research centers


Search results: Found 22

Listing 1 - 10 of 22 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by

Article
Enhancing Self-care Practices at Home for Epileptic Patients at Middle Euphrates Neuroscience Center in AL-Najaf City
تحسين ممارسات العناية الذاتية في المنزل لمرضى الصرع في مركز الفرات الأوسط للعلوم العصبية في مدينة النجف

Authors: SaharAdham Ali --- Hayder Ibrahim Ali
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 33-39
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Self-care Practices is a human regulatory functions that is a deliberate action to supply or ensure the supply of necessary materials needed for continued life, growth, development and to maintain of human integrity. Aim of study: This study aim to enhancing self-care practices for epileptic patients at home.Methodology: Quasi-experimental study design carried out from 21 January 2014 to 26 April 2015 at Middle Euphrates Neuroscience Center in AL-Najaf City with application of prepost-test method. Purposive sample consists of (57) patients who are suffering from epilepsy disorder participated in the study. They are divided as (27) patients (study group) who are received educational programthey identify and applied of the right self-care practices related to epileptic patients at home after attending to educational program sessions, while (30) patients did not received program (control group). Data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics which was computerized by using of SPSS (version 21).Results: The results of the study presented highly significant difference in the self-care practices for the epileptic patients who attended structured educational sessions (study group), while there is no significant difference in self-care practices of control group. Conclusion: The study concluded that the educational program provided improvement in self-care practices of epileptic patients.Recommendation: The epileptic patients should be educated by specialist nurse in health care center by structured educational program which includes all aspects of the self-care practices, ongoing assessment should be planned to evaluate the application of instructions and education to maintain the epileptic patients health.

خلفية البحث : ممارسات العناية الذاتية هي فعاليات الفرد المنظمة والقصد منها تزويد او التأكيد على تزويد الاحتياجات الجسمية الضروريةلاستمرار الحياة والنمو والتطور للمحافظة على سلامة الفرد. الهدف : تهدف الدراسة الى تحسين ممارسات العناية الذاتية لمرضى الصرع في المنزل.المنهجية : تم اجراء البحث شبه التجريبي للفترة من 21 كانون الأول 2014 الى 26 آذار 2015في مركز الفرات الأوسط للعلوم العصبية في مدينة النجف الأشرف بتطبيق طريقة الإختبار القبلي – البعدي. تكونت العينة الغرضية من (57) مريض يعانون من اضطرابات الصرع شاركوا في الدراسة وقسمت العينة الى (27) مريض (مجموعة الدراسة) استوفوا البرنامج التعليمي حيث تمكنوا من معرفة وتطبيق الطرق الصحيحة لممارسات العناية الذاتية الخاصة بمرضى الصرع في المنزل بعد ان حضروا جلسات البرنامج، بينما (30) مريض لم يستوفوا البرنامج (المجموعة الضابطة). وتم استخدام الوسائل الاحصائية الوصفية والاستنتاجية من خلال الحقيبة الإحصائيةSPSS الإصدار 21 باستخدام الحاسوب لتحليل البيانات.النتائج : اظهرت نتائج الدراسة وجود اختلاف معنوي كبير في ممارسات العناية الذاتية لمرضى الصرع الذين حضروا جلسات البرنامج (مجموعة الدراسة) المنظم لهذا الغرض، بينما لم تظهر النتائج اختلاف معنوي في ممارسات العناية الذاتية لمجموعة الضابطة.الاستنتاجات : استنتجت الدراسة بأن البرنامج التعليمي له اثر في تحسينممارسات العناية الذاتية لمرضى الصرع.التوصيات:بناءاً على نتائج الدراسة اوصى الباحث بتثقيف مرضى الصرع في مركز الرعاية بممرضين مختصين وذلك بتنظيم برنامج تثقيفي يحتوي جميع جوانب العناية الذاتية. تقييم دوري ومستمر لغرض متابعة تطبيق ممارسات العناية الصحيحة من قبل مرضى الصرع للمحافظة على صحة المرضى.

