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Article
The occupational hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul City: Musculo– skeletal pain, eye problem and hepatitis

Author: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 8 Pages: 136-145
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the distribution of the health hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul Cityaccording to age, sex and number of working hours per week. It also stated the usage of personalprotective measures among dentists. Materials and Methods: The study of population consisted ofone hundred and thirty dentists. The target population comprised dentists who worked in Mosul City.The study was conducted within form of questionnaire. Dentists were asked whether they suffered anyoccupational disease related to a musculo–skeletal pain and its location whether in the back, upperlimbs or lower limbs. Also location of back pain as in the neck, shoulder, thoracic, lumber and sacralregions. Additionally, dentists were asked about eye problem, infectious diseases and if they arewearing medical gloves and masks. Results: The musculo–skeletal pain was the most frequent complaint of the total dentists (63.08%). Back–pain was the most prevalent of the musculo–skeletal disorders among dentists (81.54%) of the total sample and more frequently in the cervical area; i.e., neck and shoulder (66.15%). There was a significant difference between the prevalence of differentmusculo–skeletal pain and the weekly working hours among dentists (p = 0.01). There was asignificant difference between dentists with and without eye problems (p = 0.033). Higher prevalenceof dentists from the total sample did not complain of infectious diseases (82.31%). Dentists whomnever wearing gloves and masks comprised the higher percentages of the total sample (46.15% and 19.23%, respectively). Conclusions: Carrying out their professional work, dentists are exposed to a number of occupational hazards. The study revealed that musculo–skeletal pain was the frequent complaint of dentists and more frequently in the cervical area (neck and shoulders) with a significant association between the number of working hours per week and musculo–skeletal pain in all locations (back, upper limb, lower limb). The majority of the examined dentists complain of eye problem during their practice, whereas most of them never complain any infectious disease. No significant association between dentists wearing gloves but significant association between those wearing masks with the age.


Article
Prevalence of myofascial pain in students of selected secondary schools in Baghdad city

Authors: Toka T. Alnesary --- Rafil H. Rasheed رافل رشيد --- Raja H. AL-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 2 Pages: 84-87
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Myofascial face pain (MFP) is painful disorder of masticatory muscles thought to be the most commontype of temporomandibular disorder (TMD).This study was done to evaluate the prevalence of MFP in students ofsecondary schools of Baghdad cityMaterials and methods: The sample comprised 242 females' students and 222 males' students of secondary schools,aged 17-18 years. The MFP evaluated according to the specific screening questionnaire of research diagnosticcriteria of temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) axis I with clinical examination.Results: the study revealed that (50.8%) of the students had history of pain where females reported higherpercentage than males with statistical significant difference. The history of pain in muscles of mastication was higherthan joint pain in both genders. After clinical examination this study also showed that (25.4%) of students with historyof pain had MFP. The differences between both genders regarding the diagnosis of MFP were higher in females thanmales but statistically not significant.Conclusion: high percentage of students reported a history of pain which could be attributed to MFP in (25.4%) ofthe students. The prevalence of pain history and MFP was higher in females’ than males


Article
Pain In Patients With Multipe Sclerosis

Authors: Mo'taz Fayrouz Abd --- Khalid I. Mussa*.)
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 73-76
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: pain is frequently listed among initial symptoms of MS or an occurring in the course of the disease.
Patients and Methods: one hundred thirty MS patients diagnosed according to Macdonald's criteria compared with 115 matched age and sex control were interviewed about pain Neuropathic, somatic and headache.
Results: Neuropathic pain was significantly higher in MS than control group, while LLD and ARP were of no significance difference between two groups. For somatic pain there was significant increase in MS.
Conclusion: pain is common in MS especially LLD. There is no significant difference between pain subtypes and duration of disease and FS, EDSS.


Article
Antinociceptive Effect of Silymarin in Experimental Animal

Author: Ahmed S. Sahib احمد صهيب
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 91-94
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Silymarin is a polyphenolic flavonoid derived from milk thistle (Silybum marianum) that has anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant effects. It has been used medicinally to treat liver disorders including acute and chronic viral hepatitis, toxin/drug induced hepatitis, and alcoholic liver disease. Objective: To evaluate the antinociceptive effect of silymarin in experimental animal model of pain.Methods: The efficacy and dose response effect of silymarin (125, 250, and 500mg/kg) were assessed against control using tail flick test in mice as a model of nociceptive pain. In this model, all doses of silymarin were given intraperitoneally 15 min before immersion of tail in hot water 50°C, and Tail Flick Latency was measured before, and after (15, 30, 60 and 120 min) administration of silymarin.Result: Silymarin in 250 and 500mg/kg significantly increase Tail Flick Latency after 15, 30, 60 and 120 min in a dose dependent manner that the maximum effect seen after 120 min compared to baseline value. Conclusion: Silymarin as a herbal drug produce a significant antinociceptive effect in experimental animal model of pain, and beside its better standardization, quality control, and safety profile, in addition to its availability and relative low cost, represent a good alternative choice for management of pain.

