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Article
The Style of Katherine Mansfield

Authors: Afaf Hafed hShakir --- Ahmad Satam
Journal: journal of Human Sciences مجلة العلوم الانسانية ISSN: 19922876/25239899 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 20(المجلد الاول) Pages: 346-355
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Being one of the most important literary figures in the modern period is the case with Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp(1888-1923). She is considered as the pioneer of the modern English short story.This paper,tries to investigate the development Mansfield's style. It tries to show how her style was influenced by certain writes until it crystallized to make “ the same kind of directive influence on the art of the short story as Joyce had on the novel. After Joyce and Katherine Mansfield neither the novel nor the short story can ever be quite the same again,” Ian Gorden remarks.

Keywords

style --- modern --- pioneer --- Gorden remrks


Article
Dyslipidemia in Young Adults Aged (20-40) Years Attending Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Al-Mansour Primary Health Care Center in Baghdad City

Authors: Hamza A. Al-Sabah --- Nibras H. Hussain --- **, Dalia Tariq Ali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 320-327
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a condition characterized by high quantities of lipids in the blood stream. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. Fats and cholesterol are generally processed in the liver and carried on proteins in the blood, forming lipoproteins. Its complications include pancreatitis, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases and stroke.OBJECTIVE: Is to estimate the prevalence of hyperlipidemia in the Iraqi young adults aged 20-40 years and to shed a light on any significant association between some socio-demographic and life style variables with hyperlipidemia.SUBJECTS & METHODS :A cross-sectional study was conducted from the first of December 2011 to the first of June 2012. RESULTS :The prevalence rate of any lipid abnormality (at least one abnormality) was 75%.The prevalence rates of elevated serum total cholesterol, low serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated serum triglyceride and elevated serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol were (32.5%, 38.5%, 29.5%, 30%), respectively. The prevalence rate of elevated TC/HDL ratio was 61%.CONCLUSION : There is a high prevalence of lipid abnormality in young adults of whom males had higher prevalence than females but the difference was not significant.The significant associated risk factors with hyperlipidemia were age, BMI, newly diagnosed or uncontrolled diabetic and hypertensive patients, cholesterol/fat rich diet and type of cooking oil.


Article
Translation of Vocative Style in the Glorious Qur'an into English
ترجمه أسلوب النداء في القران الكريم إلى اللغة الانكليزية

Author: Isra' Mahmood Salman اسراء محمود السلمان
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2014 Issue: 71 Pages: 31-68
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study investigates the style of vocatives in Arabic language with reference to the Glorious Qura'n and how it is realized (rendered) into English. The vocative has been a rather neglected aspect of research as far as translation studies in Basrah are concerned. Levinson(1987:71) describes vocatives as “ an interesting grammatical category, yet underexplored linguistic phenomenon. Vocatives can be highly idiosyncratic and complex”. Accordingly, the study of the role and characteristics of English vocative is important both in terms of its pragmatic functions and also from a sociolinguistic perspective. This paper aims at describing and analyzing the function of vocative in both English and Arabic languages. Besides, it makes a comparison between the two languages to show the similarities and differences between them. For this sake, Newmark's model(1982:39) (semantics and communicative translation) is used to evaluate the translations. Ten verses, with their exegerical interpretations are chosen from the Glorious Qur'an , are presented. Seven translations for each verse are analysed , discussed and assessed in order to arrive at the methods the translator adopts in rendering the vocative style. The conclusions of the study show that the meaning of Qura'nic vocative texts is not preserved as much as possible. Besides, there are three criteria affecting the choice of a specific equivalent as far as the rendering of vocative into English is concerned . The first criterion is the context of use of the vocative. The second is the interpretation of the verse in which the vocative appears. The third criterion is the structure of the original vocative and whether there is a relation between the form of vocative and the meaning it conveys.

تبحث الدراسة أسلوب النداء في اللغة العربية مع الاشاره إليه في القران الكريم وكيف يتم نقله (ترجمته) إلى اللغة الانكليزية.لقد أهمل البحث(الدراسة) في أسلوب النداء نوعا ما فيما يخص دراسات الترجمة في البصرة خصوصا.يصف لفنسن (1987:71) النداء “بأنه صنف نحوي ممتع و بالرغم من ذلك فهو لحد ألان غير متحرى عنه(لم يستغل) كظاهرة لغويه.فهو يمتاز بأسلوبه الفردي والمعقد”.ولذلك, فان دراسة دور وصفات أسلوب النداء الانكليزي مهم من ناحيتين: الناحية الوظيفية و أيضا من الناحية الاجتماعية واللغوية. تهدف الدراسة إلى وصف وتحليل وظائف النداء في اللغتين العربية والانكليزية. باْلاضافه إلى عمل مقارنه فيما يخص أسلوب النداء في اللغتين و ذلك لبيان أوجه التشابه والاختلاف بينهما. ولهذا الغرض فقد تم اختيار نموذج نيومارك ( 1982:39) ( ترجمه المعنى و الترجمة التواصلية) لتقيم الترجمات. عشر آيات قرانيه مع تفسيرها قد تم اختيارها من القران الكريم و عرضها .كذلك سبع ترجمات لكل أيه قد تم تحليلها ومناقشتها و تقيمها حتى يتم التوصل إلى الطرق التي يتبنها المترجم في نقل أسلوب النداء إلى اللغة الهد ف . أظهرت استنتاجات الدراسة بان معنى أسلوب النداء في النصوص ألقرانيه لم يتم نقله (ألا احتفاظ به ) بصوره كأمله قدر المستطاع .بالاضافه لذلك ,هناك ثلاثة معايير تحكم اختيار المكافئ المناسب لنقل أسلوب النداء إلى اللغة الانكليزية وهي : السياق,. وتعدد التفاسير والتركيب النحوي للنص الأصلي ( أسلوب النداء) و فيما اذا كان هناك علاقة بين نوع النداء والمعنى الذي يقيده.


