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Article
TOXICITY OF Copper AND Cobalt IN CHICKEN (GALLUS GALLUS DOMESTICS ASSESSMENT OF BODY WEIGHT AND METAL CONTENT IN TISSUES AFTER METAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
التأثيرات السمية للنحاس والكوبالت المضافة للعلائق على وزن الجسم والاعضاء الداخلية لدجاج اللحم

Author: Salwa A. Abduljaleel
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The toxic influence of dietary copper(Cu) and cobalt (Co) on the accumulation and body weight examined in broiler chicken. This experiment was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of dietary Cu and Co on chicks body weight and organ, content of the tissues of these two metals was also detected. One day age chicks of Gallus gallus domesticus fed diet supplemented with 500, 1000,1500ppm of Cu, second group exposure to 100,500, 1000ppm of Co in feed daily during 4 weeks. The control groups were fed without supplementation of metals. The concentrations of Cu and Co resulted in increased of Cu and Co content in liver, gizzard and muscle. Body weight of chicks was decreased by Cu and Co high concentration treatments. On the other hand, Liver weigh in chicks was significantly (P<0.05) decreased after Cu and Co treatments.

Keywords

Toxicity --- Chicken --- Body weight


Article
The Effect of the Language in the Human Physique A Research in Physical Anthropology
أثر اللغة فـي جسم الانسان بحث في انثروبولوجيا الجسد

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Abstract

Addresses've marked (the impact of language on the human body) a very important issue related to the human body, and is marred by physiological changes as a result influenced by the language through the study of this relationship theoretically analyzed for some of vocabulary, triggered physiological on the human body, and the statement of the language with some variables relationship, and thus the axis interest in the study have been focused on the role of culture in general, considering that the most important elements is the language, has been focusing on language, thinking, and how they can be by which these variables influencing factors on the human body on the grounds that these variables on a large degree of important not without a culture of any society which, whatever the nature. It also sheds light on the issue we see that he has not received enough attention and scientific study organized by social anthropologists and researchers in the field of humanities

يتناول هذا البحث الموسوم (اثر اللغة في جسم الانسان) قضية مهمة جدا تتعلق بجسم الانسان وما يعتريه من تغيرات فسيولوجية نتيجة تأثره باللغة من خلال دراسة هذه العلاقة نظرياً، من خلال تحليله لبعض المفردات اللغوية واثارها الفسيولوجية على جسم الانسان، وبيان علاقة اللغة ببعض المتغيرات، وبذلك فأن محور اهتمام الدراسة قد انصب على الأثر الذي تؤديه الثقافة بصورة عامة، بوصف اللغة احد اهم عنصر فيها، وقد تم التركيز على اللغة، والتفكير، والكيفية التي يمكن ان تكون بواسطتها هذه المتغيرات عوامل مؤثرة على جسم الانسان على اعتبار ان هذه المتغيرات على درجة كبيرة من الاهمية، ولا تخلو منها ثقافة أي مجتمع منها مهما كانت طبيعته. كما انها سـلطت الضوء على موضوع نرى انه لم يحظ بالاهتمام الكافي والدراسة العلمية المنظمة من جانـب الباحثين الاجتماعيين والانثروبولوجيين في مجال الدراسات الإنسانية.


Article
Obesity and Overweight in a Sample of Women at Child Bearing Age in Baghdad City

Authors: Baqir Kareem Abed --- Muna Abdul Kadhum Zeidan --- Sulaf Ahmed Hussain
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 214 -223
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Obesity is a chronic disease defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, to the extent that health may be impaired . This excess fat mass is thought to lead to increased risk of ill such as metabolic and cardiovascular disease, , decreased physical function, and some cancers .The aims of this study are To determine rate of overweight among sample of women at the childbearing age, and To find the relationship between the body mass index and some variables.A cross-sectional study conducted in Al- washash & Bab-almoadham primary health centers, sampling was (convenient ) & the sample size was 506. Data was collected by questionnaire to obtain socio- demographic information & weight and height of each women was measured by the researcher.About 66.2% of the studied sample of women was in the age (20-29) years. And the 58.5% were housewife , about 54% of women in the sample were overweight while obesity rate was 1.4% only. About 63.3% of the sample with normal weight were mainly non contraceptive users. Analysis of results by chi-square test show that ( types of contraceptive, family history of obesity, socio economic status, parity, birth space interval, types of food) was significant factors associated with body mass index.

