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Article
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THREE METHODS OF TONSILLECTOMY IN DOGS
دراسة مقارنة ثلاث طرائق لاستئصال اللوزتين في الكلاب

Author: MJ Eesa محمد جواد عسى
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 18-24
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Eleven dogs were used in this study. The animals were divided into three groups: group one, in which the tonsil glands were ligated and then resected by scalpel; group two, the tonsils resected by electrocautery; group three; the tonsils were excised by electrocautery with help of an laparoscope. The clinical findings, after two days of operation, at the excision sites appeared redness in color and slight swelling. These signs disappeared at 4-6 postoperative days in group one, while in second and third groups, it extend for 5 - 7 days. Healing of surgical sites occurred 10-12 days after operation in the first group, while in second and third groups, healing occurred in 11-14 days, respectively. The modified use of a rigid laparoscopic toll in the third group for tonsillectomy, was found to be easy for application of the method and given good results.

أستخدم في هذه الدراسة (11) كلبآ قسمت فيها الحيوانات الى ثلاث مجاميع: ففي المجموعة الاولى تم ازالة غدة اللوزتين بواسطة المشرط الجراحي بعد اجراء الربط من قاعدة الغدة ؛ اما في المجموعة الثانية فتم ازالة الغدة بواسطة الكي الكهربائي ؛ وفي المجموعة الثالثة تم ازالة الغدة بأستخدام الة الكي الكهربائي وبمساعدة جهازالجراحة المنظارية. اظهرت العلامات السريرية بعد يومين من اجراء العملية الجراحية وجود احمرار وتورم في مكان الاستئصال. تلك العلامات اختفت بعد مرور 4-6 ايام من اجراء الأستئصال في المجموعة الاولى و 5-7 ايام في المجموعتين الثانية والثالثة. وحدث الالتئام لمكان العملية بعد 10-12 يومآ في المجموعة الاولى و11-14 يومآ في المجموعة الثانية والثالثة. ان الأستخدام المحور لجهاز الجراحة المنظارية في المجموعة الثالثة لاستئصال اللوزتين بواسطة الكي الكهربائي قد اعطت نتائج جيدة وذلك لسهولة الطريقة.


Article
Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Head & Neck: Case Report in Al-Ramadi General Hospital
ساركوما الانسجة الرخوة للرأس والعنق

Author: Kamal Turki Al-Kubaisi
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 48-54
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Sarcoma in the head & neck area are rare. Management of soft tissue sarcoma in the head & neck is primarily surgical. However the critical anatomy of the head & neck limits the capacity to obtain wide surgical margins. This case report involves a patient who is a 54 years old woman who was referred to the maxillofacial department because of rapidly enlarging mass in the right side involving submandibular space, right cheek and temporal fossa and progressive pain complaint with hearing loss and trismus. Physical examination revealed large firm mass at the right side of the face occupying the submandibular space, infratemporal & temporal fossae, there was trismus, and no other abnormalities were found especially no mucosal lesion or swelling intraorally & no lymph node enlargement in the neck. MRI study was done to the head & neck to study the mass. CT-scan of the chest & abdomen did not show site of distant metastasis. Transoral biopsy through an incision in to the oral vestibule under local anesthesia showed on histopathological examination a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. A surgical resection consisting of parotidectomy, hemimandibulectomy, infratemporal fossa dissection & temporal fossa dissection has been done. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen revealed positive surgical margins. The patient refused to receive postoperative radiotherapy. Unfortunately 7months postoperatively she developed intracranial metastasis.Key ward: Soft tissue sarcoma

