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Hypodontia in Iraqi people

Author: Dr Manahel Muhamad Husain Ibraheem B.D.S., D.D.S., M.Sc. د.مناهل محمد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-128
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The most common congenital missing teeth are the upper lateral incisors. This study is performed to find the frequency of missing upper laterals in the young adult Iraqis and to assess their orthodontic treatment. The sample consists of twenty patients with hypodontia of upper lateral incisors (right and left) out of a thousand patients examined for three years in the orthodontic clinic of the Institute of Medical Technology. Gender distribution for patients was 15 females and 5 males. Age distribution for patients ranged from 15 to 25 years. Full record for the hypodontic patients included: photographs, panoramic x-rays and casts taken before and after orthodontic treatment. The treatment by space closure took more orthodontic treatment time and retention period than by space opening and prosthodontic treatment. The frequency of missing upper lateral incisors is 2% (consisting of 1.5% for females and 0.5% for males).


Article
An Orthopantomographic study of hypodontia in permanent teeth of Iraqi patients

Author: Dr. Shahbaa A.Mohammed Al-Ajwadi,B.D.S.,M.Sc. د. شهباء محمد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 139-144
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The congenital lack of one or more permanent teeth is a common anomaly in man .By definition, congenitally missing teeth are those that fail to erupt in the oral cavity and remain invisible in a radiograph, which implies this caused by disturbance during the early stages of tooth development.389 orthopantomograms of healthy patients were used the number of males were 194 and the number of females were 195.The patients has visited the hospital of college of dentistry of Baghdad university between 2006 and 2008.Thy were aged between 13 and 27years at the time the OPGs were taken .All OPGs were analyzed by viewer .The congenitally missing teeth were identify first clinically and confirm by the OPGsThe hypodontia mostly seen in upper lateral incisors, and lower second premolar, flowed by lower central incisors, upper central incisors, and lastly the lower lateral incisor, there were gender difference in hypodontia, but both genders show high percentage of upper lateral incisors hypodontia, 60.31%for males, and 72.30%for females. The hypodontia of lower second premolar in males 18.56%,and in females 14.5%.The hypodontia of upper central incisors in males 2.577%,and 0%in females. The hypodontia for lower central incisor in males 12.89%, and 13.3%in females. The hypodontia for lower lateral incisors in males 5.67%, and in females 0%.From these percentages it was clear that there were difference in hypodontia of upper and lower arches.To evaluate the frequency of hypodontia and compare its appearance between males and females and between upper and lower jaw.

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