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Article
Screening of Post Traumatic Stress Disorders among Preschools Children in Baijee City

Authors: Faiadh H. Faiadh --- Ashoor R. Sarhat
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is the name given to the psychological and physical symptoms that can sometimes follow particular threatening or distressing events. To assess the frequency of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among preschools children this study was carried out in Baijee Borough.Subjects & Methods: A sample of 105 preschool children aged (1-5) years, (24) of them are females and (81) are males were assessed by using a questionnaire that include a demographic information, family history of exposure to trauma and by using a screening semistructured tool that known as modified Child Behavior Checklist which divided the sample into two groups: first one those with < 9 scores which considered as negative screening test for Post-traumatic stress disorder and the second one those with > 9 scores which considered as positive screening test for Post-traumatic stress disorder.Results: Positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder was found in 31 (29.5%) of the sample with male to female ratio (2.1:1). Children from rural areas had positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder in (67.7%) of them comparison to 10 (32.3%) of those from urban areas. The commonest involved age group with positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder was between 2-3 years (48.4%). Explosion and or airplane voice were the commonest trauma associated with positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder in 35% of children exposed to.Conclusions: Post-traumatic stress disorder exists among preschool children exposed to trauma but not recognized. Breast feeding is of protective effect against post-traumatic stress disorder.


Article
Efficacy of Using Synchronized Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure (SNIPPV) Versus Ordinary Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in Sick Neonate

Author: Kareem A. Obaid
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 36-42
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for respiratory support reduces the need of endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. A new mode with continuous positive pressure including a CPAP with intermittent mechanical rate synchronized with breathing SNIPPV. Objectives: Assessing effectiveness and safety of this mode SNIPPV with the ordinary CPAP.Methods: A prospective study on neonates with apneas and/or respiratory distress or fit for extubation randomized to receive the ordinary CPAP group1or receive the SNIPPVgroup2.Result:18 case in each group, in both males needed more support than females, no death among group 1 while1 case died in the second group, Apgar score mean nearly same for both groups it was 7.2&9.2 at 1&5 minutes group1 compared to 6.9& 8.8 at 1&5minutes group 2,1case in each group got PIE,2 cases in group1 had PDA compared to 3cases in the group 2, no cases of group1cases failed while 4cases in group 2 failed this support(p 0.032), no cases in group one develop CLD compared to two cases group two, no intestinal perforation in both groups.Conclusion: According to the data there was no significant difference in short and long term outcome between the ordinary CPAP and the SNIPPV when they used for sick neonates.

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