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The effect of nutritional status on gingival health condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 87-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition may increase the severity of oral health problems. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine gingival
condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Material and methods: The sample of present study involved of 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged
5 years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height among 5 years old. Diagnosis of dental plaque and gingival health condition
were recorded through the application of plaque index and gingival index. The stimulated saliva was collected to
determine salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Results: The mean plaque and gingival index values for children aged 5 years were significantly higher among
malnourished as compared to well-nourished groups (P<0.01). The mean values of magnesium, zinc and potassium
were lower among malnourished than well-nourished group. There was no significant difference concerning sodium
(P> 0.05). As for those aged 5 years, a negative significant correlation was recorded between gingival index and
salivary zinc in malnourished group
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase gingivitis and reducing salivary zinc, magnesium, sodiumand potassium.
Keywords: Malnutrition, dental plaque, gingival health, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry
2010;22(3):87-90).

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Article
The effect of nutritional status on dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 119-122
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition in human life may adversely affect various aspects of growth and increase the severity of
oral problems at different stages of life. Teeth and salivary glands are particularly sensitive to malnutrition. That may
reduce salivary protective components that may increase caries incidence. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine the
occurance and severity of dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper
and lead.
Material and methods: This study was conducted among 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged 5
years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height. Diagnosis of severity of dental caries was recorded through the application of
dmfs index. The stimulated saliva was collected to determine salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium,
copper and lead.
Results: The results reveled that the mean values of dmfs were found to be higher among malnourished respectively
than well-nourished groups respectively, but with no significant difference (P> 0.05). A positive statistically significant
correlation was observed between dmfs and ds and salivary lead for well-nourished group. No significant correlation
was recorded between the salivary flow rate and the salivary pH and all the salivary elements in malnourished group.
Nevertheless, a positive significant correlation was detected for the salivary flow rate and salivary pH and salivary
inorganic phosphorus in well-nourished group.
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase dental caries experience and reducing salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic
phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead.
Keywords:Malnutrition, dental caries, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2010;22(3):119-122).

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Article
The effect of intelligence quotient and nutritional status on oral health condition among 6 years old school children in Baghdad/Iraq

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Jenan O. Almaas
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 93-98
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: The intelligence and nutritional status have an effect on the health of oral cavity. The aim of this study
was to investigate the oral cleanliness and gingival health condition (in primary teeth) among 6 years old children of
the three intelligence scales in relation to gender and the influence of nutritional status on these variables.
Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 660 children aged 6 years old, 220 children in each
intelligence scale. The measurement of intelligence was done using Raven's test for non-verbal intelligence. The
assessment of nutritional status was performed using Body Mass Index specific for age and gender. Plaque index of
Silness and Loe (1964) was used for plaque assessment, gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963) was used for gingival
health condition.
Results: The results of this study showed that the plaque and gingival indices among children with high intelligence
scale was reported to be highly significant lower than those with moderate and low intelligence scales, as well as
among well nourished children than that among malnourished children but the highly significant was found only in
gingival index.
Conclusion: The intelligence status and nutritional status affect oral health condition as gingival index were found to
be lower among the children with high intelligence scale, this may explained the role of intelligence levels and
nutritional status in protection of oral tissue from dental and periodontal disease.
Key words: Intelligence, gingival heallth condition, nutritional status. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2010;22(2):93-98).

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