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Article
EFFECT OF CHITOSAN AND DEXTRIN COMBINATION ON EXPERIMENTALLY-INDUCED THERMAL INJURY IN RABBITS

Authors: Noor A.M. Hassan نور احمد محمد حسن --- Abdulkareem H. Abd عبد الكريم حميد عبد --- Bahaa F. Hussein بهاء فخري حسين
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-130
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Burn is a major health problem, life threatening with a high mortality and morbidity; Chitosan and its formulations are used as a topical dressing in wounds and burns management due to its nontoxic, hemostatic, healing stimulant, antimicrobial, biocompatible and biodegradable properties as well as its vehicle use to deliver biopharmaceuticals, antimicrobials and growth factors into tissue.Objective:To evaluate the effects of chitosan-dextrin combination on induced burn in rabbits.Method:Forty domestic male rabbits, weighing 1250-1750 kg were divided into five groups, each of eight animals: AH group: apparently healthy rabbits, BWT group: left with no treatment, AR group: treated with Aqua Rosea, AG-S group: treated with silver sulfadiazine cream and CH-D group: treated with chitosan – dextrin combination; all animals (except AH group) wereinduced burn and treatedtopically on burned area once daily for 28days. Tissue levels ofvascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and skin histological examination.Results: Histopathological evaluation showed enhances inflammatory response, vascularization, granulation tissue formation, and collage deposition due to the appropriate regulation of TNF-α and VEGF.Conclusion:Topical use of chitosan – dextrin combinationshowed effective and enhance wound healing activities.Key words:Thermal injury, burn, chitosan, dextrin.

Keywords

Thermal injury --- burn --- chitosan --- dextrin.


Article
No Tie Technique Using Harmonic Scalpel for Thyroidectomy Versus Conventional Technique (A Prospective Study)

Author: Ali Azeez Ali
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 2316-2323
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: The pioneers of thyroid surgery, Theodor Kocher and Theodor Billroth, developed an acceptable technique of standardized thyroid surgery in the nineteenth century. It includes three basic principles: identification and ligation of the feeding vessels, identification and preservation of the laryngeal nerves and identification and preservation of the parathyroid glands. The basic surgical instruments have not significantly changed, the main innovations are new methods of coagulation and vascular section.Aim: to compare the outcomes of total thyroidectomy and lobectomy, utilizing the conventional hemostatic technique (CH) and harmonic scalpel technique (HS).Patients and Methods: This study was carried at Al-Hussein medical city. In one group the tie and ligature technique was applied and the new harmonic scalpel technique was applied to the other group.The study variables are: operative time, post-operative drainage volume, recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) status and total serum calcium level in total thyroidectomy group.Student’s t test was used to compare quantitative variables, chi square test was to compare qualitative variables.Results: Seventy patients were included in this study, 40 patients had total thyroidectomy, and 30 patients underwent lobectomy.The mean operative time, in the total thyroidectomy group, was 83.4±13.2 minutes versus 60.3±5.3 minutes in the CH and HS respectively. And it was statistically significant. In the lobectomy group, the mean operative Time was 47.8±7.3 minute versus 38.8±6.8 minute in the CH and HS respectively. It was statistically significant.Post-operative drainage, in the total thyroidectomy group, was 128.6 ± 11.1 ml versus 98.1± 10.3 ml in the CH and HS group respectively. In the lobectomy group, it was 116.4±21.1 ml versus 62.8±8.6 ml in the CH and HS group respectively. And both are highly significant.Regarding RLN palsy, in the total thyroidectomy group, 2 patients out of 20 with CH versus 3 out of 20 with HS, sustained RLN palsy but statistically was non-significant. In the lobectomy group, 2 patients out of 14 with CH versus zero out of 16 patients with HS sustained RLN palsy also was non-significant.Regarding hypocalcaemia, in the total thyroidectomy group, 4 patients out of 20 with CH versus 3 patients out of 20 in the HS group developed post-operative hypocalcaemia and was statistically non-significant. Conclusion: Harmonic scalpel is a relatively safe, effective hemostatic tool in thyroid surgery. Complications are no more than that of conventional hemostatic technique.