الملخص: إن ساركوما الرأس والعنق من الأمراض النادرة والعلاج الأساسي لهذا المرض هو الاستئصال الجراحي, لكن الوضع التشريحي الحرج لمنطقة الرأس والعنق يصعب الحصول على نطاق جراحي آمن.في هذا التقرير تم تسجيل حالة امرأة عمرها 54 سنة أحيلت إلى شعبة جراحة الوجه والفكين بسبب ورم سريع التنامي في الجهة اليمنى السفلى للوجه مع الم متزايد وتكزز في الفك وضعف في السمع .الفحص ألسريري أظهر وجود ورم اشتمل على المنطقة النكفية والصدغية وتحت الصدغية,ولم يظهر أعراضا أخرى مثل إصابة المنطقة الداخلية للفم أو تضخم الغدد اللمفاوية في العنق. تم إجراء فحص الرنين المغناطيسي للورم مع فحص المفراس للبطن والصدر ولم يظهر أي علامة على وجود انتشار بعيد للمرض.بعد اخذ عينة من الورم تحت التخدير الموضعي من خلال الفم أظهر وجود ورم غلاف العصب المحيطي السرطاني .تقرر إجراء جراحة لاستئصال الورم واشتملت العينة المستأصلة على الغدة اللعابية النكفية ونصف الفك السفلي مع تشريح المنطقة الصدغية و تحت الصدغية,وأظهرت الفحوصات النسيجية للعينة وجود بقايا للورم على حافة العينة وتم تحويل المريضة إلى قسم الإشعاع الذري لكنها رفضت,وبعد سبعة أشهر ظهر لديها أعراض ورم داخل القحف وتم التأكد من وجوده بواسطة المفراس.


Article
The Acute and Chronic Effects of Flavonoids on The Absorption and Tissue Distribution of Selenium in Rats

Author: Ausama Ayoob Jaccob
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1013-1028
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of acute- and chronic use of the flavonoids silibinin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), quercetin and rutin on the absorption and tissues distribution of selenium (Se) after single oral dose of Na-selenite. In the first part, thirty rats were allocated into 5 groups: 1st group treated with olive oil and served as control; the other 4 groups were treated with either silibinin (100mg/kg), EGCG (25mg/kg), quercetin (50mg/kg) or rutin (500mg/kg), administered orally as oily solutions for 30 days. Then, all groups received orally single doses of Na-selenite (0.5mg/kg) 2 hrs after administration of the last doses of the flavonoids and the vehicle. In the second part, similar protocol was followed as in the first part, except for the duration of flavonoids treatment, where only single doses were administered. The animals were sacrificed 3 hrs after Se administration. Blood samples, brains, kidneys and livers were obtained for evaluation of Se content using atomic absorption spectrometry. Chronic use of flavonoids increased serum and tissues Se significantly compared to control. While acute use did not change tissues Se levels, but significantly decreasing serum Se in all flavonoids treated groups, except for EGCG-treated group. In conclusion, chronic use of flavonoids increases serum and tissues levels of Se, while single doses approach reveal a significant decrease in serum levels without affecting tissues distribution; highly significant positive correlation between serum and kidney Se were also reported.


Article
Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus infection in Clinical Samples Using Immunofluorescence Test
الكشف عن الأصابة بفيروس Respiratory Syncytial Virus في العينات السريرية بواسطة اختبار التألق المناعي

Authors: Raghad G. Al-Suhail رغد غالب السهيل --- Layla F. Ali1 ليلى فؤاد علي --- Iman M .Aufi ايمان مطشر عوفي
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2015 Volume: 56 Issue: 2C Pages: 1612-1616
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Current study aimed to investigate the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in nasal secretion and throat swab samples of hospitalized patients with symptoms of respiratory tract infection using Immunofluorescence test. Previously these samples were tested for Respiratory Syncytial Virus infection by reverse transcriptase-PCR assay. The positive samples were tested by Immunofluorescence assay in monolayer confluent of Hep 2 cell line. The results showed that the positive samples using the RT-PCR test were positive in this test. These results reveal that Immunofluorescence test is sensitive method for detection the infection with RSV.

هدفت الدراسة الحالية للتحري عن الاصابة بفيروسRespiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) في عينات من إفرازات الأنف و الحلق من المرضى الراقدين في المستشفى والذين يعانون من أعراض عدوى الجهاز التنفسي بواسطة اختبار التألق المناعي. في البداية تم اختبار هذه العينات لعدوى فيروس بواسطةreverse transcriptase - PCR .العينات الموجبة تم فحصها باختبار التألق المناعي في خطوط خلاياHep 2 . أظهرت النتائج ان العينات الموجبة بفحص RT-PCR كانت موجبة باختبار التألق المناعي. هذه النتائج تبين ان اختبار التألق المناعي ذو حساسية عالية لتشخيص الاصابة بفيروس RSV.


