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Article
MANAGEMENT OF CRISES DURING ANESTHESIA AND SURGERY. PART VIII: DESATURATION

Authors: Salam N Asfar --- Jasim M Salman#
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-97
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة


Article
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Authors: Salam N Asfar --- Jasim M Salman
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-90
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

MANAGEMENT OF CRISES DURING ANESTHESIA AND SURGERY. PART IX REGURGITATION, VOMITING, AND ASPIRATION


Article
Discovery of hazardous foreign bodies observed during anesthetic practice
اكتشاف أجسام غريبة خطرة تمت ملاحظتها خلال ممارسة التخدير

Author: Jasim M. Salman جاسم محمد سلمان
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2015 Volume: 33 Issue: 2 Pages: 63-69
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Background: In anesthesia practice, obstructing materials like thick mucus secretion, debris or blood clots, and food particles accumulate in the oropharynx. If not properly removed, they could cause airway obstruction with concurrent hypoxia which may end fatally. Objectives: This study aims to highlight the importance of forgetting foreign objects in the airway in order to allert anesthesiologists about the hazards of missed foreign bodies in the oropharynx which could lead to disastrous situation.Patients and Methods: During the period from 2012-2014, out of 2300 patients presented for surgical operation under general anesthesia with endo-tracheal intubation, 22 patients were recorded to have accidental discovery of hazardous foreign bodies retained in the oropharynx and were included in this study with an incidence rate of 0.96%. Cases in this study were classified as patient-related or surgery-related. Foreign bodies were identified with the aid of laryngoscopy and were removed by suction hand piece or Magill's forceps.Results: The main age group was between 21-40 years accounting for 45.5%. Male: female ratio was 1.2:1. Overall, 59.1% were related to patients' causes, while 40.9% were related to surgery. The commonest type of foreign body observed was cardamom (38.5%) among patient-related cases, and tissue remnants in 66.7% of surgery-related cases.Conclusion: Missed foreign bodies are not uncommon and anesthesiologists should be aware of inspecting the mouth and throat of the patient thoroughly before endotracheal intubation and extubation to reduce the hazard of foreign body inhalation.

الخلفية: خلال عملية التخدير هناك بعض المواد مثل بقايا الطعام او الخثر الدموية قد تعلق في مجرى التنفس وتسبب انسداد مجرى الهواء. اذا لم يتم إزالتها بشكل صحيح، مما يؤدي الى نقص الأكسجة في الدم. الأهداف: لتسليط الضوء على خطورة نسيان اجسام غريبة في مجرى التنفس اثناء العمليات الجراحية وتنبيه أطباء التخدير حول مخاطر الأجسام الغريبة في تجويف الفم والبلعوم مما قد يؤدي إلى حالة كارثية.المرضى والطريقة: خلال الفترة من 2012-2014، من أصل 2300 مريضا تعرض لعملية جراحية تحت التخدير العام مع تنبيب الرغامي، تم تسجيل اكتشاف عرضي لأجسام غريبة خطرة لدى 22 مريضا شوهدت في البلعوم وأدرجت في هذه الدراسة وتمثل 0,96%. حيث تم تقسيم الحالات الى مجموعة مرتبطة بالمريض واخرى مرتبطة بالعملية الجراحية. كما تم مشاهدة الاجسام الغريبة بالاستعانة بناظور الحنجرة واستخراجها باستخدام اداة الشفط أو ملقط ماكيل.النتائج: كانت الفئة العمرية الرئيسية بين 21-40عاما ونسبة الذكو: الإناث 1.2: 1. (59.1٪) من العدد الكلي كانت مرتبطة بالمرضى. في حين أن الحالات المرتبطة بالعملية الجراحية تمثلت بنسبة 40.9%. كانت مادة الهيل اكثر شيوعا في الحالات المرتبطة بالمريض (38.5%), وبقايا انسجة في الحالات المرتبطة بالجراحة (66.7%). الاستنتاج: ان الاجسام الغريبة في مجرى التنفس ليست نادرة الحدوث وهذا يتطلب من اطباء التخدير التفتيش بشكل جدي داخل فم المريض وحلقه المريض جيدا قبل تنبيب الرغامي وكذلك قبل استخراج الأنبوب للحد من خطر استنشاق اي جسم غريب.