Article
Study the Effect of Seasonal Influenza Virus Infection on Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Acute Kidney Injury

Author: Maysoon Mohammad Najeeb Mohammad Saleem
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2016 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 8-17
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Influenza is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease of global importance that has caused epidemics and pandemics of human disease for centuries [1]. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of seasonal influenza virus infection on heart and kidney diseases. To investigate the effect of seasonal influenza virus infectionon acute myocardial infarction and acute kidney injury. The study enrolled a total of 178 subjects, involved 150 patients with influenza virus infection and with heart and kidney diseases, they were consisted of two group, the first investigated group was 101 patients with influenza and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), consisted of G1 of 41 patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction, G2 involved 32 patients infected with influenza and G3 were formed of 28 patients of acute myocardial infarction with influenza, they were compared with 14 normal healthy individual. The second group consisted of 49 patients with acute kidney injury AKI, G1 involved 10 patients suffering from acute kidney injury AKI, G2 were 19 patients suffering from mixed influenza virus infection according to physician reports, and G3 were 20 patients of influenza with acute kidney injury AKI they were compared with 14 normal healthy subjects. Patients with influenza and AMI were investigated for the activities of enzymes lactate dehydrogenase LDH and creatine kinase CK. Patients with influenza and AKI were evaluated for urea, uric acid, creatinine, total protein, albumin, globulin, and enzymes activities of amylase, gammaglutamyl transferase (GGT) and (CK) and LDH. They were compared with normal healthy individual. All the specimens of patients with influenza were obtained from different laboratories hospitals in Baghdad. Statistical analysis shows that there was very highly significant increase for enzymes activities LDH and CK activities (P ˂ 0.001) for patients of G1 acute myocardial infarction, G2 influenza and, G3 influenza with AMI in comparison with normal healthy. The result for patients of G1 with acute kidney injury AKI show very highly significant increase in the enzymes activities of amylase, gammaglutamyl transferase, creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase (P ˂ 0.001) and in the concentration of urea, creatinine and uric acid ,and very highly significant decrease in total protein, albumin, and globulin (P ˂ 0.001) as compared with normal healthy individual. Patient of G2 suffering from influenza disease show very highly significant increase in the enzyme s activities of CK, LDH, and albumin (P ˂ 0.001).Highly significant change in protein, urea, creatinine and uric acid in comparing with normal healthy. Infection of influenza virus is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with heart and kidney diseases than in normal healthy persons. This may be because of inherently altered activity of the immune system. In our cohort of patients with influenza virus infection, patients who are suffering from influenza must be investigated for heart disease acute myocardial infarction ,acute kidney diseases, people with chronic medical disorders such as cardiovascular disease are particularly at risk.