Keywords

Enhance --- Care --- Practices --- epilepsy --- patients


Article
Quality of Life of Asthmatics Patients at Baghdad Teaching Hospitals
نوعية حياة مرضى الربو في مستشفيات بغداد التعليمية

Author: Rajaa Ibrahim Abed
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 62-69
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: The study aims to assess the quality of Life of asthmatics patients.Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted at the medical ward in teaching hospitals in Baghdad from date December 1st,2013 until April 30, 2014, and these hospitals is Al-karma teaching hospital, and Baghdad Teaching Hospital, and Al- Yarmuk Teaching Hospital, Al-Kinde Teaching Hospital . Selected a sample of 50 patients from teaching hospitals in Baghdad, and then build a tool composed of two parts: 1 - Part I: Socio- demographic characteristics 2 -Part II: evaluation of the physical and psychosocial domains quality of life for patients with asthma. The data were analyzed by applying descriptive and inferential statistics that include Frequency and percentages and the severity of paragraphs. Results: The results indicate that most asthma patients were male and ages (30-39) and was the most patients are unable to read and write, and most patients with asthma from urban residents. The study concluded that there is no relationship between the physical, psychological and social situation of asthma patients with some of the variables (Age, Gender, Level of education) physical , psychological and social situation of patients with asthma were good.Conclusion: Physical and psychosocial domains of participants' asthmatics patients in general is at a good level. Recommendations: The study recommended the preparation of programs for patients with asthma to improve the physical and psychosocial domains, and the establishment of respiratory care unit specialists and includes people trained and have sufficient amount of knowledge.

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم نوعية حياة مرضى الربو في مستشفيات بغداد التعليمية.المنهجية: أجريت دراسة وصفية في ردهات الباطنية في المستشفيات التعليمية في بغداد من 1 ديسمبر 2013 حتى 30 أبريل 2014، وهذه المستشفيات هي مستشفى الكرامة التعليمي، ومستشفى بغداد التعليمي، ومستشفى اليرموك التعليمي ، ومستشفى الكندي التعليمي. تم اختيار العينة من 50 مريض من المستشفيات التعليمية في بغداد، ومن ثم بناء أداة تتكون من جزئين ,الجزء الأول : تضمن المعلومات الديموغرافية للمريض , الجزء الثاني : تقييم المحور الجسمي والنفسي والاجتماعي لمرضى الربو. تم تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق الاحصاء الوصفي والاستدلالي التي تتضمن التكرار والنسب المئوية وشدة الفقرات. النتائج: تشير النتائج إلى أن معظم مرضى الربو من الذكور وتتراوح أعمارهم (30-39) سنة ومعظم المرضى غير قادرين على القراءة والكتابة، ومعظم مرضى الربو من سكان المدن. وخلصت الدراسة إلى أن لا علاقة بين المحور الجسمي والنفسي والاجتماعي لمرضى الربو مع بعض المتغيرات)العمر، والجنس , والمستوى الثقافي) المحور الجسمي والنفسي والاجتماعي لمرضى الربو كانت جيدة. الاستنتاج: استنتجت الدراسة إلى أن المحور الجسمي والنفسي والاجتماعي للمصابين بالربو المرضى المشاركين بشكل عام في مستوى جيد.التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة بإعداد برامج لمرضى الربو الذين يحتاجون إلى مزيد من المساعدة لتحسين المحور الجسمي والنفسي والاجتماعي، وإنشاء وحدة العناية التنفسية التخصصية وتشمل تدريب الناس ليكون لديهم كمية كافية من المعرفة.

