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Article
AN INVESTIGATION ON LIGHT COLOR AND STOCKING DENSITY ON SOME PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BROILERS

Author: Riyad K. Mosa * , Rabia J. Abbas*, Mudhar A. S. Abu Tabeekh
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 167-186
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was designated to investigate the effect of light color and stocking density on some productive performance of broilers. A total of 675 Ross 308 one-dayold broiler chicks were used in this study. The birds were exposed to white light (WL) as a control , red light (RL), blue light (BL), green light (GL), and Blue – Green mix light (BGL) by a light-emitting diode system (LED) applied for 24 hours daily in separated rooms. The birds were randomly divided and housed into 9 wooden sealed pens of 1m2in three replicates for each density 12, 15 and 18 birds/m2in the room. The results showed that the broilers reared under BGL significantly increased (P< 0.05) body weight (BW) and weight gain (WG) at 1st, 3rdand 5thweek. Obviously, stocking density had no significant effect on BW and WG at 1stweek but significantly increased under 12 birds/m2at 3rdand 5thweek. Feed intake (FI) recorded a significant increase (P< 0.05) in broilers reared under WL at 1stweek, but no statistical difference was found at 3rdweek whereas, FI significantly increased (P< 0.05) in broilers reared under BL at 5thweek. The stocking density affected FI values which were significantly differed (P< 0.05) at 1st, 3rdand 5thweek under 12 birds/m2compared with other densities. The results of the study revealed a significant increase (P< 0.05) of Feed conversion ratio (FCR) in broilers reared under BL at 1stweek and RL at 3rdweek but there was no significant difference between groups at 5thweek. The results indicated a significant difference of FCR value in 18 birds/m2at 1st week but there were no significant differences at 3rdand 5thweek at different densities. In conclusion, the results of this study indicated that chickens reared under five different color lighting schedules with three bird densities showed that broilers reared under mixing blue – green light under 12 birds/m2has a significant positive effects on production performance compared with other light programs and bird densities

Keywords

broilers --- Red light --- Body weight.


Article
Body Mass Index Finding among a Sample of Women with Infertility in Baghdad City
مؤشر كتلة الجسم لدى عينة من النساء المصابات بالعقم في مدينة بغداد

Author: Muna Abdul Kadhum Zeidan
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 232-238
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objective (s):To find the Body Mass Index of women with infertility and To find any association between infertility period and increase BMI .Methods:- A cross-sectional study conducted in Baghdad in outpatient department in Teaching Hospital,& Bab-Al Moadham primary health care centerSampling was (non probability convenient)&sample size was 600. The study started from 1stof March 2013 to 1st of October 2013. Data was collected by questionnaire to obtain socio- demographic information &weight and height measurement.Results:The result shows that about (28.8%) of women in age group (30-34) years. Obesity in the infertility period (less than 5) years was (59%). Infertility period and age group, type of infertility, were significant associated with BMI .Conclusions: Most of the study sample was obese and a highly significant association is noticed between body mass index and infertility period, age, type of infertility, mean weight and mean height.Recommendation: Health education about the healthy eating approach and relation to diet and physical exercise to prevent obesity.

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة إلىتحديد الارتباط بين مؤشر كتلة الجسم والعقم لدى النساء.المنهجية: دراسة مقطعية اجريت في بغداد في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي والمركز الصحي في باب المعظم لعينة غير عشوائية (غرضية) وحجم العينة كان 600. للفترة من الاول من اذار 2013 ولغاية الاول من تشرين الاول 2013حيث جمعت المعلومات والبيانات باستخدام استبانة معدة مسبقا للحصول على المعلومات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية,والوزن والطول لكل امراة .النتائج : اظهرت نتائج الدراسة ان حوالي (28.8%) من النساء في الفئة العمرية (30-34)سنة. السمنة في فترة العقم (اقل من 5 سنوات) كانت (59%). تبين وجود ترابط معنوي واضح بين مؤشر كتلة الجسم و فترة العقم والفئة العمرية ونوع العقم .الاستنتاج: أغلبية عينة الدراسة كن يعانين من السمنة, ووضوح ارتباط معنوي عالي بين مؤشر كتلة الجسم وفترة عدم الخصوبة, والعمر , ومتوسط الوزن ومتوسط الطول التوصيات: التثقيف الصحي حول الاكل الصحي والنظام الغذائي وممارسة الرياضة البدنية لمنع السمنة.

