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Article
Oral health condition among overweight children aged 6- 11 year old in Baghdad/ Iraq

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Anhar A.A. Alsadi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 100-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: The overweight and obesity have serious health consequences including the health of oral cavity. The
aims of the present study were to assess the oral health condition among the overweight children and compare
them with the normal weighted children of the same age and gender.
Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 478 children aged 6-11years that were selected from (4650)
children selected randomly from 12 primary schools. Two hundred and thirty nine normal weighted and 239
overweight children were included. The assessment of nutritional status was performed using Body Mass Index
specific for age and gender. The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was according to Manji et al (1) plaque
index of Silness and Loe (2) was used for plaque assessment, gingival index of Loe and Silness (3) was used for gingival
health condition, Ramfjord index teeth (4) were applied to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition.
Results: The results showed that the caries experience among the overweight for the primary and permanent
dentition were significantly lower than that among the normal weighted children, while the mean of plaque and
gingival indices were found to be higher among the overweight children.
Conclusion: The weight status affects the oral health by decreasing the dental caries among the overweight children
and higher plaque and gingivitis.
Key words: Overweight, dental caries, gingival health condition, nutritional status. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2009; 21(2):
100-104)

Keywords


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to periodontal disease among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Old adults experienced pronounced oral changes. Saliva composition particularly the antioxidantsshowed significant changes with advancing age. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipidperoxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and theireffect on periodontal disease among a group of old adults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Periodontal disease was evaluated by using the gingival index, periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachmentlevel. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH were determined. Salivary samplesthen were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, vitamin Cand uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition to salivary constituents as urea,calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adults comparedto middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higher among oldadults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regarding salivary flow rateand pH between the two age groups. Salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium) showedno significant difference between the two age groups. Mean gingival index was highly significantly higher amongold adults. The extent of pocket depth was higher among old adults at ≥4 and ≥5 mm thresholds but ≥7 mm thresholdwas absent among them. Clinical attachment level extent was higher among old adults at all thresholds of severity.Salivary albumin revealed inverse significant correlation with severe thresholds of clinical attachment level (i.e. ≥7, ≥8,≥9 mm). Lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde) showed positive highly significant correlation with ≥9 mm attachmentlevel threshold among old adults. Salivary flow rate revealed inverse correlation with almost all clinical attachmentlevel thresholds among old adults.Conclusions: Periodontal disease revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants andphysicochemical characteristics were found to affect periodontal health status among old adults


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to dental caries experience among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 108-112
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Old adults are regarded as an important target group with special oral health needs. Salivary glandstructure and saliva composition particularly the antioxidants are subjected to significant changes with advancingage. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde)levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and their effect on dental caries among a group of oldadults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Dental caries was recorded through the application of D1-4 MFS index. Plaque and calculus indices were used forrecording oral cleanliness. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH weredetermined. Salivary samples then were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein,albumin, vitamin E, vitamin C and uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition tosalivary constituents as urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Salivary antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adultscompared to middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higheramong old adults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regardingsalivary flow rate and pH between the two age groups. Also salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous andmagnesium) showed no significant difference between the two age groups. Caries experience (DMFS) was highlysignificantly higher among old adults (28.71±9.15) compared with middle-aged (20.68±8.53). Multiple linear regressionanalysis revealed inverse highly significant β coefficient for vitamin E and salivary flow rate on DS among old adults.Conclusion: Dental caries revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants and physicochemicalcharacteristics were found to affect dental caries experience among old adults

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