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Article
The Evaluation of Placental Vascular Generation and Placental Apoptosis in Preterm and Post-date Placentae in Relation to Apgar Score at Birth

Authors: Zainab Hassan Hashim --- Huda Rasheed Kareem --- Haider Abdulrasool Jaafar
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 79-84
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The placenta is a fetal organ with different functional values as a metabolic, excretory, and respiratory in addition to endocrine functions.To evaluate the vasculature and apoptosis of human placenta atdifferent ages (preterm and post-date) in relation to APGAR score of the newborn infants at birth. A total of 50 normal human placentae,delivered by elective cesarean section,were used.These placentae were divided into 3 groups according to the gestational ageinto:(15) Preterm placentae, (20) Term placentae(as control) and (15) Post-date placentae.Regional placental vascular study was achieved by using latexcasting technique, while the detection of the apoptotic cells in the placental tissues was done via the insitu direct DNA fragmentation Assay.The terminal villi of the preterm placentae group showed asignificant reduction in theirnumbersand lengthsP value(0.0035), (0.045), respectively, and no significant difference in their diametersin comparison to the control group. While the terminal villi of the post-date placentae revealeda significant increase in their numbers (P value <0.001) with no significant difference in their lengths and diameters.The terminal villi of preterm and post-dateplacentae revealed a significant reduction in the numbers of the apoptotic cells (P value (0.0053) and (0.0004) respectively.The APGAR score of preterm and postdate placentae reported significant decreasein their values (P value < 0.001 for both). As well as, there were significant changes in the numbers of apoptotic cells among these three groups related to theirApgar scores.Conclusions: it was revealed that the vascular pattern of placenta by latex casting technique and apoptotic cells numbers by tunel test were reflectedfor both the maturity of placenta and physiological status of baby which was assessed by Apgar score.


Article
Isolation and Diagnosis of Microbial Types in Nasal Tract of School Aged Students, and their Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern
عزل وتشخيص الأنواع المايكروبيه في التجويف الأنفي لطلاب المدارس ومدى استجابتها للمضادات الحياتية

Authors: Jafar Jumaa Al-Kuriashy جعفر جمعه القريشي --- Hassan Hashim Al-Zwiany حسن هاشم الزويني --- Asia Naji Al-Hachami آسيا ناجي الحجامي
Journal: Journal of Al-Ma'moon College مجلة كلية المأمون ISSN: 19924453 Year: 2016 Issue: 28 Pages: 328-340
Publisher: AlMamon University College كلية المامون الجامعة

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Abstract

Bacterial colonization in nasopharyngeal duct is refered to it as normal flora in order to obtain information about it in school aged students, ninety five of them were taken randomly from both sexes(aged 7-18 years) for this work, the total number of isolates was(561) among them found in (210aerobic, 43 anaerobic and 303 facultative anaerobic) bacteria, also Candida albicans(5) isolates was isolated from both genders.Staphylococcus aureus and Morexella catarrhalis (23.6%), and facultative anaerobic (15.2%) respectively while Veillonella were dominant anaerobic isolated bacteria.It is also found that Staphylococcus aureus is more spreading in both genders while Streptococcus pyogenes and Morexella catarrhalis obtained second level in male isolates, in female M. catarrhalis in second stage. The least aerobic bacteria were represented by Corynebacterium in both males(1.5%) and females(1.2%). Fusobacterium was least isolated genus (0.5%) in both sexes and Candida albicans(0.8%) from both genders. The antibiotic Ciprofloxacin (5ug/disk) was found most effective antimicrobial agent while Oxacillin (1ug/disk) was the least one.These findings demonstrated that aerobic and anaerobic microbial flora were present in school aged students, the aerobic microflora outnumbered of anaerobic bacteria species, also showed that the number of bacteria effected in creases with age.

لغرض دراسة الفلورا المجهريه في المخاط الأنفي تم انتخاب (95) طالب مدرسه من كلا الجنسين وبصوره عشوائية تتراوح أعمارهم بين(7-18) سنه,حيث تم عزل( 561) عزله كان منها (210) عزله هوائيه و(43) لاهوائيه و( 303) لا هوائيه اختياريه لذلك تم عزل (5) عزلات تعود ل Candida albicans وكانت Staphylococcus aureus و Moraxella catarrhalis هي أكثر البكتريا الهوائية 23.6%)) اللاهوائيه الاختياريه 15.2%)) بينما كانت Veillonella (3.9%) أكثر البكتريا اللاهوائيه عزلا ، أيضا Candida albicans كانت (0.8%)0وقد وجد بان Staphylococcus aureus هي أكثر الأنواع سيادة في كلا الجنسين في حين كانت Streptococcus pyogenes و M catarrhalis ثاني أكثر الأنواع عزلا من الذكور بينما كانت M. catarrhalis النوع الثاني المعزول من الإناث لذلك كانت ال Corynebacteria spp من العزلات الهوائية الانتشار بنسبه 1.5% بالذكور ونسبة 1.2% في الإناث بينما حصلت Fusobacterium على نسبة 0.5% في كلا الجنسين بذلك كانت اقل الأنواع عزلا.وجد أن المضاد الحياتي Ciprofloxacin(5ug/disk) أكثر المضادات فعالية ضد جميع عزلات البكتريا الهوائية بينما اظهر Oxacillin(1ug/disk) بأنه اقل العوامل فعالية0أن هذه النتائج تبين إن البكتريا الهوائية و اللاهوائيه موجودة في أطفال المدارس وانها تتناسب طرديا مع العمر, كذلك كانت البكتريا الهوائية أكثر انتشارا من اللاهوائيه0

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