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Article
Evaluation of The Response of Children with Short Stature to A Six Months Treatment with Recombinant Human Growth Hormone

Author: Abdulabbas Abduon Hadi
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2569-2574
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Human Growth hormone (GH) is 191amino acids protein , gene located on long arm of chromosome 17. its secretion is under control of 2 hypothalamic hormones: growth hormone releasing hormone(GHRH) and somatostatin. Growth hormone is a major promoter of anabolism, its effects on growth are believed to be indirect ,being mediated through peptides called somatomedins or insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) that in turn mediate many of the growth promoting effects of Growth hormone . Recent advances have focused on biological actions of IGFs & their six well defined binding proteins (IGFBPs), the major one is IGF-BP3 which decreased in GH-deficient children. IGFs are GH-dependent serum peptide with potent metabolic & mitogenic activities believed to be responsible for growth effects of GH, they stimulate cellular replication & differentiation . Objective: To evaluate the difference in the response of the children with short stature (of different causes) to a six months treatment with recombinant human GH .Patients And Methods: this is a prospective study in which a total no. of 84 pt (with age ranging from 4-20 years) were included. They were presenting to the endocrine clinic in Al-Mansour teaching hospital for children in 2002 with short stature & growth delay. After the final diagnosis was made, all pt were treated by recombinant GH (in a dose of 0.1-0.2 unit/kg / day) by subcutaneous or intramuscular route at night time (7-8pm) , After completing 6 months of treatment with GH, the patients were evaluated again for height and height velocity, weight, bone age, height age, sexual maturity rate, testicles and phallus in male. Results: There was no significant difference in response to the therapy between male and female ; the mean height velocity in male was 9.37 +/-3.99 cm / year (ranging from 1-19 cm) and the mean height velocity in female was 9.90 +/-4.39 cm / year ranging from 3-20 cm . Conclusion: Growth hormone therapy is effective in increasing the height velocity in most patients with short stature and it should be initiated as early as possible to improve height as much as possible.


Article
Morphological changes of the placentae from anaemic pregnant women associated with intrauterine growth restriction

Author: Mareb H. Ahmed, Dr. Abduljaber Y. Alhubaity
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2016 Volume: 2 Issue: 2
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Article
Preparation of Highly Pure Nanostructures by Reactive DC Magnetron Sputtering Technique
تحضير تراكيب نانوية عالية النقاوة باستخدام تقنية الترذيذ التفاعلي المستمر

Authors: Firas J. Kadhim --- Oday A. Hammadi --- Mohammed K. Khalaf --- Bahaa T. Chiad
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 27-34
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

In this work, metal oxide and nitride nanostructures were prepared by reactive dc magnetron sputtering technique. These nanostructures were synthesized from metal oxide such as NiO and nitride such as Si3N4 for functional materials applications. The prepared nanostructures were diagnosed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the prepared nanostructures are highly pure, which is ascribed to the featured characteristics of magnetron sputtering technique for such purposes.


Article
Growth Vocabulary Size of Some College English Language Students
نمو حجم المفردات لبعض طلبة كلية تخصص لغة الانكليزية

Author: Khalid Wahaab Jabber خالد وهاب جبر
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 29 Pages: 200-212
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

AbstractThis study is an attempt to measure the growth of vocabulary size of some undergraduate students majoring English language. Forty five students were selected randomly from English department/third year at the College of Basic Education/Misan University. Vocabulary Size Test developed by Paul Nation was selected to test the students. The Students were received this test (140 items) twice at the beginning and ending of one academic year. The results indicated that there is no significant growth of high, mid, and low vocabulary size found during the period of testing.

هذه الدراسة هي محاولة لقياس نمو حجم المفردات لبعض طلبة البكالوريوس تخصص لغة انكليزية.تم اختبار خمس وأربعون طالب عشوائيا من قسم اللغة الانكليزية/المرحلة الثالثة في كلية التربيةالأساسية/جامعة ميسان. اختير اختبار VST) ) Vocabulary Size Test الذي طور من قبل الأستاذباول نيشن لاختبار الطلبة .اجري الاختبار والذي يتألف من ) 140 فقره( على الطلبة مرتين في بداية وفينهاية سنه اكاديمية واحدة.أشارت النتائج بان لا يجود فارق معنوي في نمو المفردات الانكليزية بأنواعهاالعالية التردد والمتوسطة التردد والواطئة التردد خلال فترة الاختبار.


Article
Maternal Hemoglobin Level and Neonatal Growth Parameters

Authors: Hussein Fadhil Aljawadi --- Esraa Abd Al-Muhsen Ali
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 30 Pages: 12-19
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

Abstract:Introduction: Anemia is a common pathologic problem in pregnant women,about 52% of child bearing women are anemic in developing countries and it iscaused by nutritional deficiency as well as physiological derangement. WorldHealth Organization recommends that hemoglobin level should not fall below11g/dL at any age during child bearing time.Aim of study:To determine the effect of maternal hemoglobin level on the outcome ofneonate in form of length, weight and head circumference.Method : 200 singleton pregnant women were included in this cross sectionalstudy at Al-Sader Teaching Hospital in Misan Province, Iraq during the periodfrom June 2015 to December 2015.Measuring their hemoglobin levels at time of delivery then measuring length,weight and head circumference for their newborns.Result and conclusion: A 66% of pregnant women were anemic and therewas a significant association between maternal anemia and low neonatal growthparameters.Recommendations: Education program for nutritional support of pregnant women. Education about the importance of antenatal care. Revision of policies of mother and child care at primary health centers


Article
The Role of Islamic Accounting in the Banking Development of Islamic countries Case: Iraqi Islamic Banks