Article
Soft Tissue Infections associated Bacteria
جراثيم مصاحبة لخمج الأنسجة الرخوة

Authors: Imad, S. Mahmoud عماد شكر --- Auroba K Abbass --- Ameera Abdulameer Mahe اميره عبدالامير
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 349-353
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractObjectives: This work aimed to isolate and identify microorganisms from different clinical conditions; it is also to do anti microbial sensitivity test to recommend the most effective antimicrobial agents.Methodology: Each specimen collected from different sites of the body was subjected to well known microbiological methods for isolation and identification of certain microorganisms.All isolates were tested for sensitivity or resistance to the commonly used drugs employing Kirby-Bauer technique (1). Results: Out of the total samples studied (168) it was possible to isolate and identify 124 microorganisms from which Gram-Positive bacteria represented 50 isolates (62%) while Gram-negative bacteria represented 74 isolates (91.76%).From the Gram-positive bacteria it has been found that S. aureurs represented 25 (20.16%) isolates followed by' S. epidermidis 16 (12.90%) isolates.P. aeruginosa which is Gram-negative bacteria ranks the highest among all isolates representing 30 isolates (24.19%) followed by K. pneumonia 15 (12.90%) and proteus spp 14 (11.29%) respectively.No site of specimens was free from serratia although it is with low percentage ranging from (1.48% - 0.74%)Antimicrobial sensitivity test revealed that S. pneumonia is highly sensitive toClindamycin 90% and to Amoxicillin 90% respectively and less sensitive to vancomycin 60%.K. pneumonia revealed resistance to chloramphenicol 2% and to each of the drugs lincomycin, cloxacillin and erythromycin 40% respectively. P. aeruginosa showed high resistance to most of the drugs used In this study ranged between 10-52%.It reveals sensitivity to cefatriaxon 90% and less sensitive to ceftazidine 80% Serratia marcessens showed good sensitivity to all antimicrobial used in this study except co-trimoxazole to which it is resistant.Conclusion: Grams- negative bacteria are the predominant from which P. aeroginosa rank the highest among all isolates. No sit of specimens was free from serratia mercessens. S. pneumonia is highly sensitive to clindomycine (90%) P. aeroginosa showed high resistaice to most of the drugs used in this study.

الملخص:الهدف : يهدف البحث الى عزل وتشخيص جراثيم مصاحبة لخمج الانسجة الرخوة من مناطق مختلفة من الجسم وكذلك لدراسة حساسية او مقاومة الجراثيم المعزولة للمضادات الحياتية لغرض التوجيه باستعمال المضاد الحيوي و التأثير الفعال.طرق البحث : كل نموج جمع من مناطق مختلفة من الجسم عومل بالطرق المايكروبايولوجية المعروفة لغرض عزل وتشخيص الجراثيم. كافة العزلات بعد تشخيصها تعرضت لفحص الحساسية للمضادات الحياتية استعمال طريقة-Bauer Kirby.النتائج : ان المجموع الكلي للنماذج المدروسة بلغت 168نموا حيث تم بالامكان عزل وتصنيف (124) عزلة منها جراثيم الموجبة لصيغة غرام والتي مثلت 50 عزلة (بنسبة 62%) بينما الجراثيم السالبة لصيغة غرام مثلت 74 عزلة ( بنسبة 76,91%) من الجراثيم الموجبة لصيغة غرام.وجد ان العنقودية الذهبية S.aureus قد مثلت 25 عزلة بنسبة (16,20%) تبعها العنقودية البشروية S.epidermidis 16 عزلة بنسبة 12,90).P.aerurginosa الزائفة الزنجارية التي تعتبر هي جراثيم سالبة لصيغة غرام كانت المرتبة الاعلى من بين جميع العزلات حيث مثلت 30 عزلة (بنسبة 24,19) تبعها الكليبسلا الرئوية K.pneumonia 15 عزلة (12,9%) والمتقلبة proteusspp 14 عزلة وبنسبة (11,29%) على التوالي.لم يكن أي موقع من العينات خالي من Serratia وبرغم من نسبتها الواطئة التي تتراوح من (1,48-0,74%)اظهر اختبار الحساسية للمضادات الحيوية ان S.pneumonia كانت عالية الحساسية للClindamycin ( بنسبة 90%) و الاموكسسلين وبنسبة ( 90% )على التوالي واقل حساسية للفانوكوميسين وبنسبة (60% )ا ظهرت K.pneumonia مقاومة للكلور و الفينيكول وبنسبة (2% )وان كل من المضادين اللنكومايسين و الكاوكسيلين و الارثرمايسين و بنسبة 40% على التوالي. اظهرت P.aeroginosa مقاومة عالية لمعظم المضادات المستخدمة في هذه الدراسة تراوحت بين 10-52% واظهرت حساسية للسيلفاتريكسون بنسبة 90% واقل حساسية للسيفتازدين بنسبة 80%.Serratia marcessens اظهرت حساسية جيدة لجميع المضادات الحيوية المستخدمة في هذه الدراسة باستثناء نو-ترايموكسازول والتي كانت مقاومة له.الاستنتاج: يتنتج من البحث بأن جراثيم سالبة - الكرام هي الاوسع انتشارا (91,76% )ومنها الزائفة الزنجارية التي تمثل النسبة الاعلى من بين جميع العزلات (24,19% ). لا يوجد موضع لنموذج بعيد خال من Serratia mercessexs على الرغم من انها توجد بنسبة ضئيلة. السبحية الرئوية اظهرت حساسية عالية جدا للمضاد الحيوي كلندامايسين ( 90%).الزائفة الزنجارية اظهرت مقاومة شديدة لاغلبية المضادات المستعملة في البحث.

