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Article
Expression of RANKL by dental cells during eruption of mice teeth

Authors: Lubna K. Jassim لبنى جاسم --- Athraa Y. Al- Hijazi عذراء يحيى الحجازي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-81
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background : In order for a tooth to erupt, two obvious requirements are needed. First, there has to be alveolar boneresorption of the bone overlying the crown of the tooth such that an eruption pathway is formed. Second, resorptionof bony crypt and apposition of new one, third, there has to be a biological process that will result in the toothmoving through this eruption pathway.The amniotic sac contains a considerable quantity of stem cells. Theseamniotic stem cells are multipotent and able to differentiate into various tissues, which may be useful for humanapplication. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) is concentrated on bone biology, morespecifically bone metabolism. RANKL plays a vital role in osteoclastogenesis for bone resorption. This study aimed toevaluate the expression of RANKL marker by dental cells during eruption of the teeth.Materials and Methods: : forty eight albino Swiss mice of one day old age injected with isolated amniotic stem cellsin the anterior region of maxilla (incisors area) other 16 mice injected with saline represents control. Sacrifice 4 micefor each period (4, 7, 10, and 13) day old age. The result were studied histologically and immunohistochemistry.Results: The present results localized and identified RANKL marker in 3 areas of developing tooth of the studied groupsincludes overlying, surrounding and apical bone. Positive RANKL with high significant value expressed by osteoclastof overlying bone in Amnion group followed by Control at day 4. In surrounding bone positive expression of RANKLillustrated to be highest in Control followed by Amniotic fluid at day 10.Apical bone shows positive expression ofRANKL in amniotic fluid group and it records to be the highest value in comparison to studied groups at day 10.Conclusion Expression marker RANKL illustrates that amniotic fluid group has a high expression of RANKL in osteoclastsurrounding and apical bone areas while control expressed RANKL in osteoclast of overlying bone. The present resultsopened clinical hopes in dental tissue engineering by application of autologous amniotic fluid and chorion cells

Keywords

RANKL --- tooth eruption


Article
Post Hair Epilation Acneiform Eruption Among Females

Authors: Khalifa E. Sharquie --- Haider R. Al-Hamami --- Inas K. Sharquie --- Adil A. Noaimi --- et al.
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 244-246
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

BSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Acneiform eruptions are common and important variants of acne vulgaris, there are many examples of acneiform eruptions like steroid acne and pityrosporum folliculitis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acneiform eruption that follows hair epilation.PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-series study was conducted in Department of Dermatology and Venereology, BaghdadTeaching Hospital during the period from January 2005 through July 2006. Forty females wereincluded in this work, history was taken from each patient and all were clinically examinedregarding all relevant points to this condition. Swabs and cultures from rash were carried out on11 patients using blood, chocolate, and McConky agar as culture media. RESULTS: The ages of patients ranged from14-40 years with a mean ± SD of 20.85 ± 5.52 years. History ofacne vulgaris was positive in 32 (80%) patients, and it was mild acne, resolved before the onsetof hair epilation acne. Method of hair epilation was threading and sugaring.The time intervalbetween hair epilation and rash appearance was 1-21 days with a mean ± SD of 4.48 ± 3.36 days.Itching was the commonest symptom complained by 18(45%) patients.The lesions morphologywas mainly monomorphous erythematous papules surmounted by tiny pustules. Swabs andcultures revealed no pathogenic bacteria. CONCLUSION: Hair epilation by threading and sugaring is a common cause of monomorphous acneiformeruption and might be an important triggering and exacerbating factor for acne vulgaris in Iraqifemales


Article
Immunohistochemical study of CD34 in tooth eruption by using amniotic stem cells

Authors: Lubna K. Jassim لبنى جاسم --- Athraa Y. Al- Hijazi عذراء الحجازي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-53
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Tooth eruption is a more general process, however, which includes certain posteruptive toothmovements. There are two fundamental requirements for both tooth eruption to occur:(1) Require soft tissue, intervening between tooth structure and alveolar bone, which plays an important role inregulating the remodeling of adjacent tissues.(2) Require bone turnover that is temporally and spatially regulated to facilitate specific translocations of teeththrough alveolar boneThese amniotic stem cells are multipotent and able to differentiate into various tissues, which may be useful forhuman application and recently it used in many medical branches. CD34 is an endothelial marker that is extensivelyused in immunohistochemistry and most vascular endothelial cells. Expression of the stem cell antigen CD34 is adefining hallmark of hemopoietic stem cells and progenitors. This study aimed to study the expression of CD34 bydental cells involved in tooth eruption after administration of amniotic stem cellMaterials and Methods: forty eight albino Swiss mice of one day old age injected with isolated amniotic stem cells inthe anterior region of maxilla (incisors area) other 16 mice injected with saline represents control. Sacrifice 4 mice foreach period (4, 7, 10, and 13) day old age. The result were studied histologically and immunohistochemistry.Results: Immunohistochemical result revealed positive expression of CD34 in pulp (Vascular, Paravascular),Mesenchymal cell and in the Dental sac of different groups. Coincidence test of expression marker CD34 in variousstudied group shows that Chorion application affected on CD34 expression in pulp while Amniotic fluid affected ondental sac.Conclusion Immunohistochemical study of expression marker CD34 in various studied groups show that chorionapplication affected on CD34 in pulp .While amniotic fluid affected on dental follicle


Article
Enhancement of tooth eruption by using amniotic stem cells (Immunohistochemical study of VEGF marker)