Keywords

body mass index --- infertility --- women


Article
Body and local factors affecting eruption of third molar tooth

Author: Dr. Warkaa.M.Ali, PhD.* د. ورقاء علي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-106
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Aim : The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of some local and bodyfactors with third molar eruption and may cause delay eruption or impaction whichrepresents one of most important problem in dental clinic.Method: 150 dental students volunteers participated in this study from both gendersand aged between 18-27 years old. A clinical oral examination, body parametersmeasurements in addition to past dental history were used to assess certainparameters.Results and conclusions: among all the investigated body and local factors ; only ageand body height were significantly affected the eruption of third molar tooth(P<0.05).


Article
Association Between Serum Uric Acid And Obesity

Authors: Suhair Aboud Essa --- Ahmed Khairi Mishari --- Qais Ismaeel Kadhom
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2015 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 899-903
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Hyperuricemia is commonly associated with dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery diseases and hypertension. As these diseases are also commonly associated with obesity, so need arises to see whether there is any independent association between serum uric acid and obesity.Objective: This study aimed to estimate the association between serum uric acid and obesity.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed included a convenient sample of 150 outpatients visiting Al-Kadhimia teaching hospital (77 males and 73 females) aged 20-70 years. Blood samples were collected from the subjects and serum uric acid was estimated. Body mass index was calculated and patients were categorized as normal weight, overweight and obese according to body mass index scale.Results: The results showed that serum uric acid was significantly higher in males than females (p=0.008). Serum uric acid levels had been increased significantly with advancing age (p<0.001). This study showed a highly significant positive linear correlation between subjects’ serum uric acid levels and their body mass index (r=0.798, p<0.001). Conclusion: It was concluded that there is a significant positive association between serum uric acid and obesity. Therefore it is important to establish preventive measures towards reducing obesity and overweight rather than treating health consequences, such as elevated serum uric acid

خلفية الدراسة: يرتبط فرط حامض اليوريك في الدم عادةً مع إضطراب دهون الدم، وداء السكري، وأمراض الشرايين التاجية, وإرتفاع ضغط الدم. كما ترتبط هذه الأمراض بدورها عادةً مع السمنة، لذلك دعت الحاجة لمعرفة ما إذا كان هناك أي إرتباط غير مهم بين حمض اليوريك في الدم والسمنة.هدف الدراسة: تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تقييم العلاقة بين حمض اليوريك في الدم والسمنة.طريقة الدراسة: أجريت دراسة مقطعية شملت 150 شخصاً من مراجعي مستشفى الكاظمية التعليمي (77 ذكر و73 أنثى) تراوحت أعمارهم بين 20-70 سنة. وقد تم جمع عينات الدم من المشتركين في الدراسة وتم قياس مستوى حمض اليوريك في مصول الدم. وتم قياس الطول والوزن لهم أيضاً، ثم تم حساب مؤشر كتلة الجسم, ثم صُنِفَ المرضى الى ثلاثة مجاميع: مجموعة الوزن الطبيعي ومجموعة الوزن الزائد ومجموعة السمنة وفقاً لمقياس مؤشر كتلة الجسم لديهم.النتائج: أظهرت النتائج أن معدل حمض اليوريك في مصل الدم أعلى بنسبة معنوية إحصائية في الذكور عنه في الإناث (p=0.008). وكان مستوى حمض اليوريك في مصل الدم يزداد بنسبة ذات دلالة إحصائية مع إزدياد العمر (p<0.001). وأظهرت هذه الدراسة وجود علاقة خطية إيجابية بنسبة ذات دلالة إحصائية بين مستوى حمض اليوريك في مصل الدم ومؤشر كتلة الجسم (r=0.798, p<0.001).الإستنتاج: نستنتج من هذه الدراسة وجود علاقة إيجابية ذات دلالة إحصائية بين حمض اليوريك في الدم والسمنة؛ ولذلك فمن المهم وضع تدابير وقائية للحد من السمنة وزيادة الوزن بدلاً من معالجة العواقب الصحية؛ كإرتفاع حمض اليوريك في مصل الدم.

