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Article
Medico-Legal Study of Fatal Stab Wounds in Baghdad

Authors: Muataz A. Al- Qazzaz
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 104-110
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT :BACKGROUND :Even with the advent of more modern injury types,sharp force injuries and fatalities have been reported to be the most common crimes of violence in several countries, predominantly in those where access to firearms is restricted.Death due to sharp force violence is the most common cause of homicidal deaths in Sweden and in many other countries in Europe, Africa and Asia.OBJECTIVE:1-To estimate the percentage of sharp wound fatalities from the total number of all injuries referred to the medico-legal institute and the percentage of fatal stab wounds type.2-To study the stab wounds according to age, sex, scene of injury, number, edge type, length and depth of each wound ,presence of other wound types, anatomical regions affected and organs injured METHOD :A medico-legal descriptive study conducted on 41 autopsies during 6 months period .Cases were studied according to their age, sex, scene of incident , number and type of stab wounds , presence of other types of wounds , suggestive manner of injury , anatomical regions affected and organs injured . Blood sample was taken for alcohol detection then complete classical autopsy was done .RESULTS:Sharp force injuries were occupying the 8th class of major injuries. Males were 3 times than females . The mean age was 33.4±13.8 years. Indoor and outdoor scenes of incident were almost equal in number with few unknown scenes. Most of victims were with stab wounds type only having single sharp edge wound. Homicidal manner of death was seen in all cases while defense stab wounds were seen in only 7 cases.The mean length of all stab wounds in all cases was 2.98 + 0.64 cm ranging from 0.5 cm to 8 cm and the mean depth of stab wounds was 9.75+ 4.07 cm. ranging from 1 to 20 cm. Chest was the commonest anatomical region affected and the heart was the commonest organ injured . Alcohol had no role in causation of stab wounds in this study.CONCLUSION :Stab wounds are uncommon in Baghdad. Adult males were usually the victims. Homicidal manner was the only manner of death . Knives were the usual weapon used.It was difficult to determine the exact dimensions of the weapons in most cases because of variability of wounds measurements. Anatomical regions and organs injured revealed their homicidal manner.


Article
Comparison between Cefoxitin disk diffusion, Crome agar and EPI-M Screening Kit for Detection of Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
المقارنة بين Cromeagar, Cefoxitin disk diffusion وEPI-M Screening kitلاجل التحري عن بكتريا المكورات العنقودية المقاومة للمثسلين

Authors: Samarah J. Alwash سمارة جعفر علوش --- Dhuha S. Saleh ضحى سعد صالح
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2013 Volume: 54 Issue: 4 Pages: 847-850
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Specimens have been collected from one hundred and seventeen patients residing in local hospitals, 33 with burns and 84 wound injuries,. Three different methods ,Cefoxitin disk diffusion, EPI-M Screening Kit and Crome agar (MeReSa agar)with selective supplement were used to detect methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) . A comparison was made between these 3 methods according to the results. It was found that the results of the Cefoxitin disk diffusion test were compatible with the results of culturing on Crome agar, while those obtained from the EPI-M Screening kit were not accurate and some of them gave false negative results.

تم جمع العينات من 117 شخص راقدين في المستشفيات المحلية, 33 مصاب بحروق و 84 شخص مصاب بجروح. استخدمت ثلاثة طرقCefoxitin disk diffusion, EPI-M Screening KitوCrome agar (MeReSa agar) مع الملحق الخاص بالوسط, للتحري عن بكتريا المكورات العنقودية المقاومة للمثسلين (MRSA) وقورنت هذه الطرق بالاعتماد على نتائج استخدام كل طريقة. لقد وجد ان نتائج طريقة Cefoxitin disk diffusion و الزرع على وسط Crome agarكانتا متطابقتين, بينما النتائج الحاصلة من استخدام EPI-M Screening kitلم تكن دقيقة و اعطت لقسم منها نتائج سلبية خاطئة.

Keywords

MRSA --- Burns --- wounds --- EPI-M --- Cefoxitin --- MeReSa agar


Article
Antibiotic Sensitivity profile of bacteria isolated from wounds and skin infections
حساسية البكتيريا المضادات الحيوية المعزولة من الجروح والالتهابات الجلدية

