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Article
Water Treatment of Cooling Towers Blowdown by Reverse Osmosis

Authors: Ammar A. Beddai --- Adil Al-Hemiri
Journal: Journal of Engineering مجلة الهندسة ISSN: 17264073 25203339 Year: 2005 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 421-428
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effect of operating parameters on the permeable conductivity and product rate were studied for reverse osmosis process. The parameters studied were: - conductivity of feed water in the range of (1000-1500 us/cm), pH in the range of (4-10) and operating pressure in the range of (3-6 bar).The best operating conditions, which lead to good quantity and quality for water product, are: (1000 us/cm) conductivity of feed water, (7) pH and (6 bar) operating pressure. At these conditions the permeable conductivity is (52.905 us/cm) and the product rate is (328.143 1/hr).

تمت دراسة عوامل التشغيل التي تؤثر على النفاذية ونوعية الماء الناتج في عملية التنافذ العكسي وهذه العوامل كانت: موصلية الماء الداخل والاس الهيدروجيني والضغط التشغيليالنتائج دلت على ان الظروف التشغيلية التي تحقق كمية ونوعية عالية من الماء الناتج من عملية التنافذ العكسي هي: موصلية الماء الداخل (0us/cm100 (7) ph (والضغط التشغيلي (6 bar). عند هذة الظروف تكون موصلية الماء الناتج (52.905 us/cm) وانتاجية الغشاء (328.143 1/h).


Article
Evaluation of surface roughness of composite according to surface treatment

Author: Sabah A Ismail
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 174-179
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect ofvarious finishing and polishing procedures on the surface roughness(Ra) of two composite resins: An organically modifiedceramic (Definite) and a micro hybrid (Tetric).Thirty specimens of each composite resin were fabricatedusing a stainless steel mold of 5 mm in diameter and 2 mmin depth. The composite resin was covered by a Mylar stripand pressed flat with a microscopic glass slide and light cured.The specimens for each composite resin were divided intothree groups, each of ten. The specimens in group one receivedno treatment, while the specimens in group two and threewere finished with diamond bur. After finishing with diamondburs group three were polished with Sof–Lex discs.The surface profile of the specimens was obtained with asurface profile–testing machine (Profilometer). The roughnessvalue in micrometer (μm) was recorded as the average Ra.Results showed higher surface roughness in groups finishedwith diamond burs followed by groups finished with diamondburs and polished with Sof–Lex discs while groups setagainst Mylar strip showed the lowest roughness values. Theresult revealed no significant difference in surface roughnessvalues between the two composite resins.


Article
Gagging: A problem in prosthetic dentistry and its medical treatment

Authors: Nagham H Kassab --- Maha T Al–Saffar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 168-173
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was designed to diagnose and treat patientshaving gagging reflex whom need prosthetic treatment; patientsin this study were wearing denture or received new one;those attending Prosthodontic Department/ College of Dentistry/University of Mosul.The sample of this study was 243 patients consisting of167 males and 76 females and their ages ranged between 22–79 years old. All of them had either single upper, partial orcomplete denture excluding from this study all patients whodid not have denture before, because this study directed towardprosthetic patients only.A sample, which consists of 243 patients, was dividedinto two main groups according to their response to gag reflex.The first one represented the control group which consistedof 200 patients, those did not have gagging reflex problemwhile the second group which represented those patients whothey suffer from gagging problem when they are wearing orduring denture insertion and consisted of 43 patients: Eachone of them subdivided furthermore into subgroups accordingto patient’s medical health status and sex. The second group(gagging patient) subdivided furthermore into 3 subgroupsaccording to severity of gag reflex in which according to that,treatment plan had been made and it consisted of psychologicaltreatment only for patients with mild and moderate gaggingand medical and psychological treatment for patients withsevere gagging reflex which include metoclopromide and valium2.The result of this study demonstrated that those patientswith severe gagging reflex problem reflect difficulties duringprosthetic treatment which required medical and psychologicaltreatment, which include reassurance of patient with explanationof steps of prosthetic treatment plan to reduce fear andanxiety before any prosthesis construction and the responseof those patients to medical treatment was approximately58.3% to this treatment and it was concluded that any type ofprosthetic treatment in patients with gagging reflex requiredmedical and psychological treatment plan.