الانفلونزا مرض وبائى ناقل للعدوى بشدة عن طريق جهاز التنفسي و ذو اهمية عالمية ويسبب وباء شامل و عام منذ قرون عديدة. الهدف من البحث يوضح تأثير الاصابة بفيروس الانفلونزا المختلط وامراض مختلفة لحالات الجلطة القلبية الحادة و التهاب الكلية الحاد. تضمنت الدراسة 178 عينة وشملت 150 مريض مصاب بالانفلونزا و امراض القلب والكلية, وتكونت من مجموعتين, المجموعة الاولى تم اختبار (101) مريضا مصابين بمرض الانفلونزا والجلطة القلبية الحادة, وتكونت من G1 وهم 41 مريضا يعانون من الجلطة القلبية الحادة،G2 تضمنت 32 مريضا مصابين بالتهاب الانفلونزا, و G3 تكونت من 28 مريضا مصابين بالجلطة القلبية الحادة و التهاب الانفلونزا. و تمت مقارنتهم مع 14 عينة من الاشخاص الاصحاء. المجموعة الثانية تكونت من 49 مريض مصابين بأمراض الكلية الحاد, G1 شملت 10 عينات لمرضى يعانون من التهاب الكلية الحادة , G2 المجموعة الثانية تضمنت 19 مريض يعانون من الاصابة بفيروس الانفلونزا, و G3 هم 20 مريض مصاب بالانفلونزا والتهاب الكلية الحاد, تمت مقارنتهم مع 14 عينة من الاشخاص الاصحاء. وتم تقدير فعالية انزيمات اللاكتيت ديهايدروجينيز والكرياتين كاينيز في امصال المرضى المصابين بفيروس الانفلونزا والجلطة القلبية الحادة و المرضى المصابين بامراض الكلية الحادة والانفلزنزا. و تم تقدير تراكيز اليوريا, وحامض اليوريك و تراكيز البروتين, الالبومين, الكلوبيولين وفعالية الانزيمات الامليز, كاما كلوتامايل ترانسفريز و الللاكتيت د يهايدروجينيز والكرياتين كاينيز, وتمت مقارنتهم مع 14 عينة للاشخاص الاصحاء و جمعت العينات من المستشفيات المختلفة في بغداد. اظهرت النتائج انه هناك ارتفاع احصائي ملحوظ لفعالية كل من الانزيمات الللاكتيت ديها يدروجينيز والكرياتين كاينيز P< 0.001 لكل من المجاميع الثلاثة المصابين بالجلطة القلبية بمقارنتهم مع 14 عينة من الاشخاص الاصحاء الاصحاء. و بينت نتائج مرضى التهاب الكلية الحاد للمجموعه الاولى زيادة ملحوظة لفعالية الانزيمات الامليز,كاما كلوتامايل ترانسفريز, الللاكتيت ديها يدروجينيز والكرياتين كاينز P< 0.001, وتراكيز اليوريا, كرياتنين وحامض اليوريك. لقد لوحظ انخفاض احصائي ملحــــــوظ فى تراكيـــــز البروتيـــــن, الالبوميـــن و الكلوبيولين P<0.001 بمقارنتهم مع 14 عينة من الاشخاص الاصحاء. مرضى المجموعه الثانية المصابين بالانفلونزا لوحظ ارتفاع ملحوظ لفعالية الانزيمات LDH,CK والالبومين وزيادة فى تراكيز البروتين, وتراكيز اليوريا كرياتنين, وحامض اليوريك. اما المجموعة الثالثة G3 هناك ارتفاع فى الانزيمات, اليوريا, كرياتنين وحامض اليوريك وانخفاض فى البروتين بمقارنتهم مع الاشخاص الاصحاء, ان الاصابة بمرض الانفلونزا الفيروسى هو احد الاسباب المؤدية لانخفاض وتغيير فعالية الجهاز المناعى والاصابة بمرض القلب وامراض الكلية وزيادة نسبة الوفيات، نستنتج انه مجموعة المرضى المصابين بالتهاب الانفلونزا الفيروسى يجب فحصهم لامراض القلب والكلية و الاشخاص الذين لديهم اعتلال جسدي مزمن كأمراض القلب او أمراض اخرى معرضين للخطر للاصابة بمرض الانفلونزا.


Article
Comparative study between two patterns of percutaneous K-wire fixation of supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children

Author: Mushtaq Talib Hussein
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 14-19
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Supracondylar fracture of the humerus is the second most common fracture in children. Failure to execute a appropriate treatment plan for these fractures may lead tovarus malunion. For that closed reduction and percutaneous pinning is the treatment of choice. Percutaneous K-wire fixation can be inserted either in a cross medial-lateral pattern or through a lateral entry only with each method having its advantage and disadvantage. Aim: Is to evaluate the results of two lateral parallel pin fixation versus cross medial lateral pin fixation in displaced supracondylar humerus fracture in children regarding complications (especially iatrogenic nerve injury, cubitus varus deformity), technique and other concepts. Patients and method: Between March 2010 to May2014, forty _ three (38) patients at Al-Yarmouk Teaching hospital were collected from emergency unite and from orthopedic outpatient to undergo surgery for displaced supracondylar fracture humerus (type B , C) according to gartland classification. it was an urgent operation with less than 24 hours, traumatic posterior supracondylar fracture humerus(type B,C) with no vascular or nerve injury for children aged less than 12 years old. They were divided into two groups [Group I(20 patients) closed reduction and percutaneous two lateral parallel k_wire fixation] and[Group II(18 patients) with two cross medial_ lateral k_wire fixation] and we compare the results between the two groups post operatively. Results: There were significant differences(P-value=0.0078)regarding complications postoperatively , there were typical cubitus varus deformity 2{10%} in group I while there were no such complication{0%} in group II, while we report one case {5.55%} with ulnar nerve neuropraxia in group II. Regarding functional results; there were significant differences between the two groups, we reported excellent results 11{55%} in group I, while it was 13{72.22%} in group II, good results were about 5{25%} in group I ,while it was 4{27.77%} in group II, fair results 2{10%} in group I, 1{5.55%} in group II. In addition there were significant poor results in group I as we reported 2 cases{10%} in group I, while there were no such results{ 0%} in group II. Conclusion: Closed reduction and medial-lateral percutaneous K-wire fixation is the treatment of choice for displaced pediatric supracondylar fractures of the humerus with extra precautions during medial wire insertion..


