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Article
Serum Lipids in Diabetic and Hypertensive Patients Attending Clinic in Aba Metropolis, South-Eastern Nigeria

Authors: U. L. Udodirim --- Adikema N. A
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-17
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Systolic and diastolic blood pressures and body mass index were carried out in 150 patients attending Abia State Teaching Hospital, Aba, South-Eastern part of Nigeria, and in another 50 persons from the same locality, who were neither hypertensive nor diabetic (controls); bringing to total number of participants to 200. The result showed that the mean total cholesterol (TC) 6.73±1.19 mm/L, triglyceride (TG) 2.66±0.83 mm/L, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)3.84±1.07mm/L, and fasting blood glucose (FBS)10.19±3.69mm/L were significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive diabetic subjects compared with the control subjects with values: TC 4.59±0.94mm/L, TG 1.59±0.33mm/L, LDL-C 2.8±0.49mm/L. The systolic and diastolic blood pressures were also significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive diabetics 172.00±12.21 mmHg, and 105.50±9.96mm/Hg, respectively, compared with the control subjects 120.56±13.79mmHg, and 76.8±8.5mmHg respectively. The mean serum levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in hypertensive and diabetic patients: 0.89±0.58mm/L was significantly lower at (P<0.05) than of control: 1.71±0.40mmHg. The mean levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, were significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive non diabetic subjects compared with normal healthy subjects studied. The HDL-C of non diabetic hypertensive subjects: 0.96±0.45mm/L was significantly lower at (P< 0.05) than values obtained in control subjects:. 1.71±0.40mm/L. The mean glucose level showed no significant difference (P>0.05) between the hypertensive non diabetic subjects and control subjects. No significant difference was found in the mean body mass index (BMI) of the hypertensive, diabetic and control subjects. The findings, which provide data from the South –Eastern part of Nigeria, agree with literature report on effect of diabetes and hypertension on the blood level of these parameters in persons from other localities. Of particular interest is the level of HDL-C and TC in both hypertensive and diabetic patients which is suggestive of the higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The results underscore the necessity of carrying out complete lipid assay and FBS in patients who present either of these conditions. This should be in addition to looking out for other clinical manifestations of the diseases and following up treatment.


Article
The Prevalence of Micro albuminuria in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Author: Noor A. Hussein
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 984-993
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This study is performed to assessment of the long term glycaemic hemoglobin (HbA1c) to determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria and to find the risk factors for developing microalbuminuria and consequence nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of microalbuminuria in our study is high (70%) and the risk factors that accompanied microalbuminuria are high blood pressure, elevated fasting blood glucose and poor glycemic hemoglobin.


Article
Effect of the Nigella sativa oil on reducing the concentration of blood glucose level in diabetes millitus patient's in Baghdad city
تأثير زيت حبة البركة في تقليل تركيز مستوى كلوكوز الدم لمرضى السكر في مدينة بغداد

Authors: Bushra Khalid Hassan بشرى خالد حسن --- Enaam Aziz Jasim انعام عزيز جاسم
Journal: Al-Ma'mon College Journal مجلة كلية المامون ISSN: 19924453 Year: 2014 Issue: 24 Pages: 229-239
Publisher: AlMamon University College كلية المامون الجامعة

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Abstract

The study was done on 2011 and it was carried out on 84 diabetic mellitus patients, (21-71)year old, 40 type (1) and 44 type (2) in different age groups.The blood samples were collected from fasting diabetic patients in both types for 8 hours period, the blood glucose level was measured by enzymatic method, then diabetic patients were treated orally by (2.5) ml of Nigella sativa oil twice daily and the fasting blood glucose level were measured for both types after treatment for 2 week, one month and two months period.The results showed response of diabetic patient to treatment by significance (P< 0.05) reduction in blood glucose level in different age groups with increasing the period of treatment for two months especially in diabetic patients type (2), but the reduction of blood glucose level was significance (P< 0.05) in diabetic patients type(1) at adults and middle age except the older age had no significance.

اجريت الدراسة عام 2011 على 84 مصاب بمرض السكر ،تراوحت اعمارهم بين(21-71) سنة 40 من النوع الاول و44 من النوع الثاني ولمختلف الفئات العمرية حيث جمعت نماذج الدم من مرضى السكر الصائمين لمدة 8 ساعات وتم قياس مستوى الكلوكوز في الدم بالطريقة الانزيمية. اجريت بعد ذلك المعالجة لمرضى السكر للنوعين عن طريق اعطائهم فمويا (2,5) مل من زيت حبة البركة مرتين باليوم صباحا ومساء وقيس مستوى كلوكوز الدم بعد المعالجة بأسبوعين ، شهر وشهرين. اظهرت النتائج استجابة مرضى السكر للعلاج حيث قل مستوى السكر بالدم معنويا ولكافة الفئات العمرية كلما زيدت فترة المعالجة الى شهرين وخاصة لمرضى السكر من النوع الثاني.اما النوع الاول من مرضى السكر فقد قل مستوى السكر بالدم معنويا(P< 0.05) عند البالغين والمتوسطي الاعمار ماعدا الاعمار الكبيرة (المسنين) فقد كانت استجابتهم للعلاج غير معنوية.

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