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Assessment of serum testosterone in females with acne vulgaris in Erbil city
تقييم هرمون التستوستيرون في المصل عند الإناث المصابات بحب الشباب في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Fatin Qaraney Fattah --- Yousif Bahaaddin Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 1249-1253
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units, characterized by comedones, papules, pustules and nodules. Acne affects primarily the face, neck, upper trunk. Acne typically begins at puberty and it is often the first sign of increased sex hormone production. In all women with acne the possibility of hyperandrogenic state should be considered. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between abnormal testosterone level and other virilising signs in young females with acne vulgaris. Methods: This case-control study was carried out from April 2013 to January 2014 in the consultation Department of Dermatology and Venereology at Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil city. Sixty females were considered group A (case group with acne) and 60 females were considered as group B ( control group) without acne. Results: The mean±SD serum testosterone level was significantly higher among patients with acne compared to the control group (0.51 ng/ml ± 0.27 compared to 0.31 ng/ml ± 0.12, P ˂0.05). Irregular cycle was found in 28 cases (46.6%). Conclusion: The study showed presence of a significant association between serum testosterone level and acne vulgaris in female patients.


Article
ACNE VULGARIS: THE PREVALENCE, SEVERITY AND THE ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN A DISTRICT OF KURDISTAN REGION/ IRAQ
حب الشباب: معدل الانتشار والشدة والعوامل المقترنه بهما

Authors: ZEYAD S. AL-DABBAGH زياد صميم الدباغ --- SAMIM A. AL-DABBAGH صميم أحمد الدباع --- KAMIL R. F. CHALKY كامل جلكي
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2016 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-68
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Acne vulgaris is a common dermatological disorder among secondary school students. It is frequently complained by students in our locality without being properly studied. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and severity of acne vulgaris and factors affecting them among secondary school students in a district of Kurdistan Region, Iraq.Methods: A cross sectional design was performed. A multistage random sample of 575 secondary school students of both genders selected from 6988 students in Amedi district/ Duhok Governorate. All Students were clinically examined and interviewed for data collection regarding socio- demographic variables of age, gender, ethnicity, residence and family income. Also information was collected regarding parental history of acne, self excoriative behavior and make up use among females. Their nutritional status was measured by the body mass index. The severity of acne was assessed by using Global Acne Grading system. Data were collected and analyzed by using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 22).Results: The results revealed prevalence rates of 71.7% and 87.8% by self–reporting and by clinical examination respectively. The mild, moderate and severe forms were found respectively in 90.8%, 9% and 0.2% of students diagnosed with acne vulgaris. Papules and comedones were the most prominent acne lesions. No statistically significant associations were detected between prevalence or severity of acne vulgaris and socio demographic factors of age, gender, ethnicity, residence and body mass index. Family history of acne vulgaris was significantly associated with severity (p <0.05) but not with the prevalence (p>0.5). Conclusions: The study demonstrated a high prevalence of acne vulgaris with substantial genetic role in the severity of the disease.

حب الشباب: معدل الانتشار والشدة والعوامل المقترنه بهما

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