Article
Prevalence of CT Scan Findings in Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury with Respect to Glasgow Coma Scale

Author: Wasan Ismail Majeed Al-Saadi *, Ihssan Subhi Nema**, Yasir Mohammed Hamandi **, Hashim Hassan Abed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 259-265
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contribute to a significant mortality and substantial morbidity. CT isessential for identifying lesions requiring urgent intervention & those that require observation andnon surgical management .OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence of CT findings with respect to the severity of TBI & to find out therelation between the age of the patient & the severity of TBI.PATIENTS AND METHODS:100 patients with TBI evaluated by brain CT. All age groups with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) ofless than 15 were included.The abnormal CT findings were evaluated & recorded. The findings werefurther correlated with the patient`s age & the GCS scoreRESULTS:Eighty percent of the cases had mild TBI, 6% had moderate TBI and 14% had severe TBI. Ninetythree percent had closed type of injury . Twenty four percent of the patients had normal CT scan ,all of them had mild TBI . The most common CT findings in mild TBI cases were subgalialhaematoma(SGH) & calvarial skull fracture, with minority of cases had cerebral contusion , fracturebase of skull , diffuse cerebral oedema & intracranial haemorrhage . Two third of patients withmoderate TBI had subarachnoid haemorrhage(SAH) & cerebral contusion, 50% had diffusecerebral oedema, calvarial skull fracture,& 1/3 had Subdural haematoma & fracture base of skull.More than half of patients with severe TBI had calvarial skull fracture, fracture base of skull,cerebral contusion, SAH, with lower prevalence of diffuse cerebral oedema,and intracranialhaemorrhage.CONCLUSION:The lower the GCS score, the more significant CT findings,predominantly fracture base of skull,subarachnoid haemorrhage and diffuse cerebral oedema.KEY WORDS: traumatic brain injury, computed tomography, glasgow coma scale.


Article
Comparative study between Harmonic FOCUSTM to clamp and tie technique for total thyroidectomy
دراسة مقارنة بين الهارمونك فوكس والطرق التقليدية في اجراء عملية استئصال الغدة الدرقية بالكامل

Authors: Adil K. Saloom د. عادل كامل سلوم --- Mohammed Q. AbdulJabbar --- .د. محمد قاسم عبد الجبار
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2016 Volume: 58 Issue: 3 Pages: 241-244
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract:Background: Thyroid surgery has undergone many changes during the past 2 decades, including the introduction of new surgical techniques such as endoscopic or video-assisted approaches, anesthesia care, intraoperative nerve monitoring and new hemostatic toolsObjectives: to assess the efficacy and safety of Harmonic Focus shears in total thyroidectomy compared with conventional surgical technique.Patients and methods: prospective study conducted from October 2011 till January 2016, two handers and nine patients with benign and malignant thyroid diseases, scheduled for total thyroidectomy in a governor and private hospitals were enrolled randomly into 2 groups, group A consists of 105 patient who undergone a total thyroidectomy using a harmonic FOCUSTM , and group B consists of 104 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with conventional surgical technique.Results: Eleven patients had papillary thyroid carcinoma: 6 (5.7%) of them in group A and 5(4.8%) in group B. Eighty seven (82.9%) patients in group A had non toxic MNG, and 12(11.4%) patients had toxic MNG, 90 (86.5%) patients in group B had non toxic MNG while the other 9 (8.7%) had toxic MNG. Mean operative time was significantly lower in group A compared to Group B (100+/- 34 vs. 119+/- 30mins, respectively). In group A mean calcium level at first post-operative day was 8.36 +/- 0.54 mg/dl. In group B mean value was 8.12+/- 0.56 mg/dl. This difference was not statistically significant. There were no significant difference between the two groups concerning transient hypocalcemia requiring calcium and Vitamin D therapy: 11(10.5%) patients in group A versus 12(11.5%) in group B. No permanent hypocalcemia was found in both groups. Two patients had transient vocal cord palsy in group A(1.9%) versus 3 patients in group B (2.8%)Conclusions: The HF is a reliable, comfortable and safe instrument alternative to knot tying technique, very suitable hand-piece for total thyroidectomy. It creates a clean, bloodless surgical field, and there is an advantage for the surgeon to use a single tool for both dissection and hemostasis. Moreover, the HF is a time-saving option, allowing for a significant reduction of operative time, without affecting parathyroid function, need for medical therapy, and hemostasis in the early post-operative period.Keywords: Harmonic Focus, Total thyroidectomy, hypocalcemia, operative time, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.

