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The relationship between the dental caries and the blood glucose level among type II non insulin dependent diabetic patients

Author: Hawraa Khalid Aziz حوراء خالد عزيز
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 108-114
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the general population that effects theoral cavity so the probability of detecting an increased of dental caries in diabetic patients is more controversial. Theaims of this study to compare the dental caries among the diabetic and non diabetic patients and its relation withthe blood glucose level, medical history and oral health behaviors among type II non-insulin dependent diabeticmellitus patients.Materials and methods: The samples were composed of 180 subjects of diabetic patients and 180 subjects of nondiabetes. Both gender and age range 40 -70 years for both groups. The data were gathered by questionnaire,clinical examination and laboratory investigations included frequency of oral hygiene practices, caries experienceusing the DMFT Index, blood glucose including the fasting blood glucose level, and random blood glucose level.Independent t-test, Chi-square, correlation coefficient, as well as Z-proportion tests were used for statisticalcomparisons.Results: It indicated that there was no significant difference in DMFT between the diabetic and non-diabetic groups.In addition to blood glucose level was higher in diabetes than non diabetes with increased dental caries with theincrease of blood glucose level either random or fasting blood glucose level.Conclusion: This study indicated that the presence of dental caries is not significantly elevated in most diabetics butthe blood glucose level and the age effect on the dental caries as well as diabetic subjects should improve their oralhygiene practices


Article
Preliminary study on the effect of dietary black seed (Nigella sativa ) on growth and blood glucose of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings
دراسة أولية حول تأثير الحبة السوداء (Nigella sativa) الغذائية على النمو ومستوى سكر الدم في اصبعيات الكارب الشائع (Cyprinus carpio)

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Abstract

It is common nowadays to use natural food additive to increase fish growth , activity and immunity .We study the effects of different levels (0 , 1 and 3%) of black seed (Nigella sativa ) on growth and blood glucose of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The protein content of the experimental diets were 31.16 , 48.80 and 49.33 % for the three diets respectively while total energy was 441.61 , 464.61 and 475.72 kcal/100g respectively . Nine plastic tanks (30-L) were used in three replicates for each treatment to stock ten fish having the same initial weight (34.63 ± 6.51 gm/fish) in each. Fish were fed for satiation once daily, six days a week for 56 days.The results showed that the diet containing 1% black seed improved un-significantly (P>0.05) growth rate compared with control and diet containing 3% N. sativa. Blood glucose of common carp was significantly differ (P<0.05) in control and diet B in comparison to diet C, which accomplish the highest value 120.88 mm/dl.

أن استخدام الإضافات الغذائية في علائق الاسماك من المواد الطبيعية لاغراض مختلفة منها زيادة النمو والنشاط وتحسين مناعة الأسماك اصبح شائعا في السنوات الاخيرة.تم دراسة تأثير مستويات مختلفة (0 و1 و 3%) من الحبة السوداء (Nigella sativa ) على النمو ومستوى سكر الدم في اصبعيات اسماك الكارب الشائع (Cyprinus carpio) .كانت نسبة البروتين في العلائق التجريبية 31.16 و 48.80 و 49.33 % للعلائق الثلاث على التوالي بينما كانت الطاقة الكلية 441.61 و 464.61 و475.72 كيلوسعرة/100 غم على التوالي.استخدمت تسعة أحواض بلاستيكية سعتها 30 لتر بواقع ثلاث مكررات لكل معاملة وضعت فيها عشرة اسماك وزنها الابتدائي (34.63 ± 6.51 غم/سمكة) .غذيت الأسماك لحد الإشباع وجبة واحدة يوميا لمدة ستة أيام في الأسبوع خلال 56 يوما .أظهرت النتائج أن العليقة الحاوية على 1% حبة سوداء ادت لتحسن معدل النمو مقارنة بعليقه السيطرة وعليقة 3% وكانت الفروقات معنوية (P<0.05) في معدل الوزن النهائي والزيادة الوزنية وغير معنوية (P>0.05) في معدل النمو النوعي ولم تسجل اية وفيات خلال فترة التجربة . اختلف سكر الدم معنويا (P<0.05) بين عليقه السيطرة والعليقة الثانية مقارنة بالعليقة الثالثة التي وجد فيها أعلى قيمة لسكر الدم التي بلغت 120.88 mm/.dl

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