Keywords

physical --- psychosocial --- status --- asthmatics --- patients


Article
Assessment of Depression among Cancer Patients in Babylon City
تقييم الاكتئاب بين مرضى السرطان في مدينة بابل

Authors: Intesar A. Alkediry --- Burhan H. Drub
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-16
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: depression is the most psychological distress experienced by patients with cancer and are associated with poorer treatment outcome, increased periods of hospitalization and higher mortality rates.Objective: To assess the level of depression in patients with different types of cancer and identify the relationship between depression level with some Sociodemographic and Clinical characteristics.Methodology: purposive (non- probability) sample of 100 cases selected from cancer patients in Merjan medical city /Babylon oncology center. The data collected from January 2nd 2015 to February 28th 2015. A structured interviewing questionnaire constructed with cancer patients through using the depression scales. The data analyzed by using descriptive statistical measures and inferential statistical measures.Results: Most of cancer patients have severe levels of depression (70%).Most of them were (46-60) age group, females, married, illiterate, lived in the urban and they were housewives .Most of the sample complaining from breast cancer, all of them under surgical and chemotherapy and other types of treatment. Conclusion: The study concluded that most of cancer patients have depression.Recommendations: Improving the psychological and emotional status for cancer patients of all types by nursing staff, especially after taking chemotherapy treatment. Also coordination between oncology center and the Department of Psychiatry in the hospital to reduce depression level. And educate all government institutions to conduct periodic tests for early detection of cancer, especially breast cancer to reduce spread.

خلفية البحث: الاكتئاب هومن أكثر المشاكل النفسية التي يعاني منها المرضى المصابين بالسرطان وترتبط مع نتائج العلاج، وزيادة فترات الاستشفاء وارتفاع معدلات الوفاة.الهـدف: تقييم الاكتئاب بين مرضى السرطان، وعلاقته مع الخصائص الاجتماعية والديموغرافية والسريرية لمريض السرطان.المنهجيـة: تمّ اختيار عينه غرضية (غير عشوائية) تتكون 100 من المرضى الذين يعانون من مرض السرطان في مدينة مرجان الطبية / مركز بابل لمعالجة السرطان للمدة من 2 كانون الثاني 2014 لغاية 28 شباط 2015 وتمّت جمع العينة بطريقة المقابلة مع مرضى السرطان، وجُمِعَت البيانات بواسطة استبانة خاصة باستعمال مقياس بيك للاكتئاب بعد ذلك، تمّ تحليل البيانات عن طريق الإحصاء الوصفي والإحصاء التحليلي.النتائـج: أظهرت النتائج أنّ حوالي (70%) المرضى يعانون من مستوى اكتئاب حاد، واظهرت النتائج ايضا ان اكثر فئة عمرية ظهرت هي (46-60) سنة وكانت من النساء المتزوجات ربات البيوت , وكان اعلى نسبة في المستوى التعليمي لعينة هي الاميين والذين يعيشون في المناطق الحضرية واغلب المرضى يعانون من سرطان الثدي واكثر المرضى هم في مرحلة العلاج الكيميائي والجراحي. الاستنتاج: اغلب مرضى السرطان يعانون من اكتئاب عالي. مما يؤثر في مرضى السرطان التوصيـات: تحسين الرعاية وتوفير الدعم النفسي والعاطفي لمرضى السرطان وخصوصا بواسطة الكادر التمريضي، التنسيق بين مركز معالجة الأورام وقسم الطب النفسي لغرض إعطاء العلاج لتقليل مستويات الاكتئاب، وتثقيف المؤسسات الحكومية لغرض الكشف المبكر عن السرطان.


Article
Views of Alcoholic Patients' about the Concept of Alcohol Addiction in Ibn Rushed Hospital in Baghdad City

