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Article
The role of the evolution of the installation of the economic sectors of the Iraqi economy in the process of economic growth after 2003
دور تطور تركيب القطاعات الاقتصادية للاقتصاد العراقي في عملية النمو الاقتصادي بعد 2003

Author: Muhannad Khamis مهند خميس
Journal: AL-Anbar University journal of Economic and Administration Sciences مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الاقتصادية والادارية ISSN: 19988141 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 16 Pages: 341-360
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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The process of developing the production sectors of the economy have become influential forces in most countries of the world, especially in developed countries, in particular developing countries in general, because they contribute to the economic growth of the country by providing the largest number of operating and the labor force and contribute to the value of Alantah GDP and other opportunities..Show Find a decrease percentage contribution of these sectors to the GDP results gradually, especially after the year 2003 and the fall of the regime, he is still Economics Rei (unilateral) Despite the availability of Almwardalaadidh and diverse potentials in it, therefore, the adoption of appropriate and effective for the state of the Iraqi economy and its sectors basic Strategies with the appropriate environment provides so would lead to reduce dependence on the oil sector in the formation of the gross domestic product and increase the proportion of the contribution of other economic sectors such as agriculture and industry which leads to raise the productivity of constituent economic sectors of the Iraqi economy and the thus increasing gross domestic product, which in turn addresses the problems that passes the Iraqi economy in general..


Article
Evaluation of The Response of Children with Short Stature to A Six Months Treatment with Recombinant Human Growth Hormone

Author: Abdulabbas Abduon Hadi
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2569-2574
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Human Growth hormone (GH) is 191amino acids protein , gene located on long arm of chromosome 17. its secretion is under control of 2 hypothalamic hormones: growth hormone releasing hormone(GHRH) and somatostatin. Growth hormone is a major promoter of anabolism, its effects on growth are believed to be indirect ,being mediated through peptides called somatomedins or insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) that in turn mediate many of the growth promoting effects of Growth hormone . Recent advances have focused on biological actions of IGFs & their six well defined binding proteins (IGFBPs), the major one is IGF-BP3 which decreased in GH-deficient children. IGFs are GH-dependent serum peptide with potent metabolic & mitogenic activities believed to be responsible for growth effects of GH, they stimulate cellular replication & differentiation . Objective: To evaluate the difference in the response of the children with short stature (of different causes) to a six months treatment with recombinant human GH .Patients And Methods: this is a prospective study in which a total no. of 84 pt (with age ranging from 4-20 years) were included. They were presenting to the endocrine clinic in Al-Mansour teaching hospital for children in 2002 with short stature & growth delay. After the final diagnosis was made, all pt were treated by recombinant GH (in a dose of 0.1-0.2 unit/kg / day) by subcutaneous or intramuscular route at night time (7-8pm) , After completing 6 months of treatment with GH, the patients were evaluated again for height and height velocity, weight, bone age, height age, sexual maturity rate, testicles and phallus in male. Results: There was no significant difference in response to the therapy between male and female ; the mean height velocity in male was 9.37 +/-3.99 cm / year (ranging from 1-19 cm) and the mean height velocity in female was 9.90 +/-4.39 cm / year ranging from 3-20 cm . Conclusion: Growth hormone therapy is effective in increasing the height velocity in most patients with short stature and it should be initiated as early as possible to improve height as much as possible.


Article
Morphological changes of the placentae from anaemic pregnant women associated with intrauterine growth restriction

Author: Mareb H. Ahmed, Dr. Abduljaber Y. Alhubaity
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2016 Volume: 2 Issue: 2
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract


Article
Preparation of Highly Pure Nanostructures by Reactive DC Magnetron Sputtering Technique
تحضير تراكيب نانوية عالية النقاوة باستخدام تقنية الترذيذ التفاعلي المستمر

Authors: Firas J. Kadhim --- Oday A. Hammadi --- Mohammed K. Khalaf --- Bahaa T. Chiad
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 27-34
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

In this work, metal oxide and nitride nanostructures were prepared by reactive dc magnetron sputtering technique. These nanostructures were synthesized from metal oxide such as NiO and nitride such as Si3N4 for functional materials applications. The prepared nanostructures were diagnosed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the prepared nanostructures are highly pure, which is ascribed to the featured characteristics of magnetron sputtering technique for such purposes.