Article
Potential use of cyanophyta species Oscillatoria limnetica in bioremediation of organophosphorus herbicide glyphosate

Authors: Jasim M. Salman --- Esraa Abdul-Adel
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 15-26
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

One locally microalga species Oscillatoria limnetica was isolated from the artificial canal around University of Babylon in Al-Hilla city. The isolated microalga species was cultivated in BG-11 media for biomass production and to test their ability to degrade glyphosate that is the widely used organophosphorus herbicide by high performance liquid chromotography analysis. HPLC appeared to be an effective technique to follow decrease of glyphosate in biodegradation process. Removal efficiencies of glyphosate were evaluated and compared. The results confirmed the high efficiencies of O.limnetica for the removal of the target contaminant. There were significant differences in the rate of glyphosate removal from the medium after 3, 5, 7, 14 and 35 days in all treatments. It was 97.5% after seven days at 5 mg/l treatment, 57.9% and 37.1% after fourteen days at 10 mg/l and 15 mg/l treatments, respectively and 99.9% after thirty five days at 20 mg/l treatment. Maximum removal efficiency percentages of isolated species were increased to reach their maximum in all treatments after thirty five days.


Article
Environmental study of epiphytic algae on some aquatic plants in Al-Abasiya River, Iraq

Authors: Jasim M. Salman --- Shaimaa J.Hadi
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The present work included study of epiphytic algae on two species of aquatic plants (Potomogeton crispus and Eusine indica ) of Al – Abasia / Euphrates river in the middle region of Iraq from March 2012 to February 2013.The investigation region encompassed four sites along 28 Km of the river course the study was recorded 152 species of epiphytic algae on both host plants species and comprised of Bacillariophyta (70%) , Chlorophyta (22%) and Cyanophyta (8%) ,Total number of epiphytic algae was ranged between 117.03 x10 was individual /g as low value on shoot of E. indica and 12801.12 x10 individuals /gm as high value on leaves of P.crispus .Some species were recorded as dominance during most of the study period on both host plant species , such as Osillatoria sp . ; Scendesmus sp. ; Cyclotella comta ; Nitzshia sp . ; Melosera italic and Navicula easpidata. The results showed high species richness and low diversity of epiphytic algae according to Shannon index in all study sites.


Article
Aquatic Crustean shells as adsorbents for paraquate pesticide removal from its aqueous solution by thermal activation

Authors: Jasim M. Salman --- Alaa R. Amrin --- Sarab A. Jouda
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 75-83
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The present work aims to investigate the removal of Paraquat dichloride Pesticide from aqueous solutions by low cost ,neutral adsorbents, eco-friendly, highly efficient such as aquatic crustean shells under various activation experimental conditions, as an ideal alternative to the current expensive methods of removing pesticide from waste water. Preliminary studies showed that paraquate attained equilibrium at 2 hours in barnacle shell powder indicating to the relative adsorption increased with increasing solution concentration. The results were showed the removal percentage increase with increasing of heat treatment of the adsorbent media (barnacle shell powder).


Article
Impact of some soil properties on some qualititative and quantitative bacterial in babylonprovinous, iraq
تأثير بعض الصفات الفيزيائية والكيميائية لبعض الترب على التغاير الكمي والنوعي لبعض أنواع البكتريا في محافظة بابل, العراق

Authors: Laith R. Shmran ليث رزاق شمران --- Jasim M. Salman جاسم محمد سلمان
Journal: Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science مجلة الفرات للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 38752072 Year: 2015 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 184-193
Publisher: Al-kasim University جامعة القاسم الخضراء