Author: Siham A. Hamoo
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 34-39
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Alcohol addiction contributes to a high burden on the society in terms of years that people spend with disability or in poor health because of alcohol-related illnesses or injuries. Aim: To describe the socio-demographic characteristics, assess views of alcoholic patients toward alcoholic addiction, to find out the significant variance of views of alcoholic patients' with regard to their demographic characteristics. Patients and method : descriptive analytic study carried out on a purposive “non probability” sample of (30) patients with alcoholic addiction, selected from in-patient in Ibn Rushed Psychiatric Hospital in Baghdad City, from June 2014 to July 2015. A questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the present study which is distributed across 2 main parts. Part one included the demographic characteristics of the sample, and part two included knowledge about alcohol addiction. The overall items which were included in the questionnaire of this article are 53 items. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined through the review of a panel of experts and the pilot study. Data were collected through the period from 2|8|2014 to 2|9|2014. It was analyzed through the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and mean of score) and inferential statistics. Results: 100% of the sample were male. 36.3% of the sample were age range (40-49), and 6.6% were age 50 to over 60. 56.6% were primary school graduate, no one had advanced education. 60% were married, 76.7% were self-employmenT, and 20% of them had sufficient income. 40% had illegal house ownership. 96.6% was smoker, 73.3% had family history of drinking alcohol, and 80% had alcoholic friends. The patients had little knowledge regarding alcohol addiction (mean of scores =1.65), there was significant association between patients' knowledge with regard to their age groups, level of education, marital status, income, house ownership, while there was no significant association regarding occupational status. Conclusion: the study concluded that there was a low level of knowledge concerning alcohol addiction so education programs should be arranged about alcohol addiction to improve views of people knowledge, believes and attitudes towards alcohol addiction.


Article
Nurses' Knowledge Concerning Early Interventions for Patients with Ventricular Tachycardia at Baghdad Teaching Hospitals
معارف الممرضين حول التداخلات المبكرة لمرضى تسارع نبض القلب البطيني في مستشفيات بغداد التعليمية

Authors: Sara'a H. Shalal --- Haneen A. Zedaan --- Randa S. Ahmed --- Haneen A. Owaid --- et al.
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 8-15
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objectives: The study aims to assess nurses’ knowledge regarding early intervention for patient with ventricular tachycardia and finds out association with their demographic characteristics.Methodology:Descriptive design has been conducted on 50 samples of nurses. The study was carried out to identify nurses’ knowledge concerning early intervention for patients with ventricular tachycardia at Baghdad teaching hospitals.In order to obtain comprehensive data a specifically a questionnaire is constructed by the researchers according to reviewing literatures related to the topic of the study. It is consist of two parts the first part consists of socio-demographic characteristic consist of (9) items, and second Part two consists of (23) items to measures nurses knowledge concerning early intervention for patient with ventricular tachycardia.In order to determine the face validity, copies of the questionnaire was presented to panel of experts and reliability of the questionnaire was obtained through measuring internal consistency of questionnaire items which are (23 items) where result was (0.803) by Cronbach s' Coefficient alpha. A non- probability (purposive) sample of 50 nurse taken from above –mentioned hospitals. Statistical Analysis has been applied through using statistical package for social sciences (spss version 20) by utilizing descriptive and inferential analysis.Results:The overall assessment of the studied sample’s knowledge was low. There were statistically significant association between studied sample’s knowledge and marital status, age groups, and Experience years at nursing profession.Conclusion: the overall assessment of samples knowledge was lowRecommendations: the study recommends to encourage nurses to participate in sessions inside or outside the country to improve their knowledge and In addition to Place an Educational posters in the critical care units include an outline concerning early interventions or treatment for this disorder may be more beneficial for nurses

