research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
Depression status in relation to caries experience and salivary physiochemical characteristics among 15 years old students in Al-Swera city – Wassit Governorate-Iraq

Authors: Huda S. Khiala --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 158-162
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood;it can become chronic orrecurrent and affect dental health .Thus this research aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of dental cariesamong students with different grade of depression in relation to physicochemical characteristics of stimulated wholesaliva.Materials and methods: The total sample involved for depression status assessment is composed of 800 students forboth gender aged 15 years old that were selected randomly , This was performed using children depressioninventory (CDI) index that divided the students into four groups of depression(low or average grade, high averagegrade, elevated grade and very elevated grade). The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was by using decay,Missing, Filled surface index (DMFs); and according to the criteria ofManji et al (1989), Salivary samples was collectedfrom 30 student with very elevated grade of depression and 30 from low or average grade under standardizedconditions, then analyzed for measuring salivary flow rate and viscosity, in addition to estimation salivary elementsthat includes total protein, zinc, copper, chromium and Lithium.Results: the data of the present study showed that the percentage of Caries free students was higher among veryelevated grade (8.60%) followed by low or average grade (8.52%), the less was among elevated grade ofdepression (5.04%).Concerning caries experience, the highest result was among elevated grade of depressionfollowed by low or average grade, the lower result was among high average grade. While the sever grade of dentalcaries (D4) was found to be highly significant differ among different grade of depression, The data analysis of salivaryelements found that the protein was higher in very elevated grade than low or average grade while other elementsshow the opposite result with significant concerning copper and zinc among very elevated grade that showsignificant difference. DMFs correlated negatively with salivary flow rate among low or average grade and veryelevated grade; while concerning salivary viscosity, the correlation was direct with DMFs. With highly significant invery elevated grade, Salivary elements show positive relation with not significant except copper that show negativerelation with significant.Conclusion: The results of the current research revealed that depression status had an adverse effect on salivaryphysicochemical characteristics and dental status including caries experience


Article
The relation of salivary glucose with dental caries and Mutans Streptococci among type1 diabetic mellitus patients aged 18-22 years

Authors: Juman D. Al- Khayoun --- Ban S. Diab --- Ali Y. Al-Rubaii
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Pages: 146-151
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Diabetic is a chronic systemic disorder of glucose metabolism. That could be diagnosed using fastingand/or random plasma glucose and Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c). Several biochemical and microbial alterationsof saliva could affect dental caries occurrence and severity among diabetic patients. The aim of the present studywas to assess the relation of salivary glucose with severity of dental caries and Mutans Streptococci, amonguncontrolled and controlled diabetic groups in comparison with non-diabetic control group.Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of adults aged (18-22) years. Divided into 25 uncontrolleddiabetic patients (HbA1c > 7), 25 controlled diabetic patients (HbA1c ≤ 7), in addition to 25 non-diabetic healthylooking individuals. Fasting blood sugar was determined for the diabetic patients. The diagnosis and recording ofdental caries was according to severity of dental caries lesion through the application of D1_4MFS (Manji et al, 1989)and stimulated salivary samples were collected under standardized condition (Tenovuo and Lagerlöf, 1994). Salivaryglucose was estimated using spectrophotometric analysis. Viable count of mutans streptococci (on Mitis- SalivariusBacitracin Agar) was determined.Results: salivary glucose among uncontrolled diabetic group and controlled diabetic group were highly significanthigher than control group (p<0.01). Analysis among uncontrolled diabetic patients and non-diabetic control grouprevealed that the salivary glucose correlate positively highly significant with caries experience represented DMFS(p<0.01), while among controlled diabetic group the correlation was not significant in positive direction concerningDMFS (p>0.05). The correlation between salivary glucose and Mutans Streptococci among three groups was highlysignificant in positive direction (p<0.01).Conclusion: There are significant correlations between salivary glucose, severity of dental caries and mutansstreptococci in uncontrolled diabetic group

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2015 (2)