Keywords

Uric acid --- obesity --- body mass index


Article
For Unknown Reasons, Accidentally Inhaled Pins Have Tendency for Left Sided Bronchial Lodgment

Authors: Hayder Sabeeh Al Saffar --- Roussul Faihan Musa
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 2187-2190
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: the higher incidence of right sided bronchial impaction as compared to left sided one is a very old medical fact regarding inhaled foreign bodies, in recently published literatures, and in our expanding experience, we were hardly accept that there might be something different, it looks like that this fact is a (type of foreign body) dependent type.objectives: The ensuing problem in the last decade of inhaled pins had it's certain clinical characteristics, one of them, which is discussed at our literature, is the strange tendency of the pins to be lodged in the left sided bronchi, contrary to the well known tendency of the inhaled foreign bodies to be lodged in the right sided bronchi due to well-known tracheobronchial anatomical factors.Methods: A retrospective study of 24 patients positive with pin inhalation presented during the period from 15/9/2009 to 4/7/2014 at Hilla General Teaching Hospital, site of lodgment was analyzed to be either tracheal, right or left bronchial. Site of lodgment was decided depending on CXR, bronchoscopic and sometimes operative findings.Results: Total number of patients was 24, In 15(62.50%) of them the pins were settled at left bronchi, In 5(20.83%) patients, the pins were at trachea, and 4(16.66%) patients were with right bronchial pins.Conclusion: Metallic pins have strange tendency for left sided bronchial impaction


Article
Impact of Fast Foods and Snacks upon Adolescents' BMI at Secondary Schools in Baghdad City
اثر الوجبات السريعة والخفيفة على مقياس كتلة جسم المراهقين في المدارس الثانوية في مدينة بغداد

Authors: Buthainah Basheer Saleh بثينه بشير --- Eqbal Ghanim Ma΄ala اقبال غانم
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2015 Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to identify the adolescents' fast foods and snacks, and find out the relationship between fast food, snacks and adolescents' demographic data (gender and Body Mass Index). Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted on impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' Body Mass Index in secondary schools at Baghdad city, starting from 20th of April 2013 to the end of October 2014. Non- probability (purposive) sample of 1254 adolescents were chosen from secondary schools of both sides of Al-Karkh and Al-Russafa sectors. Data was collected through a specially constructed questionnaire format include (12) items multiple choice questions. The validity of the questionnaire was determined through a panel of experts related to the field of the study, and the reliability through a pilot study. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis frequency, & percentages, and inferential statistical analysis, chi-square, are used. Results: The study results revealed that more than one third and half of the sample daily take soft drink, sometimes eating cake and other crackers, chocolate or cocoa, ice cream, sweets, chips, artificial fruit juice, milk and dairy products, beans nuts, and drink tea or coffee respectively. The study sample have more than one third (37.4%) sometimes eat fast food in their home, and (38.1%) seldom eat fast food from out. Eat the snacks food highly significant association with adolescents' gender but eat the fast foods not significant association with their gender. There is highly significant association between eat the snacks and fast foods in home with their Body Mass Index but eat the fast foods out home not significant association with their Body Mass Index. Recommendation: The study recommended that Ministry Of Health should activate the healthy eating snacks and fast foods program within school health service programs, and Ministry of Education should be involved their teachers in the healthy eating programs & training them on the healthy eating strategies.

الهدف: تهدف هذه الدراسة للتعرف وجبات المراهقين السريعة والخفيفة، و ايجاد العلاقة ما بين وجبات المراهقين السريعة والخفيفة والمعلومات الديموغرافية كالعمر ، مقياس كتلة الجسم. المنهجية: دراسة وصفية اجريت في جانبي الكرخ والرصافة لمعرفة اثر الوجبات الخفيفة والسريعة على مقياس كتلة الجسم في المدارس الثانوية في مدينة بغداد للفترة من 20 من شهر نيسان لعام 2013 الى نهاية تشرين الاول لعام 2014 . اختيرت عينة عشوائية (غير محتملة) ,( غرضية) من 1254 الطلاب والطالبات المراهقين من المدارس الثانوية لجانبي الكرخ والرصافة لمدينة بغداد. حددت مصداقية الاسئلة الاستبيانية بواسطة مجموعة من الخبراء من ذوي العلاقة بحقل الدراسة ، اما الثبات فمن خلال دراسة استطلاعية . جمعت معلومات الدراسةمن خلال استمارة استبيانية مكونة من(14) فقرة اسئلة ذات متعدد. حللت المعلومات باستخدام التحليل الاحصائي الوصفي ( التكررات والنسبة المئوية) ,والتحليل الاحصائي الاستنتاجي ( مربع – كاي). النتائج: اثبتت نتائج الدراسة ان ثلث ونصف العينة يتناولون يوميا المشروبات الغازية وبعض الاحيان يتناولون الكيك والبسكويت ,نستلة او الكاكاو, مثلجات, حلويات, رقائق البطاطا, عصائر الفواكه المصنعة, الحليب ومشتقاته, المكسرات و شرب الشاي او القهوه. واثبتت النتائج ان اكثر من ثلث العينة ( 38.4%) بعض الاحيان يتناولون الماكولات السريعة في المنزل و ((38.1% نادرا ما يتناولون الماكولات السريعة خارج المنزل . اكل الوجبات الخفيفة ذات علاقة معنوية عالية ذات دلالة احصائية مع الجنس بينما تناولهم للوجبات السريعة داخل وخارج المنزل ليس لها علاقة, ولكن مقياس كتلة الجسم ذات علاقة معنوية عالية ذات دلالة احصائية مع تناول الوجبات الخفيفة والسريعة داخل المنزل بينما تناول الوجبة السريعة خارج المنزل ليس لها علاقة احصائية مع مقياس كتلة الجسم. التوصيات :اوصت الدراسة بالتاكيد على تفعيل برنامج الغذاء الصحي للوجبات السريعة والحفيفة من قبل وزارة الصحة مع برامج الخدمات الصحية المدرسية الاخــرى. وشمول المدرسين في وزارة التربية في برامج التغذية الصحية واشراك وتدريب مدرسيها في هذا البرنامج


