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Article
Study of IgA Concentration in Gingivitis Patients

Author: Baha Hamdi Hakim Al-Amiedi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 575 -579
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Fifty gingivitis patients were diagnosed by dentist and ten normal subjects were elected as controls. Gingivitis patients and controls were investigated for serum and salivary IgA determinations. In which, blood and salivary samples were collected from both of patients and controls. Sera, saliva and salivary proteins in five microliter amounts per each of which were applied into low and high level anti IgA partigens. The patients sera have shown elevated IgA concentration means which approximate one fold increase than that of controls. Male and female patients were of comparable serum IgA concentration levels. Individual variation plot were found of multipeak type. The age group 30– 34 and 35 – 39 years were showing optimum concentration means . Saliva and salivary concentration means were showing nullified IgA concentrations in both patients and controls. IgA may interacts with are oral available antigens (microbial ) and fix complement thus forming complex giving nullified IgA concentrations.

Keywords

gingivitis --- serum --- saliva.


Article
The Prevalence of Oral Protozoa Trichomona Stenax in some Patients with Gingivitis

Author: Fadia Abd Al-Muhsin Al-Khayat فادية عبد المحسن الخياط
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-182
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:As arelationshipbetween gingivitis disease and the presence of the oral protozoa Trichomonastenax hasbeen represented byconsiderable differences among various study population.The purpose of present study isdetermining the prevalence of T.tenax in patients with gingivitis and healthy subjects.Subjects,Materials and Methods:The presence of the parasite has been diagnosed with 58 patients withgingivitisand58 healthy persons during the period of the study(April and May 2015) by taken two swabs for each one,microscopicexamination was done using saline wet mount method and stained method. Age, sex and brushing teeth habitwere in a count. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS program.Results:Gingivitis disease was observed in 58patients among the total 163 examined subjects(35.58%)with a highlysignificant differences P<0.01 recorded between males and females(40.22%,30.26% respectively).The prevalence ofT.tenax in gingivitis patients was higher than healthy(56.89%,6.89%)respectively. According to gender and age thehighly prevalence rate was demonstrated in males (62.85%)and in the age category 51-60 years old (92.8%). Dataanalysis showed that a highly significant differences P<0.01was demonstrated in the prevalence rate betweenbrushing teeth users 29.1% and non-brushing teeth users 11.9%.Conclusion:The study confirmed the existence of a relationship between parasite infection and gingivitis diseasewhere the higher prevalence of T.tenaxwas found in gingivitis patients compared with healthy controls. Peopleshould receive dental care togain high hygiene oral cavity and have low infection to T.tenax


Article
Evaluation The Effects of Fixed Orthodontic Appliances and Gender on Dental Plaque Accumulation and Gingival Inflammation

Authors: Zahra Mohammed Abbas Al- Fadily --- Selma Merza Hassan Al-jiriawy
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 810 -817
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Fixed orthodontic appliances consider as a host for dental plaque accumulations which lead to subsequent gingivitis.O’Leary plaque index and gingival index by Löe and Silness of 60 repeated observations (before and after first stage of orthodontic treatment) which taken from 30 patients (13 male & 17 female) with age range (17-30) years old. According to ANOVA, there was highly significant difference in plaque index before and after treatment in both males (p value=0.00) and females (p value=0.00), but there was no gender difference in plaque index before and after treatment. The present study showed that there was highly significance difference in the gingival index before and after treatment in both males (p value=0.00) and females (p value=0.00).Plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation obviously increased in orthodontic patients, so good oral hygiene program must be followed during orthodontic treatment in order to overcome these side effects.


Article
Assessment of Salivary α-amylase and Flow Rate Levels and Their Correlation with Gingivitis and Severity of Chronic Periodontitis (Part: 1)

Authors: Haider J. Talib حيدر طالب --- Maha A. Ahmed مها احمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 4 Pages: 115-121
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections of the gingiva, bone and attachment fibers that support the teeth and hold them in the jaw. α-amylase is an enzyme, produced mainly by parotid gland and it seems to play a role in maintaining mucosal immunity.Aims of the study: Determine the salivary levels of α-Amylase and flow rate and their correlations with clinical periodontal parameters(Plaque Index , Gingival Index , Bleeding on Probing , Probing Pocket Depth , and Clinical Attachment Level ) and the correlation between α-Amylase with flow rate of study groups that consist of ( patients had gingivitis and patients had chronic periodontitis with different severities(mild ,moderate ,severe) and control group .Materials and Methods: Salivary α-Amylase and flow rate levels with clinical periodontal parameters(Plaque Index , Gingival Index , Bleeding on Probing , Probing Pocket Depth , and Clinical Attachment Level ) were measured from 75 males , age ranged (30-45) years old, that divided into study groups(group of 45chronic periodontitis patients with different severities which sub-grouped into (Mild=15, Moderate=15 and Severe=15), group of 15 patients with gingivitis) and control group comprised 15 subjects had clinically healthy periodontium.Results: The levels of salivary α-amylase in patients had chronic periodontitis were the highest followed by patients had gingivitis .Highly significant differences were demonstrated between each pairs of chronic periodontitis subgroups hence, the highest level at severe chronic periodontitis subgroup patients. Flow rate decreased in gingivitis group and chronic periodontitis with its different severities. Highly significant strong positive correlations were found between α-amylase with clinical periodontal parameters at all groups and subgroups.Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest that salivary α-Amylase can help to monitor the progression of the periodontal disease.


