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Article
Effect of seed oil Ricinus communis on E. coli isolated from Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections
تأثير زيت بذور الخروع Ricinuscommunis في بكتريا E. coli المعزولة من التهابات المجاري البولية المتكررة

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Abstract

This study was conducted in Wasit governorate for the period between February 2012 to February 2013 to determine the impact of Castor seed oil at different concentrations 100, 75, 50 and 25% in inhibition of the growth of E. coli isolated from 52 male and female patients (2-70 yrs) attending Al Zahra Hospital and Al Karama Hospital in Kut city. Oil was extracted from seeds of Castor had the ability to inhibit E. coli isolated from patients presented with recurrent urinary tract infections . Zone of inhibition accomplishing was 9.06 mm in diameter.HPLC analysis revealed that the content of α-linolenic in Castor seed oil (18.90 µgml) was higher than other fatty acids followed by oleic. Perhaps this is why it able to inhibit E. coli; which affect the cellular components in bacteria.

أجريت هذه الدراسة في محافظة واسط للمدة مابين شباط 2012 وشباط 2013 لتحديد تأثير زيت بذور الخروع بتراكيز مختلفة 25 و 50 و 75 و 100% في تثبيط نمو بكتريا E. coli المعزولة من 52 مريضا من الاناث والذكور باعمار تتراوح 2-70 سنة الراقدين في مستشفى الزهراء والكرامة في مدينة الكوت. الزيت المستخلص من بذور الخروع له القدرة في تثبيط بكتريا E. coli المعزولة من المرضى الذين يعانون من التهابات المجاري البولية المتكررة وبقطر تثبيط 9.06 ملم . كشف تحليل HPLC أن محتوى حامض الفا- لينولينيك في زيت بذور الخروع (18.90 ميكروجرام مل) كان أعلى من الأحماض الدهنية الاخرى ويليه حامض الأوليك. ولعل هذا هو السبب في كونه قادر على تثبيط E. coli؛ اذ يؤثر في مكونات الخلية في البكتيريا.


Article
Epidemiological Study of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Baquba- Diyala Province

Authors: Sawsan Talib Salman سوسن طالب سلمان --- Nadhim Ghazal Noaman ناظم غزال نعمان --- Anfal Shakir Motib انفال شاكر متعب
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2013 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 79-86
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Pregnancy causes many changes in the pregnant women, due to mechanical and hormonal changes which lead to ureteral dilatation and urinary stasis which contribute to the  increased risk of developing urinary tract infection. Subject and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Al-Batool Teaching Hospital in antenatal care clinic from March during October 2012 to study the epidemiology of symptomatic and asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women. Results: out of 200 pregnant women who were included (24%) and (14%) with ≤20 years old age group were asymptomatic and symptomatic respectively, and (56%), (64%) were asymptomatic and symptomatic in age group 21-30 years old , while in those ≥ 31 years age group was (20%) and (22%) asymptomatic and symptomatic respectively. The asymptomatic bacteriuria was (77%) and it was higher among 31-40 weeks of gestation than other weeks of gestations (p= 0.006).The nulliparous was (27%) asymptomatic and (21%) symptomatic, where para1- para3 was (56%) asymptomatic and (65%) symptomatic and para4 and above was (17%) asymptomatic and (14%) symptomatic. Escherichia coli was (42.3%) more than other species.Conclusion: Urinary tract infections is a public health problem, Routine urine culture test should be performed on all antenatal asymptomatic and symptomatic pregnant women to identify unsuspected infection.


Article
Bacterial isolates associated with urinary tract infections in children
العزلات البكتیریة المرافقة لخمج المجاري البولیة للاطفال

Author: Zahrah Adnan dlakhal
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 22 Pages: 56-60
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

Urinary tract infections UTI are common conditions worldwide and thepattern of antimicrobial resistance varies in different regions. We describe therelationships between sex,age and isolated bacterial agents and antibioticresistance of UTIs solates . The study was confined to UTIs in children .Thepresent study were aimed to investigate the antibiotic resistance of urinarypathogens isolated from Al - Sadder Hospital .The total number of samples was(50) sample, from 22 children samples were positive for culture.The mostbacterial isolates in the present study was Enterobacter spp 6(27.2%) , Ecoli4(18.1%) , Pseudomonas spp 3(13.6%) , Escherichia spp, Staphylococcus aureus,Salmonella spp, Klebseilla spp, Citrobacter spp were 2(9.09) % andEdwardsilla spp 1(4.5%) Antibiotics resistance in the most common gramnegative than in gram positive. The high effective antibiotics were Imipenem inall isolates.