Article
Prediction of insulin sensitivity grade from various demographic ,clinical, biochemical and hormonal variables among women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Author: Wisam Akram
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Aim of the study: Is to evaluate factors most correlated to homeostatic model analysis (HOMA-IR) and to construct a formula which can predict HOMA from the cheaper biochemical, biophysical and hormonal risk factors.Study design; case controlMethods: A total of 34 patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome were recruited from infertility clinic in Al-Yarmuok teaching hospital. From the epidemiological characteristics the following were recorded: BMI, waist to hip ratio, menstrual cycle, hirsutism which was scored by modified Ferriman Gallwey system and the mean ovarian volume from measuring both ovaries while from the hormonal and biochemical variables, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, total testosterone and lipid profile were measured for each patient. For each group of variables stepwise regression followed by best subset regression were implemented to isolate the factors most correlated with HOMA. Coefficient of Mallows (Cp) was used to sort out the single most predictive variable.Results: Coefficient of Mallows (Cp) was the smallest for BMI among the demographic and clinical characteristics hence the most correlated to HOMA-IR while from the hormonal and biochemical characteristics, high density lipoprotein was the factor most correlated to HOMA-IR as assessed by Coefficient of Mallows (Cp). Accordingly a formula which predicts HOMA-IR directly from BMI and HDL was designed through which HOMA can be estimated easily through the constructed table from the formula. In addition, its percentile can be accessed from an associated table to measure insulin resistance severity.Conclusion: HOMA was shown in this study to be best correlated with BMI and HDL and from those factors predictive formula was constructed which can predict HOMA-IR and its percentile directly. However extreme caution is called when such formula is used in clinical practice as its validity is neither established nor such tables were constructed before, and not until their validity is established by further studies we advise extreme caution in interpreting results.


Article
The Effect of Fixed Space Maintainer Appliances on Salivary Level of Immunoglobulin A and other Saliva Properties

Author: Esra Hassan Abd Ali1 , Maha Abdul- Kareem Mahmood1
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 99-106
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract: Secretary immunoglobulin A SIgA , play an important role in mucosal immunity, and the salivary level change in response to infection ,social , psychological and physical stress, also the change in level of salivary IgA and other saliva properties include salivary pH, salivary flow rate SFR, and body mass index BMI in children with fixed appliances were measured .The aim of this work was to compare the values of SIgA, PH, SFR and BMI in children with and without fixed appliances. This work included 20 children (10 males and 10 females) with mean age 6 years old who were users of fixed space maintainer for at least 12 weeks, and 20 children (12 males and 8 females) without fixed appliances and with mean age = 6.7 years. The level of SIgA in saliva were assessed by ELISA test. The results revealed that the mean values of SIgA and SFR were higher in fixed appliance group than the group without fixed appliance, with statistical significant difference, but no statistical significant differences were reported for salivary pH and BMI between the studied groups. The results also showed a weak positive correlation between SIgA and SFR (r = 0.07) while negative correlation between SIgA and pH in fixed appliance children (r = 0.1). In conclusion, children with fixed appliances associated with high level of SIgA and SFR and the level of salivary pH and BMI do not correlated with fixed appliance.


