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Article
Index of orthodontic treatment need of 10-12 years Iraqi pupils

Author: Ahmed D. Mathedi احمد داود المعاضيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 94-97
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Many orthodontic problems arise at the age of 10-12 years therefore the aim of this study was to detect the percentage of pupil at age 10-12 year that need orthodontic treatment and have not done it till now, and the possibility of motivating them.Materials and methods: 1500 Iraqi pupil at school age of 10-12 year were examined according to grade designed by Sweden orthodontic board.Results: 57% of the sample required no treatment, 23.3% required mild treatment, and 14% required moderate while 5.3% required great treatment & 0.3% require very great treatment.Conclusion: Majority of pupils that need treatment didn’t receive any motivation even from their dentist. There is a great shortage in dental health education programs. About half of pupil examined didn’t need treatment although there is a large number of the sample who needs treatment.


Article
Gingival response to relief and non relief removable orthodontic appliances

Authors: Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The gingival state of thirty seven young patients (meanage 11.6 years) wearing simple removable orthodontic applianceswas assessed and followed at monthly intervals for 3months. For 17 of the patients, intentional relief of the appliancewas carried out in the upper right area. Statistically, theplaque index levels were similar in both “relief” and “non relief”groups and reached a similar score at 2 and 3 months.The gingival index was significantly higher in the “relief” group.


Article
Surface changes of orthodontic brackets following treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances

Authors: Harith M. Abdulrasool حارث عبد الرسول --- Ahmed D. Hassan احمد حسن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-100
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Fixed orthodontic appliances were used for long period in the treatment of malocclusion patients. It is subjected to the oral environment and affected by the changes that take place in this media. Many studies were done and express the tendency of these appliances to corrode inside the mouth.Materials and method: 150 orthodontic brackets related to three different companies (Orthodent, Ortho-organizers, and Dentaurum). These brackets examined after removing them from the patients' mouth and examined microscopically.Results: Most of the brackets exhibit corrosion which is mainly pitting, crevice and erosion corrosion


Article
Prevalence of Candida albicans in patients using fixed orthodontic appliances after the use of peppermint

Authors: Ghada Y Abdul–Rahman --- Zaid B Al–Dewachi --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 91-96
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the antifungal effectof peppermint extract as mouth rinse during orthodontic treatment.Thirty patients (11 males and 19 females) who wear orthodonticappliances and instructed to use chlorhexidine asmouth rinse (8 patients); Mentha piperita extract (10 patients)or left to care of their teeth without any mouth rinse (12 patients);mean number of Candida albicans colonies recoveredfrom anterior surface at three intervals (Time 0: Before wearingthe appliance; time 1: After 7 days and time 2: After 1month) was 48.8, 144.3, 158.9 for the control group; 132.9,125.4, 147.9 for the peppermint group and 72, 105.8 and130.8 for the chlorhexidine group.The mean number of Candida albicans colonies fromthe posterior surface at the different intervals was 87.4, 136.8,159.5; 121.3, 84, 34.6 and 78.5, 91.25, 91 for control, peppermintand chlorhexidine groups respectively. The use of thepeppermint extract decreases the number of Candida albicanssignificantly at the posterior surfaces


Article
Effect of tooth brushing technique on oral hygiene in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Authors: Dheaa Hussein ضياء حسين --- Baydaa Hussein بيداء حسين --- Manhal Abdul-Rahman منهل عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to find whether the brushing technique (horizontal technique versus roll technique) would affect the oral hygiene of orthodontic patients or not.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on fifteen patients who were undergoing orthodontic treatment and were submitted to the clinical trial by changing the tooth brushing maneuver throughout the orthodontic treatment course from the patient’s own brushing maneuver to the horizontal and then to the roll brushing technique.Results: The results showed that the roll technique had a superior cleansing effect than the horizontal one, and the gender variation had no effect.Conclusion: Patients' instructions are considered as an important factor for planning good oral hygiene.


Article
Survey on maloccluslon in Iraqi dental student sample *

Authors: Shahba’a A. Mohammed, B.D.S., M.Sc د. شهباء محمد --- . Oqba N. Al-Me‘mar, B.D.S., M.Sc *. د.عقبة
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 244-253
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of this survey is to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion anddifferent morphological features of dental occlusion in an Iraqi sample. The sampleconsisted of (218) dental student at college of Dentistry, Baghdad university, aged (18-21year) & of both sexes. Were clinically evaluated after exclusion of students who havereceived any type of orthodontic treatment. The students also divided into two groups, thegroup who have received extraction of any tooth and the other group who have noextraction. Ag,Of the sample (26.14%) had normal occlusion, (6o)05%) had CL.l malocclusionhad CL.II malocelusion and (0.45%) who had CLIII malocclusion. The )%3,77(differences in prevalence of maloeclusion was statistically significant between thesegroups. On the other hand. This statistical difference was significant in eases withextraction than those cases without extraction (P< 0.05). clearly, there is a need forfurther epidemiologeal research aiming to increase the knowledge a bout the prevalenceand type of malocclusion as well as the extent of need & demand for orthodontic treatment.


Article
The accuracy of computerised cephalometric analysis compared to conventional manual method

Author: Nabil. A. Al-Nasseri, B.D.S., M.Sc * د. نبيل الناصري
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-14
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Computerised eephalometric softwares are widely spreading nowadays withseveral options regarding orthodontists demands. This study aims to compare theaccuracy of the computerised procedure from digitising the radiograph to the finalcephalometric analysis. Twenty—six lateral cephalograms were analysed, thirteenlandmarks were permanently marked and traced and eighteen variables; nine anglesand nine lines in both horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) directions were measuredmanually first, then scanned and the same landmarks were digitised on—screen usingViewbox 3.0.l cephalometric computer sottware. The results show that computerisedangular measurements were more comparable to the manual method than with linearmeasurements, with most of the differences being of low clinical importance


Article
A scanning electron microscopical study of initial changes in human premolars teeth after orthodontic tooth movement

Author: Dalia Kubad Taher, B.D.S., M.Sc د. داليا طاهر
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 230-234
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

scanning electron microscope was used to study the effect of orthodontic tooth movement by using a force of 50 grams on the pressure side of 2l upper left premolarmt for 5- 75 days while the contralaterl side 14 teeth were used as a control. In order toruiy the morphology and occurrence of root resorptions, the organic tissue was removedrsigg sodium hypochlorite and the denuded root surface were re—examined in thescanning electron microscope. Initially, tissue affected by pressure was mainly located inhe marginal region and subsequently the mid- portion of the roots became generallyuri genced. The resorption process of cementum begins after 5 days as around cavitiesmeasuring about 4u. Further resorption in cementum was characterized by measuringsmall, thin—walled round lacunae which confluence into extensive, shallow resorptionsafter 25 days and more


Article
Efficacy of delay in self-etching primer application time on shear bond strength of stainless steel brackets

Authors: Afrah Kh Al- Hamadani د.افراح الحمداني --- Nada M Al- sayagh د.ندى الصايغ --- Ali R Al- katib د. علي الخطيب
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 73-79
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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