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Article
Study Large Deformation Coil Spring Development For Robotics Submersible
دراسة التشوهات الحاصلة في النوابض الحلزونية للغاطس الآلي

Author: Intessar A. Hadi
Journal: University of Thi-Qar Journal for Engineering Sciences مجلة جامعة ذي قار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 26645564/26645572 Year: 2014 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 61-71
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

In this work the present a theoretical study for the free vibration of cylindrical, conical and helical springs. Circular cross sections, and non-circular cross section, namely elliptical, are considered as well for the investigating of the frequency characteristics of the springs. The equations of motion are derived mathematically for springs with different geometries. The mode shapes are numerically implemented by using COMSOL 4.2 software package for three dimensional solid elements. The mode shapes configurations are determined by applying different force loads and boundary conditions for different number of spring turns. The results show that increasing the number of turns leads to decrease the spring stiffness and vice versa. Also decreasing turn number is a good strategy to distinguish between different mode shapes. Springs stiffness is directly proportional to coil diameter. It is also shown that the configuration of cylindrical- elliptical spring is prone to the applied force where the stiffness is lower among all other spring types with the same number of turns.

يقدم هذا العمل دراسة نظرية للاهتزازات الحرة لانواع من النوابض كالحلزونية والاسطوانية والمستطيلة متساوية ومختلفة المقطع كالمخروطية .تم اشتقاق المعادلات الرياضية للنوابض ذات المقطع المتساوي رياضيا اما الدوال الشكلية للنوابض تم حسابها عن طريق برنامج متطور يسمى كومسول ( 4.2 ) لعنصر ثلاثي الابعاد ووضع قوى مختلفـــــة تراوحت بين 50 الى 150 نيوتــن وتثبيت طرف من النابض واظهرت النتائج ان زيادة عدد حلقات النوابض يؤدي الى قلة جساءة النابض والعكس بالعكس. كما انهـا طريقة جيدة للتفريق بين الدوال الشكلية كمـــــــا ان هنـــاك علاقة بين كل من جساءة النابض وقطر الملف ويعتبر النابض الاسطواني افضل من النوابــض الاخرى عن تسليط الاحمال بجساءة اقــــــل ولنفس عدد الحلقات .


Article
Non linear Vibration Analysis of liquid Storage Tank

Authors: Abdulamir A. Karim --- Thamer hussein amer
Journal: University of Thi-Qar Journal for Engineering Sciences مجلة جامعة ذي قار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 26645564/26645572 Year: 2014 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 85-100
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

This study presents an idealization scheme for the analysis of rectangular storage tanks acted upon by earthquake excitations. Above and below ground tank, are considered. A linear three-dimensional finite element analysis is adopted to predict the natural frequencies. The analysis parameters are the ratio of height to length of the tank, the type of soil, level of water in the tank, and also the wall thickness. Tanks made from steel as well as from concrete are investigated. A general purpose finite element program (ANSYS 12.0) used to model the analysed system. The tank base and wall are modelled by plane strain shell elements. The contained liquid is represented by a special solid element. Finally, the soil is modelled by simple spring-damper elements. The soil medium is idealized by the elastic half space model, that is, linear springs are assumed to represent the structure-soil interface. Which is then modelled by two-node spring dashpot elements. Forced vibration analysis is conducted on above ground and buried concrete tank. This analysis is carried out by applying the records of the North-South component of the 1940 El Centro earthquake with peak acceleration of 0.32g. It is found that the bending stresses in above ground concrete tank is (74.167) % greater than the stresses in buried tank with the same dimensions.

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