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الى تقييم معارف الممرضين حول التداخلات المبكرة لمرضى تسارع نبض القلب البطيني وايجاد العلاقة بين الصفات الديموغرافية.المنهجية: أجريت دراسة وصفية في مستشفيات بغداد التعليمية للفترة من تشرين الثاني 2015 إلى نهاية نيسان 2016 لتقييم معارف الممرضين بخصوص التداخلات المبكرة لمرضى تسارع نبض القلب البطيني تم تصميم استمارة استبانية تتكون من جزأين: الجزء الأول يتكون من الصفات الديموغرافية والتي تتكون من (9) فقرات والجزء الثاني يتكون من (23) فقرة لتقييم معارف الممرضين بخصوص التداخلات المبكرة لمرضى تسارع نبض القلب البطيني وتم تصميم الاستمارة من خلال مراجعة الادبيات السابقة ذات العلاقة بموضوع الدراسة, بعد التأكد من مصداقية واعتمادية الاستبانة من خلال توزيعها على الخبراء و قياس مستوى التناسق الداخلي للاستبانة والذي كان 0.803 باستخدام مقياس كرون باخ الفا.تم جمع عينة غير احتمالية(غرضية) تتكون من (50) ممرض من العاملين في مستشفيات بغداد التعليمية. بعد ذلك تم تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق التحليل الوصفي والتحليل الاستدلالي بواسطة استخدام برنامج spss version 20 .النتائج: اشارت النتائج بأن التقييم العام لمعارف العينة المشمولة بالدراسة ذو مستوى واطىء. اضافة الى ذلك هناك علاقة مؤثرة بين معارف عينة الدراسة حول التداخل المبكر لتسارع النبض البطيني والفئات العمرية و الحالة الاجتماعية وسنوات الخبرة في مهنة التمريض.الاستنتاج: كان التقييم الشامل لمعارف الممرضين منخفض.التوصيات: تشجيع الملاك التمريضي للمشاركة في دورات التعليم المستمر داخل وخارج القطر لرفع مستوى المعرفة لديهم. بالإضافة الى ذلك وضع منشورات في وحدات العناية الحرجة توضح المخطط او العلاج الذي يشير الى التداخل المبكر لمرضى تسارع النبض البطيني .


Article
Inpatients’ satisfaction toward nursing services in the medical and surgical wards of Rizgary Teaching Hospital, Erbil, Iraq
رضا المرضى عن الخدمات التمريضية في الأجنحة الطبية والجراحية في مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي، أربيل، العراق

Author: Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil Ibrahim Hassan Mustafa
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1349-1355
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Patients’ satisfaction toward nursing care is an important indicator of the quality of nursing services. This study aimed to assess patients' satisfaction with nursing services provided in Rizgary Teaching Hospital and to find out the factors that are associated with levels of satisfaction. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil city, starting from January 17th, 2014 to March 11th, 2015. A convenience sampling method was used to recruit 200 patients (100 males and 100 females) from medical and surgical wards. Patients aged ≥15 years, who were admitted to medical and surgical wards for ≥48 hours were included. A structured questionnaire designed by researchers was completed through direct interview. Chi-square test of association (or Fisher’s exact test) was used to compare proportions. A P value of ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The study showed that 40.5% of patients were highly satisfied with the nursing services, only 20.9% of those with secondary education or higher were highly satisfied (P = 0.005), and 80% of those with high income were highly satisfied (P = 0.001). There was no significant association between patients' satisfaction and patients’ age, marital status, occupation, residence, the length of stay, and type of ward. A relatively poor rate of satisfaction (20.5%) was observed regarding the information provided by nurses before the medical care or drug administration. Conclusions: Less educated patients were more satisfied with nursing services. The majority of patients were unsatisfied with the information provided by nurses before medical care or drug administration.


Article
Assessing Level of Satisfaction of Breast Cancer Patients about Nursing Care in Rizgari Teaching Hospital in Erbil City
تقييم مستوى الرضى عند المرضى المصابون بسرطان الثدي حول الرعاية التمريضية في مستشفى رزكاري مدينه اربيل

Authors: Muaf Abdulla Karim --- Bootan Hassan Ahmed --- Mahvash Sals ali
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 146-153
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Patients’ satisfaction has become an established outcome indicator of the quality and efficiency of the health care system. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the level of Breast cancer patients’ satisfaction toward nursing care in selected hospital of Erbil city in Iraqi Kurdistan Region.Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was designed at oncology ward of Rizgari Teaching Hospital. Participants were interviewed and questions were asked. It started from 1st June to 20th September 2014.The questionnaire included demographical data: gender, educational qualification, history of cancer in the family, family income, type of hospital room and duration of stay in hospital, and type of treatment and frequency of hospitalization were analyzed by using Rating Scale. Results: 60 patients participated in this study. Likert scale was used to assess the levels of satisfaction. Chi-square analysis was computed to find the associations between the levels of satisfaction and demographic variables. 30 patients had a scored between 60-80 and considered to have a good level of satisfaction toward nursing care. However, 30 participants had scoring between 38-59 and are considered to have average level of satisfaction.Conclusion: The study concluded breast cancer patients had positive attitude toward nursing care. be conducted to assess the level of breast cancer patients’ satisfaction toward nursing careRecommendations: Further research including further oncology hospitals.

