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Article
A Study of Road Traffic Accidents in Babylon Province

Authors: Sijal Fadhil Farhood Makki Aljoborae --- Ameer Kadhim Al Humairi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 912-922
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Road traffic accidents (RTA) are the leading cause of death especially for the young and contribute to a high degree of morbidity and mortality for all ages. Iraq has one of the worst records both locally and internationally. It ranks fourth in the world in terms of highest road traffic accident deaths and the first among Middle Eastern and North African countries Data on the incidence of RTA in Babylon is limited . In Babylon RTA directly effects society in terms of death, disability, suffering and cost despite the fact that public education, appropriate laws and enforcement, and research .programs have been tried to prevent RTAThis study was conducted to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of road traffic accident victims and to find the proportion of each type of injury among them.It also aims to find out the association between type of injury and the study variablesA hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in Hillah Teaching General Hospital, from May to of September 2013 (summer) and during November 2013 . This study found that the majority(83%)of victims were male,(76%) came from urban areas and (73%) of the victims were non-governmental employees. 69% of victims were exposed to RTA during the day time and (83%) of these occurred on the main roads.(38%) of the victims presented with multiple injuries with speed account ting for (77%) of the RTAs.About half of the drivers had no driving permits and over half (59%) of the victims had a history of previous exposure to RTA.There was a significant association between the type of injury with the prevailing weather condition and also with the cause of accident, also there was a significant association between type of injury and the type of vehicle and cause of the accident


Article
The political system of United Arab Emirates
النظام السياسي لدولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة

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Abstract

This research studies the political system of United Arab Emirates, according to its evolution and composition. It also studies its federal system, and the form of political institutions composing this system which are the executive, legislative, and judicial authorities. It tries to evaluate the federal experience in UAE, taking into considerations its positive and negative points, answering the question whether this experience reached the level of federal maturity after the death of its leader Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan A'l Nhyan whose great leadership played a great role in the development of UAE. As federalism is an ideology before it can be a practice, we may ask if there is a parallelism between ideology and practice of federalism in UAE, especially there is a state of instability in Arab Gulf region, which may affect UAE entity in the future in case that the Arab Gulf faces the wave of the Arabian change.

يتناول هذا البحث دراسة في النظام السياسي لدولة الامارات العربية المتحدة ،من حيث نشأتها وتكوينها مع دراسة النظام الفيدرالي القائم في دولة الامارات، وشكل المؤسسات السياسية المكونة لهذا النظام، والمتمثلة في السلطات الثلاث التنفيذية والتشريعية والقضائية ،مع تقييم لتجربة الفيدرالية والكونفدرالية في الامارات بإيجابياتها وسلبياتها، وهل وصلت التجربة الى مرحلة النضج الاتحادي بعد وفاة زعيمها المؤسس الشيخ "زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان"، الذي كانت لقيادته الفاعلة دوراً لما وصلت اليه الامارات اليوم ، فالفيدرالية فكر قبل ان تكون ممارسة ، فهل هناك تقارب بين الفكر والممارسة في التجربة الفيدرالية في الامارات ، ولاسيما وان هناك حالة عدم استقرار في منطقة الخليج العربي، وبالطبع الامارات جزء منها وقد يؤثر مستقبلاً على كيانها في حال تعرض دول الخليج العربي لحركة التغيير العربي والحراك الشعبي التي شهدتها دول المنطقة العربية منذ العام 2011.

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