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Article
ANTI-NOCICEPTIVE EFFECT OF RHIZOME OF ZINGIBER OFFICINALE(GINGER),APPLE VINGER AND THEIR COMBINATION ON ANIMAL MODELS OF PAIN IN LABORATORY RATS.
التاثير المضاد للالم لريزومات الزنجبيل وخل التفاح ومزجهما معا على اختبارات الألم فى الجرذان المختبرية.

Author: Nowfel H.Jassim نوفل حمادى جاسم
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 28-36
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the anti-nociceptive effect of aqueous extract of Zingiber officinale rhizomes by three animal models of pain (hot plate test , tail flick and formalin test.The results showed that the oral administration of aqueous extract of ginger caused (81%) increase in hot plate time,(100%)increase in tail flick time and (41%)decrease in number of licking and biting with respect to pre-administration number. While the rats that given apple vinegar only caused (79%)increase in hot plate time, (83%)increase in tail flick time and (47%)decrease in number of licking and biting with respect to pre-administration levels. When the ginger was mixed with vinegar, it showed only (85%)increase in hot plate test,(77%)increase in tail flick test and(63%)in formalin test.

أجريت محاولة دراسة التأثير المضاد للألم لريزومات الزنجبيل وخل التفاح ومزجهما معا.هذه المواد أعطيت عن طريق الفم إلى الجرذان وفحصت باستخدام النموذج الحيواني للألم(فحص الصفيحة الحارة)و(فحص رفرفة الذنب)و(فحص الفورمالين).النتائج بينت ان اعطاء المستخلص المائى لريزومات الزنجبيل يسبب 79% زيادة فى وقت الصفيحة الحارةو83% فى وقت رفرفة الذنب و47% يقل عدد اللطع والعض مقارنة فيما قبل الاعطاء فى اختبار الفورمالين.لذلك نستنتج ان المستخلص المائى للزنجبيل وخل التفاح يمتلكان تاثيرا مضاد للالم فى اختبارات الالم.والمزج بينهما لايزيد على تاثيرهما بمفردهما,ماعدا تاثير طفيف فى اختبار الفورمالين

Keywords

:Ginger --- Pain --- nociceptive


Article
EFFECT OF ASPIRIN AS ANTIFUNGAL DRUG AGAINST SOME OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGI
تأثير الأسبرين كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية

Author: Alia' . A. Al- Bader علياء احمد البدر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-107
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The effect of aspirin( non steroidal anti-inflammtory drug a cyclooxygenase inhibitor) as antifungal has been studied against some opportunistic fungi : Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. Aspirin was showed a potent activity against all tested fungi in vitro . Aspirin gives the greatest effects in a concentration of 1000 µg , 2000 µg and 3000 µg causing 100% inhibition .

درس اثر الأسبرين ( عقار غير ستيرويدي ، مضاد للاتهاب ومثبط لانزيم السايكلوجينيز ) كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. وجد ان الاسبرين ذو فعالية قوية ضد جميع الفطريات المدروسة مختبريا واعطى اكبر تاثير عند التراكيز 1000 µg/ml , 2000 µg/ml and 3000 µg/ml اذ ادت هذه التراكيز الى حدوث تثبيط كامل للنمو الفطري

Keywords

Asprin --- Fungi --- Pain killer


Article
EFFECT OF ASPIRIN AS ANTIFUNGAL DRUG AGAINST SOME OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGI
تأثير الأسبرين كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية

Author: Alia' . A. Al- Bader علياء احمد البدر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-107
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The effect of aspirin( non steroidal anti-inflammtory drug a cyclooxygenase inhibitor) as antifungal has been studied against some opportunistic fungi : Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. Aspirin was showed a potent activity against all tested fungi in vitro . Aspirin gives the greatest effects in a concentration of 1000 µg , 2000 µg and 3000 µg causing 100% inhibition .

درس اثر الأسبرين ( عقار غير ستيرويدي ، مضاد للاتهاب ومثبط لانزيم السايكلوجينيز ) كمضاد فطري ضد بعض الفطريات الانتهازية Aspergillus flavus , A. niger , A. terreus ,Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium sp . and Trichoderma sp. وجد ان الاسبرين ذو فعالية قوية ضد جميع الفطريات المدروسة مختبريا واعطى اكبر تاثير عند التراكيز 1000 µg/ml , 2000 µg/ml and 3000 µg/ml اذ ادت هذه التراكيز الى حدوث تثبيط كامل للنمو الفطري

Keywords

Asprin --- Fungi --- Pain killer


Article
Unenhanced CT Scanning in Acute Flank Pain: Value of Secondary Signs of Ureteral Obstruction

Author: May Khalid Ameen
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 54-59
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:To determine the value of secondary signs of ureteral obstruction on helical unenhanced CT indiagnosing or excluding ureteral stone disease.METHODS:Over a period of 15 months, we prospectively analysed the CT scans of 283 patients with acute flankpain for the presence of ureteral stones & associated signs of ureteral obstruction. 105 patients had noconfirmatory imaging studies or surgery & were unable to be contacted for follow up .These wereexcluded from the study. In the remaining 178 patients confirmatory data were availabe & thus wereincluded in the study. Ureteral stone disease was confirmed to be present in 114 patients & absent in 64patients. For each patient, we determined the presence or absence of ureteral stone, ureteral orcollecting system dilatation, perinephric stranding, &renal parenchymal thickening. We also noted thepresence or absence of the (" tissue rim" sign) surrounding ureteral stones & extraurinary calcifications.RESULTS:Hydroureter was the sign with the highest sensitivity (92 %) & highest specificity (92%), Whilehydroureter had the highest specificity (95 %) & highest PPV (97%). The combination of unilateralhydroureter & unilateral perinephric stranding had both the highest PPV (98 %) & NPV (91 %)compared with any individual sign alone . The tissue rim sign was present in (57 %) of urteral stones &in none of the extraurinary calcifications.CONCLUSION:In patients having acute flank pain with suspected ureteral stone disease imaged with unenhanced CT ,secondary signs including hydroureter , hydronephrosis , perinephric fat stranding , & renalparenchymal thickening are very common & provides supportive evidence that an acute obstructiveprocess is present & that the urinary tract is likely responsible for the patients' complaints even whenthe ureteral stone itself could not be identified on CT .