Keywords

Silymarin --- milk thistle --- pain


Article
Assessment of Children's Pain in Oncology Unit

Authors: Dr. Sajid Majeed Hameed. د.ساجد ماجد --- Dr. Raja Hadi Abbas د.رجاء هادي --- Dr. Eqbal Gh, Ali.. د. اقبال علي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 269-273
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Most children with cancer will be at risk for significant pain at some time duringthe course of their illness. Pain may be a product of the disease itself or the result ofmedical intervention in the form of diagnostic procedures, surgery, and chemotherapy,or radiation therapy. An adequate standard of care requires that the cliniciansystematically assess and effectively manage pain on a routine basis for all childrenwith cancer.Aim of the study was to :- a) Assess pain with invasive monitoring procedures (pre& post procedure): - vein puncture, lumber puncture & bone marrow aspiration &biopsy. - b) Assess Current symptoms pre receiving of chemotherapy, - c) AssessIntensity pain with like methods of chemotherapy, d) Assess Family & child's painexperience within the period of treatmentA total of 50 patients age between (6 – 12 years) in oncology unit in central childteaching hospital & children teaching hospital in medical city, from 25th of January to25th of April 2009. Using questionnaires which has 3 parts, part one – demographiccharacteristics Part two – assessment pain with monitoring procedures, currentsymptoms pre receiving of chemotherapy, intensity of pain with methods receiving ofchemotherapy. Part three – family & Childs experience pain with use facialexpression with poker chips colorResults were analyzed by descriptive statistical including (frequency, percentage,mean of score). Results showed that (50%) of patients were age 6-8 years &diagnosed leukemia, 60% males & number of chemotherapy less than 6th courses,(72%) duration of diseases less than 6th months, 56% number admissions to hospitalwith out chemotherapy were 3-7 time. Vein Puncture (60%) of sample feeling no painpre procedure, (80%) feeling some pain bother post procedure Lumber Puncture(50%) of sample feeling pain that does not bother pre procedure, (80%) feeling severpain post procedure Bone Marrow Aspiration (60%) of sample feeling some painbother pre procedure, (100%) feeling unbearable pain post procedure. (40%) fear Prereceiving chemotherapy. (60%) methods receiving of chemotherapy bothintravenously & intrathecaly, intravenously methods pain is most hurt whileintrathecaly methods pain is the most hurt could ever have. Family experience towardassess pain tool, them showed these easily. Child experience with pain (60%) useword discomfort or no communication when feel painIn conclusions the study revealed the pain more than in post monitoringprocedure specific in lumber puncture & high level in bone marrow aspiration, fear isthe most symptoms syndrome for patients pre receiving of chemotherapy,intravenously methods most methods pain for patient. Most families the tool painshowed easily & easily transport & more children use words to expression pain & nocommunication.


Article
QUANTIFICATION OF PAIN THRESHOLD IN PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Authors: Aqeel K Hatim عقيل كريم حاتم --- Munther T Hamzah منذر طاهر حمزة --- Hasan A Hasan حسن عزيز حسن --- Zaki N Hasan زكي نوح حسن
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2012 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 83-86
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

BackgroundParkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative neurologic disorder after Alzheimer’s disease. Pain is one of the major clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease, occurring in 50-83% of patients. Pathways mediating pain are complex and include basal ganglia and thalamocortical-basalganglia circuits.ObjectiveTo quantitatively assess pain perception in Parkinson disease patients, by determining pain threshold in patients with and without pain through using electrical stimulation.MethodsA cross sectional observational study recruiting 18 patients with a clinical diagnosis of Parkinson disease and healthy controls from the neurologic unit in Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital in Baghdad; between May 2010 to Jan 2011. There were 13 men and 5 women with a mean age of (66.5 ± 10.2 years). The control group includes 18 healthy subjects, [12 males/ 8 females] with a mean age of 56.6±6.74 years. Quantitative sensory testing was carried at the neurophysiology laboratory in Al-Kadhimiya hospital; using bipolar stimulating electrodes on the forearm, index finger, mid leg, and big toe.ResultsFourteen Out of 18 patients (77.7%) reported pain, while 4 (22.3%) had no pain. There was a highly significant statistical difference in electrical perception between the affected and unaffected side, and between Parkinson disease patients and the controls. There was no statistically significant difference between males and females [p =0.8248], and between patients with and those without pain [p =0.3279]. And between upper and lower limbs on the affected side [p =0.1412], and body side involvement whether right or left in both the patients and controls.ConclusionChronic pain is present in 77.7% of Parkinson disease. Patients with Parkinson disease had lower pain threshold compared to controls. The affected side had lower pain threshold. The left or right body side and gender had no effect on pain threshold.Key worldsParkinson disease, Pain