Keywords

Bacteria --- soft tissue --- antibiotic


Article
Incidence of facial soft tissue injuries among patients attending surgical casualty reception in Rojh-halat emergency hospital
حدوث إصابات في الأنسجة الرخوة في الوجه بين المرضى الذين يراجعون استقبال الحالات الجراحية في مستشفى الطوارئ روزهلات

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- jalal Hamasalih Fattah --- Rasool Hamed Awlla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 300-304
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Facial soft-tissue injuries are the most common injuries presenting to surgical causality reception. The present study aimed to provide a preliminary data base about the distribution, type, pattern and etiology of facial soft tissue injuries. Methods: In a prospective clinical study all patients with facial injury were enrolled in this study, over a ten months period (from 1st October 2010- 1st July 2011), who attended Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. A questionnaire was used to collect patients’ database and relevant information. The wound configuration was divided as laceration, abrasion and contusion as well as the site of facial soft tissue injuries were recorded using the modified MCFONTZL system. Results: A total of 168 patients with facial soft tissue injuries were received and managed at Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. The age of the patients were ranged from 1-80 years old. Most of the patients were within the age range of 1-10. Male patients constitute 62.5% of the cases. The most common etiology of facial soft tissue injury was falls. Regarding type of the injury, laceration was the most common type. The lips and chin region were mostly involved. Conclusion: Fall is the most common cause of facial injury. Lower third of the face is mostly involved. road traffic legislations have a role in decreasing road traffic accidents.

Keywords

face --- soft tissue --- injury


Article
Assessment of KÖle analysis (Yuinzing modification) in Mosul city (a cephalometric study)

Authors: Younis MS Hasan --- Ahmad A Abdulmawjood --- Khidhair A Al–Jumaili
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 199-206
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study is to assess Köle analysis (Tuinzing modification) for determining the possible positions of chin (soft and hard tissue) in skeletal Cl.I, Cl.II and Cl. III type of malocclusion of adult age group and for both genders. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on the lateral cephalometric radiograph of (118) subjects of adult age group (18-25) years old; Cl I type (28 male and 19 female), Cl II type (19 male and 17 female) and Cl III type (18 male and female 17). SNA, SNB and ANB were used to estimate the type of skeletal malocclusion. For the analysis, 2 lines perpendicular to SN line are drawn touching the most anterior point of the upper lip-Ls (upper lip plane) and one from the infra orbital point-Or (orbital plane). The position of the chin points (hard and soft tissue) were assessed via determining the position of (Pog and Pg) respectively in relation to these two vertical planes using five scores: Score 1: give to the chin point that situated posterior to orbital plane. Score 2: give to the chin point that situated in a touch with orbital plane. Score 3: give to the chin point that situated in between orbital plane and upper lip plane. Score 4: give to the chin point that situated in a touch with upper lip plane. Score 5: give to the chin point that situated anterior to the upper lip plane. Results: The positions of Pog and Pg: Cl I mainly at score (2 and 3) respectively, Cl II mainly at score (1and 2) respectively and Cl III type Pog gave rise to slight increase of score (3 than 2) while Pg gave rise to slight increase of score (3 than 5) with no significant difference between genders for all classes. Conclusions: Köle analysis (Tuinzing modification) may be valuable for determining chin (soft and hard tissues) of Cl I, Cl II and Cl III types of malocclusion of adult age group and for both genders