Article
Post Operative Effect of Bupivacaine as Local Anesthesia in Abdominal Incisions

Author: Safa M.Al-Obaidi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 209-214
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACK GROUND:Pain after abdominal incisions is responsible for many postoperative problems, especially pulmonary and thromboembolic complications. Although many analgesic drugs are available yet they have to be given systemically to be effective with a real danger of respiratory depression.The use of local anesthetic drug infiltrated in the wound at the end of surgery is a logical solution .The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of local anesthesia in the control of postoperative painMETHODS:During the period January 2007 until December 2007 hundred and twelve patients had abdominal operations at Baghdad Teaching hospital .Patients were randomly allocated to two groups .Group (1) included 56 patients who had 10 ml bupivacaine infiltrated in the wound by a sub facial catheter before wound closure and Group (2) 56 patients had placebo injected (2 ml of normal saline).Visual analogue scale was used for post operative pain assessmentRESULTS:There was a significant decrease in pain score and the requirement of the systemic analgesic in Group (1) during the 1st 24h after surgery as compared to Group (2) with (P. < 0.05) .The type of surgery which showed marked decrease in pain score were repair of hernia, open cholecystectomy and appendesectomy and was least obvious after midline incision.CONCLUSION:There was a significant decrease in pain intensity and the analgesic requirement in patients who had local wound infiltration with bupivacaine as compared to placebo group thus making it an effective, simple and cheap method in relieving pain after abdominal incisions.


Article
Haemorrhoidectomy: a Comparative Study of Open & Closed Methods

Authors: Hamid I. Jasim --- Mohammed H. Al-Alwan
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 23-26
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Haemorrhoidectomy is an operation for third and fourth degree hemorrhoidsAim: To compare the closed (Ferguson) and open (Milligan-Morgan) methods.Methods: A prospective study, eighty patients admitted with hemorrhoids were randomly allocated to either open or closed methods.Results: Mean operative time was shorter in the open method. Analgesic requirement were less in the closed method. Healing time was shorter in the closed method.Conclusions: The closed technique is associated with less pain during early post operative period and faster healing.

Keywords

Haemorrhoids --- open --- closed --- pain --- healing time


Article
Postoperative pain and flare-up in one- and multiple-visits endodontic treatment for pulpally vital molars

Author: Dr.Ahmed S. Mustafa, B.D.S., M. Sc.* د. احمد صليبي مصطفى
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 4 Pages: 348-353
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

In recent years, one appointment endodontics has gained increased acceptance as the best treatment for most cases. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of post-operative pain and flare up following single-visit and multiple-visits root canal treatment in pulpally vital molars using two different instrumentation techniques. One hundred seventy seven (177) vital molars teeth from 160 patients were selected and randomly divided into two groups; first group (89) teeth were endodontically treated with multiple visits while the second group (88) teeth were endodontically treated with one visit. Each group further subdivided into two subgroups; first subgroup, canals were prepared by conventional step-back technique using hand-held stainless steel k-files and obturated with laterally condensed gutta-perch cones while the second subgroup were the canals prepared by ProTaper rotary system and obturated with laterally condensed gutta-perch cones. No significant differences in post operative pain and flare-ups between teeth that were treated in one visit and multiple visits. Also the use of the ProTaper rotary system in preparing the canals contributed to lower the incidence of post-operative pain.


Article
An adult adrenal neuroblastoma presented as a right shoulder pain: A case report
والعصبية الكظرية الكبار كما عرضت ألم الكتف الأيمن: تقرير حالة

Authors: Yasser I. Abbass --- Idreiss J. Khalaf --- Azzawi M. Hadi
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue: 142 Pages: 89-92
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Neuroblastoma of the adrenal gland is an extremely rare tumor in adulthood although it is one of the most common malignancies in childhood. In this report, a 25-year-old woman who had a left adrenal mass on preoperative imaging. She was operated and the mass was resected in en-block manner along with the left kidney. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed the diagnosis of neuroblastoma. She had metastasis to the cervical part of the spinal cord operated upon before the time of diagnosis as a suprarenal tumor and received chemotherapy after the operation. Although neuroblastoma of adrenal gland is rare in adulthood, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with adrenal masses

العصبية من الغدة الكظرية هو ورم نادر جدا في سن البلوغ على الرغم من أنه هو واحد من الأورام الخبيثة الأكثر شيوعا في مرحلة الطفولة. في هذا التقرير، وهي امرأة 25 عاما، الذي كان له كتلة اليسار الكظرية في التصوير قبل الجراحة. اجريت عملية جراحية كانت مقطوعة وكان القداس في EN-كتلة بطريقة جنبا إلى جنب مع الكلية اليسرى. كشف فحص الأنسجة لعينة لتشخيص العصبية. كان لديها ورم خبيث في عنق الرحم جزء من الحبل الشوكي يعمل على قبل وقت التشخيص وجود ورم الكظر، وتلقت العلاج الكيميائي بعد العملية. على الرغم من العصبية من الغدة الكظرية أمر نادر الحدوث في سن البلوغ، ينبغي النظر في ذلك في التشخيص التفريقي للمرضى مع الجماهير الكظرية

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