Keywords

Parkinson disease --- Pain


Article
Post Stroke Shoulder Pain Problem

Author: Zeki Nooh Hassan
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 172-176
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Shoulder pain is one of the complications that happened in patient suffered of hemiplagia our aim is tostudy this problem in hemiplegics patients due to strokeMETHODS:56 patients affected by different types of stroke were enrolled in this study , each patient wasexamined by neurologist , CT scan then done and referred to a consultant rheumatologist at alkindihospital for assessment of his shoulder area , the patient then investigated thoroughly for his or hershoulder painRESULTS AND CONCLUSION :The study showed high correlation between shoulder pain and older age patients, aphasia, corticalsensory defectsThe study showed that the frozen shoulder is the commonest cause of post stroke shoulder pain

Keywords

shoulder pain --- stroke


Article
Dental Anxiety and it's Relation to Serum Cortisol Level Before

Author: Dunia W. Alfayad دنيا وديع الفياض
Journal: Al- Anbar Medical Journal مجلة الأنبار الطبية ISSN: PISSN: 27066207 / EISSN: 26643154 Year: 2012 Volume: Vol.10 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-40
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Background: Dental anxiety is still prevalent, despite advances in treatment methods, and it affects the utilization of health does not only decrease the pain threshold, but actually leads to the perception of painless stimuli as painful. services. Cortisol is an important hormone in the body, secreted by the adrenal glands and involved in many functions.Objectives: To evaluate the relation between the level of serum cortisol and increase anxiety in dental patients before minor oral surgery.Materials and Method: Sixty patients were included in this study were attended Alkatana Specialized Dental Center from October/4/2010 till December/1/2010, their age ranged from (16-54 years) 27 patients were females and 33 were males. They were divided into two groups, 30 of them as controls (they didn't need any dental surgery) who match the other 30 patients study group in age, sex and their general health status but they needed minor oral surgery. Blood samples were collected from all patients between 10-11 Am., and about 5 minutes before surgery to the patients of the study group. Serum cortisol level was measured by using radioimmunoassay analysis.Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled in this study. Regarding the control group 15 were females and 15 were males while for the study group patients12 were females and 18 were males. Serum cortisol level was significantly different between two groups the mean was13.05 ±6.51 for control patients and 23.62 ±10.12 respectively and the Coefficient correlation (r)between serum cortisol level and pulse rate in both groups were 0.16 (p>0.05) for the control patients and 0.58 (p<0.01) for the study group patients. When serum cortisol concentrations in study group were distributed according to the age of the sample, there was a highly significant positive correlation between these variables (r=0.36, p< 0.05). Also pulse rat in study group was found highly positive association with age (r=0.55, p < 0.01).Conclusions: It is concluded that the study group patients exhibited significantly higher levels of serum cortisol and pulse rate than that of the control group. This deference is suggested to be due to phobia from dental surgical work. As recommendation we suggest giving patient 5 mg of diazepam at the night before the operation.

القلق النفسي لدى مرضى الاسنان وعلاقة هرمون الكورتيزول قبل عمليات الاسنان الصغرى

Keywords

dental anxiety --- pain --- cortisol


Article
EFFECT OF ASPIRIN AS ANTIFUNGAL DRUG AGAINST SOME OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGI
تأثير الأسبرين كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية

Author: Alia' . A. Al- Bader علياء احمد البدر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-107
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The effect of aspirin( non steroidal anti-inflammtory drug a cyclooxygenase inhibitor) as antifungal has been studied against some opportunistic fungi : Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. Aspirin was showed a potent activity against all tested fungi in vitro . Aspirin gives the greatest effects in a concentration of 1000 µg , 2000 µg and 3000 µg causing 100% inhibition .

درس اثر الأسبرين ( عقار غير ستيرويدي ، مضاد للاتهاب ومثبط لانزيم السايكلوجينيز ) كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. وجد ان الاسبرين ذو فعالية قوية ضد جميع الفطريات المدروسة مختبريا واعطى اكبر تاثير عند التراكيز 1000 µg/ml , 2000 µg/ml and 3000 µg/ml اذ ادت هذه التراكيز الى حدوث تثبيط كامل للنمو الفطري

Keywords

Asprin --- Fungi --- Pain killer


Article
EFFECT OF ASPIRIN AS ANTIFUNGAL DRUG AGAINST SOME OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGI
تأثير الأسبرين كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية

Author: Alia' . A. Al- Bader علياء احمد البدر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-107
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The effect of aspirin( non steroidal anti-inflammtory drug a cyclooxygenase inhibitor) as antifungal has been studied against some opportunistic fungi : Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. Aspirin was showed a potent activity against all tested fungi in vitro . Aspirin gives the greatest effects in a concentration of 1000 µg , 2000 µg and 3000 µg causing 100% inhibition .

درس اثر الأسبرين ( عقار غير ستيرويدي ، مضاد للاتهاب ومثبط لانزيم السايكلوجينيز ) كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. وجد ان الاسبرين ذو فعالية قوية ضد جميع الفطريات المدروسة مختبريا واعطى اكبر تاثير عند التراكيز 1000 µg/ml , 2000 µg/ml and 3000 µg/ml اذ ادت هذه التراكيز الى حدوث تثبيط كامل للنمو الفطري

Keywords

Asprin --- Fungi --- Pain killer

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