Article
Growth Vocabulary Size of Some College English Language Students
نمو حجم المفردات لبعض طلبة كلية تخصص لغة الانكليزية

Author: Khalid Wahaab Jabber خالد وهاب جبر
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 29 Pages: 200-212
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

AbstractThis study is an attempt to measure the growth of vocabulary size of some undergraduate students majoring English language. Forty five students were selected randomly from English department/third year at the College of Basic Education/Misan University. Vocabulary Size Test developed by Paul Nation was selected to test the students. The Students were received this test (140 items) twice at the beginning and ending of one academic year. The results indicated that there is no significant growth of high, mid, and low vocabulary size found during the period of testing.

هذه الدراسة هي محاولة لقياس نمو حجم المفردات لبعض طلبة البكالوريوس تخصص لغة انكليزية.تم اختبار خمس وأربعون طالب عشوائيا من قسم اللغة الانكليزية/المرحلة الثالثة في كلية التربيةالأساسية/جامعة ميسان. اختير اختبار VST) ) Vocabulary Size Test الذي طور من قبل الأستاذباول نيشن لاختبار الطلبة .اجري الاختبار والذي يتألف من ) 140 فقره( على الطلبة مرتين في بداية وفينهاية سنه اكاديمية واحدة.أشارت النتائج بان لا يجود فارق معنوي في نمو المفردات الانكليزية بأنواعهاالعالية التردد والمتوسطة التردد والواطئة التردد خلال فترة الاختبار.


Article
Maternal Hemoglobin Level and Neonatal Growth Parameters

Authors: Hussein Fadhil Aljawadi --- Esraa Abd Al-Muhsen Ali
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 30 Pages: 12-19
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

Abstract:Introduction: Anemia is a common pathologic problem in pregnant women,about 52% of child bearing women are anemic in developing countries and it iscaused by nutritional deficiency as well as physiological derangement. WorldHealth Organization recommends that hemoglobin level should not fall below11g/dL at any age during child bearing time.Aim of study:To determine the effect of maternal hemoglobin level on the outcome ofneonate in form of length, weight and head circumference.Method : 200 singleton pregnant women were included in this cross sectionalstudy at Al-Sader Teaching Hospital in Misan Province, Iraq during the periodfrom June 2015 to December 2015.Measuring their hemoglobin levels at time of delivery then measuring length,weight and head circumference for their newborns.Result and conclusion: A 66% of pregnant women were anemic and therewas a significant association between maternal anemia and low neonatal growthparameters.Recommendations: Education program for nutritional support of pregnant women. Education about the importance of antenatal care. Revision of policies of mother and child care at primary health centers


Article
The Role of Islamic Accounting in the Banking Development of Islamic countries Case: Iraqi Islamic Banks

Author: Mustafa. O . Abid Al-kadim
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 30 Pages: 88-103
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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AbstractToday, Islamic banks are facing great challenge to successfully serve the Islamicsocieties in a way to increase the economic growth significantly. The clients inMuslim countries around the world currently represent an enormous opportunity forthose willing to overcome financial challenges. The two dimension of Islamicaccounting where applied in this research; Islamic Cost Accounting and Amanah.Theproblem for search is the inability to identify the suitable accounting systems inIslamic banks operating in Iraq. Iraq is one of the Muslim countries that face a greatchallenge in dealing with lack of understanding to Islamic accounting system. Inaddition to that it is found that the functional models for utilizing Islamic products arenot effective to attract clients for Islamic accounting system. The aim of this study isto examine the relationship between ‘Islamic cost accounting’and ‘Amanah’ togetheron the development in banking sector in Iraq represented in economic growth. Theresult showed that the influence of these two variables on economic growth issignificant and important to Islamic banking in Iraq. It is concluded that the Islamic89financial accounting system is very important because it encourages investment alsoit improves capital allocation efficiency and the allocation of funds is a matter ofsuccess of the project.


