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Article
Enriching Web Requirements Analysis by Adding Style Factor into UML
اثراء ھندسة متطلبات الویب باضافةعنصر النمطیة للغة النمذجة الموحدة م

Authors: Zainab M. Hussain زینب محمد حسین --- Mohammed QasimShawkat محمد قاسم شوكت
Journal: AL-MANSOUR JOURNAL مجلة المنصور ISSN: 18196489 Year: 2013 Issue: 20 Pages: 89-108
Publisher: Private Mansour college كلية المنصور الاهلية

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Abstract

As requirement engineering is considered to be the most important phase in softwaredevelopment process because of the high cost impact of repairing requirement phase errors,therefore web requirement engineering is known to be one of the most popular researchareas today. By observing most of the conducted researches it can be concluded that theyfocus on the application of user experience from content, navigational and presentationalpoint of view.UML (Unified Modeling Language) is a general purpose visual modelinglanguage for specifying, constructing and documenting systems, which can be usedin all major application domains and implementation platforms.In this paper a new dimension in the UML user experience modeling will be presentedwhich represents the style factor or by other words the web theme. Every company, businessor corporation has its own styling factors which are essential for the success of the institute’smission, and therefore should be referred to as ‘requirements’. This new dimension will betranslated into a new web style diagram with all the associated relationships and constrains.The web style diagram will enable the customer (institute requesting the web site orapplication) to ensure that the resulting web site or application will meet their style identity.

ھندسة المتطلبات تعتبر اھم مرحلة من مراحل عملیة بناء و تطویر البرمجیات بسبب الكلفة العالیة لتصحیحاخطاء مرحلة المتطلبات , لذا فان ھندسة متطلبات الویب تعتبر من اھم مواضیع البحث في یومنا ھذا. من خلال ملاحظةمعظم البحوث المطبقة یمكن الاستنتاج انھا تركز على تطبیق تجربة المستخدم من خلال وجھة نظر المحتوى , الملاحة والعرض.ھي لغة نمذجة مرئیة متعددة الاغراض لتحدید و بناء و توثیق الانظمة والتي (UML) لغة النمذجة الموحدةیمكن استخدامھا في جمیع مجالات التطبیق الرئیسیة ومنصات تنفیذ.في ھذا البحث سوف یتم تقدیم بعدا جدیدا في نمذجة تجربة المستخدم من خلال لغة النمذجة الموحدة الذي یمثلأو بعبارة أخرى العوامل الممیزة. كل شركة او مؤسسة تجاریة لدیھا عوامل التصمیم الخاصة بھا (style) عامل النمطیةوالتي تعتبر ضروریة لنجاح مھمة الشركة او المؤسسة. و لھذا السبب یجب ان تعتبر ضمن المتطلباتمع كل (Web Style Diagram) سیتم ترجمة ھذا البعد الجدید الى مخطط النمطیة للویب .(Requirements)العلاقات و القیود الخاصة بھ.مخطط نمطیة الویب سیمكن الزبون (المؤسسة الطالبة لموقع او تطبیق الویب) من التأكد بان موقع او تطبیقالویب الناتج سیكون مطابقا للھویة النمطیة للمؤسسة.


Article
Caries experience in relation to salivary physicochemical and immunological changes among asthmatic patients in Mosul city / Iraq

Authors: Mohammed S. Younus --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 86-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is a pulmonary disorder characterized by reversible stenosis of the peripheral bronchi. Thisdisease could affect the oral health; as a result asthmatic patients may have a higher risk of developing dentaldiseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the caries experience and salivary elements among asthmaticpatients using Ventoline inhaler.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 30 male asthmatic patients with an age range 20-24years(under Ventoline inhaler). The control group includes 30 subjects matching with study group in age and gender.Plaque and DMFS index were used for recording caries experience. Stimulated salivary samples were collected andthen salivary flow rate, S-IgA and salivary elements concentrations (Ca, Na, K and PO4) were determined.Results: The mean value of dental caries (DMFS) and plaque index (Pl I) were found to be higher among study groupcompared to control group with statistically significant difference for Pl I (P<0.05), while not significant difference wasobserved for DMFS (P>0.05). The mean value of salivary flow rate, Ca, PO4 , Na and K ions concentrations were foundto be lower among study group compared to the control group with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05),except for Ca and K ions the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). S-IgA in the study group was higherthan the control group and the difference was not significant (P>0.05).Conclusions: Individuals with asthma have a higher caries prevalence, worse oral cleanliness and lower salivaryelements compared to the control group, so a special preventive programs need to be designed for those patients


