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Article
Some Toxic Effects of Potassium Dichromate on Liver and kidney cortex of adult male rabbits

Author: Mohammed Abdulrazzaq Assi
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2015 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 184-190
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Twenty four mature adult male rabbits were divided into three groups, each group was involved eight rabbits. The experiment period was reached to six weeks. Administration route of potassium dichromate was orally via drinking water. The first group represented control group. The second treated group was administrated 50mg/kg.Bw. Of potassium dichromate, while the second treated group was administrated 60mg/kg.Bw. Of potassium dichromate. (The present work symptoms on treated groups were appeared as depression), loss of appetite, followed by hyper salivation, lacrimation and diarrhea. The liver tubules of first treated group showed fatty degeneration and intracytoplasmic vacuolization of hepatocyte, while the kidney cortex was revealed glomerulonephritis in some glomeruli, interstitial connective tissue oedema, and degeneration and necrosis in the epithelial lining of proximal and distal convoluted tubules in the first and second treated groups. On the other hand, the liver lobules of rabbit was belonged to second treated group revealed polymorphic nuclear leukocytic infiltration which surrounded the central vein, as well as sever fatty degeneration in the hepatocytes due to effect of potassium dichromate at dose 60ml/kg.B.w, this dose led to sever congestion in the branches of renal vessels in the kidney cortex of rabbits.


Article
Comparison of the Onset of Diclofenac Potassium Sachet(Voltfast) and EntericCoated Diclofenac Potassium(Cataflam) in Treatment of Pain Following Tooth Extraction

Author: Dirar A. Al-juma`a
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2015 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 369-373
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: This study was undertaken to compare the analgesic onset of voltfast and diclofenac potassium in patients after extraction of teeth. Materials and methods: One hundred fifty patients were enrolled in this study and randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 received sachets of oral diclofenac potassium (Voltfast) and group 2 received entric coated of diclofenac sodium (Cataflam) after extraction of teeth. The patients reported their pain relief in a questionnaire after the tooth extraction. The patient was instructed to take the drug as prescribed as the effect of local anesthesia begin to wear off and pain start. To evaluate the onset of the two drugs, the patients were asked to report if they had any problem using the drug. Results: seventy five patients received voltfast and cataflam seventy five patients received for relief of pain. The pain relief in both groups was efficient with statistically significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: Oral diclofenac is an effective treatment for moderate to severe postoperative pain. Significantly more participants experienced a faster onset of pain relief with voltfast than with cataflam.


Article
Some salivary parameters in relation to dental caries - experiences
علاقة بعض العوامل المتغيرة في اللعاب مع تسوس الاسنان

Author: Sulafa K. Banoosh سلافة خيرالدين بنوش
Journal: kirkuk university journal for scientific studies مجلة جامعة كركوك - الدراسات العلمية ISSN: 19920849 / 26166801 Year: 2015 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 292-302
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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Abstract

Back ground: The aim of this study is to estimate the relation of salivary sodium, potassium, pH, and flow rate with dental caries - experiences.Materials and Methods: In this study; 40 healthy- looking subjects were participated, their ages were (18-25) years old included (18) females and (22) males. Dental caries was recorded using DMFS (Decayed, Missed, and Filled) surfaces index teeth and. stimulated saliva was collected before clinical measurement and chemically analyzed to determine the concentrations of sodium, potassium Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer then salivary pH estimated by using pH meter, and flow rate (ml/min) was estimated by dividing saliva volume (ml) by the fixed collected time (min), All data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.Results: The statistical analysis for the salivary sodium, potassium in both study (with caries) and control (free from caries) groups showed no significant difference in mean 0.9, 0.67 respectively (P>0.05). This is corresponds with the salivary pH and flow rate in both study (with caries) and control (free from caries) groups 0.98, 0.61 respectively (P>0.05).Conclusion: There are no relation between salivary sodium, potassium, pH, and flow rate with dental caries experience

إن الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو تقدير علاقة الصوديوم اللعابي، والبوتاسيوم اللعابي، ودرجة الحموضة، ومعدل تدفق اللعاب مع تسوس الأسنان. شارك في هذه الدراسة (40) متبرع تتراوح أعمارهم بين (18-25) سنة منهم (18) إناث و (22) من الذكور. وقد تم فحص جميع المتبرعين وتم تسجيل تسوس الأسنان باستخدام (DMFS) المؤشر العالمي لقياس نسبة تسوس الاسنان وكذلك تم جمع عينات اللعاب وتحليلها كيميائيا لتحديد تركيز كلا من الصوديوم والبوتاسيوم فيه فضلا عن قياس درجة الحموضة ومعدل تدفق اللعاب وقد تم تحليل العينات باستخدام مقياس الطيف الضوئي للامتصاص وكذلك قياس درجة الحموضة اللعابية باستخدام جهاز تحديد الرقم الهيدروجيني ، اما معدل التدفق (مل / دقيقة) فيتم قياسه بقسمة حجم اللعاب (مل) الذي تم جمعه من المتبرع على الوقت التي تم جمعه فيها والذي يكون ثابتة ( خمسة دقائق)، وقد تم تحليل جميع البيانات باستخدام SPSS النسخة 13. وأظهرت التحليلات الإحصائية للصوديوم اللعابي والبوتاسيوم في كل من مجموعة الدراسة (مع تسوس) ومجموعة التحكم (خالية من التسوس) وقد وجد انه لا يوجد فرق كبير في متوسط النتائج (0.9، 0.67) على التوالي حيث ان ال (P> 0.05) وكذلك الحال بالنسبة الى الرقم الهيدروجيني اللعابي ومعدل التدفق في كل من مجموعة الدراسة (مع تسوس) ومجموعة التحكم (خالية من التسوس) 0.98، 0.61 على التوالي (P> 0.05).الخلاصة: ليس هناك علاقة بين الصوديوم والبوتاسيوم اللعابي، ودرجة الحموضة، ومعدل التدفق اللعابي مع تسوس الأسنان.

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