Article
Effect of smoking on maternal serum level of Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) in threatened abortion women

Author: Sura Abdul Kareem Esmat
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 168-172
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: Threatened abortion can defined as failure of pregnancy and vaginal bleeding and this occur before twentieth weeks of pregnancy Objective: To assess Placental Growth Factor level in smoker mothers with threatened abortion and normal pregnant women.Patients & Method: Case control study on seventy two women were included in this study, all women attended to Obstetrics and Gynecology department / Alyarmook hospital during period from December 2015 to March 2016.Subjects were divided into two groups (1) Normal pregnant women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks: 36 women serve as control group (2) Threatened abortion women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks with vaginal bleeding: 36 women serve as patient group. Women with cigarette smoking were included in this study. Serum samples were analyzed by using (ELISA).Results: There was significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker threatened abortion women group (p value <0.05), there was no significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker normal pregnant women group (p value >0.05).Conclusion: Increasing gene expression of Placental Growth factor in trophoblast villi by smoking in early pregnancy lead to increase synthesis of PlGF in spite of increase oxygen concentration that leads to increase smoker maternal serum level of Placental Growth factor.


Article
Effect of Plant Density and Growth Stages on Some Growth Traits and Fodder Yield of Two Millet Species Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum)
تأثير الكثافة النباتية وطور النمو في بعض صفات النمو وحاصل العلف الاخضر لنوعين من الدخن Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum)

Authors: Ayman S. Abdullah ايمن صبحي عبدالله --- Abbas M. AL-Hassan عباس مهدي الحسن
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 18131646 Year: 2016 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 43-53
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The experiment was carried out at Field crops Dept. fields - College of Agriculture - Tikrit University in summer season 2013, to study effect of three plant densities (200000, 400000 and 600000 plant/ha) and growth stages at clipping time( jointing stage , booting stage and 50% flowering stage) on growth traits and fodder yield of millet varieties, Nutrifeed (Pearl millet) Pennisetum glaucum and Local variety (Proso millet) Panicum miliaceum.The experiment designed by R.C.B.D with three replicates. The results can be summarized as following: The plant densities have no significant effect in all growth traits and fodder yield. Also the 50% flowering stage surpass in plant height (135.46 cm), stem diameter (0.83cm), number of tillers/plant (3.72), leaf area (133.14cm2), green forage yield (35.29 t/ha), and green leaves yield (15.58 t/ha). While proceed jointing stage in green leaves Percentage (93.54%). Nutrifeed superior significantly in plant height (113.59 cm), stem diameter (0.63 cm), number of tillers/plant (3.37), leaf area (144.88 cm2 ), green forage yield (26.55 t/ha), green leaves yield (19.66 t/ha), dry matter (23.82%), and dry matter yield (6.32 t/ha). It gave the overlap between Nutrifeed × 50% flowering stage highest significant values of plant height (189.54 cm) and stem diameter (1.20 cm) and the number of tillers / plant (4.66), leaf area (226.78 cm2) and fodder yield (60.85 t/ha) green leaves yield (26.67 t/ha) and dry matter (32.52%) and dry matter yield (19.79 t/ha), while the rest interactions of study factors were not affecting on growth and yield traits.