Keywords

Body mass index --- Factors --- Women


Article
Lidocaine Spray to Prevent Laryngospasm in Air Ways Surgeries

Authors: Adil Hadi Salihy --- Wissam Kadhum Abdel Amer --- Malath Azeez Al-Saadi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 728 -730
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Laryngospasm is life threatening event that complicate airway surgeries requiring especial attention to prevent. To evaluate the advantage of pre intubation lidocaine spray to the laryngeal mucosa to prevent extubation laryngospasm.80 patients of both sexes below 9 years old admitted for adenoidectomy or rigid bronchoscope foreign body removal included in this study. All patients were from risk groups to develop laryngospasm.At induction stage, before intubation and bronchoscope introduction 10%lidocain sprayed to the laryngeal mucosa . The incidence of laryngospasmis noticed after removal of endotracheal tube and bronchoscope.All patients included in this study for both types of surgical procedures not develop any type of laryngospasm whether partial or complete after extubation Lidocaine spray can prevent laryngospasm in risk patients.

Keywords

Lidocaine --- spray --- laryngospasm --- foreign body


Article
Localization of foreign body in the maxillary sinus using multi slice CT scan

Author: Omar Basheer Taha Al-tekreeti.
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-67
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Foreign body can be defined as any matter that created out of scope of the body but inter the body due to injury, Plain radiograph, computed tomography scan ,magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography could be used to assess and localize the foreign body, In this case report we will explain a case of foreign body established in the maxillary sinus and how CT scan was useful in determine the position of this foreign body, the surgeon reported that computed tomography scan was useful in such cases, so it can be concluded that computed tomography scan can assess the size and shape of the precisely and can give the exact position of foreign body but the patient receive higher dose of radiation rather than the dose has been received from dental panoramic tomography.

Keywords

CT --- X-ray --- foreign body --- maxillary sinus.


Article
Effect of Iraqi propolis on live body weight of Awassi sheep in different age stages
تأثير استخدام البروبولس المحلي في وزن الجسم الحي للاغنام العواسية وبمراحل عمرية مختلفة

Author: Muneer Wahab Saeed AL-Khafaji منير وهاب سعيد الخفاجي
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 261-269
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The study was conducted on 40 Awassi sheep through the year 2014 from the flock reared in Faculty of agriculture / kufa university. Five treatments included levels of propolis ( 0.0 , 0.005 , 0.01 , 0.02 and 0.03 ). Live body weight in three ages ( 6 month , 9 months and 12 months ) were evaluated using variance analyses. Results showed a significant effect (p≤ 0.05) of propolis and season in live body weight .Highest BW6was showed in the group that fed with 0.03 propolis through the summer season which is about 36.11 kg . BW9 and BW12 were increased significantly (p≤ 0.05) ) in the same level of propolis. A significant effect (p≤ 0.05) of propolis and sex in live body weight was recorded. The highest BW6 , BW9 and BW12 were in the males group that fed with 0.03 propolis which is about kg 41.17 ,55.29 and 65.60 kg respectively compared with the same level of propolis in female group which is about 32.54 , 38.82 and 44.34 kg respectively.

أجريت الدراسة على 40 من الاغنام العواسية خلال العام 2014 في حقول قسم الثروة الحيوانية – كلية الزراعة – جامعة الكوفة وتم استخدام خمسة علائق حاوية على مستويات مختلفة من البروبولس المحلي وهي 0.03, 0.02, 0.01 0.0 . 0.005 ,وتم تسجيل الوزن الحي بعمر ستة أشهر وتسعة أشهر وسنة ولكلا الجنسين. أظهرت النتائج وجود تأثير معنوي للبروبولس والموسم في وزن الجسم إذ أعطت المعاملة 0.03 خلال فصل الصيف أعلى وزن عند عمر ستة اشهر اذ بلغ 36.11 كغم . كذلك أظهرت النتائج وجود تأثير معنوي لاظافة البروبولس في العليقة والجنس حيث اعطت الذكور المغذاة على عليقة تحتوي على 0.03 بروبولس وزن حي بحدود ( 41.17 , 55.29 و 65.60) كغم عند 6 أشهر و 9 وعمر سنة على التوالي . مقارنة مع نفس التركيز من البروبولس بالنسبة للإناث والتي أعطت وزن حي كان بحدود (32.54 , 38.82 و 44.34 ) كغم على التوالي .