خلفیة البحث :قناعة المريض اصبحت من المؤشرات المهمة لنوعية وكفاءة الخدمات قبل الرعاية الصحية.الهدف:الهدف من الدراسة هو تقييم مستوى قناعة المصابات بسرطان الثدي بالخدمات التمريضية في مسشفى رزكاري في اربيل كردستان العراق.المنهجية: أجريت دراسة مقطعية في ردهة الاورام السرطانية في مستشفى رزكارى التعليمي , عينة الدراسة تكونت من 60 مريض استغرقت الدراسة 6 اشهر , من الاول من حزيران الى 20 ايلول 2014 . وقد استخدم اسلوب المقابلة الشخصية لجمع المعلومات وكانت المعلومات الديموغرافية تتعلق بالجنس, المستوى التعليمي والتاريخ المرضي للعائلة ومدته والدخل الاقتصادي ومدة البقاء في المستشفى ونوعية العلاج واستخدم مقياس لتقيم قناعات المريض واستخدام مربع كاي. النتائج:اشترك (60) من المرضى في الدراسة واستخدم مقياس لتقيم قناعات المريض واستخدم مربع كاي لإيجاد العلاقة بين مستوى قناعة المصابات والصفات الديموغرافية والعوامل الديمغرافية. واظهرت النتائج بان(30) من المصابات كانت قناعاتهم مابين (60-80) وكانت لديهم قناعة جيدة حول الرعاية التمريضية و (30) منهم كانت درجاتهم مابين (38-59) حول نسبة قناعتهم.الاستنتاج:اظهرت الدراسة بان المرضى كانت لديهم اتجاها ايجابيا حول الخدمات التمريضية .التوصيات : اجراء دراسات اوسع وشمول مستشفيات اخرى.


Article
CONVENTIONAL METHODS FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII IN IMMUNOCOMPROMISED IRAQI PATIENTS

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Pneumocystis jirovecii is the causative agent of pneumocystis pneumonia, one of the most frequent and severe opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients. Objectives:To determine the possible implication of pneumocystis jirovecii in immunocompromised Iraqi patients with pulmonary infections, and investigate the efficiency of indirect qualitative immunofluorescence diagnosis in compared with conventional stains for the detection of this agent.Methods:A total of 200 clinical samples from 100 immunocompromised patients (70 bronchoalveolar lavage, 21 sputum samples and 9 pleural fluids). One hundred samples from immunocompetent individuals (50 bronchoalveolar lavage, 30 sputum samples and 20 pleural fluids). Detection of pneumocystosis was done by conventional satins and indirect qualitative immunofluorescence technique.Results:Fourteen samples gave positive results by indirect immunofluorescence monoclonal antibody test. Twelve out of 100 samples were positive by each Gomori methenamine silver, modified toluidine blue O stains and Diff-Quik stain (modified Giemsa).Conclusion: Pneumocystis jirovecii is the fundamental opportunistic infection among immunocompromised patients. The indirect qualitative immunofluorescence method gives a promise for use as a primary method for diagnosis of pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia or as rapid screen to exclude the presence of pneumocystis jirovecii in sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage samples.Keywords: Pneumocystis jirovecii (carinii), pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, immunocompromised, Iraqi patients.