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs in humaidat village

Author: . Rayia J.AL-Naimi B.D.S.,M.Sc د.راية النعيمي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-35
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study was part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul inHumaidat village, which is located about 25km North West of Mosul on the river Tigris .The size of the sample was 310 individuals, 138 males and 172 females, their agesranging between 6-57 years. The aim of the study was to determine the trends of dentalcaries and periodontal disease and compare the results with a previous study canied outin the same village .Clinical examination was carried out inthe village school using a portable dentalchair and adequate light. Diagnosis of dental caries and assessment of dental treatmentneeds was performed according to WHO *1997 guidelines, while the gingival health statusand periodontal treatment needs of the individuals was performed using the CommunityPeriodontal Index Treatment Needs (CPITN) as recommended by WHO 1987 ,Results showed that mean DMFT value for the sample was 5.81 with astatistically significant age difference, although females tended to have higher means thanmales, there was no significant differences between them, mean DMFT values weremuch less than a previous study in the same area, the dental treatment needs showed thatone surface filling was needed as the highest mean for the total sample , followed by 2 ormore surface fillings , extraction and finally pulp care .The periodontal condition of the individuals was very bad, with the disease beingprevalent in 99.7% ofthe population, which is much more than the previous study, morethan three quarter of the sample had calculus as the highest CPITN score, in addition tothe presence of a large percentage of individuals having pockets .The periodontal treatment needs were massive with only 0.3% needing notreatment, health education was required at a range of,% )077-50.79( scaling was needed in 87.7% of the total sample and finally complextreatment needed in 3.88 % of the sample. The village is in need of intensive healtheducational programmes which may be carried out in the health center of the area or inschool settings in order to increase the knowledge about dental disease, helping theindividuals adopt positive attitude towards dental health care .


Article
Impact of the proposed treatment program for the rehabilitation of muscles operating at the shoulder joint after surgery
أثر برنامج علاجي مقترح لتأهيل العضلات العاملة على مفصل الكتف بعد أجراء العمليات الجراحية

Author: Bassam Sami Dawood بسام سامي داود
Journal: Sciences Journal Of Physical Education مجلة علوم التربية الرياضية ISSN: 19920695 Year: 2005 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Impact of the proposed treatment program for the rehabilitation of muscles operating at the shoulder joint after surgeryD. Bassam Sami DawoodThe exercise of remedies in the important and successful treatment of many musculoskeletal injuries and bone and articular, has been observed recently used extensively by specialists working in the field of sports medicine and rehabilitation treatment, because of its positive results on the health of the injured.There are a lot of injured patients in the shoulder joint has been treated in different ways, including conservative treatment of any adoption of therapeutic exercises, medicine and some of them were treated with the conduct of open joint In both cases, the therapeutic exercises of great benefit in working to strengthen the muscles working on the shoulder joint in addition to prevent motor pointedness which occur in this joint.Because of this detailed of a property injury easily because of the configuration anatomical him as not suitable ball of the humerus relatively large with the size of the acetabular fossa for bone scapula small, leading to the ease of dislocation any departure from the head of the humerus of the cavity acetabular trends in three of the front or back or down, especially For athletes and for the purpose to accelerate the return to their natural living and practicing their naturally and without significant problems, and here demonstrated the importance of research in the development of a treatment program for the rehabilitation of the muscles of the shoulder after surgery.After viewing the entire therapeutic exercises that are given to people with injured shoulder joint of different types found that there is a lack of Department of Rehabilitation Therapeutic Specialty Center Sports Medicine to a scientific program accurately gives the patients who were treated in a way to open the joint surgically have included cases that were treated surgically is a rupture muscle total of one of the working muscles to the shoulder joint (Rotator cuff) and (Dislocation Reacurrent Deltoid) or the disruption muscular partial rupture of the tendons and joint dislocation repeated (and the injury is within the joint is out the head of the humerus of the cavity acetabular to bone shoulder blade), the injury occur frequently for athletes and non- athletes, as well as rupture of the joint ligaments (Ligament tear) and the injury of the shoulder joint caused by freezing and identified in the movement of the joint (Frozen shoulder), and the injury often need to process surgical endoscopy.So, the researcher numbers treatment program was applied to the outpatient clinic of the Rim of Sports Medicine in Baghdad - Palestine Street.The research aims to1 - design a treatment program for the rehabilitation of muscles operating at the shoulder joint after surgery.2 - determine the impact of the proposed treatment program to strengthen the muscles to the shoulder joint and improve the dynamic range of the joint