Article
The Thought-Process Presentation in the Speech Event of Browning’s My last Duchess (1842)
عملية عرض الفكر في الواقعة الكلامية الموصوفة في قصيدة (شريكة حياتي الدوقة الراحلة 1842) لروبرت براوننج

Authors: Ismael M. Saeed اسماعيل محمد فهمي سعيد --- Lanja A. Dabbagh لنجة عبد الرزاق شهاب الدباغ
Journal: Mustansiriyah Journal of Arts مجلة آداب المستنصرية ISSN: 02581086 Year: 2014 Issue: 64 Pages: 1-25
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The present research paper addresses the presentation of the thought- process within the speech event illustrated in My Last Duchess (1842) by Robert Browning (1812-1889). Consequently, the paper will make a critical analysis of the main poetic interlocutor’s mind- style. Thus, the speech event in the poem, and therefore the mental pattern, express verbally the Duke’s moral weakness, As such, the study of Browning’s style can reveal the implicit guilt within the poem’s sign system of the well-articulated utterances embracing the embedded narrative. Browning organized his stylistic resources to concentrate on the supremacy of certain key- words, which embrace the inner meanings. His style is an effective poetic discourse manipulated in ways that signal it as different from ordinary, non- poetic language, even though the material of the poet may be an exceptional topic like the marginalization of women. He can rarely be called a didactic poet. However, his style in the selected poem exposes, explains, and educates the readers about the conditions of women in Europe during the Renaissance, preventing the victimized women from speech. More important than the Duke’s eloquence is the Duchess that keeps silent. Her silence is more eloquent.It is the hypothesis of this paper that Browning’s distinguished style is achieved by letting the oppressor of woman do the eloquent talking rather than by letting the victimized woman speak. Thus, the poem discloses the real marginalization of women. As such, the poetic style will create the speech event where the speech presentation enables the addresser to send a message (victimization) to an addressee (the recipient) via a code (the style of the poem). The poetic style will turn into an integral part to support the poetic thesis, not only the poetic image. The function of style in Browning is more organic and more integrated with this kind of texture.Hence, in the case of Browning, stylistics is the discipline most appropriate to study the poetic elements and poetic features that trigger and play an important role in passing the poet’s intention across to the recipient. This is because the connection between the text and the context in Browning’s poetry is a subtle and symbiotic alliance. The implications of this research are much related to the manipulation of silence and speech in the art of conversation as represented in the poetic discourse based on facts.

يتطرق البحث في نهجه التحليلي الى تطبيق مصطلحات أقرب الى النقد الروائي الحديث والمعاصر، على نص شعري فكتوري ذي طبيعة سردية عالية ومتعددة الابعاد، تخلو من التبسيط الاختزالي المخل بعمق الواقعة الموصوفة في ثنايا القصيدة. ويتناول التحليل في هذه المحاولة لغة الشاعر روبرت براوننج (1812-1889) وأسلوبه الشعري في قصيدة عنوانها هو (دوقتي الراحلة) بتركيز على أسلوب التفكير الذهني لدى الصوت المتحدث الرئيس في النص الشعري ويظهر أسلوب براوننج جلياً في تفننه بإظهار مظلومية المرأة في عصر النهضة الإيطالي عبر مقاطع كلامية يسود فيها صوت الرجل تزامنا مع صمت مطبق من طرف الصوت النسوي. ويبرهن البحث ان للأسلوب الفنيالرفيع غرضاً عضوياً اساسياً في بناء القصيدة يتجاوز أخلاقيا وجماليا وبما يتفوق على إضفاء المحسنات اللفظية والبلاغية على الابيات الشعرية. ولقد جرى تطويع مفاهيم اتى بها رومان ياكبسون, و ميخائيل باختين و روجر فاولرو وجون شاد و سواهم من علماء السرد المتعمق في أبحاث العرض الفكري و النسق الذهني المتناوب ما بين ثنائيات الإفصاح و الامتناع عن البوح, والفعل الكلامي المتبوع بالصمت لتحليل الحالة الكلامية بجانبيها الخارجي و الداخلي او بشقيها الظاهر والباطن.

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