خلفية علمية: جراحة الغدة الدرقية شهدت العديد من التغيرات خلال العقدين الماضيين، بما في ذلك إدخال تقنيات جراحية جديدة مثل اجراء العملية بالمنظار واستخدام الهارمونك ، طرق متقدمة في التخدير ومراقبة الأعصاب أثناء العملية الهدف من الدراسة: تقييم فعالية وسلامة الهارمونك فوكس في اجراء عملية استئصال الغدة الدرقية بالمقارنة مع الطرق التقليدية.المرضى والطرق: دراسة تقدمية أجريت في الفترة من تشرين الاول ٢٠١١ حتى كانون الاول ٢٠١٦، مستشفيات حكومية وأهلية , ٢٠٩ مريضا يعانون من أمراض الغدة الدرقية الحميدة والخبيثة، المرضى وزعوا إلى مجموعتين بصورة عشوائية ، المجموعة (أ) تتكون من ١٠٥ مريض خضعوا لاستئصال الغدة الدرقية الكلي باستخدام هارمونك فوكس ، والمجموعة الثانية(ب) تتكون من ١٠٤ مريضا خضعوا لاستئصال الغدة الدرقية الكلي مع تقنية الجراحة التقليدية.النتائج: أحد عشر مريضا كانوا يعانون من سرطان الغدة الدرقية الحليمي: ٦ (٥.٧٪) منهم في المجموعة (أ) و ٥ (٤.٨٪) منهم في المجموعة الثانية ,سبعة وثمانون (٨٢.9٪) من المرضى في المجموعة (أ) كانوا يعانون من تضخم الغدّة الدرقية متعددالفصوص غير السام، و ١٢ ( كان ١١.4٪) من المرضى كانوا يعانون من تضخم الغدة الدرقية متعددالفصوص السام ، ٩٠ (٨٦.5٪) من المرضى في المجموعة ( ب ) كانوا يعانون من تضخم الغدّة الدرقية متعددالفصوص غير السام ٩ (٨.7٪ ) كانوا يعانون من تضخم الغدة الدرقية متعدد الفصوص السام. كان الوقت العملية الكلي أقل بكثير في المجموعة (أ) مقارنة مع المجموعة الثانية (١٠٠ +/- ٣٤ مقابل ١١٩ +/- ٣٠ دقيقة)في المجموعة (أ) مستوى الكالسيوم في اليوم الأول كان ٨.36 +/- ٠.54 ملغ / ديسيلتر بعد الجراحة. في المجموعة (ب) كان مستوى الكالسيوم ٨.12 +/- ٠.56 ملغ / ديسيلتر. كان هذا الفرق لا يعتمد به إحصائيا.لم يكن هناك فرق كبير بين المجموعتين فيما يتعلق نقص الكالسيوم بالدم الذي تتطلب العلاج الكالسيوم وفيتامين (د): ١١ (١٠.5٪) من المرضى في المجموعة (أ) مقابل ١٢ (١١.5٪) في المجموعة الثانية ولم يوجد أي مريض أصيب بقصور الغدة جنب الدرقية الدائم في كلتا المجموعتين .مريضان من المجموعة (أ) عانوا من ضعف مؤقت في عَصّب الحنجرة الراجع(١.٩٪‏) بينما في المجموعة (ب) ثلاثة مرضى عانوا من ضعف مؤقت في عَصّب الحنجرة الراجع (٢.٨٪‏). الاستنتاجات: إن الهارمونك فوكس أمن وفعال ويمكن ان يكون بديل التقنية التقليدية , وهو مريح جدا باليد اثناء اجراء عملية استئصال الغدة الدرقية. وعلاوة على ذلك، فإن الهارمونك فوكس هو خيار يقلل وقت العملية ، ولايؤثر عَلى وظيفة الغدة جنب الدرقية ولا على العصب الحنجري الراجعكلمات البحث: هارمونك فوكس، استئصال الغدة الدرقية الكلي، نقص الكالسيوم في الدم، وقت العملية ، عَصّب الحنجرة الراجع


