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Article
Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency among neonates with hyperbilirubinaemia in western Iraq

Author: Sahar J Al-Hiali
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 431-434
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Glucose -6-phosphate (G6PD) deficiency seems to be a major cause of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of G6PD deficiency among icteric neonates in western Iraq and to evaluate its association with hemolysis in neonatal jaundice.
Patients and Methods: All icteric neonates admitted to Al-Ramadi Maternity and Paediatrics hospital, Al-Anbar governorat, for the period from 1st Feb. to 1st Dec. 2006 were included in the study. Data collected from case records and includes age, sex, total serum bilirubin hemoglobin level, reticulocyte count, blood group and Rh of the mothers and neonates, direct coomb's test and peripheral smear. G6PD enzymewas measured also.
Results: eight out of 100 icteric neonates had G6PD deficiency, with male to female ratio of 7:1. A significant higher total serum bilrubin (TSB) level was among G6PD deficient icteric neonates than that among non deficient icteric neonates. Reticulocytes count and haemoglobin level was not significantly differ between G6PD deficient and non deficient icteric neonates.
Conclusion: Neonatal screening for G6PD deficiency is a need in order to control genetic blood diseases.

Keywords

G6PD deficiency --- haemolysis --- TSB


Article
Angular Cheilitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia

Author: Dr. Taghreed Fadil Zaidan .B.D.S.,MSC.,Ph.D. Assist. Prof.* د.تغريد فاضل
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 37-41
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Angular cheilitis presents as an area of inflamed and cracked skin at the angles of the mouth. Iron deficiency anemia seems to predispose to angular cheilitis. Thus this study was conducted to find out how many patients with angular cheilitis were having iron deficiency anemia.Eighty-two patients (45 females and 37 males) between the age of (9-70) years with angular cheilitis were used in this study. Complete blood picture with hemoglobin estimation and blood films were done for each patient.The highest number of patients with angular cheilitis was in the two age groups (5-14) and (55-64) years. Twenty-nine (35.3%) of patients with angular cheilitis were of iron deficiency anemia. Their hemoglobin values (Hb) were 9.3 ± 0.7 gmdl in females and 10.6 ± 0.6 gmdl in males while for those not anemic patients is 11.8 ± 1.1 gmdl in females and 14.5 ± 0.6 gmdl in males. The Hb values were significantly decreased in those patients with microcytic hypochromic red blood cells (p<0.01) of females and (p<0.05) of males.The highest number of patients with iron deficiency anemia was in the age group (25-34) years, while in the age group of (65-74) years, patients with angular cheilitis were not affected with iron deficiency anemia.Only twenty-nine (35.3%) of patients with angular cheilitis were having iron deficiency anemia (microcytic hypochromic anemia). The mean of hemoglobin values (Hb) were 9.3 ± 0.7 gmdl for females and 10.6 ± 0.6 gmdl for males.n

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