض الجلدية في هذه المرحلة العمرية .اجريت هذه الدراسة على 400 طالبة ثانوية في مدينة الفلوجة , خلال الفترة من تشرين الثاني 2009 الى أيار 2010 . النتائج : الغالبية من الطالبات كان لديهن حالة مرضية واحدة(62%) بينما البقية لديهن اثنتين او اكثر من الحالات. ان اكثر الحالات الجلدية شيوعا هي امراض لواحق الجلد وكان مرض حب الشباب هو الاكثر شيوعا تتبعها الحالات الجلدية .التحسسية ثم الالتهابات الجلدية. حب الشباب لوحظ في 30% من الطالبات( 95.5 في الوجهة و4.5 في الظهر)% , يليه حالة الشعرانية 25% , ثم الحساسية الأتوبية 15% , فقدان الشعر الواسع 10%, داء القشرة 7.5% , الثألول 7.5% والجرب 7%. عدد كبير من المصابات بحب الشباب كان لديهن حالة الشعار وبنسبة اقل داء القشرة وحالة تساقط الشعر الذكوري، وعثر على أن هؤلاء الطالبات لديهن ارتفاع في مستوى هرمون التستوستيرون الحر والفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية اظهر نتيجة المبيض المتعدد الكيسات (PCO) والتي تشير إلى تشخيص متلازمة تكيس المبيض (PCOS).الأستنتاجات :- إن الأمراض الجلدية شائعة بين طالبات الثانوية في مدينة الفلوجة وان حب الشباب و الشعرانية هما السائدان في هذه الفئة العمرية والتي تشكل اهمية من الناحية الجمالية لهذه الفئة من البنات , لذلك فأن المعالجة المبكرة والسليمة لهذه الحالات تكون على قدر من الاهمية لمنع النتائج المشوهة والنفسية.

Keywords

skin --- female --- students


Article
CHARACTERISTICS AND CLINICAL MANAGEMENT OF FEMALE PATIENTS WITH FISSURE IN ANO IN AL-KADHIMIYA CITY, BAGHDAD

Author: Qahtan A. Mahdi قحطان عدنان مهدي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 238-242
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Fissure in ano is a common painful anal problem in female patients.Objective:To study the sociodemographic variables of female patients with fissure in ano, and to identified the characteristic of anal fissure and their treatment among those patient in Al-Imamian Al-Kadhimiyian Medical City and two private hospitals.Methods:This is a prospective study that was carried out from May 2008 to May 2011. Two hundred fifty female patients with fissure in ano were interviewed regarding their age, marital state, address, level of education, clinical presentation and the subsequent management.Result:The commonest age of presentation in females was between 21-30 years. 78% of them were living at the peripheral areas of north of Baghdad, and 79.6% were of low level of education (primary school or below). The prevalence was found more in women with high parity especially when their child delivery was supervised by a midwife in their location. All patient has presented with anal pain, 55% were associated with bleeding per rectum and 64.2% with constipation. The location of fissures was 51.6% anterior, 48% posterior, 0.4% lateral in position. Less than half of patients underwent a surgical treatment. 77% of them were treated by lord dilatation under anesthesia and 23% by lateral sphinecteromty.Conclusion:Factors which had an impact on the clinical course and management of fissure in ano in female patients were found to be the social status, the level of education and the parity, therefore to prevent this illness, a cooperation between the heath services and the family health center and the government is necessary in order to overcome such a common problem.Keywords:Fissure in ano, Female

Keywords

Fissure in ano --- Female


Article
REPRODUCTIVE EFFICACY IN FEMALE RAT EXPOSED TO BISPHENOL A DURING GESTATION PERIOD
الكفاءة التكاثرية في اناث الجرذان المعرضة للبسفينول خلال فترة الحمل

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Abstract

The study was conduct to determine the effect of exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) during gestation on serum reproductive hormones levels (Estradiol" E2", Luteinizing Hormone "LH" and follicle- stimulating Hormone" FSH"), age and weight at vaginal opening onset as well as reproductive efficacy in F1 female offspring.Thirty six pregnant female rats (F0) were gavage three doses of BPA suspended in corn oil (50 μg, 50 mg, 250 mg/kg/BW) or corn oil only as control group from gestational day (GD) 6 till gestation day (GD) 21. After delivery, twelve female pups of each group were hold for three months; However, Female rats' offspring, after weaning, were weighed and checked for vaginal opening (VO) every day until completion, then at postnatal day (PND) 90, blood samples were collected from six F1 female of each group to perform hormonal tests and other six females were mated with untreated male rat in a separate cage for 14 days in order to evaluate fertility efficacy. The results showed significant increased (P<0.05) in serum E2 levels, and decrease in LH level, but FSH levels were unchanged in all treated groups compared with control group. The results also revealed significant decrease age at VO onset in all treated groups compared with control group , while body weight at age of VO onset was non-significantly differ between all groups.Fertility rate, number of birth and implantation sites were reduced and resorption sites were elevated in F1 female rats that gestationally exposed to deferent levels of BPA in comparison with control group. From the present study it has been revealed that the BPA exposures during pregnancy adversely affect F1 female reproduction and caused early puberty onset.