Article
DIRECT EFFECT OF RED LASER IRRADIATION ON TESTICULAR AND EPIDIDYMIS TISSUE FUNCTION IN MALE RABBITS
التأثیر المباشر لإشعاع اللیزر الأحمر على انسجة الخصیة والبربخ في ذكور الأرانب

Author: Ihsan Ali Habeb*, Zainab Waheed* * ,Mosa F. Abbas إحسان علي حبیب *، زینب وحید **، موسى فاضل عباس
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 42-50
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of red laser irradiation on testicular andepididymis tissue. Twenty rabbits, male mature were used in the present study. Theanimals were divided in to four groups. First group as control and second, third and fourthgroups exposed to red laser irradiation 5 min, 15 min, 30 min respectively. Histologicalsample were taken after necropsy method of all experimental animals for preparation slideprocesses to examine under light microscope. The result of experiment showedhistological changes induced by exposure the animals to red laser (650nm-10w) whichpresent as versus changes and these pathological changes is directly fit with period ofexposure which appear as degeneration, odematous, hyperemia and necrosis in totesticular and epididymis.

صُممت ھذه الدراسة لتقییم تأثیر اشعاع اللیزر الأحمر على أنسجة الخصیة والبربخ. تم استخدام ٢٠منالأرانب الذكور الناضجة في الدراسة الحالیة. تم تقسیم الحیوانات إلى أربع مجموعات، المجموعة الأولى كسیطرة و ٤ ،٣ ،٢مجموعات تعرض للإشعاع باللیزر الأحمر ٥دقائق و ١٥دقیقة و ٣٠دقیقة على التوالي یومیا لمدة ٣٠یوم. تم أخذ عینة نسیجیة بعد تشریح جمیع حیوانات التجربة لتحضیر شرائح نسیجیة لفحصھا تحت المجھر الضوئي.نتیجة التغیرات النسیجیة الناتجة عن تعرض الحیوانات إلى اللیزر الأحمر ) ٦٥٠نانومتر - ١٠واط( والتي تظھر فيمقابل التغیرات ، وھذه التغیرات المرضیة تتناسب مباشرة مع فترة التعرض التي تظھر على شكل احتقان أو فقردموي أو نخر في التراكیب النسیجیة للخصیة والبربخ


Article
Evaluation of Holdaway Soft Tissue Analysis for Iraqi Adults with Class I Normal Occlusion

Authors: Ne'am F Agha --- Alaa' D Al-Dawoody --- Manar Y Abdul–Qadir
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 231-237
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine cephalometric standards for Iraqi adults using Holdaway soft tissue analysis. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 60 individual (31 males and 29 females), aged 18–23years. Ten linear and tow angular parameters were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs, using the definitions provided by Holdaway. For each variable mean and SD were calculated, in additionindependent samples t– test was performed to detect sexual dimorphism. Results: Some differences were determined when the measurement obtained for Iraqi sample were compared to Holdaway norms.Iraqi adults showed a more obtuse H angle, less nose prominence, more upper lip strain, more skeletal convexity, and greater soft tissue chin thickness. In addition, a comparison between males and femalesrevealed a significant sexual dimorphism for upper lip sulcus depth, upper lip thickness, basic upper lip thickness, and soft tissue chin thickness. Conclusions: soft tissue cephalometric norms are specific foreach ethnic group. The normative data for Iraqi population should be used as a guide for diagnosis and planning of orthodontic treatment


Article
Soft tissue impingement and lip form in Iraqi teenagers

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Abstract

Background: Soft tissue impingement and lip form have often been overlooked in previous epidemiological surveys.Materials and Methods: About seven thousand 13 year olds with no history of orthodontic treatment were selected from six governorates (Baghdad the capital, Ninevah, Basrah, Diyala, Anbar and Najaf). An intra-oral clinical examination was used to assess traumatic overbite causing soft tissue impingement and the lip form of each student.Results: Soft tissue impingement was found in 2.7% (2.5% palatally and 0.2% labially). Normal lip form was found in 80.7%, contracting lip form in 14.7% and lip trap in 4.6% of the sample. All the previous were non-significantly related to gender and residency.Conclusion: Iraqi children present a much mre favorable lip form than Western children

Keywords

Soft tissue --- impingement --- lip form

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