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The Cities of Eastern Dead Sea 1500B.C.-500B.C.
مدن شرق البحر الميت (مؤاب وآدوم انموذجاً) 1500ق.م – 500 ق .م

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Abstract

AbstractThe research study the cities that site in the east of Jordan River, In the eastern side of the Dead Sea, it divided into two sections. The first one starts from the end of the borders of the southern regions of Ammon and continue until the boundary between the two sections, Edomite in the south of the Dead Sea and Moab it overlooks or it ends to the south, both of them contributed to draw the history of the region through political, economical and Social activity on their land. Moreover, each one of these cities characterized in a different activity from other not only industrial but also commercial

الملخص:تناول البحث دراسة المدن التي قامت شرق نهر الاردن، و في الجنب الشرقي من البحر الميت ،وقد انقسمت الى قسمين الاول يبداْ من نهاية حدود مناطق عمون الجنوبية ويستمر حتى الحد الفاصل بين القسمين، الادومي في جنوب البحر الميت ، والمؤابي المطل علىيهاوينتهي الى شمالة ، وقد ساهم كلاهما في رسم تاريخ المنطقة من خلال النشاط السياسي والاقتصادي والاجتماعي على اراضهم ، اذ تميزت كل واحده من هذه المدن بنشاط مختلف عن الاخر، مناها الصناعية واخرى تجارية .


Article
Evaluation of TheTransportation plan Sustainability Plan in The Holy City of Karbala
تقييم استدامة خطة النقل في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

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Abstract

AbstractThe research studied the sustainability concept and its activationin the process of the planning of the decision making regarding withthe transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainabletransportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicatedproblems including the problem of using the classical methods intransportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities inparticular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental,economic and social impact in preparing transportation planstogether with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainabilityof transportation plans proposals and their application in thetransportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluatethis plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make theplan become sustainable.The practical frame of the research involves the review of thetransportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala, which includes fiveproposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030, andapplying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by usingthe strategic environment assessment method through the applicationof compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable andunsustainable aspects in those proposals, and consequently reachingthe results of the evaluation which show that the transportation planof the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in themethodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainabletransportation plan preparation stages, and neglect many factorswhich have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in thelong term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation planin a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan.

الملخ

Keywords

Abstract The research studied the sustainability concept and its activation in the process of the planning of the decision making regarding with the transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainable transportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicated problems including the problem of using the classical methods in transportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities in particular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental --- economic and social impact in preparing transportation plans together with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainability of transportation plans proposals and their application in the transportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluate this plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make the plan become sustainable. The practical frame of the research involves the review of the transportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala --- which includes five proposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030 --- and applying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by using the strategic environment assessment method through the application of compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable and unsustainable aspects in those proposals --- and consequently reaching the results of the evaluation which show that the transportation plan of the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in the methodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainable transportation plan preparation stages --- and neglect many factors which have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in the long term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation plan in a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan. --- الملخ


Article
The Karbala citizens Exiled to Hanjam Island in 1919 AD
الكربلائيون المنفيون الى جزيرة هنجام عام 1919م

Author: Lecturer.Dr. Salih Abbas Nasir Al-Taee م. د. صالح عباس ناصر الطائي
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج1 Pages: 65-91
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractBritish occupation of Iraq in the late 1914 resulted in manypositive and negative reactions .Among its people , there wereso many who are qualified enough to react suitably againstthe transgression on the land and dignity. Consequently, the Islamic societies in the holy cities initiated opposingmobilization and counteraction against the British occupationas the existence and availability of the Islamic society in Karbalahad the echo and impact in the resistance movement whichcaused a violent reaction directed by the occupants and itadopted different ways among which was the displacing ofits leaders and exceling them so as to leave them withoutleaders. Hanjam island was one place of exile and the citizensof Karbala were among those exiled to it in view of theirhonorable attitude against the occupants. Therefore, this isthe title of the paper , The Karbala citizens Exiled to HanjamIsland' has been specified in harmony with what has been justsaid. May Allah , the Most High , bless!

الملخصخلف الاحتلال البريطاني للعراق اواخر عام 1914 تداعيات عديدة على مستوى الفعل ورد الفعل، فالعراق يضم بين طيات سكانه اناس اهلٌ لرد الفعل المناسب لمثل تلك التجاوزات على الارض والكرامة، فكانتالجمعيات الاسلامية في المدن المقدسة باكورة العمل التنظيمي لبدء التعبئةالمضادة ومقاومة الاحتلال البريطاني حيث كان وجود الجمعية الاسلامية في كربلاء له صداه في حركة المقاومة التي خلفت رد فعل عنيف من لدن المحتل مجابهاً اياها بشتى الاساليب لعل منها تهجير قادتها ونفيهم لإفراغ المحتوى القيادي للمقاومة، فكانت جزيرة هنجام احدى تلك المنافي وكان اهل كربلاء جزء من اولئك المنفيين نتيجة لوقفتهم المشرفة ضد المستعمر، وعلى هذا الاساس جاء البحث بعنوان الكربلائيون المنفيون الى جزيرة هنجام عام1919 متناغما مع ما سبق ذكره ومن الله التوفيق والسداد.

Keywords

Abstract British occupation of Iraq in the late 1914 resulted in many positive and negative reactions .Among its people --- there were so many who are qualified enough to react suitably against the transgression on the land and dignity. Consequently --- the Islamic societies in the holy cities initiated opposing mobilization and counteraction against the British occupation as the existence and availability of the Islamic society in Karbala had the echo and impact in the resistance movement which caused a violent reaction directed by the occupants and it adopted different ways among which was the displacing of its leaders and exceling them so as to leave them without leaders. Hanjam island was one place of exile and the citizens of Karbala were among those exiled to it in view of their honorable attitude against the occupants. Therefore --- this is the title of the paper --- The Karbala citizens Exiled to Hanjam Island' has been specified in harmony with what has been just said. May Allah --- the Most High --- bless! --- الملخص خلف الاحتلال البريطاني للعراق اواخر عام 1914 تداعيات عديدة على مستوى الفعل ورد الفعل، فالعراق يضم بين طيات سكانه اناس اهلٌ لرد الفعل المناسب لمثل تلك التجاوزات على الارض والكرامة، فكانت الجمعيات الاسلامية في المدن المقدسة باكورة العمل التنظيمي لبدء التعبئة المضادة ومقاومة الاحتلال البريطاني حيث كان وجود الجمعية الاسلامية في كربلاء له صداه في حركة المقاومة التي خلفت رد فعل عنيف من لدن المحتل مجابهاً اياها بشتى الاساليب لعل منها تهجير قادتها ونفيهم لإفراغ المحتوى القيادي للمقاومة، فكانت جزيرة هنجام احدى تلك المنافي وكان اهل كربلاء جزء من اولئك المنفيين نتيجة لوقفتهم المشرفة ضد المستعمر، وعلى هذا الاساس جاء البحث بعنوان الكربلائيون المنفيون الى جزيرة هنجام عام 1919 متناغما مع ما سبق ذكره ومن الله التوفيق والسداد.

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