Article
أثر برنامج تأهيلي في علاج التهاب مرفق التنس Tennis elbow بحث تجريبي على الطالبات المصابات بأعمار ( 15 – 19 سنة )

Author: سندس سليم عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2016 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 1578-1582
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Rehabilitative programs of the modern era technologies. Because of their significant role in the treatment of infections own muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and inflammation of tennis elbow injuries that occur as a result of the use of hand and squeeze it frequently a result of the sustained effort and pressure on the facility, leading to tendinitis and thus adversely affect the hand as a result of feeling severe pain the injured party and extends to the wrist to the shoulder, and sometimes leads to the difficulty of the practice of sports, such as tennis and badminton games and the difficulty of using the computer, writing and sour injury unless there is a training program leading to the treatment of this injury. So we need to prepare rehabilitation programs to treat such an injury.

البرامج التأهيلية من تقنيات العصر الحديث . لما لها من دور كبير في علاج الاصابات الخاصة بالعضلات والمفاصل والاوتار والاربطة والغضاريف والتهاب مرفق التنس من الاصابات التي تحدث نتيجة استخدام اليد ، والضغط عليها بشكل متكرر أي نتيجة الجهد المستمر والضغط على المرفق مما يؤدي الى التهاب الوتر وبالتالي يؤثر سلباً على اليد وذلك نتيجة الشعور بالم شديد بالطرف المصاب ويمتد الى رسغ اليد واحياناً الى الكتف فيؤدي الى صعوبة ممارسة الالعاب الرياضية ، مثل العاب المضرب والريشة وصعوبة في استخدام الحاسوب والكتابة وتتأزم الاصابة ما لم يكن هنالك برنامج تأهيلي يؤدي الى علاج هذه الاصابة . لذلك نحتاج الى اعداد برامج تأهيلية لعلاج مثل هذه الاصابة .


Article
The Effects of the Exercises of the Suggested Therapy on the Rehabilitation of an ACL injury
أثر برنامج مقترح للتمرينات العلاجية في اعادة تأهيل اصابة الرباط الصليبي الامامي بمفصل الركبة

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is designing and implementing a therapy consisting of rehabilitation exercises. The researchers used the experimental methodology by setting one group for both pretests and posttests. The research population consists of two sporters with an ACL injury (aged between 24-30), and the research sample is selected purposively. This therapeutic program has been supervised by specialists and experts. The internet as well as Arabic and foreign references are used in this research.One of the research's results is:1- The exercises of this therapeutic program affected the ACL-injured knee joint positively.

هدفت هذه الدراسة الى تصميم وتطبيق برنامج للتمرينات العلاجي وقد استخدم الباحثان المنهج التجريبي بتصميم مجموعة واحده ذات القياسى القبلي والبعدي ، وتكون مجتمع الدراسة من الرياضين المصابين يتمزق الرباط الصليبي الامامي وكان عددهم اثنين مصاباً تتراوح اعمارهم من (24-30 سنة) وقد تم اختيار عينة الدراسة بطريقة العمدية ، وتم عرض البرنامج على الخبراء والمختصين، استمر تطبيق البرنامج لمدة شهرين ،اعتمد الباحثان على المصادر العربية والاجنبية والانترنت .وجاءت نتائج البحث : 1- البرنامج المقترح بالتمرينات العلاجية يؤثر تأثير ايجابيا على مفصل الركبة المصابة بالرباط الصليبي الامامي .

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