research centers


Search results: Found 49

Listing 1 - 10 of 49 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by

Article
Building the capacity of a measure of creativity in the Iraqi environment
بناء مقياس للقدرات الأبداعية في البيئة العراقية ((دراسة تطبيقية في أحدى منظمات البحث العلمي ))

Author: سندس رضيوي خوين
Journal: Al-Rafidain University College For Sciences مجلة كلية الرافدين الجامعة للعلوم ISSN: 16816870 Year: 2009 Issue: 25 Pages: 109-132
Publisher: Rafidain University College كلية الرافدين الجامعة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research concerns with model constructing of innovation ability measurement that has originated from the national environment with the intention of getting more real and accepted results in the scope of personnel ability measurement and taking advantage of these abilities.The questionnaire has been used in this research where it is distributed on (40) personnel who have high academic certifications. The principal and designed (proposed) measurement have been applied on the same model , in order to test the dependent assumptions, and the results have been calculated and compared with each others.The research has ended up by a number of conclusions and recommendation. The most important conclusion is that new (proposed) measurement results are not complying with the principal one (Ettlie & O'Keefe, 1982). This means that every individual has an innovation seed that has been irrigated by his surrounding circumstances. Whenever these circumstances be healthy, it will help in the appearance of the early age, clear, and useful innovation ability.

يهدف البحث لبناء مقياس لقياس القدرة الإبداعية نابع من ظروف البيئة المحلية، بهدف الحصول على نتائج تكون اكثر واقعية وقبولا في مجال قياس قدرات الافراد والاستفادة من هذه القدرات.وقد تم استخدام استمارة الاستبانة والموزعة على (40) منتسب من حملة الشهادات الاكاديمية العليا، ولغرض اختبار الفرضيات المعتمدة في البحث طبق المقياس الاصلي والمقياس المصمم (المقترح) على نفس العينة وتم احتساب النتائج والمقارنة بينهما.واختتم البحث بجملة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات، ومن أهم الاستنتاجات أن نتائج المقياس الجديد (المقترح) غير متفقة مع نتائج المقياس الاصلي (Ettlie & O'Keefe, 1992)، وهذا يعني ان لدى كل فرد بذرة إبداعية ترويها الظروف المحيطة بالفرد، فكلما كانت هذه الظروف صحية ساعدت في ظهور القدرة الإبداعية بعمر مبكر وبشكل واضح ومفيد.


Article
Renal Involvement in 25 Patients with Systemic Sclerosis

Authors: Nizar Abdulateef Jassim --- Ziad Shafeek Al-Rawi --- Ali Abdumajeed Diab --- Ali Nazar Mohammed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Renal involvement is considered a poor prognostic factor and not frequently a cause of death in patients with scleroderma. Renal involvement can be divided into scleroderma renal crisis and non-renal crisis abnormalities.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the frequency of renal involvement in 25 Iraqi patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).METHODS:Twenty five patients with SSc (21 female and 4 male) were included in a case-controlled study. All patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for SSc. All patients were of diffuse type. Other types of SSc were excluded. All patients underwent measurement of blood pressure and investigations had been done for them which included: hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC) count, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), blood urea (BU), serum creatinine (SCr), general urine examination (GUE), and rheumatoid factor (RF). Same investigations were done for 25 healthy person (considered as control group).RESULT:All patients (100%) had Raynaud’s phenomenon, 23 patients (29%) had dysphagia, 21 patients (84%) had arthralgia, 10 patients (40%) had telangiectasia and 2 patients (8%) had subcutaneous calcification. Three patients (12%) had moderate hypertension. Fourteen patients (56%) had anemia, 2 patients (8%) had leukocytosis, 6 patients (24%) had elevated ESR, 1 patient (4%) had elevated BU, 1 patient (4%) had albuminuria and 4 patients (16%) had positive RF. Platelet count and SCr were normal in all patients. Only 1 patient (4%) had renal involvement in form of combination of azotemia, albuminuria and hypertension.CONCLUSION:Renal involvement in systemic sclerosis among Iraqi patients is rare.

Keywords

renal --- iraqi --- systemic sclerosis.


