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Article
Studying The Bonding Mechanismand Microstructure for Arc Welding of Dissimiler Steel to Copper
البنیة المجھریة وآلیة الربط لملحومات القوس الكھربائي غیر المتماثلة فولاذ الى النحاس

Author: عبد الله عذيب مشاري
Journal: Thi-Qar University Journal for Engineering Sciences مجلة جامعة ذي قار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 20759746 Year: 2011 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The aim of this work is to study thebonding mechanism and the microstructure of copper to steel welded by shielded metal arc welding (SMAW). The electrodes that used are ECuSi and ECuSn8thenthe examination of microstructure by optical microscopic, it is clearlyobserved that the copper side are completely interfering with epitaxial growth when using ECuSn8 but the side of steel reveal interaction waves at the interface with nonepitaxial growth. Some of fine cracks observed at the interface with ECuSi. The use of ECuSn8 explaininterfering fine blockes from the steel inside the fusion zone.


Article
Effect of Lanthanum Addition on the Microstructure ofMg-4Al Alloy
تاثير اضافة معدن اللنثانيوم على خصائص سبيكة المغنسيوم - 4% المنيوم

Author: Ahmed A. Moosa احمد علي موسى
Journal: Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal مجلة الخوارزمي الهندسية ISSN: 18181171 23120789 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 75-82
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This research was to determine the effect of rare earth metal (REM) on the as-cast microstructure of Mg-4Al alloy.
The rare earth metal used here is Lanthanum to produce Mg-4Al-1.5La alloy. The microstructure was characterized by
optical microscopy. The phases of this alloy were identified by X-ray diffraction. The microstructure of Mg-4Al
consists of α-Mg and grain boundaries with precipitated phase particles. With the addition of Lanthanum, three distinct
phases were identified in the X-ray diffraction patterns of the as cast Mg-4Al-1.5La: Mg, Al11La3, Al4La. The Mg17Al12
phase was not detected. The addition of Lanthanium increases the hardness and decrease the wear rate of Mg-4Al.

يهدف هذا البحث الى دراسة تاثير اضافة عناصر الارض النادرة على سبائك (Mg-4Al) والحيلولة دون اكسـدة المغنيسيوم أو احتراقه وأنتاج سبيكة (Mg-4Al-1.5 La).كما تضمن البحث الفحوصات المجهرية وفحص الأشعة السينية لمعرفة الأطوار الناتجة في سبيكة ( (Mg-4Al-1.5 La. أظهرت النتائج أن سبيكة ((Mg-4Al تحتوي على الطور ( α- Mg) مع وجود ترسبات على الحدود البلورية .اما الاطوار في سبيكة ( (Mg-4Al-1.5 La فهي . Mg, Al11La3, Al4La مع عدم ظهور الطور Mg17Al11 . ان اضافة اللنثانيوم يؤدي الى زيادة الصلادة وانخفاض معدل البلى


Article
Microstructure and Hardness Effects on Behavior of Copper Alloy under Creep – Fatigue Interaction

Author: Mairb R. Abdul Hassan
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2011 Volume: 29 Issue: 9 Pages: 1641-1650
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The microstructure and hardness of copper alloy after fatigue-creep interactiontesting have been investigated. Experiments were carried out in the temperaturerange from room temperature to 300oC. Attention has been paid to the role of themicrostructure and hardness on the fatigue-creep strength of copper alloy. It hasbeen shown that, there is a little effect of microstructure in the cyclic response ofcopper alloy, while the hardness has a significant effect on the fatigue-creepstrength. The relation between strength and hardness were described by thefollowing equation:σE.L. = 5.345 H0.6217


Article
Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum Alloy 7020-T6 in Sea Water

Author: Mustafa Khaleel Ismael
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2011 Volume: 29 Issue: 8 Pages: 1482-1490
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The present work is aimed to investigate the effect of heat treatment on corrosion resistance of Al-alloy 7020-T6 in sea water, the specimens which manufactured by (1.5*1.5*0.2) cm, according to ASTM (G31-72) [1] The heat treatment was carried out at 480°C and water quench after that artificial aging are implemented at temperature 150°C for (1, 4) hours. Microstructure and phase properties after heat treatment and corrosion test were investigated by optical microscope; X-ray diffraction andcomputer potentiodynamic polarization technique have been used to study corrosion behavior in 3.5% NaCl. The results of corrosion resistance 7020-T6 decrease by solution heat treatment and, increase the holding time from 1- 4 hour would increase the corrosion rate, Intermetallics compounds containing zinc represent as the sacrificial anode and control pitting corrosion in 7020-T6 alloy also, the artificialageing time increase the precipitation of zinc and decrease pitting corrosion at 1 hour.

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