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Body weight and eating habits of school students in Kore sub-district of Erbil: A cross-sectional study
وزن الجسم وعادات الأكل لدى طلاب المدارس في منطقة كورى في أربيل: دراسة مقطعية

Authors: Tariq Salman Al-Hadithi --- Awring Marouf Raouf --- Kameran Hassan Ismail --- Yassin Ahmad Asa`ad
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 942-948
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to assess the weight of a sample of school students and its association with their eating habits and life-style practices.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 477 students selected from four intermediate and secondary schools in Kore sub-district in Erbil, Iraq. Data on the students’ eating and drinking habits, in addition to weight, height, smoking and other life style habits were collected through a self- administered questionnaire.Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity (categorized into one group) was more common among female students than male students (19.9% and 11.8%, respectively) with a significantly statistical difference (OR=0.536; 95% CI, 0.321-0.894, P= 0.017). Sleeping hours/night was also significantly associated with overweight and obesity, where sleeping less than 6 hours and between 6 and 8 hours was significantly associated with overweight and obesity (P = 0.004 and 0.001, respectively). There was no statistical association between overweight and obesity and all reported eating habits including breakfast, lunch, fried food, vegetables, salads and fruit juice intake, in addition to intake of crisps and cakes, energy providing drinks, soft drinks, and of milk and dairy products.Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among the study sample was low and there was no significant association with the eating habits and life-style practices, apart from those sleeping less than eight hours/nigh.


Article
Assessment knowledge and life-style practices of patients with hypertension among their disease in rural area of Kirkuk city
تقييم معارف وممارسات نمط الحياة لمرضى ضغط الدم حول مرضهم في المناطق الريفية لمدينة كركوك

Author: Abid S. Kumait عبد صالح كميت
Journal: kirkuk university journal for scientific studies مجلة جامعة كركوك - الدراسات العلمية ISSN: 19920849 / 26166801 Year: 2015 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 122-139
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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Abstract

Background: hypertension also known as increase of blood pressure is consider a main factor for heart and vascular disease around world . More than 60 % around world suffering from hypertension and lead to dead more than nine million patients per year. Aim of the study:- In order to assess patients knowledge and life-style practices for hypertensive patients in rural area of Kirkuk city , find out the relationship between patients knowledge and some socio-demographic characteristic ( age and gender ).Methodology A descriptive study of a quantitative design was conducted at Alhwija General Hospital in Alhawija district for hypertension patients in Kirkuk city from 3rd July 2013 to the 20th of March 2014. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (200) definitely diagnosed hypertension patients selected from adult patients who were attended to Alhwija General Hospital . For the purpose of data collection, a questionnaire format was constructed which contains (57 ) Demographic data include ( 6 ) items , medical data include (6) items knowledge of the Patients include (36) items and life-style practices for hypertensive patients include (9) items. Statistical analysis was used of 3- likert scale option was used in the rating scale as: (3) for yes , (2 ) for uncertain ,and ( 1 ) for no. Content validity was determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10) experts. The data were collected through the interviewing . They were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistical data analysis (chi-square) , T. test and ANOVAs .Results :-The findings of the study indicated that No (62%) of the patients were in age group between (45_64)years , No(74%) were females, No(73%) married ,(73% ) were house wife, (55%) illiterate, (53%) had middle monthly income, also the study show most of the sample were not cigarette smokers that represent (86%),and family history for Hypertension and represent (57.5% )Conclusions:- The study concluded 70% of the patients have inadequate knowledge related to disease, and 65% of them have inadequate practice regarding to the hypertension control . Also the study concluded that there is a highly significant relationship between hypertension patient’s age and their knowledge.Recommendation :-Based on the results , the study recommended Educational programs should be designed to increase people knowledge , awareness about their life style .Booklet should be prepared and presented to the patients to advise them to leave high amount salt intake, encourage patients about exercise which is considered one of the contributing factors for hypertension and construct a specialized modern centers for dealing hypertensive patients

خلفية البحث :- ارتفاع ضغط الدم وتسمىأيضاًبضغطالدمالمرتفع،هوأحدعواملالخطرالرئيسيةالتيتُسببأمراضالقلب والأوعيةالدموية. إذيعانيأكثر من 60%فيجميعبلدانالعالممنارتفاعضغطالدم،ممايؤديإلىالإصابةبأمراضتُوديبحياة 9 مليونفردسنوياًفيالوقتالراهن.أهدافالدراسة :-تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم معارف و ممارسات مرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدمالمتعلقة بتغيير نمط حياتهم للمصابين في المناطق الريفية لمدينة كركوك, إيجاد العلاقة بين معارف المرضى وبعض الخصائص الديموغرافية ( العمر، الجنس , المستوى الثقافي,السكن ).منهجية البحث :-أجريتدراسةوصفيةفيمستشفىالحويجةالعامفيقضاءالحويجةلمدينةكركوكالعامللفترةمن3 تموز2013 ولغاية 20 من آذار 2014ولتحقيقأهدافالدراسةاختيرتعينةغرضيهمكونةمن(200)مريضامشخصيننهائيابارتفاعضغطالدمممنراجعوامستشفىالحويجةالعام. ولغرضجمعالمعلوماتصممتاستمارةاستبيانيهمكونةمن((57فقرةوتشملالخصائص الديموغرافية (6) فقرة ؛والمعلومات الطبية تشمل(6) فقرة ومعارف المرضى تشمل (36) فقرة وممارسات نمط الحياة لمرضى ضغط الدم وتشمل ( 9) فقرة وبطريقةألمقابلةالشخصيةمععينةالبحثجمعتالمعلومات. واستخدممقياسيتألفمنثلاثمستوياتللإجابة : الرقم (3) نعم, والرقم (2) غيرمتأكد , والرقم (1) يعنيكلا . وتم تحديد مصداقية المحتوى من خلال عرض الاستبيان على (10) خبراءوباستخدام التحليل الوصفي ( التوزيع التكراري, النسبة المئوية ) والتحليل ألاستنتاجي (مربع كاي) والاختيار التائي والانوفا.النتائج:- من خلال التحليل البيانات بينت الدراسة أن غالبية المرضى أعمارهم بين (45_64) ويشكلون نسبة (62%) و(74%) كانوا نساء و(73%)كانوا متزوجات وربات بيوت ونسبتهم و (55%) كانوا لا يقرئون و لايكتبون و(53%) لديهم دخل متوسط وأظهرت النتائج أيضاأن غالبية المرضى غير مدخنين ويشكلون نسبة (88% ) بينما (57.5%) لديهم تاريخ عائلي للمرض .الاستنتاجات : استنتجت الدراسة أن غالبية المرضى70 % كانت لديهم معلومات غير كافية حول مرضهم، وان غالبية المرضى كانت65% لديهم ممارسات غير كافية حول علاج ارتفاع ضغط الدم. وكما أاستنتجت الدراسة أن هناك علاقة قوية بين عمر المرضى المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم ومعارفهماتجاه المرض .التوصيات :- معتمدة على نتائج الدراسة أوصت الدراسة بإنشاء برامج تثقفيه لزيادة معلومات وممارسات المرضى حول المرض . نشر كتيبات , منشورات , ومجلات حول مرض ضغط الدم , نصح المرضى بتقليل اخذ الملح , تشجيع المرضى حول ممارسة التمارينالرياضية التي تعتبر من الأمورالمهمة في منع حدوث ضغط الدم وإنشاء مراكز تخصصية لعلاج مرضى ضغط الدم.

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