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Abstract

The present study was carried out from Autumn (2012)to Summer (2013) to study the soil properties, quantitative and qualitative of bacterial diversity.Samples were collected from five sites in Babylon province /Middle of Iraq : landfill site of solid waste/Mahaweel; warehouse Morgan oil/ Hilla, central terminal bas station/Hilla, brick factories in Al-Kifil and agricultural area in the region of Thmazah /Hilla). Some physical and chemical properties of soil, were studied (temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, organic matter, cation exchange capacity, carbonat, bicarbonate, calcium, magnesium, total nitrogen, and soil texture).More the study was achieved to investigat the quality and quontity of divuisty bacterial divursity in soil the results showed a clear divergence in soil characteristics between study sites and seasons, electrical conductivity (2.3-143.00)µs/cm, pH (7.9 - 6.7), calcium (5.20-116.6) μg.L-1, magnesium (4.57-416.90) μg.L-1, carbonat recorded All reading as N.D, bicarbonate(1.00-36.90) μg.L-1. Organic matter(1.35-20.80) μg.gm-1.Thecation exchange capacity(10.98-23.03) μg.gm-1,The total Nitrogen(0.24-19.70) μg.gm-1. The results showed that the number of bacteria increased in the study sites and also increased in the agricultural soils compared with other types of soil, total count of bacteria were (297 × 106 - 6 × 106) CFU-1gm. The most dominant species of isolated bacteria were Bacillus.spp, E.coli , Salmonella.

الدراسة الحالية اجريت للفترة من خريف (2012) ولغاية صيف (2013) لدراسة صفات التربة والتنوع البكتيري الكمي والنوعي,جمعت العينات من خمسة مواقع هي (موقع طمر النفايات الصحية/المحاويل ,مستودع مرجان النفطي/الحلة, الكراج الموحد/الحلة, معامل الطابوق في الكفل ومنطقة زراعية في منطقة الطهمازية/الحلة ) لغرضدراسة تنوع الاحياء المجهرية في التربة وتأثير بعض العوامل البيئية على ذلك.درست بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية والكيميائية للتربة (الاس الهيدروجيني, التوصيلية الكهربائية, المادة العضوية,السعة التبادلية الكاتيونية, الكاربونات, البيكربونات, الكالسيوم, المغنسيوم, , النتروجين الكلي,النسجة). كذلك تضمنت الدراسة التحري عن الانواع البكتيرية المنتشرة في ترب المواقع المدروسة كما ونوعا.واظهرت النتائج تباينا واضحا في صفات التربة بين مواقع الدراسة ومواسمها , التوصيلية الكهربائية (2.3-143.00) ديسمنزم, الاس الهيدروجيني (6.7-7.9) ,الكالسيوم ( 5.20-116.6)µg.gm-1, المغنسيوم (4.57-416.90)µg.gm-1, الصوديوم ( 10.40-151.04 )µg.gm-1, الكاربونات سجلت جميع القراءات قيم غير محسوسة ,البيكربونات (1.00-36.90) µg.gm-1,. المادة العضوية(1.35-20.80) µg.gm-1.والسعة التبادلية الكاتيونية(10.98-23.03) µg.gm-1. والنتروجين الكلي(0.24-19.70) µg.gm-1. اما بالنسبة للبكتريا فقد اظهرت النتائج ان اعداد البكتريا قد زادت في بعض الترب قياسا في الترب الاخرى فضلا عن زيادة انواعها في الترب الزراعية قياسا بالترب الاخرى حيث تراوحت اعداد البكتريا بين (297×106-6×106)CFU-1gm. اما بالنسبة للاجناس الاكثر عددا ونوعا من البكتريا المعزولة من ترب الدراسة فقد كانت Bacillus.spp, Escherichia.coliBacilli sp. Salmonella sp.

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Article
Removal of congo red dye from aqueous solution by using natural materials

Authors: Jasim M. Salman --- Alaa R. Amrin --- Falah M. Hassan --- Sarab A. Jouda
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 82-89
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The present work aims to investigate the removal of dye and Congo red dye from aqueous solutions by low cost neutral adsorbents, eco-friendly, highly efficient such as barnacle shells under various experimental conditions, as an ideal alternative to the current expensive methods of removing dyes from waste water The operating variables such as The effect of dye concentrations, contact time, pH of solution and adsorbent dose on the removal of dyes were optimized.


