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The relation of salivary antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker to periodontal diseases among overweight and obese adult aged 55-65 year-old at Textile factory in Mosul city

Author: Baydaa A. Yas بيداء ياس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 90-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity might be a potential risk factor for periodontal diseases. The principle objectiveof this study was to identify the relationship of salivary antioxidants (vitamin E and uric acid) and lipid peroxidationbiomarker (malondialdehyde/MDA) with periodontal diseases among overweight and obese adult aged 55-65 yearoldsubject at Textile factory in Mosul city.Materials and methods: All subjects aged 55-65 year-old (thirty five subjects) at Textile factory in Mosul city took partin this study. Salivary flow rate was measured after collection of unstimulated saliva then salivary samples wereanalyzed for the measurement of salivary antioxidants (vitamin E and uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker(malondialdehyde/MDA). Periodontal diseases were evaluated by using the gingival index (GI), periodontal pocketdepth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL). Body weight was determined by using the Body Mass Index (BMI).Results: Malondialdehyde (MDA) level was higher among obese and overweight than non-obese with highlysignificant difference (F=5.52, P<0.01). Similarly vitamin E and uric acid levels were elevated among obese andoverweight compared with non-obese though statistical differences were not significant (P>0.05). In contrast salivaryflow rate was lower among obese and overweight than non-obese with highly significant difference (F=8.11, P<0.01).Regarding periodontal diseases, obese subjects showed higher periodontal destruction in comparison with nonobese.Conclusions: Overweight and obese subjects could be considered as special group who need educational andpreventive programs that include maintaining a normal body weight, eating a well-balanced diet and engaging inphysical activity in addition to oral hygiene practices to improve their oral and general health.

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