Article
Core Polarization Effects on the Inelastic Longitudinal Electron Scattering Form Factors of and nuclei
تأثيرات استقطاب القلب على عوامل التشكل للاستطارة الالكترونية الغير المرنة للنوى و

Author: Ghaith Naima Flaiyh غيث نعمة فليح
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2016 Volume: 57 Issue: 1C Pages: 639-650
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

In this paper, inelastic longitudinal electron scattering form factors C2 and C4 transitions have been studied in and nuclei with the aid of shell model calculations. The core polarization transition density was evaluated by adopting the shape of Tassie model togther with the derived form of the ground state two-body charge density distributions (2BCDD's). The following transitions have been investigated; and of , and of , and of and and of nuclei. It is found that the core polarization effects, which represent the collective modes, are essential for reproducing a remarkable agreement between the calculated inelastic longitudinal C2 and C4 form factors and those of experimental data.

في هذا البحث تم دراسة عوامل التشكل للاستطارة الالكترونية غير المرنه للانتقالات C2 و C4 للنوى و بالاخذ بالاعتبار حسابات نموذج القشرة. ان تاثيرات استقطاب القلب لكثافة الانتقالات حسبت بالاعتماد على شكل انموذج Tassie الى جانب الصيغة الرياضية المشتقة لتوزيعات كثافة الشحنة النووية ذو صيغة الجسيمين في الحالة الارضية (2BCDD's).تم دراسة الانتقالات الاتية و لنواة , و لنواة , و لنواة و و لنواة . لقد لوحظ بان تاثير استقطاب القلب الذي يمثل انماط تجميعية يكون جوهريا" للحصول على توافق جيد بين حسابات الاستطارة الطولية غير المرنة F(q)'s والقيم العملية.


Article
Clinical Significance of High First Trimester C- reactive Protein in Prediction for Development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Saba M. Swadi AL-Thweeni
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2599-2606
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: GDM is glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, it has been associated with not only acute increased risk for complications of pregnancy but also long-term disease risks for both mother and baby due to inflammation that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of GDM. The need of a reliable early test to diagnose and predict GDM earlier is important for development of useful intervention therapies that may impact not only on the acute but long-term health outcomes.Objective: We performed this survey to investigate the predictive value of the of first-trimester serum CRP as screening test of gestational diabetes mellitus and, to evaluate the correlation between high CRP and body mass index (BMI). Patients and Methods: A prospective cohort study design was conducted in AL -Qadisia City in Iraq from January 2012 to January 2015. Data for the study was collected from patients attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ,outpatient and private clinic. It included 110 low risk pregnant women at first trimester(8-13 weeks). Study was included after meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria. Venous blood was screened for plasmatic C reactive protein by CLIA system to measure C reactive protein in values with cut- off point of high level more than 3mg/L , fasting blood sugar by photometric method and in addition to routine antenatal tests. They were followed up to delivery by continue to measure fasting blood sugar between 24-28 week and after 28 week of gestation . Also for assessing of complications (10 women were lost to follow ,so only 100 women were finally available). Results: In total, 100 low risk pregnant women at first trimester with high CRP(>3mgL), (mean+SD 5.33+1.61), 88% of them developed GDM, 53women developed between 24-28week(early GDM, group1),35women developed >28 week(late GDM ,group2),while 12 of them remain normal(group3). CRP was significantly high in group1 comparing to group2 and group3 ( mean+SD 6.383+ 1.439 , p< 0.001). BMI was also significantly high in group1 comparing to group2 and group3 (100% versus14.8%). Maternal and fetal complications were significantly less frequent in women with group1 than group2 (1.88%, 11.32% and 17.14%, 28.57%) (p=0.010, 0.040) respectively.Conclusions: We did find a significant correlation between high maternal serum CRP level at first trimester and subsequent development of gestational diabetes and also, our study showed a significant correlation between pre-pregnancy BMI and CRP in early gestational diabetic women


Article
Effect of Female Body Weight Indices in Assisted Reproductive Technique Outcome