Authors: Athraa Y. Al- Hijazi عذراء الحجازي --- Lubna K. Jassim لبنى جاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 80-88
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Tooth eruption is a localized process in the jaws which exhibits precise timing and bilateral symmetry.Develop within the jaws and their eruption is a complex infancy process during which they move through bone totheir functional positions within the oral cavity. For species with more than one set of teeth, eruption of the second setalso accomplishes. The key to the successful clinical management of tooth eruption consists of understanding thatthis process consists largely of the local regulation of alveolar bone metabolism to produce bone resorption in thedirection of eruption and shift and formation of bone at the opposite side.The amniotic sac contains a considerablequantity of stem cells. These amniotic stem cells are able to differentiate into various tissues, which used in many field.Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenic factor reported to induce migration andproliferation of endothelial cells, enhance vascular permeability, and modulate thrombogenicity. VEGF expression incultured cells (smooth muscle cells, macrophages, endothelial cells) is controlled by growth factors and cytokines.The aim of this study was to study the administration of cell molecules of (Chorion, Amnion and Amniotic fluid)around developing mouse tooth and studying the expression of VEGF marker.Materials and Methods: forty eight albino Swiss mice of one day old age injected with isolated amniotic stem cells inthe anterior region of maxilla (incisors area) other 16 mice injected with saline represents control. Sacrifice 4 mice foreach period (4, 7, 10, and 13) day old age. The result were studied histologically and immunohistochemistry.Results: VEGF marker localized and identified in 3 areas; pulp, P.D.L, and Bone. In pulp. The mean value of positiveVEGF expression showed to be highest in Amnion group in comparison to the other studied groups. The marginalmean value of all periods reported to be highest in Amnion groups followed by Chorion group. The period 10 dayshowed highest marginal means value for positive VEGF expression for all groups. In P.D.L. area Amniotic fluid recordsthe highest mean and marginal mean value specifically at day-10 in comparison to other studied groups. In Bonearea Amniotic fluid records the highest mean and marginal mean value among the studied groups followed byChorion group. Period 7-day and 10-day shows high mean value for VEGF expression. Coincidence test for VEGFmarker illustrates to be affected by Amniotic fluid application in P.D.L. and in bone area while Amnion and Chorionapplication showed to be concerned with pulp.Conclusion. It reported that amniotic fluid application affected on expression of VEGF in P.D.L and bone whileamnion and chorion showed to affect on expression of VEGF in pulp.The present study highlighted on clinical andresearcher application of Amniotic fluid and Chorion for supplement of stem cell in dental tissue engineering or evenin other body tissues.


Article
Estimating of times and Heliospheric Location of the accelerated energetic protons associated with two CMEs in the Multi Eruption Solar Energetic Particle (MESEPs) events
تقدير موقع ووقت التعجيل للبروتونات النشطة المتحررة بواسطة كتل الاهليل الشمسي المرافقة للأحداث الشمسية ذات الانفجارات المزدوجة ( MESEPs )

Authors: D.Al-Feadh ضحى الفياض --- A.Al-Sawad امجد السواد --- W.Al-Ramdhan واثق الرمضان --- E. Valtonen اينو فالتونين
Journal: JOURNAL OF THI-QAR SCIENCE مجلة علوم ذي قار ISSN: 19918690 Year: 2013 Volume: 4 Issue: 4 Pages: 133-137
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

We have selected two Multi Eruption Solar Energetic Particle (MESEP) events among 268 MESEP events during the solar cycle 23 observed by Energetic and Relativistic Nuclei and Electron (ERNE) instrument on board Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) with intensities of >10-3 cm-2 sr-1 s-1 MeV-1 at energies (1-116) MeV. We have estimated the time and place of the acceleration for the energetic protons injected by two Coronal Mass Ejection (CMEs) associated with each MESEP event. We have calculated the injection time of the energetic protons by using the fixed path length and the Velocity Dispersion Analysis (VDA) methods, assuming that particles with different energies were released simultaneously at the Sun. We found that in both methods the bulk of the acceleration occur during the impulsive phase near the Sun.

تم اختيار حدثين من مجموعة الاحداث الشمسية للجسيمات النشطة ذات الانفجارات المتعددة MESEPs) ) خلال الدورة 23 المرصودة بواسطة جهاز (ERNE) وهو احد الاجهزة المحمولة على المركبة الفضائية(SOHO) للطاقات من (1-116) ميكا فولت. تم ايجاد وقت ومكان التعجيل للبروتونات النشطة المتحررة بواسطة كتل الاهليل المقذوفة (CMEs) المرافقة لكل حدث من الانفجارات المزدوجة. حيث تم حساب وقت التحرر (injection time) للبروتونات النشطة بطريقتين طول المسار الثابت( 1.2 AU) , وتحليل تشتت السرع (VDA) بافتراض ان الجسيمات ذات الطاقات المختلفة تتحرر معا عند الشمس. وجدنا بكلا الطريقتين ان تعجيل البروتونات النشطة يحدث خلال فترة التسارع(impulsive phase ) القريب من الشمس.


Article
Association Between Weight and Height of Children and Eruption of Permanent Teeth in Mosul City Center-Iraq

Authors: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Aisha A Qasim --- Karam H Jazrawi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 26 Pages: 275-281
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of length and weight of 5–13 years old children on eruption of permanent teeth in Mosul City. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 894 children and teenagers; 412 males and 482 females ranging in age from 5–13 years. A tooth was defined as erupted when any part of its crown pierced its gingiva. The sample was divided into 4 age groups: Group 1: 250 child and teenager aged 5–<7 years; group 2: 248 child and teenager aged 7–<9 years; group 3: 257 child and teenager aged 9–<11 years; and group 4: 139 child and teenager aged 11–13 years. Other information were also recorded including length of child (in meters) and weight of child (in kilograms). Results: The number of erupted teeth according to individual tooth, gender and age groups was recorded. There was a strong correlation (p = 0.001) between length and weight of children on one hand and number of erupted teeth on the other hand. Conclusion: Children who had higher weight and length accelerated dental development.

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