Keywords

Estradiol --- BPA --- Female


Article
MEDICO-LEGAL STUDY OF VIOLENCE AGAINST FEMALES

Authors: Ban S.A. Al-Saadi بان صبيح علوان --- Saad K. Al-Giboori سعد كاظم كريم
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2015 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 84-89
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Violence against female is an important and serious public health and medico-legal problem. It carries important risk factor related to ill health of female and its consequences on physical, social, mental and reproductive health of women.Objectives:To determine the type of fatal and non-fatal intentional injuries involving women, girls and young female kids and method used for such injuries and to reveal the magnitude of domestic violence of both physical and sexual types.Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out within 6 months period on 82 medico-legal female cases with intentional violence. All females (living and postmortem cases) were studied. Information was collected from the same victim or her relative (in non-living cases) through an interview, police reports and their medical reports. Digital photography was done for some interesting cases while radiological survey followed by complete autopsy for all non-living cases.Results:The study showed that 57.3% were living subjects while 42.7% were postmortem victims. Regarding the living cases, their mean age was 20.61±9.37 years. Illiteracy constitutes 57.4% of them. All of them were referred as cases of violence directed to the genital area (sexual assault) but 72.3% were with no tear to the hymen. In post-mortem victims, the mean age was 28.6±12.84years. Housewives constituted 85.7% of them and 45.7% were having primary school level of education only. Burn was the main type of injury constituting 71.4%. In 65.71% were affected by sexual assault and in 69% of victims there were old hymen tears. In 80% death was due to suicide.Conclusion:Violence was more common among living female and highest in the third decade of life. Majority were either with low level of education or having primary school level of education. All of the living females were sexually assaulted while burn was the main type of injury among the postmortem group.Key words:Violence, Hymen, women, female.

Keywords

Violence --- Hymen --- women --- female


Article
Treatment of low serum ferritin in females with alopecia by oral iron.

Authors: Wisam Ali Ameen --- Hassanain H. Al-Charrakh
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2015 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 126-136
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Hair loss affects over 25% of women in developed countries. Three hairdisorders, androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium and alopecia areata which account formost cases of nonscarring alopecia in women. Iron deficiency has been reported in themajority of women presenting with diffuse hair loss. Iron has important function in oxidationreductionreactions, collagen synthesis, and as a co-factor for enzymes.Objectives: To assess the percentage of the low serum ferritin hair loss females and theirresponse to oral iron replacement therapy.Materials and methods: a prospective cohort study conducted in at Marjan teaching hospitalfrom August 2013 to January 2015. It included 72 female complained from diffuse hair losswere enrolled in this study. Full history was taken from all patients and physical examinationswere done both general examination and local examination of the scalp including pull test.Patients were sent to complete blood examinations, serum ferritin. Patients divided in to threegroups according to their response to treatment. Before the treatment the severity of hair losswas assess by VAS.Results: Fifty two patients met criteria of inclusion. Their serum ferritin levels range between(1.4-14.4) with mean 6.16±3.30 their hemoglobin levels were (8.3-13.4) with mean ±SD11.98±1.22. Group I patients included 27 patients (51.9%), their severity of hair loss beforetreatment was assess by VAS which was 9.18±0.84, after two week of treatment the scorebecome 7.33±1.03, P value is < 0.0001; confidence interval 95% = ( 1.477 to 2.277). in groupII patients which included 12 patients (23%), their severity of hair loss before treatment wasassess by VAS which was 9.33±0.49, after two week of treatment the score become 9.08±0.66,P value is 0.081 considered not significant; confidence interval 95% = (-0.037 to 0.537). Theother thirteen patients (25%) represented the third group. All the patients in this group didn’tshow any response to treatmentConclusion: Measurement of serum ferritin level should be done to all patients with chronictelogen effluvium before starting other anti-hair loss modalities. Iron replacement is a safedrug with a few side effects and indicated to all females with low serum ferritin level.