Article
Estimation of Salivary Levels of Pro Inflammatory Cytokines (Interleukin-1α and Interleukin-8) in Iraqi Lichen Planus patients, the association of these parameters with dental plaques, gingivitis and smoking status

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Abstract

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is chronic inflammatory disease of the oralmucosa whose etiology is still unknown but mounting evidence points to theimmunologic basis of this disorder.The aim of the present study was to assess the level of salivary IL-1α, IL- 8, salivaryflow rate (SFR), the plaque and gingival indices in lichen planus patients, and toassess their level pre and post treatment with topical steroid in study group, inaddition to the assessment of relation of smoking to these parameters in oral lichenplanus patients.Materials and methods: Whole saliva from fifteen (15) patients with oral lichenplanus, eighteen (18) healthy persons, were investigated for the presence of IL-1α, IL-8 by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA). In addition, the flowrate of saliva (SFR) measured in both groups, plaque and gingival indices alsoassessed pre and post treatment.Results: The results showed a significant elevation of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1α , IL- 8, plaque and gingival indices in study group in comparison to controlgroup except the SFR where it was higher in control group than study group alsoshowed that some of these parameters significantly related to smoking statues.The studies parameters also showed significant variation after using of topical steroidin which the salivary level of cytokines IL-1 α , IL-8, plaque &Gingival indiceswere significantly decreased after treatment except SFR was significantly increaseafter treatment.Conclusion: Patients with oral lichen planus have had high levels of inflammatorycytokines in their saliva. The results also showed wide variations in levels amongpatients in pre and post treatment with steroid, in addition the level of proinflammatory cytokines significantly related to smoking status. The resultssuggest links between the proinflammatory cytokines ( IL-1 α , IL-8 ) from oneside and oral lichen planus disease, medication used for treatment and smokingstatus of the patients from another side.


Article
The Immediate Effect of Crude Miswack Extract against Some Bacterial isolates from Gingivitis
تأثير المباشر لمستخلص السواك الخام ضد بعض عزلات البكتيريا من التهابات اللثة

Author: Hayder Ali Muhammid حيدر علي محمد
Journal: journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly) مجلة القادسية للعلوم الصرفة (فصلية). ISSN: 19972490 Year: 2016 Volume: 1 Issue: 21 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study included the isolation and identification of some bacterial species which are considered as members of gingivitis in the student of Veterinary Medicine College in the University of Kerbala, Iraq . These include the of Streptococcus spp. was more involved in the third stage 70% percentage and Staphylococcus spp. was more isolated in the second stage 40% percentage by using Blood Agar medium and Manitol Salt agar, respectively. Identification of these bacteria was performed depending on morphological and biochemical crieteria, the study includes also the effect of the aqueous extract of Salvadora persica in the concentrations (20%, 15% and 10%) on the isolated bacteria which showed antimicrobial effects on these species under the study.Biology Classification: QR75-99.5

تضمنت الدراسة عزل وتشخيص بعض الجراثم المتواجدة في التهابات اللثة لدى بعض طلاب كلية الطب البيطري جامعة كربلاء/العراق والتي تـــشمل جـــراثيمspp. Streptococcus والتي كانت اكثر حدوثا في طلاب المرحلة الثالثة بنسبة 70% وجـــراثيم Staphylococcus spp. والتي كانت اكثر نسبة عزل 40% في طلاب المرحلة الثانية علـــى وســـط Blood agar ووسط Manitol Salt agar،على التوالي. وشخــصت باســتخدام الــصفات المظهرية والكيميوحيوية كما تضمنت الدراسة تحديد التأثير المثبط للمستخلص المـائي للسواك بتراكيز (20% و 15% و 10%) والذي اظهر فعالية تثبيطية على الانواع في قيد الدراسة


Article
Screening the Periodontal Health Status and Oral Hygiene Practice in Preschool and Primary School Children
استطلاع الحالة الصحية اللثوية والطرق المتبعة لتنظيف الاسنان لدى الاطفال بعمر 4 - 12 سنة