Article
Environmental study of water quality and some heavy metals in water, sediment and aquatic macrophytas in lotic ecosystem, Iraq

Authors: Marwa Ali Habeeb --- Abdul-Karim Kh. Al-Bermani --- Jasim M.Salman
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 66-84
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This study was respect to detect possible environmental effects on the eastern Euphrates drainage from the Abo-Garak to south of Kifil city in Babylon province. Five sites were selected along the study area and Omit it during October 2013 to August 2014. Physical and chemical properties are measured (air and water temperature , pH , electrical conductivity , salinity, TDS ,TSS , BOD5, dissolved oxygen , Alkalinity , Total Hardness , calcium , magnesium ) and nutrients (nitrite , nitrate , reactive phosphate) as well as . The average of the studied heavy metals Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu the dissolved phase of water were 113.89 , 6.35 , 1.5 and 0.8μg /l for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu , respectively .Heavy metals concentrations in the particulate form were 291.83, 9.39, 3.07 and 12.15 μg/g dry weight for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu respectively. In the sediments, the concentrations of these heavy metals in the exchangeable phase were 318.66, 12.91, 6.27 and 13.23μg/g for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu , respectively. While in the residual phase were 461.53, 5.29, 8.62 and 27.07 μg/g for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu , respectively . The results revealed that the concentrations of heavy metals in water for the particulate phase were higher than in the dissolved phase , while in sediment, their concentrations in the residual phase were higher than their concentrations in the exchangeable phase except for Cd which was in the exchangeable phase higher than in the residual phase. The concentration and distribution of heavy metals in macrophytes Ceratophyllum demersum were (923.63 , 462.34 , 740.45 and 90.59)μg/g dry weight for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu , respectively . While , (728.57, 162.17 , 244.13 and 118.87) μg/g dry weight for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu , respectively. for Fe , Cd , Pb and Cu in Hydrilla verticillata . The study area was very hard water and high BOD5. The nutrients showed clear seasonal variation in their concentration


Article
The role of some algae extracts on the development of dry rot disease caused by F.solani
تأثير بعض مستخلصات الطحالب في تثبيط نمو الفطر Fusarium solaniالمسبب لمرض العفن الجاف

Authors: Hind Hadi Abbas هند هادي عباس --- Jasim M. Salman جاسم محمد سلمان --- Alaa E. Hasan علاء عيدان حسن
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2015 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 183-196
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

This research was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of aqueous (hot and cold) and hexane extracts of four algae which are Oscillatoria irrigua , mixed(Anabaena sp. + Stigo sp.) , Scenedesmus quadricauda and Microcystis sp. to control dry rot disease on potato tubers. The results revered that the hexane extract of the Oscillatoria irrigua. with concentration of 3 ml / 10 ml medium was the most efficient in reducing the viable cells units of Fusarium solani to 9 x 104 ( CFU/ml) As well as the hexane extract of alga Oscillatoriairrigua in inhibited the growth of F.solani which giving an inhibition zone diameter of 26 mm while the average to giving inhibition zone diameter of hot aqueous extract was 18 mm. the experiment of storage revealed that the lowest dry rot percent age was in wounded and non-wounded by using hexane of Mixed(Anabaena sp. + Stigo sp.) , Microcystis sp. and Oscillatoria irriguathe while highest percentage of dry rot in potato tubers was at the control treatment with the wounded potato tubers and the presence of F.solani which was 86%.

أجري هذا البحث لتقويم فاعلية مستخلصات الهكسان والماء الحار والبارد لاربعة أنواع من الطحالب هي Oscillatoriairrigua وmixed (sp.Anabaenasp.+Stigo) وScenedesmusquadricauda وMicrocystis sp. لمقاومة مرض التعفن الجاف على درنات البطاطا . و استعمل كل من فطر المقاومة Trichodermaharzianumوالبكتريا Bacillus subtilisلمقاومة المرض احيائيا . تشير النتائج أن مستخلص الهكسان للطحلبOscillatoriairriguaوبتركيز3 مل /10 مل وسط كان الأكفأ في خفض أعداد الوحدات الحية للفطرF.solani اذ بلغت 9x104(وحدة تكوين مستعمرة/مل). و بلغ معدل قطر منطقة التثبيط للفطر 26 ملم بينما بلغ معدل قطر منطقة التثبيط للفطرF.solani باستعمال مستخلص الماء الحار لنفس الطحلب 18ملم . و أشارت تجربة الخزن أن اقل نسبة مئوية لإصابة الدرنات بالتعفن الجاف فكانت في الدرنات غير المجرحة عند استعمال مستخلص الهكسان للطحالب mixed (sp.Anabaenasp.+Stigo) و Microcystissp. أما أعلى نسبة للتعفن في درنات البطاطا كانت في معاملة المقارنة مع تجريح درنات البطاطا ووجود الفطرF.solani والتي تساوي 86%.

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