Article
Availability Extent of Requirements for Adopting of the Customer- Experience Management in the Hostelry Sector A Case Study on Nineveh International Hotel
مدى توافر متطلبات تبني إدارة خبرة الزبون في القطاع الفندقي دراسة حالة في فندق نينوى الدولي

Authors: Alaa A. Y. Al-Hamdani علاء عبد السلام يحيى الحمداني --- Mohannad K. A. Al-Enizi مهند خالد احمد العنزي
Journal: TANMIAT AL-RAFIDAIN تنمية الرافدين ISSN: PISSN: 1609591X / EISSN: 2664276X Year: 2013 Volume: 35 Issue: 114 following Pages: 69-80
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The study aims at recognizing the requirements for adopting the customer-experience management represented by (developing the customer-experience strategy, setting the objectives and determining the scales, the organizational alignment, re-designing the customer-experience and improving customer-experience via adopting the technologies). So, the customer-experience consider an essential factor to determine customer's purchasing trends whether for the goods or services. The organizations attempt to construct a distinctive experiences for their customers in terms of their activities and quality of their services to achieve competitive gains in the light of an environment characterized by the high competition . The problem of the study represented by the weakness of the hotels management in managing customers' experience especially, in providing the needed requirements to succeed the operation of customers' experience enrichment .The study takes its importance from its contribution in diagnosing the needed requirements to succeed the application of customer experience management in the researched hotel in a way that supports its market share and satisfies its costumers. The researchers adopts a questionnaire in covering the field part as well as using a group of statistical means like : repetitions , percentages, arithmetic means and factor analysis. The study takes Nineveh International Hotel as a study field. The study concludes to a group of conclusions and suggestions that serve the researched field and enhance its activity in the market.

يهددد البحدد إلددا التفددر ملددا متطلبددات تبنددي إدارة خبددرة الزبددون والمتم)لددة تطددويراستراتيجية خبرة الزبون، وضع الأهدا وتحديد المقدايي،، اصطدطفا المنيمدي، إمدادة تطدميخبرة الزبون، وتحسين خبرة الزبدون باصمتمداد ملدا التقاندة ، إذ تفدد خبدرة الزبدون مدامي ر يسدالتحديد توجهات الزبدون الردرا ية سدوا ل للسدلع او الخددمات، وتسدفا المنيمدات إلدا بندال خبدراتمتميزة لزبا نها فيما يتفلق بطبيفة انرطتها وجودة خدماتها لتحقيق مكاسب تنافسية فدي يدب بي دةتتس بالتنافسية الفالية، وتم)لت مركلة الدراسة بضف إدارة الفندق لخبرة زبا ند وبخاطدة فيمدايتفلق بتوفير المتطلبدات اليزمدة لنجدام ممليدة ضدخ الخبدرة للزبدا ن، ويسدتمد البحد تهميتد مدنخدديب إسددهام فددي ترددخيص المتطلبددات اليزمددة لنجددام تطبيددق إدارة خبددرة الزبددون فددي الفندددقالمبحو ، وملا نحو يفزز من حطت السدوقية ويرضدي زبا ند ، وامتمدد الباح)دان ملدا اسدتمارةاصستبيان في تغطية الجانب الميداني، فضي من استخدا مجمومدة مدن الوسدا ب اصحطدا ية منهداالتكددرارات والنسددب الم ويددة والمتوسددطات الحسددابية، وكددذلت اسددتخدا التحليددب الفدداملي، واتخددذالبح من فندق نينوى الدولي ميدان ال بح)ي ال، وتوطب إلدا مجمومدة مدن اصسدتنتاجات والمقترحداتالتي تخد الميدان المبحو وتفزز من نراط في السوق.


Article
The Importance of Childhood Memories in Re-shaping the Poetic Experience in Seamus Heaney: A Study of Selected Poems
اهمية ذكريات الطفولة في اعادة تشكيل التجربة الشعرية في شعرسيموس هينري: دراسة في قصائد مختارة

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Abstract

Seamus Heaney's poetry is characterized by it continuous reference to the past, namely to the childhood. This reference has a very important function in his poetry. As a poet, childhood acts as a catalyst, which creates the literary environment that inspires him. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the role played by childhood memories in his poetry. Three poems are chosen to achieve this aim, they are: "Digging", "Sonnet Four of Glanmore Sonnets", and "A Drink of Water".

