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Article
Comparison between Force Deflection Values of Different Types of Orthodontic Arch Wires

Authors: Khudair A Al–Jumaili --- Enas T Al–Jwary
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: SpIss Pages: S58-S63
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the force values of different types of arch wires. Materials and Methods: Five types of arch wires used. The sample consisted of 150 wires specimens divided into three deflections (1 mm, 2mm and 3 mm). A universal tensile testing machine with the use of special designed fixture was used to perform Three Point Bending Test and the force value related to gram (gm) was measured during loading (activation) of the wire to 1 mm, 2 mm or 3 mm deflections. Results: The results of this investigation showed a significant difference (P≤ 0.05) in force values among all arch wires. Conclusions: The conclusions of this study showed that the solid stainless steel wires provided a heavy force, while the multistranded gave rise to the lowest force value.


Article
The shear bond strength of moisture insensitive orthodontic bonding.

Author: Ne’am R. Al–Saleem
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 9 Pages: 61-65
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the effect of water contamination on the shear bond strength of moisture insensitive Fuji Lc. glass ionomer and to compare it with the shear bond strength of (transbond) light cure composite. Materials and methods: Sixty extracted human premolar were cleaned and dried and embedded in cylinders filled with dental stone and the teeth were divided into three groups (20 teeth of each) which were etched and washed and dried the teeth in group 3 were slightly moistened in a cotton pellet and then the brackets were bonded to the teeth according to the manufacture instructions. Group1: using light cure composite (transbond); Group2: using glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.) in dry condition; Group3: using glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.) in moist condition. The shear bond strength was measured using instron mechanical test machine. Statistical analysis including descriptive statistics were applied to the results and then the findings were compared among the three groups using ANOVA and Duncan tests. Results: Light cure composite (transbond) had the highest shear bond strength followed by Fuji Ortho. Lc. (moist condition) and then Fuji Lc. (dry condition), which had the significant lowest shearbond strength. Conclusions: Transbond light cure composite had the highest shear bond strength. The presence of moisture enhances the shear bond strength of light cure glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.).


Article
Evaluation of the shear bond strength of four orthodontic adhesive systems

Author: Mahmood Kh Ahmed
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 9 Pages: 66-70
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate shear bond strength of four types of orthodontic adhesive systems including two–paste composite (Concise), light–cured composite (Transbond), no–mix composite (Alpha–dent) and light–cured glass ionomer cement (Fuji), and to compare shear bond strength between these four types of orthodontic adhesive systems. Materials and Methods: Forty extracted premolars and forty stainless steel mesh edge–wise brackets were used. Each type of orthodontic adhesives were used for bonding of ten brackets according to its manufacturer instructions, after setting the brackets were debonded and the shear bond strength were measured using Instron testing machine. Results: Showed that the two–paste composite (Concise) and the light–cured composite (Transbond) gives the highest bond strength, the bond strength of the glass ionomer cement (Fuji) significantly lower than that of Concise and Transbond but it was remained within the accepted level for clinical use, the no–mix composite (Alpha–dent) showed very low shear bond strength which was below the accepted value for clinical application. Conclusions: Concise and Transbond have high bond strength so that it can be used to fix orthodontic attachment in areas subjected to high force. The bond strength of the glass ionomer cement (Fuji) remains within the accepted level for clinical use with the benefit of fluoride release. Also the shear bond strength of the no–mix composite (Alpha–dent) is very low makes it not suitable for clinical use.

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