Keywords

ferritin --- female --- hair loss


Article
Knowledge regarding osteoporosis among female college students: a sample from Nursing and Technical College of Health and Medicine
المعارف حول هشاشة العظام لدى طالبات الكليات: عينة من طالبات كلية التمريض وكلية التقنيات الطبية و الصحية/بغداد

Author: Maral F. Thabit
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2017 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-185
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Osteoporosis has emerged as one of the most significant public health problem in the world especially in developing countries. To evaluate the knowledge regarding osteoporosis among a sample of female Nursing and Technical College of Health and Medicine students. A cross-sectional study including 150 female students from Nursing College, Technical College of Health and Medicine/ Baghdad, during November and December 2014, they were subjected to previously structured questionnaire covering many aspects of osteoporosis distributed in 4 main domains and the students responses were analysed by frequency, percentages and percent score for each question and mean percent score for each domain. Mean percent scores (77% and 60%) for aetiological factor and medical reason domains while (82% and 79%) for complications, and ways of prevention and treatment domains. Satisfactory knowledge level regarding oosteoporosis among study sample.

طرأت هشاشة العظام كاحد مشاكل الصحة العامة في العالم الاكثر اهمية خصوصا في البلدان النامية. لتقييم المعارف يخصوص هشاشةالعظام من خلال عينة من طالبات كلية التمريض وكلية التقنيات الطبية و الصحية/بغداد. دراسة مقطعية شملت (150) طالبة من كلية التقنيات الطبية والصحية وكليةالتمريض/ بغدادخلال شهر شرين الثاني وكانون الاول2014 , تم عرض عليهن استماره استبيان معدة مسبقا تغطي جوانب متعدده لهشاشةالعظام في اربعة محاور رئيسيه ومن ثم تم تحليل البيانات باستخدام التكرار والنسب المئوية للاجابات لكل سؤال ومعدل النسبة المئويه لكل محور. معدل النسبه المئويه كان (77%،60%) لمحوري عوامل خطورةالمرض والاسباب الطبيه للمرض بينما كان معدل النسبه المئويه (82%,79%) لمضاعفات المرض وطرق الوقايه والعلاج. مستوى المعارف كان مقنعا بالنسبه لهشاشه العظام عند عينه البحث.


Article
HISTOPATHOLOGICAL AND HORMONAL EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT DOSES OF ASPIRIN ON THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF ALBINO RATS
التأثيرات المرضية النسجية والهرمونية لجرع مختلفة من الأسبرين على الجهاز التكاثري الانثوي في الجرذان البيضاء

Author: SH. Ali , **Zainab I. Mohammed **Khalil G. Chelab
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 211-226
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of aspirin on the female reproductive organs in albino rats. (21) mature female albino rats (150-170gm) were divided into three groups: 1st group which treated as negative control group, it was drenched only 0.2 ml of PBS.2nd group was drenched with Aspirin(10 mg/Kg of B.W once daily for 14 days).3rd group was drenched with Aspirin (20 mg/Kg B.W once daily for 14 days). Our results showed that 2nd group and 3rd group demonstrated significantly decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in the values of plasma LH compared with control group. In values of plasma FSH hormone, the 2nd and 3rd groups showed significantly decreased (P ≤ 0.05) in the relation with the control group. On the other hand, the microscopic examination of the histopathological sections of uteri of all the treated and control groups showed that the 2nd group demonstrated mild hyperplasia and degeneration in the epithelial cells which lining the uterus and there is few numbers of uteri glands. Also marked hyperplasia and vacuolation of the epithelial cells which lines the uterus. In 3rd group, the histopathological examination of uteri elucidates profuse proliferation and irregular hyperplasia of smooth muscles in the wall of uterus, there is high infiltration of inflammatory cells and there is congestion of blood vessels. Also there is marked vacuolation of uterine epithelial cells and fewer and smaller uterine glands than the 2nd group and 1st (control) group. In ovaries of 2nd group showed markedly few follicular growth wave characterized by primary, secondary follicles and there is congestion and thrombi in the ovarian stroma. Also presence of large corpus luteum. But the histopathological changes in the ovaries of 3rd group animals showed more severity than 2nd group animals in which there are primary and secondary follicles with severe congestion and hemorrhage, also there is high numbers of corpus luteum. 1st (control) group was showed normal histological feature of uteri and ovaries. We conclude from the present study that different doses of aspirin can cause histopathological effects and hormonal disturbances in FSH and LH hormones.