أثر برنامج علاجي مقترح لتأهيل العضلات العاملة على مفصل الكتف بعد أجراء العمليات الجراحيةد.بسام سامي داودتعتبر التمارين من الوسائل العلاجية الهامة والناجحة في علاج الكثير من الإصابات العضلية والعظمية والمفصلية ، وقد لوحظ في الآونة الأخيرة استخدامها بشكل مكثف من قبل الأخصائيين العاملين في مجال الطب الرياضي والتأهيل العلاجي ، نظراً لما لها من نتائج ايجابية على صحة المصابين . إن هناك الكثير من المصابين بإصابات في مفصل الكتف وقد تمت معالجتهم بطرق مختلفة منها العلاج التحفظي أي باعتماد التمارين العلاجية والعقاقير الطبية ومنهم من تمت معالجتهم بأجراء عمليات فتح المفصل وفي الحالتين كانت التمارين العلاجية ذات فائدة كبيرة في العمل على تقوية العضلات العاملة على مفصل الكتف إضافة إلى منع التحدد الحركي الذي يحصل في هذا المفصل . ولما لهذا المفصل من خاصية الإصابة بسهولة وذلك بسبب التكوين التشريحي له حيث لا تتناسب كرة عظم العضد الكبيرة نسبياً مع حجم الحفرة الحقية لعظم لوح الكتف الصغيرة مما يؤدي إلى سهولة خلع المفصل أي خروج رأس عظم العضد من التجويف الحقي باتجاهات ثلاثة للامام أو للخلف أو للأسفل وخاصة بالنسبة للرياضيين ولغرض الإسراع في عودة المصابين إلى حالتهم الطبيعية ومزاولة أعمالهم بصورة طبيعية وبدون مشاكل تذكر ومن هنا تجلت أهمية البحث في وضع برنامج علاجي لتأهيل عضلات الكتف بعد إجراء العملية الجراحية . وبعد الإطلاع على مجمل التمارين العلاجية التي تعطى للمصابين بإصابات مفصل الكتف على اختلاف أنواعها وجد بأن هناك افتقار قسم التأهيل العلاجي في المركز التخصصي للطب الرياضي إلى برنامج علمي دقيق يعطي للمصابين الذين تم علاجهم بطريقة فتح المفصل جراحياً وقد شملت الحالات التي تم علاجها جراحياً هي التمزق العضلي الكلي لإحدى العضلات العاملة على مفصل الكتف ( Rotator cuff) و( Dislocation Reacurrent Deltoid) أو التمزق العضلي الجزئي وتمزق الأوتار وخلع المفصل المتكرر ( وهذه الإصابة تكون داخل المفصل وهي خروج رأس عظم العضد من التجويف الحقي لعظم لوح الكتف ) وهي إصابة كثيرة الحدوث للرياضيين وغير الرياضيين ، وكذلك تمزق أربطة المفصل ( Ligament tear ) وإصابة مفصل الكتف المتجمد والتي تسبب تحدد في حركة المفصل ( Frozen shoulder ) ، وهذه الإصابة غالباً ما تحتاج إلى عملية التنظير جراحياً.لذا فقد قام الباحث بأعداد برنامج علاجي تم تطبيقه على المرضى المراجعين لعيادة ريم للطب الرياضي في بغداد – شارع فلسطين .ويهدف البحث إلى1-تصميم برنامج علاجي لتأهيل العضلات العاملة على مفصل الكتف بعد إجراء العمليات الجراحية . 2-معرفة اثر البرنامج العلاجي المقترح في تقوية العضلات على مفصل الكتف وتحسين المدى الحركي للمفصل