نفذت التجربة في حقول قسم المحاصيل الحقلية – كلية الزراعة – جامعة تكريت في صيف 2013 لدراسة تأثير ثلاثة كثافات نباتية (200 ،400 و 600 الف نبات /هـ ) والحش عند ثلاثة اطوار من النمو ( طور التعقد ، طور البطان وطور50 % تزهير) في بعض صفات النمو وحاصل العلف لهجين الدخن }Nutrifeed التابع للدخن اللؤلؤي (Pearl millet) Pennisetum glaucum والصنف المحلي التابع لدخن البروسو (Proso millet) { Panicum miliaceum. نفذت التجربة وفق تصميم القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة وبثلاثة مكررات.لم تظهر فروقاً معنوية بين متوسطات الكثافة النباتية ، بينما أظهرت النتائج تفوق مرحلة الحش عند تزهير 50% في ارتفاع النبات (135.46 سم) وقطر الساق(0.83 سم) وعدد الاشطاء /نبات (a3.72 شطأ/نبات) والمساحة الورقية (133.14 سم2) وحاصل العلف الاخضر (35.29 طن/هـ) وحاصل الاوراق الخضراء (15.58 طن/هـ) ونسبة وحاصل المادة الجافة (24.17%) و (8.53 طن/هـ). بينما تفوق الحش في مرحلة التعقد في النسبة المئوية للأوراق الخضراء (93.54%). تفوق الهجين Nutrifeed معنويا في ارتفاع النبات (113.59 سم) وقطر الساق (0.63 سم) وعدد الاشطاء/نبات (3.37) والمساحة الورقية (144.88 سم2) وحاصل العلف الاخضر (26.55 طن/هـ) وحاصل الاوراق الخضراء (19.66 طن/هـ) ونسبة وحاصل المادة الجافة (23.82%) و (6.32 طن/هـ).أعطى التداخل بين الهجين Nutrifeed × طور 50% ازهار اعلى القيم المعنوية لارتفاع النبات (189.54 سم) و قطر الساق (1.20 سم) وعدد الاشطاء /نبات (4.66 شطأ/نبات) والمساحة الورقية (226.78 سم2) وحاصل العلف الاخضر(60.85 طن/هـ) وحاصل الاوراق الخضراء (26.67 طن/هـ) ونسبة المادة الجافة(32.52%) وحاصل المادة الجافة (19.79 طن/هـ)، بينما لم تؤثر بقية تداخلات عوامل الدراسة على صفات النمو والحاصل.


Article
Comparism study to some vegetative and flowering parameters of four Zea mays L. varieties
دراسة مقارنة لبعض مؤشرات النمو الخضري و التزهير لأربعة أصناف من الذرة الصفراء Zea mays L.

Authors: Sabiha Hasson Kadhum صبيحة حسون كاظم --- Rana Rais Arrak رنا ريس عراك
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 151-163
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Field experiment was conducted to study some vegetative and flowering parameters for four varieties of Zea mays in Al-wtafiya region/Alskandaria district / 35 km north of Babylon province, during spring and autumn season of 2014, the varieties were (Espani , 5018 , Hollandy , and 5012) , applied in RCBD with 3 replication . The spring season results noted that the variety 5018 gave shorter period from emergence to 75% male and female flowering (49.30 and 55.30 days respectively), higher plant height (208.40 cm) , higher stem diameter(22.9 mm) , while the variety Hollandy gave high value of leaf area (0.5498 m2) and 5012 gave high value in cone high (116.87 cm). In autumn season 5018 gave shorter period from emergence to 75% male and female flowering , high value of plant height , leaf area , stem diameter (53.10, 55.60 days, 210.30 cm, 0.5302 m2 , and 20.9 mm respectively) , while Hollandy variety gave high value in cone high (112.65cm).

نفذت تجربة حقلية لدراسة بعض مؤشرات النمو الخضري والزهري لأربعة أصناف من الذرة الصفراء في منطقة الوطيفية / ناحية الاسكندرية / شمال محافظة بابل 35 كم وللعروتين الربيعية والخريفية لموسم 2014 ، استعملت فيها أربعة اصناف هي (اسباني ، 5018 ، هولندي ، 5012) ، طبقت التجربة وفق تصميم القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة R.C.B.D وبثلاث مكررات. أشارت النتائج في العروة الربيعية الى تفوق الصنف 5018 في إعطاء اقل فترة من الزراعة إلى تزهير 75% ذكريا وانثويا بلغت 49.30 و 55.60 يوم بالتتابع وأعلى متوسط لارتفاع للنبات بلغ 208.40 سم وأعلى متوسط لقطر الساق بلغ 22.9 ملم وأعلى متوسط للمساحة الورقية كانت للصنف الهولندي بلغت 0.5489 م2، فيما تفوق الصنف 5012 في إعطاء أعلى متوسط لارتفاع للعرنوص بلغ 116.87سم . أما نتائج العروة الخريفية فكان التفوق في صفة التزهير الذكري و الأنثوي وارتفاع النبات والمساحة الورقية وقطر الساق للصنف 5018 بمتوسطات بلغت 53.10يوم ،55.60يوم ،210.30 سم ،0.5302 م2،20.9 ملم بالتتابع فيما تفوق الصنف هولندي في إعطاء أعلى متوسط لارتفاع العرنوص بلغ 112.65سم.

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