التھاب المجاري البولیة من الامراض الواسع الانتشار في العالم و ذات مدى عالي للمقاومة المضد


Article
Prevalence of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients and identification of the causal microorganisms
انتشار عدوى المسالك البولية في مرضى السكري وتحديد الكائنات الحية الدقيقة المسببة

Author: Ahang Ali Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 363-369
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a condition in which the urinary tract is infected with a pathogen causing inflammation. One of the predisposing factors for UTIs is diabetes mellitus (DM), spillage of glucose into the urine provide a good culture medium for bacteria. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the distribution of UTIs among diabetic patients of both genders with studying the effect of some relative factors, and identifying types of the causal microorganisms. Methods: Diabetic patients (type1 and 2), from both genders were included in this study. All patients were interviewed. Uncontaminated urine samples were collected for microscopic and macroscopic analysis. Isolations and identifications of bacteria were done by standard methods. Results: Out of 150 diabetic patients, 53 (35.33%) have UTI. Gender, middle age and high level of proteinuria were risk factors, while type and duration of DM with its type of treatment, body mass index (BMI), and hypertension were non significant. The isolated types of pathogens were Escherichia coli (45.3%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.1%), Staphylococcus saprophyticus (15.1%), Citrobacter diversus (11.3%), Candida albicans (7.5%) and Staphylococcus aureus (5.7%). Conclusion: This study revealed that diabetic females were most susceptible to get UTIs than diabetic males. In both genders the most reliable age for UTI were between 31-40 years. The results showed that the level of proteinuria was higher in patients suffering from UTIs associated with DM, which considered as a risk factor. Certain types of microorganisms were isolated; the most common types were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus saprophyticus.


Article
Estimation the Level of IL-6 in Pregnant Women Suffering from Urinary Tract Infections
تقدير مستوىIL-6 في الحوامل المصابات بالتهابات المجاري البولية

Authors: Abeer H. Al-Khafaf عبير حازم الخفاف --- Adeeba Y. Shareef أديبة يونس شريف
Journal: Rafidain journal of science مجلة علوم الرافدين ISSN: 16089391 Year: 2013 Volume: 24 Issue: 5A Pages: 55-63
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The study included the isolation of bacteria causing Urinary Tract Infection in pregnant women, and determine the level of IL-6in pregnant women with Urinary Tract Infection, and comparing it with healthy pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women in Nenevah Provence. (200) urine samples from UTIs infected pregnant women, their ages ranged between (15-47) years were collected, The results showed UTI bacterial infection in pregnant women at a rate of (43.5%). The level of IL-6 was determined on (66) serum samples of UTI infected women, (10) healthy pregnant and (10) samples of healthy non-pregnant women, the results showed a decrease in the level of IL-6 in the pregnant women having UTI and the healthy pregnant, compared with the healthy non-pregnant women. (69.456 ± 39.132, 72.163 ± 36.417, and 127.302 ± 44.575) pg/ml for the three groups respectively. and no variation was detected in its level during the stages of pregnancy.

تضمنت الدراسة عزل الأحياء المجهرية المسببة لالتهابات المجاري البولية عند النساء الحوامل، وتم تحديد مستوى IL-6 عند الحوامل المصابات بالتهابات المجاري البولية، ومقارنتها مع الحوامل الصحيحات غير المصابات بالتهابات المجاري البولية والنساء الصحيحات غير الحوامل في محافظة نينوى. إذ جمعت (200) عينة إدرار من النساء الحوامل المصابات بالـ UTIs وبأعمار تراوحت بين (15-47) سنة، أظهرت النتائج وجود إصابة جرثومية بالتهابات المجاري البولية عند الحوامل وبنسبة (43.5%). وتم تحديد مستوى IL-6 على (66) عينة مصل من دم الحوامل المصابات بالـ UTIs، (10) عينات من مصل الدم من الحوامل الصحيحات، و(10) عينات مصل الدم من النساء الصحيحات، بينت نتائج الدراسة انخفاض مستوياتIL-6عند الحوامل المصابات بالـ UTIs وفي الحوامل الصحيحات عند مقارنتها مع النساء الصحيحات. إذ بلغ مستواه (39.132 ± 69.456، 36.417 ± 72.163،44.575 ± 127.302 ) pg/ml للمجاميع الثلاثة على التوالي، ولم تسجل فروقات معنوية في مستوى IL-6 خلال فترات الحمل المختلفة.

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