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Article
Socio Demographic Factors Associated with Osteoporosis among Female in Baghdad
الخصائص السكانية, الاجتماعية والعوامل المرتبطة بمرض هشاشة العظام بين النساء المصابات في مدينة بغداد

Author: Buthaina Ateyah Rashid بثينة عطية راشد
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 14-21
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis is defined as disease in which the density and quality of bone are reduced, leading to weakness of the skeleton and increased risk of fracture, particularly of the spine, wrist, hip, pelvis, and upper arm.Objectives: To find out association of risk factors of osteoporosis and bone mineral density of lumbar spine.Patients and methods: A convenient sample consisted of 150 women were interviewed with special questionnaire in Medical city in Baghdad of not random sample.Results: The results showed that the highest percent of osteoporosis at age group (55-64) years because the aging process leaded to loss of mass and weakening bone.The study presents that cases that have previous family history appeared to be a great risk to develop osteoporosis.Also the result of study showed that most of cases that were not exposing to sun light, low physical activity, always drinking tea and /or coffee, inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D indicate to have osteopenia or osteoporosis.Conclusion: Female at older age group has greater risk of osteoporosis. Female having past family history of osteoporosis is at high risk of osteoporosis. Inadequate intake of calcium, vitamin D increases the risk of osteoporosis. Drinking (tea, coffee, soft drinks) increase the risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis was highly associated with low physical activity.

خلفية الدراسة:مرض هشاشة العظام هو المرض الذي تنخفض فيه كثافة ونوعية العظام، مما يؤدي إلى ضعف الهيكل العظمي وزيادة خطر الاصابة بكسور، وخاصة في العمود الفقري ,المعصم ,الورك ,الحوض، والذراع العلوي.الهدف من الدراسة: لمعرفة ارتباط عوامل الخطر لمرض هشاشة العظام وقياس كثافة المعادن في عظام الفقرات القطنية من العمود الفقري.المرضى وطرائق العمل: تم جمع عينة مناسبة تتكون من 150 امرأة خلال مقابلة مباشرة مع استخدام استمارة استبيان خاصة في مدينة الطب في بغداد.النتائج: أظهرت النتائج ان اعلى نسبة للاصابة بالمرض كانت بين النساء في عمر (64-55) لأن عملية التقدم في العمر تؤدي الى فقدان كتلة العظم واضعافه.كما بينت الدراسة ان النساء اللواتي لديهن تاريخ عائلي للمرض اكثر عرضة للاصابة وتطور المرض. كما أظهرت النتائج أن معظم الحالات التي لا تتعرض لأشعة الشمس، منخفضة النشاط البدني، ودائما ما تشرب الشاي و/ أو القهوة، وعدم تناول كمية كافية من الكالسيوم وفيتامين د تؤدي الى اصابتهن بمرض هشاشة العظام.الاستنتاجات: أن ممارسة نظام غذائي صحي ومتنوع، السيطرة على تناول الكافيين، نمط الحياة النشط, والتعرض المنتظم لأشعة الشمس يقلل من خطر انخفاض كتلة العظام التي تؤدي الى هشاشة العظام.


Article
Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Primary Health Care Center in Bab-Al-Moudham

Authors: Athraa karim Hussein --- Shatha Mahmood Niazy --- Buthaina Ateyah Rashid --- Ban yousuf yaqcoob --- et al.
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 54-59
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Anemia is define as decreased hemoglobin level, or circulating red blood cells and it is the most common hematological disorder during pregnancy.Objective(s): To identify prevalence of anemia, risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of anemia, and to explain the main types of anemia during pregnancy.Materials and methods: A descriptive cross- sectional study conducted at primary health care in Bab- Al-Moudham center in Baghdad city, the sample was selected by non- probability (convenient sampling) and sample size (150). The study started from 1nd March to 10th June 2012, the data was collected by direct interview technique. Previous questionnaire was structured by the researchers to measure the variable of the study; these information infants include (age, educational level, number of children, type of delivery, and type of feeding, .etc).Results: The results shows that most frequent age group was (2-29) years, (34.7%) of mothers were primary school graduate and about (54%) of the pregnant women with anemia had no abortion and no bleeding.Conclusions: The study concluded that higher percentage of pregnant mothers was low rate hemoglobin. Recommendations: The study recommended that encourage pregnant mothers to visit primary health care centers early and regularly and take drugs that prevent the occurrence of anemia during pregnancy period.

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