Author: Basma F. Alanbari بسمة فتحي الانباري
Journal: Al-Rafidain University College For Sciences مجلة كلية الرافدين الجامعة للعلوم ISSN: 16816870 Year: 2016 Issue: 38 Pages: 81-96
Publisher: Rafidain University College كلية الرافدين الجامعة

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal health status and oral hygiene practices among 4-12 year old children.Materials and Methods: A total of 300 children aged from 4-12 years old, 144 males & 156 females constituted the study population. The study was conducted at dental clinic of Pedodontic & preventive department at al Rafidain College of dentistry, Baghdad/Iraq. Periodontal health status of the sample was examined using plaque and gingival indices and oral hygiene practice-related information was gathered by direct interviews.Results: both PI & GI means value showed fluctuation within the three age groups. With the highest value reported in the 7-9 years old children of both genders. Both periodontal parameters were of higher values in the females children. The frequency of tooth brushing showed a positive correlation with age and a negative correlation with both PI&GI. The gingival inflammation assessment showed that mild gingivitis is the most prevalent type of gingivitis within the three age groups with the highest prevalence in the 7-9 years old group of both genders. Regarding oral hygiene performance. Majority of the children 171 (57%) practice daily oral hygiene, with the females showing higher percentage of tooth brushing performance. among whom 35% brushed twice/day and 65% brushed once/day. Out of the children who brushed their teeth 42% brushed at night,23% early in the morning and 35% at both timing, 62% used the horizontal tooth brushing method and the rest 38% used the vertical method. None of the screened children practiced dental flossing.Conclusion: Despite the daily oral hygiene practiced by the majority of children in the sample , mild gingivitis was prevalent therefore parents ,caregivers& teachers should be targeted during oral health education campaigns to encourage them to teach the correct tooth brushing habits to the children. We suggest that school based oral health promotion and education programmes should be instituted to give positive reinforcement of the oral hygiene practices the child may have learnt at home and to educate those who had never brushed their teeth before starting primary school.

اهداف الدراسة: تقييم الحالة الصحية اللثوية والنظام الصحي المعتمد للحفاظ على نظافة الاسنان لدى الاطفال بعمر4-12 سنة.المواد والطرق: ضمت العينة الدراسية ما مجموعه 300 طفل تتراوح اعمارهم ما بين 4-12 سنة, 144 كانوا ذكور و الباقي 156 كن اناث. الحالة الصحية اللثوية للاطفال تم تقييمها عن طريق موشر الصفيحة البكتيرية والمؤشر اللثوي اما المعلومات المتعلقة بالنظام المعتمد لتنظيف الاسنان فتم جمعها عن طريق المقابلة المباشرة بين الباحث والاطفال.النتائج: كلا من مؤشر الصفيحة البكتيرية والمؤشر اللثوي اظهرا تذبذبا بين المراحل العمرية المختلفة ولكلا الجنسين, مع تسجيل اعلى القيم لكلا المؤشرين المذكورين للمرحلة العمرية ذات ال 7- 9 سنوات من كلا الجنسين. كلا الممؤشرين كانا ذوي قيم اعلى لدى الاناث مقارنة باقرانهم من الذكور. كان معدل تنظيف الاسنان بالفرشاة قد اظهر زيادة طردية مع تقدم الاطفال بالعمر وبينما كان له علاقة عكسية مع مؤشرات الصحة اللثوية المذكورة. التهاب اللثة من النوع البسيط كان هو الاكثر انتشارا بين الاطفال و خصوصا في عمر 7 - 9 سنوات لكلا الجنسين. فيما يخص النظام المتبع لتنظيف الاسنان من قبل الاطفال فالاغلبية 171(57%) قاموا بتنظيف اسنانهم بالفرشاة مع اغلبية انثوية. 35% من الاطفال استعملوا الفرشاة مرتان يوميا و65% مرة واحدة. 42% من الاطفال قاموا بتنظيف الاسنان ليلا قبل الخلود للنوم و23% نهارا بعد الافطار و 35% من الاطفال قام بتنظيف اسنانهم في كلا التوقيتين. 62% من الاطفال استعملوا طريقة تفريش الاسنان الافقية بينما استعمل البقية ونسبتهم 38% استعملوا الطريقة العمودية. لم يستعمل اي من الاطفال الذين شملتهم الدراسة ادوات تنظيف ما بين الاسنان.الاستنتاج: بالرغم من تنظيف الاسنان اليومي من قبل غالببية الشريحة التي شملتهم الدراسة الا ان التهاب اللثة من النوع البسيط اظهر انتشارا عاليا لذلك فان الاهل و مقدمي الرعاية للاطفال في المدارس يجب ان يكونوا الهدف لبرامج التوعية الصحية وحملات زيادة الوعي لصحة الفم والاسنان بهدف نقل العادات الصحية السليمة للاطفال و زيادو وعيهم و تثقيفهم حول امراض الاسنان .

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