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THE ROI IE OF GOAT’S AND BUFFALO’S MILK ALLERGENS AS CAUSACROSS — REACTIVITY WITH COW’S MILK ALLERGENSTIVE AGENTS OF TYPE I HYPERSENSITIVITY AND THEIR
دور مستارج حليب البقر والجاموس كمسبب للنوع الاول من فرط الحساسية وعلاقتهما التصالبية مع مستارجات حليب الابقار

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Abstract

An allergic extracts from cow's, goat's and buffalo's milk were prepared with extraction,followed by purification and fractionation by gel filtration, one major peak was obtained from cow,goat and buffalo milk with molecular weight of23KD, 26 KD, ISKD respectively.Total and specific IgE ELISA testing was performed on I37 patients serum samples. The. rate of specific IgE positive ELISA results was 58%in ease of patients tested with goat milkallergen and 57% in case of patients tested with buffalo milk allergen. There were significantdifferences I’<0.05 among age groups, males and females regarding the rate of milk allergicpatients who had positive specific IgE ELISA results. .In rural region ,the rate of patients who had goat's and buffalo's milk allergy was higherthan that in urban region. ‘There was a cross-reaction among cow's milk extract protein , goat's and buffalo's milkprotein extract and the IgE binding capacity of buffalo's milk protein extract was higher than that ofgoat's milk protein extract since lower concentration ofthis protein extract was needed to inhibit tipto 50% the binding of specific IgE to cow's milk allergosorbent.


Article
A clinical study of the anti–caries effect of 1.23% and 0.4% APF fluoride gel on primary dentition: One year follow–up

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Layla A Makani --- Karam H Jazrawi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 186-193
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the efficacy of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel in reducing cariesincrement in a group of pre–school children in Mosul City, and to compare between the anti–carieseffect of two different concentrations (full strength–1.23% and half strength–0.4%) after one year ofbi–annual application of the gel. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 363 kindergartenchildren [192 (52.89%) males and 171 (47.11%) females] aged 4 years –at the initial examination–from 10 randomly selected kindergartens in Mosul City Center. The sample was divided into twoexperimental groups and one control group. Children in the first group received bi–annual applicationof full strength (1.23%) APF gel; those in the second group received bi–annual application of halfstrength (0.4%) APF gel, whereas those in the third group did not receive any fluoride treatment.Dental examinations were done according to WHO criteria using dmft and dmfs indices: One beforefluoride application and the other after one year. Results: A significant reduction in dental cariesincrement of the two experimental groups compared with the control group regarding dmft and dmfsindices. The percentage of caries reduction regarding dmft and dmfs indices were 97.25% and 101.15%for the first group, and 95.94% and 85.33% for the second group, respectively. However, thedifferences between the two concentrations were statistically not significant, although children in thefirst group who received the full strength fluoride application revealed slightly better reduction incaries increment than those in the second group who received the half strength fluoride application.Therefore, to decrease the risk of ingesting a highly concentrated fluoride gel, the use of the lowerconcentration APF gel is recommended. Conclusion: The use of such a program involvingprofessional APF gel application for pre–school children is advised especially for those with evidenceof dental caries.

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