Author: Orass M.S. Al –Taee اوراس الطائي
Journal: Al-Kufa University Journal for Biology مجلة جامعة الكوفة لعلوم الحياة ISSN: 20738854 23116544 Year: 2013 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 199-107
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The choice of antibiotic is usually based on previously published susceptibility testing and previous s clinical success. Anaerobic bacteria are important because they dominate the diagnose flora. Some of these infections are serious and have high mortality rate. It has to be paid more attention to anaerobic infections because special precautions are needed for appropriate collection and transport of specimens.Aim of the study: To study the sensitivity profile of bacterial strains isolated from several types of infected skin and wounds toward several antibiotics. Methods: The study included 98 strains isolated from 150 patients with skin and wound infections patients hospitalized into Al-Diwanya teaching hospital from January 2009 to January 2010. A total of 150 samples were selected from patients with skin and wounds Infections including samples of burn wounds, cutaneous ulcer, surgical wounds, acnes and pustules . For the disc diffusion testing: ampicillin, gentamicin, amikacin, cefuroxime, cefoperazone, ciprofloxacin, piperacillin, Erythromycin, Cloxacillin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, Amoxicillin, Rifampin, Metronidazole, clindamycin, Ceftazidim, penicillinV, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazol and amoxicillin _ clavulanic acid, disc were used.Results: In our research, we examined 150 specimens. Aerobic bacteria were recovered from 48 (32%) specimens, anaerobic bacteria only were recovered from 27 (18%) specimens, and mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria were recovered from 75 (50%) specimens. Ciprofloxacin was highly active drug that could eradicate the major pathogens bacteria from skin and wounds infection. Although metronidazole has relatively poor efficacy by itself, in combination with penicillin V the susceptibility of the bacteria in this study was virtually the same as amoxicillin.Conclusions: Ciprofloxacin seems to remain the antibiotic of choice because of its efficacy in polymicrobial infections, relatively narrow spectrum for bacteria found in skin and wounds infections, low toxicity, and low cost.

وعادة ما يستند اختيار المضادات الحيوية على المنشورة سابقا اختبار الحساسية والنجاح السريرية السابقة ق . البكتيريا اللاهوائية هي مهمة لأنها تهيمن على الحياة النباتية تشخيص. بعض هذه الإصابات خطيرة و يكون معدل وفيات عالية. لا بد من إيلاء المزيد من الاهتمام للالتهابات اللاهوائية لأن هناك حاجة إلى احتياطات خاصة لجمع و نقل المناسبة specimens.Aim الدراسة: دراسة الملف الشخصى حساسية السلالات البكتيرية المعزولة من عدة أنواع من الجلد المصابة والجروح تجاه العديد من المضادات الحيوية. الأساليب: وشملت الدراسة 98 سلالات معزولة من 150 المرضى الذين يعانون من التهابات الجلد و الجروح المرضى في المستشفيات في اغتيال الحريري، Diwanya تعليم المستشفى خلال الفترة من يناير 2009 إلى يناير 2010، تم اختيار ما مجموعه 150 عينات من المرضى الذين يعانون من التهابات الجلد والجروح بما في ذلك عينات من حروق . ، القرحة الجلدية والجروح الجراحية، حب الشباب و البثور . لاختبار القرص نشرها : الأمبيسلين ، جنتاميسين ، الأميكاسين ، السفيوركسيم ، cefoperazone ، سيبروفلوكساسين ، بيبيراسيلين ، الاريثروميسين ، كلوكساسيلين ، السيفترياكسون ، السيفتازيديم ، أموكسيسيلين ، ريفامبين ، ميترونيدازول ، الكليندامايسين ، Ceftazidim ، penicillinV ، ميثوبريم - sulfamethoxazol و أموكسيسيلين _ حمض الكلافولانيك ، قرصية استخدمت .النتائج : في بحثنا ، درسنا 150 العينات. تم انتشال البكتيريا الهوائية من 48 ( 32 ٪ ) عينات ، والبكتيريا اللاهوائية تم انتشال 27 فقط من ( 18 ٪ ) عينات ، و انه تم انتشال مختلطة البكتيريا الهوائية واللاهوائية من 75 ( 50 ٪ ) عينات . كان سيبروفلوكساسين المخدرات نشطة للغاية التي يمكن القضاء على البكتيريا الممرضة الرئيسية من الجلد والعدوى الجروح. على الرغم من أن لديه ميترونيدازول فقيرة نسبيا فعالية في حد ذاته، في تركيبة مع البنسلين V كانت حساسية البكتيريا في هذه الدراسة تقريبا نفس أموكسيسيلين .الاستنتاجات : سيبروفلوكساسين يبدو أن يظل المضاد الحيوي في الاختيار بسبب فعاليته في التهابات متعدد المكروبات ، الطيف الضيقة نسبيا للبكتيريا موجودة في الالتهابات الجلدية والجروح ، سمية منخفضة، والتكلفة المنخفضة.


Article
The woman's ransom (Diya) (the blood money), and her wounds in Islamic jurisprudence
مقدار دية المرأة وجراحاتها في الفقه الإسلامي ـ دراسة مقارنة ـ

Author: Phd ;Dawood Salih Abdullah Al Saba'wi أ.م.د. داود صالح عبدالله السبعاوي
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2013 Issue: 30 Pages: 169-252
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني

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Abstract

The agreement on the woman's ransom that it is half the man's ransom is silent consensus, and the most preferred of legists speeches is the agreement must has a base, and it has been seen through research that the base on this agreement was a weak base ,whether what it has been added to the Prophet's (PUH) or others in exception of our master the Caliph (Othman) (GPUH),and the most preferable for the legists that the speech of the Prophet's friend does not consider a consensus as it is ,and when it followed the speech proofs that the woman's ransom half the man's ransom ,it showed that those proofs was not right as it has been seen in between the search during the proofs conversation ,whether the weak transferred or does not agree with the plausibility, and the search concluded that the woman's ransom in the person and under the person is the same of the man's ransom in less and much .

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