Article
Perniosis: Clinical and Epidemiological Study in Iraqi Patients

Author: Adil A. Al-Nuaimy
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 11-13
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Perniosis(chilblains) is a common skin problem. This condition results from abnormal reaction to cold which is usually seen during the cold months of year.OBJECTIVE:The aim of the present study is to shed a light on different clinical and epidemiological aspects of perniosis in Iraq.METHODS:A total of 40 patients with perniosis were seen between January to march 2008 in the department of dermatology and venereology of Baghdad Teaching Hospital.A detailed history was taken from each patient regarding age, sex, occupation, duration of attack, family history, smoking, drug history, medical history, relieving and aggrevating factors and previous treatment modality.Full examination was done to each patient to assess the distribution and extent and morphology of the lesions and to see if there other skin diseases. Biopsies was done for 6 patients for histopathological study.RESULTS:A total of 40 patients were assessed. Their ages ranged from 5-60 years with a mean age of 22 SD± 6.2, 31 females and 9 males (3.5:1).Main sites of involvemnt were; toes 39% , fingers 22% ,heals 10% and nose 2.5% .Main types of lesions were ; erythematous cyanotic swellings 82% , vesicular lesions 23% ,ulcerations 10% and erythema multiforme like lesions 15%. Family history was positive in 22.5% of patients.CONCLUSION:Perniosis occur mainly in females between 10-20 years . Most common sites of involvement are toes and fingers . genetic susceptibility is an important factor in the development of the disease. Majority of patients are healthy without any medical or dermatological diseases .Majority are non smokers and did not have any history of drug intake.


Article
Insight on the Side Effects of Lipid Lowering Agents (Statin) in Iraqi Patients with Ischemic Heart Diseases

Author: Basil N. Saeed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 266-269
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:3-hydroxy-3methyl glutaryl co enzyme inhibitor (MMG-COA) (statin) is a very common drug used in many medical conditions regardless of the presence or absence of dyslipidemia. One of these conditions is the cardiac disorders.OBJECTIVE:Throwing a light on the prevalence of their side effects in Iraqi patients.PATIENTS AND METHODS:Two hundred seventy patients with ischemic heart disease from the period of November 2006-November 2007 referred to Baghdad teaching hospital (the medical city). Those cases were using statin and grouped into two groups.Group A: patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction and unstable angina) (230 patients 77%).Group B: patients with associated risk factors (Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and secondary lipidemia) 40 cases 23%, have history of ischemic heart disease on treatment they use the drug in range of (10-40) daily with review monthly for the side effects. All 270 cases were free from other organic disorders (i.e. renal, thyroid, malignancy, or any longstanding disease). All patients went through a questionnaire which includes: age, gender, risk factors (Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and lipidemia), routine blood tests, lipid profile, liver function tests, C-reactive proteins, thyroid function tests, chest X-ray, electrocardiography and echocardiography done for all patients, all patients used to take drugs in the range of 10-40mg daily for at least one year.RESULT:The side effects noticed in this study were gastric, musculoskeletal, elevated liver enzymes (40%, 28.9%, and 1% respectively from the total number of patients). Other side effects in other systems like skin, respiratory, and cardiac were not encountered.CONCLUSION:This study showed that the side effects of statin were not involving all the body systems.


Article
Legal regulation to establish nationality comparative Alaracahdrash in the scope of private international law
التنظيم القانوني لأثبات الجنسية العراقيةدراسة مقارنة في نطاق القانون الدولي الخاص

Author: abass zabon عباس زبون
Journal: Risalat al-huquq Journal مجلة رسالة الحقوق ISSN: 20752032 Year: 2009 Issue: 2 Pages: 6-15
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract :The Legal organisation prove Iraqi nationality. Proving nationality is of a great imporatance due to the improtance of nationality itself as it determines the leqal position of the individual in state and society . Despite of This great improtance of proving nationlaity on the international level, Whether for the native or the foreigner , the Iraqi legislator has not established a special organizing to prove nationality . This made it necessary to employ the general rules of proving nationaity . Such a thing is considered a defect in Iraqi Legislation , Which the lagislator should avoid through the enactment of rules to prove nationality. The reason for this that proving nationality is characterised by a peculiarity which renders the general rules insufficient to cover the questions related to it.

