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Article
Soft tissue sarcomas in Mosul: a pathologic evaluation

Authors: Bedoor AK. Al-Irhayim بدور عبد القادر الارحيم --- Ahmad F. Lazim احمد لازم
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2008 Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Pages: 152-160
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objective: Histochemical and immunohistochemical examination of soft tissue sarcomas(STS) in Mosul to assess the value of these techniques in verifying the primary diagnosis.Methods: Paraffin embedded tissue blocks of 35 cases of soft tissue sarcomas collected over a period of 20 months in Mosul, were utilized. H&E, reticulin ,and Van Gieson's staining techniques and immunohistochemical marker for S-100 protein were applied to all the cases.Results: Soft tissue sarcoma accounts for 16.4%of the total of 213 cases of benign and malignant soft tissue neoplasms,with a mean age of 30.5 years ,and a male preponderance( Male: Female ratio of1.7:1). The most common histologic subtypes are extraskeletal Ewing’s sarcoma(ES), dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans(DFSP) ,and spindle cell sarcoma, not other wise specified (NOS). The extremities are affected in 51.4% of all cases, particularly the lower limbs. The majority of soft tissue sarcomas belong to the high grade category by applying French Federation of Cancers Centers Sarcoma Group ( FFCCSG) and American Joint Cancer Committee (AJCC) grading schemes .Both reticulin and Van Gieson's stains have been successfully depicting the growth patterns of different subtypes. Immunoreactivity for S-100 protein was positive in two cases.Conclusions: High quality H&E stained sections remain the best method for establishing the diagnosis of sarcomas .Reticulin stain proved extremely helpful in subclassifying sarcomas and S-100 protein was instrumental in changing the diagnosis of sarcoma in one case.

الهدف: استعمال الفحوصات الكيمياوية النسيجية والكيمياوية النسيجية المناعية للتوصل إلى التشخيص النهائي لسرطانات (غرن) الأنسجة الرخوة في الموصل.النموذج المستخدم: القوالب الشمعية الخالصة بنسيج 35 حالة لسرطانات (غرن) الأنسجة الرخوة خلال فترة 20 شهر. الطريقة: استعمال الصبغات النسيجية (H&E, reticulin, Van Gieson's) الكيمياوية النسيجية المناعية من نوع S-100 protein في كل الحالات.النتائج: مثلت حالات سرطانات (غرن) الأنسجة الرخوة نسبة 16,4% من أصل 213 حالة شملت أيضاً الحالات الحميدة وكان معدل العمر 30,5سنة مع زيادة طفيفة للمصابين من الذكور نسبة للإناث (1.7:1) أكثر الحالات هي من نوع (ES) Ewing's sarcoma.الاستنتاج: الصبغة النسجية من نوع H&E هي أفضل طريقة للتشخيص مع بقية الصبغات المستخدمة.

Keywords

Sarcomas --- soft tissue


Article
Evaluation of Holdaway Soft Tissue Analysis for Iraqi Adults with Class I Normal Occlusion

Authors: Ne'am F Agha --- Alaa' D Al-Dawoody --- Manar Y Abdul–Qadir
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 231-237
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine cephalometric standards for Iraqi adults using Holdaway soft tissue analysis. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 60 individual (31 males and 29 females), aged 18–23years. Ten linear and tow angular parameters were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs, using the definitions provided by Holdaway. For each variable mean and SD were calculated, in additionindependent samples t– test was performed to detect sexual dimorphism. Results: Some differences were determined when the measurement obtained for Iraqi sample were compared to Holdaway norms.Iraqi adults showed a more obtuse H angle, less nose prominence, more upper lip strain, more skeletal convexity, and greater soft tissue chin thickness. In addition, a comparison between males and femalesrevealed a significant sexual dimorphism for upper lip sulcus depth, upper lip thickness, basic upper lip thickness, and soft tissue chin thickness. Conclusions: soft tissue cephalometric norms are specific foreach ethnic group. The normative data for Iraqi population should be used as a guide for diagnosis and planning of orthodontic treatment


Article
Soft Tissue Profile Analysis for Iraqi Patients with β-Thalassemia Major

Author: Dr. Reem Ata AL-Ani , B.D.S. ,M. Sc. د. ريم عطا العاني
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 187-193
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The facial appearance of patients with β-thalassemia major is readily recognizable so that soft tissue profile analysis is presented in this study.The aim of the study is concerned about the analysis of soft tissue profile morphology in a group of patients having β-thalassemia major and to record the possible differences between both thalassemic genders and to investigate the differences in the soft tissue morphology between thalassemic patients and non thalassemic normal subjectsThe material of this study consisted from lateral cephalometric radiographs for (40) thalassemic patients aged 15-17 years and (40) cephalometric radiographs for non thalassemic normal subjects were obtained for analyzing soft tissue profile morphologyThe results showed that there were no significant differences between thalassemic males and females but the soft tissue profile morphology for thalassemic patients mostly different from normal subjects which characterized by convex profile.Thalassemic patients have a soft tissue profile morphology mostly different from normal's that characterized by smaller nasal dimensions, short and everted upper lip and thicker lower lip which giving them the appearance of convex profile.

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