Article
Oral health status and selected salivary physicochemical characteristics among a group of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia undergoing chemotherapy (longitudinal study)

Authors: Dr. Baydaa Hussein B.D.S, M.Sc. د. بيداء حسين --- Dr. Estabrak Yakoob Baker B.D.S. د. استبرق يعقوبباقر
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-104
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is fast growing cancer of the whiteblood cell. Chemotherapy which has been used to treat malignant conditions has anegative impact on oral health condition among cancer patients. Thisobservational study was conducted to determine the level of selected salivaryphysicochemical characteristics including flow rate and total antioxidant) inaddition to evaluation of oral health status (dental plaque and gingival healthcondition) among a group of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Materials and methods: The present study included thirty patients with acutelymphoblastic leukemia aged (14-17) years old. Those patients attended MedicalCity in Baghdad and were admitted to the Hematological Center at TeachingBaghdad Hospital. All patients fullfitted certain inclusion criteria. Salivary samplecollection and oral examination were carried at three visits: the first visit wascarried out before receiving chemotherapy (at the day of admission)(baselinedata), while the second visit was carried out at the day 15 (after startingchemotherapy), and the third visit was done at the day 30 (after startingchemotherapy). Stimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow ratewas determined. Dental plaque was assessed according to criteria of plaque indexby Sillness and Lӧe (1964) and gingival health condition was assessed accordingto the criteria of Modified Gingival Index for Lobene et al (1986). Salivarysamples then were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary totalantioxidant.Results: In this study, salivary flow rate decreased with time (visits) (1.44±0.14,1.27±0.16, 1.02±0.53) with statistically highly significant differences (p<0.01).On the other hand, the mean values of plaque and gingival indices increased withtime (visits) (0.89± 0.39, 1.22± 0.58, 1.82 ±0.75) (0.98± 0.49, 1.13± 0.46, 1.38±0.84) respectively and the differences were statistically highly significant(p<0.01). While salivary total antioxidant decreased with time (visits) (0.94±0.25,0.92±0.21, 0.82±0.21) with statistically significant differences (p<0.05).Conclusion: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, its treatment and duration of treatmenthave direct and indirect impact on the oral health status of leukemic patients.Those patients had poor oral hygiene with high rate of gingivitis in addition tochange in salivary physicochemical properties, thus, an organized, comprehensiveoral health preventive and educational programs in addition to intense oralhygiene program before and during the first month of treatment with cytotoxicMDJdrug (chemotherapy) are essential to improve their oral health condition andprevent oral problems and complications.


Article
GALLSTONES AMONG PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

Authors: Munther Jalil Abdul-Abbas --- Sarkis K Strak
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2016 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 10-16
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract The link between gallstones formation and diabetes mellitus remains controversial. The study aims to find the prevalence of gallstones in diabetic patients and its relation with status of control, and duration of diabetes mellitus. A case-control study was conducted in Al-Basrah General Hospital; Basrah city, southern Iraq from January 2015 to September 2015. The study enrolled 100 type 2 diabetic patients with no abdominal pain (60% females, 40% males) as a test group and 100 asymptomatic subjects with no diabetes mellitus (60% females, 40% males) as a control group. Both groups were comparable for gender, age, and body mass index and examined by ultrasound to find gallstones. Blood samples were taken for fasting blood glucose and body mass index was measured. Age, gender, family history of gallstones, and parity for females were recorded in both groups. The tested group was further divided into two subgroups with and without gallstones. The association between duration of diabetes mellitus and hemoglobin A1c level with gallstones was assessed. Gallstones were detected in (28%) of diabetic group and (12%) of controls, which was highly statistically significant (p value=0.005). The prevalence of gallstones was found to be significantly higher among those with more than 10 years of diabetes and poor glycemic control compared with those with less than 5 years and good glycemic control. The study suggested that diabetic patients are at higher risk for gallstones in comparison to non-diabetic patients. Gallstones are found to be higher in those patients with long duration of diabetes mellitus and poor glycemic control.

Listing 1 - 10 of 22 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (22)


Language

English (11)

Arabic and English (2)

Arabic (1)


Year
From To Submit

2016 (22)