يمتاز شعر شَيمس هيني باشارته المستمرة للماضي وخصوصا لمرحلة الطفولة. حيث تلعب هذه الأشارة دورا مهما في شعره. فهي كالعامل المساعد الذي يسهم في خلق البيئة الأدبية التي تلهم الشاعر. لذا فأن الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو لمعاينة الدور الذي تلعبه ذكريات الطفولة في شعر هيني. حيث تم تسليط الضوء على ثلاثا من قصائده وهن "حفر" و "سونيت رقم اربعة من سونيتات كلان مور" و "رشفة ماء"


Article
Experience of Dental Caries of Adult Patients in Relation To The Characteristic of Dental Visit and Brushing Behavior In Tikrit City

Author: Dr.Huda Abbas Abduallah, B.D.S. M.Sc.* د. هدى عباس عبد الله
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 17-27
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Aim: Dental decay is a process in which the hard mineral structure of teeth isdissolved. The process produces a cavity on the crown of the tooth or a softeningof the root surface. Without regular dental care people are often unaware of thecondition, whereas those who usually seek dental care for a check-up are morelikely to have dental decay treated in a timely manner The aim of the presentstudy was to determine the caries experience of public dental patients by age, sexwith the type of dental visit and brushing behavior in adults in Tikrit city, Iraq.Subjects and methods: A sample of 1284 individuals(580 males and 704females)with an age range of (18-60 years) attending the teaching dental hospitalof collage of dentistry of Tikrit university and the specialized dental center , wereexamined according to WHO guidelines using DMFT index. Questionnaires wereused to assess the level of dental health attitude among the individuals.Results: The distribution of patients was high at younger age for both sexes.Emergency visit had a higher percentage of patients (82.2%). 63.6% of thepatients brush their teeth two or more. The mean DMFT scores were 7.5 (8.3 forfemale and 6.7 for male). Mean DMFT for both sex increases with age. Thepercentage of decayed teeth (D/DMFT%) was the highest among younger agegroup (60.7% for female and 63.1% for male). There was statistically a highlysignificant difference between age, sex, dental visit type and brushing behaviorand DMFT. Emergency patient did show higher level of decayed and missingteeth while general patient did show higher level of filled teeth. Emergencydental visit had higher percentage of decayed teeth (57.3%) than general dentalvisit (42.5%). One or less brushing patient had higher level of decayed andmissing teeth, while two or more brushing patient show higher level of filledteeth. The percentage of decayed teeth for one or less brushing patients was(62.9%) higher than two or more brushing patients (50.1%).Conclusion: It was concluded that the present study findings for DMFT scores washigher than the global standers according to the world health organization(WHO). Therefore, there is a great need to combine restorative-oriented dentalservices with preventive- oriented dental services in order to improve the oralhealth status of this population.


Article
The Role of the Intellectual in an Era of Crises: Study in Saul Bellow’s Herzog
دور المثقف في عصر الأزمات: دراسة في رواية هيرزوك لسول بيلو - بحث مستل

Author: Mushtaq Abdulhaleem Mohammed مشتاق عبد الحليم محمد
Journal: Alustath الاستاذ ISSN: 0552265X 25189263 Year: 2013 Volume: 2 Issue: 204 Pages: 179-200
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Saul Bellow (1915-2005) is an American novelist, playwright, essayist, and short story writer. He is the Nobel Prize winner in literature in 1976. He is recognised as a novelist of the intellectuals for all his works are concerned with the figure of the intellectual who goes through a multiple of crises. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the pros and cons of the intellectual’s role and behaviour; and to trace his reactions in dealing with such intense crises so as to find a suitable elucidation

يُعد سول بيلو(١٩١٥-۲۰۰٥) روائي وكاتب مسرحي وقاص أمريكي حائز على جائزة نوبل للأدب في عام ١٩٧٦. اشتهر بيلو بروائي المثقفين كون جميع أعماله تتعامل مع شخصية المثقف الذي ُيقاسي أزمات متعددة. إن الهدف من هذا البحث هو لتوضيح ايجابيات وسلبيات دور وسلوك المثقف؛ ولتعقب ردود فعله في التعامل مع هكذا أزمات حادة من اجل الوصول لتفسير مناسب.

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