الخلاصة :تعد مسألة أثبات الجنسية من ابرز المشكلات التي تواجه تنظيم الجنسية ، إذ أن المشرع العراقي لم ينظم هذه المسألة بالرغم من أهميتها في تحديد المركز القانوني للافراد في الدولة والمجتمع ، ولذلك فأن تنظيم أحكام الجنسية يعد من الضرورات الملحة التي ينبغي على المشرع ان يقوم بتنظيمها لأن للمشرع ترك تنظيم هذه الاحكام للقواعد العامة التي تعد قاصرة عن استيعاب احكام أثبات الجنسية .


Article
The Speech Act of Requestives In Iraqi Romantic Poetry with Reference to English
أفعال الكلام الطلبية في الشعر الرومانسي العراقيمع الإشارة إلى اللغة الإنكليزية

Authors: Dunia A. Al-Bayati دنيــا علـي البيــاتي --- Huda F. Al-Halawachy هدى فاضل الحلاوجي
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2009 Issue: 55 Pages: 670-699
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

إن إحدى الخصائص المتميزة التي تجعل البشر منفردين عن بقية المخلوقات هي استخدامهم للغة. ومما لاشك فيه أن استخدام اللغة هو أمر لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه ولا يمكن تصور الحياة من دونه، وهذا الاستخدام يتيح للبشر التواصل مع بعضهم البعض. وجوهر التواصل هذا هو رسالة يمكن نقلها عبر أناس متعددين ضمن مواقف متعددة تعتمد بشكل أساس على الغرض أو النية للمخاطب.وهكذا فإن الهدف الأساسي من هذا البحث هو الولوج في الوظيفة التواصلية المتعددة للطلب بوصفها نوع من أنواع أفعال الكلام التي استخدمها بعض الشعراء الرومانسيين العراقيين. ومن خلال ذلك فإن في النية التعامل مع الطلب في ضوء مفاهيم فن الأدب، لأن الأدب – شأنه شأن الفنون الأخرى – يفتح آفاقاً جديدة تمكننا من النظر إلى العالم بطريقة مختلفة. وأكثر من ذلك، فإن الأدب يعبد الطريق أمام اللغوي للتقصي أو البحث في الظواهر اللغوية المختلفة التي قد تكون موجودة في النصوص الأدبية، وخاصة الشعرية منها، وهذا ما نصبو لتحقيقه في بحثنا هذا.إن الشعر الرومانسي العراقي – الشعر الحر – كان ثورة على الشعر التقليدي خلال القرن التاسع عشر عندما كان العالم العربي يغلي بالثورات. ولهذا أصبح استخدام الطلب أكثر شيوعاً من قبل الشعراء للتعبير عن الأحداث الجارية لتلك الحقبة الزمنية مظهرين وظائف مختلفة للطلب: الدعاء، التحذير، الطلب، الاقتراح... الخ معبرين بطريقة أو بأخرى عن فكرهم تجاه ما يدور من أحداث. وهذا غيض من فيض للأجوبة على التساؤلات التي تضمنها العنوان.


Article
Phonological Intelligibility in Iraqi EFL Classrooms

Author: Balqis
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2009 Issue: 48 Pages: 43-73
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The present study aims at characterizing phonological intelligibility in the Iraqi EFL classrooms. Due to various, interrelated factors, this type of intelligibility seems to be missing. Thus, there is an urgent need to reconsider: our goals for teaching EFL to our students, the usefullness and easiness of the foreign variety we claim to be teaching, and the methodology we use to achieve our pedagogical goals.