Article
Removal of the Furfural Form Wastewater by the Granular Activated Carbon

Authors: Waleed M.Abood --- Abbas H. Sulaymon
Journal: Journal of Engineering مجلة الهندسة ISSN: 17264073 25203339 Year: 2005 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 523-531
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The aim of the present work is the adsorption of the furfural onto activated carbon where Langmuir and freundlich equation were used to determine the adsorption isotherm in the batch experiment continuos adsorption experiment of fixed-bed were carried out to study the effects of flow rate, bed depth, initial furfural concentration, carbon particle size to determine breakpoint time and adsorption capacity.

الهدف من العمل التجريبي هو امتزاز الفورفورال على فحم منشط حيث تم استخدام معادلتين (لانكمير) و (فرندليش) لفحص منحى الامتزاز. تجارب الامتزاز لنظام مستمر لحشوة ثابتة اجريت لغرض دراسة تأثير كل من معدل الجريان وعمق الحشوة وتركيز الفورفورال الداخل وحجم حبيبات الفحم وتم حساب وقت ظهور نقطة انكسار منحى الامتزاز وكمية المادة الممتزة بالنسبة الى كمية الفحم المستخدم (سعة الامتزاز).


Article
Treatment Outcomes of Inmates with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Baquba Penitentiary:Afollow_up study
نتائج معاملة السجناء مع السل الرئوي في السجون بعقوبة: دراسة Afollow_up

Authors: Abidalrazaq Ali عبد الرزاق علي --- Abidalrazaq shafeeq عبد الرزاق شفيق
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2005 Issue: 20 Pages: 10-16
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى


Article
Evaluation of Ponseti method in the treatment of club foot
تقييم طريقة بونسيتي في علاج القدم الحنفاء

Author: Arkan B. Hassan, Firas T. Ismaeel., Younis A. Al-Radhwany يونس الرضواني /اركان بدر/فراس طارق
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 111 Pages: 71-76
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Idiopathic clubfoot is the most common congenital deformity of the foot. Variousnonoperative treatment regimens have been proposed. Ponseti method is the most recentnonoperative technique in club foot but the results of this method is widely variable in differentstudies. The aim of our study is to find out the success of Ponseti method in correction of clubfoot. Between February 2006 to July 2008. 42 patients with club foot were selected, with their ageranging from 1 week to 6 months, but eventually only 35 were included in the study because ofpoor patients or parents compliance of 7 cases. The study showed that Ponseti method wassuccessful in 85.7% of the cases. The results were better if treatment started earlier. Theexperience factor plays a role in the success of treatment. The study recommends the use ofPonseti method in the treatment of club foot.

حنف القدم مجهول السبب هو التشوه الخلقي الأكثر شيوعا في القدم. مختلف وقد اقترحت نظم العلاج اللاجراحي. بونسيتي الأسلوب هو الأخير تقنية اللاجراحي القدم في النادي ولكن نتائج هذا الأسلوب هو متغير على نطاق واسع في مختلف دراسات. والهدف من دراستنا هو لمعرفة مدى نجاح أسلوب بونسيتي في تصحيح النادي قدم. بين فبراير 2006 إلى يوليو 2008. وقد تم اختيار 42 مريضا مع النادي قدم، مع سنهم تتراوح بين 1 في الاسبوع لمدة 6 أشهر، ولكن في النهاية تم إدراج 35 فقط في الدراسة بسبب الفقراء المرضى أو الآباء امتثال 7 حالات. وأظهرت الدراسة أن بونسيتي طريقة كانت ناجح في 85.7٪ من الحالات. كانت النتائج أفضل علاج إذا بدأت في وقت سابق. و عامل الخبرة يلعب دورا في نجاح العلاج. وتوصي الدراسة باستخدام بونسيتي الطريقة في علاج القدم الحنفاء.