Article
Biliopancreatic diversion,duodenal switch,and vertical sleeve gastrectomy operation of patients with Body mass index more than sixtyRetrospective study

Authors: Haider A. AL Zobaidy, --- Sabah Mehdi ALFatlawi --- Omar Sameer Abd Ulateef
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-101
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex metabolic disorder with significant health and economic consequences due to related co- morbid conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers, and increased mortality. So when body mass index increase mortality increase.OBJECTIVE:Asses and study the result of operations of obesity associated with malabsorption operations to measure the body mass index more than sixty and To prove the benefit of this type of bariatric surgery in weight loss within short period and its benefit in decreasing co-morbidity.PATIENTS AND METHODS :A retrospective study conducted in Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Dijla Private Hospital from June 2011 to June 2012 where the follow-up of eleven patients admitted to surgical ward and underwent the operation of Biliopancreatic diversion,Doudenal switch and Sleeve gastrectomy were analyzed the enhance people with diseases and postoperative diseases and complication. All patients were given nutritive instructions three months prior to surgery which was rich in vitamines and low fat.RESULTS: from the analysis of the results we found a rapid decline in body weight as well as theBody mass index,where in the 1st 3months BMI dropped of about 22%,after 6 months BMI dropped 39% and dropped more than 50% after 12 months. Also this study show clear and significant improvement in treatment of sleep problems,DM,and HPT.CONCLUSION: operation of this type is important for weight loss in morbidly obese patients in addition to high and noticeable improvement in association comorbid diseases.KEY WORDS: body mass index ,malabsorption operartion , obesity ,biliopancreatic bypass.


Article
Electromagnetic scattering from dielectric bodies of revolution with attached wires*
الاستطارة الكهرومعتاطيسية من الاجسام العازلة المتناظرة محوريا مع الاسلاك الملحقة

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In this paper we investigate the electromagnetic scattering by dielectric bodies of revolution (DBOR) with attached wires in the present of common region (junction) between wire and Body of Revolution (BOR) surface, where the composite and irregular body is formed. A surface integral equation (SIE) technique is developed to analyze the scattering properties. Two vector integral equations (IEs) via Maxwell's equation, Greens theorem, and the boundary conditions are used. The formulations are generated by the standard electric field integral equation (EFIE) and PMCHWT, and numerically evaluated by the method of moment (MoM) technique with Galerkin's approach. The numerical results are validated for DBOR and compared with that of other researchers, while for DBOR-wire-junction compared with conductor bodies of revolution (CBOR)-wire-junction, which satisfied by comparing with experimental data. Furthermore, the addition of attached wires significantly alters the constant CBOR and DBOR cross-section, and the effect of changing dielectric constant (εr ) will be disparate among different values on the radar cross section (RCS).

في هذا البحث ندرس الاستطارة الكهرومغناطيسية بواسطة الاجسام العازلة والمتناظرة محوريا بوجود الاسلاك الملحقة ومنطقة مشتركة (الوصلة) بين السلك وسطح الجسم المتناظر محوريا، مكونة جميعها جسم غير منتظم. ان تقنية المعادلة السطحية قد طورت لتحليل خصائص الاستطارة. وقد استخدمت المعادلتين التكامليتين الاتجاهيتين والتي تعتمد على قوانين ماكسويل ودوال كرين بشروط حدودية ملائمة. ان الصيغة المتولدة كانت بواسطة المعادلة التكاملية للمجال الكهربائي EFIE وصيغة الـ PMCHWT، اما الحسابات العددية فكانت بواسطة طريقة العزوم (MoM) مع صيغة كالركين. تم التحقق من صحة النتائج العددية للجسم العازل والمتناظر محوريا وقورنت ايضا مع باحثين اخرين، في حين قورنت نتائج الجسم العازل والمتناظر محوريا بوجود السلك الملحق والوصلة مع نتائج الجسم الموصل والمتناظر محوريا مع السلك والوصلة ، وتحققت صحتها بالمقارنة مع النتائج العملية. وجد ان اضافة الاسلاك تغير كثيرا من المقطع العرضي الثابت للاجسام الموصلة والعازلة بدون اسلاك، وان تاثيرتغيير قيم ثابت العزل يكون متباين على مساحة المقطع العرضي للاستطارة.

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