Article
Periodotnal health status and treatment needs among Iraqi dental students

Author: Abdul- Karim A. A. AL- Muhamadawy* BDS, MSc د. عبد الكريم المحمداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 4 Pages: 378-381
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Summary: Background: periodontal disease are the major risk factors for tooth loos in aged persons. Clinically, patients with gingivitis or periodontitis usually suffer from gingival bleeding and periodontal probing. Material and method: The human sample consisted of five hundred and ninety eight students, 208 males and 390 females. Russel's periodontal index (PI) plaque index (PI. I) and the periodental treatment need system (PTNS) were scored. Results: The mean PI and P1.I for males were 1.94, 1.72 respectively. For females the corresponding values were 1.73. 1.49. From the total sample 2.4% males and 6.1% females were in no need of periodontal therapy.A comparison between first and final year students showed for all indices used a statistically highly significant differences (P<0.01).Conclusions: Although an improvement in all indices does occur, but still more emphasis should be placed on prevention through out the dental on curriculum. Key words: Periodontal health status, treatment need, Iraqi.


Article
Copepoda of the Southern Iraqi Marshes

Author: H.H. Mohamed and S.D. Salman
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2009 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 148-161
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

During a survey of the Copepoda of the southern Iraqi marshes, made between November 2005– August 2008 , four calanoid copepods were identified which were not recorded before in the Marshes. These are: Acanthodiaptomus denticornis (Wierzejski, 1887) (after Kiefer, 1978) , Arctodiaptomus (Rhabdodiaptomus) salinus (Daday, 1885) , Eudiaptomus vulgaris (Schmeil, 1898) (after Kiefer, 1978) and Phyllodiaptomus irakiensis Khalaf, 2008 . The present article is the first of a series of articles on the Copepoda of Iraqi marshes.


Article
Seasonal Changes of Nutrient Concentrations in Water of Some Locations in Southern Iraqi Marshes, After Restoration.
التغيرات الموسمية لتركيز المغذيات في مياه بعض مناطق اهوار جنوب العراق، بعد اعادة التأهيل

Author: Mohammed A. H. Al-Kenzawi محمد عبدالرضا حمدان الكنزاوي
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 711-718
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

After restoration of Iraqi marshes during 2003, three locations were chosen, one in each main marsh (Um Al-Naaj site in Al-Hwaizeh marsh; Al-Nagarah site in Al-Hammar marsh and Al-Baghdadia site in Al-Chebaysh marsh) to determine the concentrations of nutrients (Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate and Silicate) in water seasonally for the period winter, spring, summer, and autumn at 2007. Five water replicates were collected from each site, seasonally. In the Lab., the samples were analyzed by colorimetric methods; the results showed that Um-Al-Naaj site has the highest nutrients level, while Al-Nagarah site has the lowest level. The statistical program t-test was applied at the significant levels (P-value < 0.01) and (P-value < 0.05) to know the significant differences in the nutrients concentration among the sites, as well as among the seasons. Statistically, the results showed that NO3, NO2, and PO4 concentrations have significant differences among the sites, as well as among the seasons. While, SiO2 concentrations have no significant differences among the sites, but they differed significantly among the seasons.

بعد اعادة تأهيل الأهوار العراقية سنة 2003، اختيرت ثلاث مواقع، واحد في كل هور رئيس. أم النعاج في هور الحويزة، النكارة في هور الحمار، البغدادية في هور الجبايش، لتحديد تركيز المغذيات النباتية (النترات، النتريت، الفوسفات، السليكات) في المياه بصورة موسمية (الشتاء، الربيع، الصيف، و الخريف) خلال سنة 2007. جمعت خمس مكررات من كل موقع، وفي المختبر حللت العينات حسب الطرق اللونية. بينت النتائج بأن محطة أم النعاج تملك أعلى تركيز للمغذيات، بينما النكارة تملك التركيز الأقل. طبق النظام الأحصائي t-test عند مستويات معنوية ((P-value < 0.05 و ((P-value < 0.01 لمعرفة المعنوية لتراكيز المغذيات بين المحطات وكذلك بين المواسم. احصائيا، النتائج بينت بأن تراكيز NO3، NO2، PO4 مختلفة معنويا بين المحطات وكذلك بين المواسم، وأن تراكيز SiO2 كانت مختلفة معنويا بين المواسم، بينما لا توجد اختلافات معنوية بين المحطات.

Listing 1 - 10 of 49 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (49)


Language

Arabic (22)

English (19)

Arabic and English (7)


Year
From To Submit

2009 (49)