Article
Open And Close Reduction In Treatment Of Fracture Nasal Bones.
فتح والحد من انهيار في علاج العظام كسر أنفي

Author: Salem Hussian Ibraheem Al-Obiedi
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 112 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

To evaluate the functional (respiration) and cosmetic out comes for surgical procedures close andopen reduction in treatment of sever nasal bones fractures with nasal obstruction due to nasal septaldeviation. This study on 144 patients with isolated fracture nasal bones attained to E.N.Tdepartment in Tikrit Teaching Hospital. Iraq. During the period from Jan. 1997 to Dec. 2002.Undisplaced fractures were 16 patients (11.1%) no need for interference, 24 patients (16.7%) weresimple fractures underwent manipulation under local anesthesia. The 104 patients (72.2%) withobvious external nasal deformities and nasal obstruction were selected, 72 patients underwent closereduction, 28 patients underwent open reduction (septoplasty, only five patients needs open bonyreduction.), and 4 patients, (one have septal haematoma and three with septal abscess.) drainagewas done with reduction of the fracture. All the operations were done under general anesthesia,with follow up for at least nine months. Patients underwent close reduction found that (75%) withgood respiration, (58.4%) good alignment of the fracture, and 18 patients (25%) needs revisionsurgery. (12 septoplasty and 6 septorhinoplasty). While patients underwent open reduction,(92.9%) with good respiration, (78.6%) good alignment of the fracture, and two patients (7.1%)needs revision surgery (one septoplasty & one rhinoplasty).Keywords: Fracture nose, Nasal trauma, close reduction, open reduction, septoplasty,septorhinoplasty, Rhinoplasty

لتقييم من وظيفية (التنفس)، ومستحضرات التجميل ويأتي في العمليات الجراحية وثيقة و مفتوحة تخفيض في علاج كسور العظام قطع الأنف مع انسداد الأنف بسبب الحاجز الأنفي الانحراف. حققت هذه الدراسة على 144 مرضى الذين يعانون من كسر في عظام الانف معزولة على الأنف والحنجرة قسم في مستشفى تكريت. العراق. خلال الفترة من يناير 1997 إلى ديسمبر 2002. وكانت الكسور Undisplaced 16 مريضا (11.1٪) لا حاجة للتدخل، 24 مريضا (16.7٪) وكانت خضع لكسور بسيطة التلاعب تحت تخدير موضعي. المرضى 104 (72.2٪) مع وخضع 72 مريضا تم اختيارهم واضح تشوهات الأنف الخارجية وانسداد الأنف، وثيق الحد من الفقر، وخضع 28 مريضا تخفيض المفتوحة (septoplasty، فقط خمسة مرضى بحاجة عظمي المفتوحة الحد من الفقر.)، و 4 مرضى، (واحدة لديها ورم دموي الحاجز وثلاثة مع خراج حاجزي). الصرف وقد تم مع الحد من الكسر. وقد أجريت جميع العمليات تحت التخدير العام، مع متابعة ما لا يقل عن تسعة أشهر. وخضع المرضى الحد من وثيقة وجدت أن (75٪) مع تنفس جيد، (58.4٪) المحاذاة الجيدة للكسر، و 18 مريضا (25٪) يحتاج إلى مراجعة عملية جراحية. (12 septoplasty و 6 septorhinoplasty). في حين خضع المرضى تخفيض مفتوحة، (92.9٪) مع تنفس جيد، (78.6٪) المحاذاة الجيدة للكسر، واثنين من المرضى (7.1٪) يحتاج لعملية جراحية مراجعة (واحد septoplasty وتجميل الأنف واحد). كلمات البحث: أنف الكسر، والصدمات النفسية الأنف، والحد من وثيقة، والحد من فتح، septoplasty، septorhinoplasty، عملية تجميل الأنف

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