Article
CUTIS VERTICIS GYRATA AND NEUROFIBROMA; A CASE REPORT
تقرير حالة - جلد فروة الراس الملفوف مع الليفي العصبي المتعدد

Authors: INTISAR S. PITY انتصار سالم بتي --- REBER S. YOUSIF ريبر يوسف
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2014 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-75
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

SUMMARYCutis verticis gyrata is a rare long lasting and progressive medical condition characterized by folds and deep furrows of the scalp giving it a cerebriform pattern. Primary lesions mainly affect males after puberty; they are rare among females. We report a case of cutis verticis gyrata in a middle aged Kurdish female having multiple neurofibromas, and we suggest thepossibility of genetic association between both lesions, possibly related to mutations in the neurofibromatosis gene 1 or 2 (NF-1, NF-2).

جلد فروة ال ا رس الملفوف هو حالة طبية نادرة ط ويلة الأمد تتميز بتكوين طيات وشقوق عميقة من فروة ال أ رس وتبرز خارجيا على نمط ملفوف مخي. الحالات الأولية تؤثر أساسا الذكور بعد سن البلوغ؛ فهي نادرة بين الإناث. نحن نسجل عن حالة جلدي تلفيفية سارية في انثى كردية في منتصف العمر مع وجود أو ا رم ليفية عصبية متعددة، ونتوقع إمكانية . تكوين طف ا رت و ا رثية ذات صلة في جين الورم العصبي الليفي ١ أو ٢


Article
Effect of Citrullus colocynthis on some physiological aspects of female reproductive system in mice as a model for mammals
تأثير استخدام المستخلص الكحولي للحنظل على بعض المعايير الوظيفية للجهاز التناسلي لإناث الفئران كموديل لللبائن

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Abstract

The study was design to investigate the effect of oral administration of Citrullus colocynthis (CC) on some physiological and histological characters of female reproductive organs in mature mice of Swiss albino strain as a model for mammals. The animals were divided into three groups each contains 8 animals. Group one was treated with 6 mg/ Kg body weight BW/ day of alcoholic extract of CC, group two was treated with 9.6 mg/ Kg BW/day of alcoholic extract of CC and group three served as control throughout eight weeks period. The results of the study showed no significant (P>0.05) difference in the ovarian and uterine weight among groups. Significant (P<0.05) differences were shown in ovarian activity in control and group one compared to group two. The number of corpura lutea was highly significant (P<0.01) improved in group one than that of control group. The number of pregnant females was 50% in group one and control group. However the females treated with 6 mg/ Kg BW/ day of alcoholic extract of CC were gave a significant (P<0.01) results in the number of litters when compared with control group. It is concluded from the present research that treating with limiting dose of CC may accelerated the action of ovarian activity and resulted in improvement in the number of litters.

صممت الدراسة لبحث تأثير التجريع الفموي للمستخلص الكحولي لنبات الحنظل على بعض الخواص الفسلجيه و النسيجية للأعضاء التناسلية الانثويه للفئران الناضجة كموديل لللبائن . قسمت حيوانات التجربة إلى ثلاثة مجاميع كل مجموعه تحوي ثمان حيوانات جرعت ألمجموعه الأولى بالمستخلص الكحولي لماده الحنظل بتركيز 6 ملغمكلغم من وزن الجسميوم . ألمجموعه الثانية عوملت بالمستخلص الكحولي لماده الحنظل بتركيز9,6 ملغمكلغم من وزن الجسم يوم أما ألمجموعه الثالثة أعطيت ماء فقط واعتبرت مجموعه سيطرة . استمر التجريع لمده ثمانية أسابيع . لم تظهر نتائج الدراسة فروقات معنوية (P>0.05 ) في أوزان الأعضاء التناسلية (المبايض والرحم ) بين مجاميع التجربة . بينت النتائج فروقات معنوية(P<0.05) فيما يخص نشاط المبايض في مجموعتي السيطرة ومجموعة المعامله الأولى مقارنة مع مجموعه المعامله الثانية . أظهرت مجموعه المعامله الأولى فرق معنوي عالي (P<0.01) في أعداد الأجسام الصفراء مقارنة مع مجموعه السيطرة . نسبه الحمل في مجموعه المعامله الأولى و مجموعه السيطرة كانت50 % بينما الإناث المعامله بجرعة 6 ملغمكلغم من وزن الجسميوم من المستخلص الكحولي لماده الحنظل سجلت أفضل فرق معنوي (P<0.01) بالنسبة لإعداد المواليد مقارنة مع مجموعه السيطرة . نستنتج من الدراسة الحالية إن المعامله بجرع محدودة من ماده الحنظل قد يزيد من النشاط المبيضي الذي ينتج عنه زيادة في أعداد المواليد الحية .

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