Authors: Ban Jabir Edan --- Hind Abdlkadhim --- Huda Jabir Edan
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 826 -833
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Many factors effect on reproduction , one of them is weight . Increase body weight may affect negatively on reproduction. It may effect on ovulation by alteration of hormones level, sex hormone binding globulin and interaction between hormones and affecter receptors like insulin resistant. Increase body weight may be linked with decreased likelihood of achieving pregnancy in women undergo assisted reproductive technique(ART).The aim of this study isexamining the association of pregnancy outcome with body weight indices in subfertile women undergo intracytoplasmic sperm injection.A total of 60 subfertile women was participated in this study. The study carried out between, March 2013 and September 2013 Fertility Center, at AL-Sadder teaching hospital.All patients underwent full history and physical examination (including BMI , waist , hip , waist/hip ratio) on day 2 of menstrual cycle and the treatment doses (FSH and LH analogue) were calculated till time of oocyte pickup.Then embryos were classified according to their morphology and percentage of fragmentation.Of the studied women, 28.3% were overweight, 33.3% were obese and 38.4% were normal weight. The positive pregnancy rate among the whole studied women was 20% (12 of 60). According to BMI, the pregnancy rate is 26%, 23%, and 25% in normal, overweight, and obese women, respectively.There were insignificant differences among BMI groups concerning age of patients, duration of subfertility and subfertility cause. While there was significant differences among different BMIgroups regarding waist and waist-hip ratio (p<0.05).The odds ratio of positive pregnancy is found to be negatively but insignificantly related with increase weight.Regarding complication ,all patients with OHSS are overweight and obese (P<0.05).Increase weight may affect negatively on pregnancy outcome in women undergoing ART, including complication with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.


Article
Scattering from dielectrically coated bodies of revolution with attached wires
الاستطارة الكهرومغناطيسية من الاجسسا المتناظرة محوريا المطلية بالعازل والمثبت عليها الاسلاك الملحقة

Authors: Akeel S. Tahir --- Wa'il A. Godaymi --- Ahmad H. Abood
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 29 Pages: 243-265
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

ABSTRACTIn this work, the electromagnetic (EM) scattering from dielectrically coated bodies of revolution (DCBOR) with attached wires is presented. The equivalent principle is used to generate the surface integral equation (SIE) formulations for the problem, which introduces by the surface electric current density on the conducting surface and both electric and magnetic surface current densities on the dielectric surface. The method of moments (MoM) with Galerkin approach is used to solve the resulting system of integral equations (IEs).The choice of DCBOR with attached electrical wires as the scatterer, came from the importance of the application used in this research, which representing a proposed model of irregular shape and partially coated ( just in BOR region).Numerical results for the scattering from this model by using partially coated of the radar absorbing materials (RAM) include complex parameters ,electric permittivityand magnetic permeability, for electric and magnetic absorbing materials, was a good check for radar cross section reduction (RCSR) in a partial coated for complex proposed model. Where this method has proven its efficiency in reducing and distortion the RCS pattern.

الخلاصةقدم هذا العمل الاستطارة الكهرومغناطيسية من الاجسام الموصلة المتناظرة محوريا والمطلية بالمادةالعازلة مع الاسلاك الملحقة. استخدم مبدأ التكافؤ لتوليد صيغ المعادلات التكاملية السطحية للمسألة، والتي عُرفتبواسطة كثافة التيار السطحي الكهربائي على السطح الموصل وكثافتي التيار الكهربائي والمغناطيسي علىالسطح العازل. استخدمت طريقة العزوم مع تقريب كالركن لحل النظام الناتج للمعادلات التكاملية.أن اختيار الاجسام الموصلة والمطلية بالمادة العازلة مع الاسلاك الملحقة كمستطير، جاء من اهمية التطبيقالمستخدم في هذا البحث، والذي مثله النموذج المقترح غير منتظم الشكل والمطلي جزئيا )الطلاء فقط للجسمالمتناظر(. أن النتائج العددية للاستطارة من هذا النموذج باستخدام الطلاء الجزئي للمواد الماصة لاشعة الراداركانت تأكيد جيد لتقليل مساحة μ والنفاذية المغناطيسية ϵ والمحتوية على المركبات العقدية للسماحية الكهربائيةالمقطع الرادري بواسطة الطلاء الجزئي للنموذج المعقد المقترح. حيث اثبتت هذه الطريقة كفاءتها في تقليلوتشويه هيكل المقطع الراداري.

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