Author: Mustafa. O . Abid Al-kadim
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 30 Pages: 88-103
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

AbstractToday, Islamic banks are facing great challenge to successfully serve the Islamicsocieties in a way to increase the economic growth significantly. The clients inMuslim countries around the world currently represent an enormous opportunity forthose willing to overcome financial challenges. The two dimension of Islamicaccounting where applied in this research; Islamic Cost Accounting and Amanah.Theproblem for search is the inability to identify the suitable accounting systems inIslamic banks operating in Iraq. Iraq is one of the Muslim countries that face a greatchallenge in dealing with lack of understanding to Islamic accounting system. Inaddition to that it is found that the functional models for utilizing Islamic products arenot effective to attract clients for Islamic accounting system. The aim of this study isto examine the relationship between ‘Islamic cost accounting’and ‘Amanah’ togetheron the development in banking sector in Iraq represented in economic growth. Theresult showed that the influence of these two variables on economic growth issignificant and important to Islamic banking in Iraq. It is concluded that the Islamic89financial accounting system is very important because it encourages investment alsoit improves capital allocation efficiency and the allocation of funds is a matter ofsuccess of the project.


Article
Effect of smoking on maternal serum level of Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) in threatened abortion women

Author: Sura Abdul Kareem Esmat
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 168-172
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: Threatened abortion can defined as failure of pregnancy and vaginal bleeding and this occur before twentieth weeks of pregnancy Objective: To assess Placental Growth Factor level in smoker mothers with threatened abortion and normal pregnant women.Patients & Method: Case control study on seventy two women were included in this study, all women attended to Obstetrics and Gynecology department / Alyarmook hospital during period from December 2015 to March 2016.Subjects were divided into two groups (1) Normal pregnant women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks: 36 women serve as control group (2) Threatened abortion women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks with vaginal bleeding: 36 women serve as patient group. Women with cigarette smoking were included in this study. Serum samples were analyzed by using (ELISA).Results: There was significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker threatened abortion women group (p value <0.05), there was no significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker normal pregnant women group (p value >0.05).Conclusion: Increasing gene expression of Placental Growth factor in trophoblast villi by smoking in early pregnancy lead to increase synthesis of PlGF in spite of increase oxygen concentration that leads to increase smoker maternal serum level of Placental Growth factor.


Article
Growth Hormone and Some Other Parameters Estimation in Thalassemia major Patients
قياس مستوى هرمون النمو و بعض المعايير الاخرى لمرضى الثلاسيميا الكبرى

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Abstract

This study is a cross-sectional study, included forty eight male subjects, during the period from the beginning of December 2013 to the beginning of April 2014 at Azadi teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City in Iraq. Questionnaire was administered, patients were examined, blood sample was collected and examined, data gathered and analysis (SD, T test & P value and Pearson correlation was employed for analysis of the relationship between variables). Growth hormone (GH), Serum Ferritin(SF), Hemoglobin (Hb) and packed cell volume(PCV), also body weight &height as well as body mass index were evaluated in 33 male patients (aged 10–20 years old) with β thalassaemia & in 15 subjects at the same age and sex as a control group. This study revealed that there was highly significant decrease in all parameters in thalassemic patients (except serum ferritin was highly significant increase in patients) as compare with controls (P< 0.001). Positive correlation found between GH and both Hb and PCV, while negative correlation was found between GH and ferritin level.

هذه الدراسة شملت ثماني و اربعين عنصرا من الذكور , خلال الفترة منذ بداية شهر كانون الاول 2013 و لغاية الاول من ثهر نيسان 2014 , في مستشفى آزادي التعليمي في مدينة كركوك / العراق. تم جمع المعلومات مباشرة من الشتركين من خلال ملىء استمارة جمع المعلومات , تم فحص المرضى و جمع عينات الدم من المرضى و مجموعة السيطرة . جمعت المعلومات و تم تحليلها احصائيا باستعمال : معدل الانحراف القياسي , اختبار تي , قيمة بي , اختبارا. تم حساب تركيز كل من : هرمون النمو , حديدين المصل , الهيموغلوبين و حجم الخلايا المضغوط. كذلك تم احتساب الوزن و الطول بالاضافة الى معيار كتلة الجسم لكل من مرضى الثلاسيميا(33 عنصرا) و مجموعة السيطرة(15 عنصرا) من نفس العمر والجنس. أظهرت الدراسة نقصانا معنويا عاليا في كل المعايير(عدا حديدين المصل , زيادة معنوية عالية) لدى مرضى الثلاسيميا بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة , كذلك بينت هذه الدراسة ان هنالك علاقة ايجابية بين هرمون النمو و كل من الهيموغلوبين وحجم الخلايا المضغوط و وجود علاقة سلبية بين هرمون النمو و نسبة الحديدين.


Article
Effect of Ethanolic extract green tea (Camellia sinesis) on lipid profile, growth performance and some carcass characteristics of local female rabbits
تأثير المستخلص الكحولي للشاي الأخضر (Camellia sinesis) على الصورة الدهنية والكفاءة الوزنية وبعض معايير الجسم في اناث الارانب المحلية

Author: Shaymaa Kadhim Noor Alzamili
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 85-94
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

The present study was carried out on (40) female local rabbits the average weight (2.800± 250gm) the rabbits were divided into two equal groups. The first group was a control group contain 20 rabbits which oral administration with distilled water only for two weeks . The second group treated with Ethanolic extract of green tea contain 20 rabbits with dose 150mg/kgbw for two weeks. The study was aimed to determined the effect of ethanolic extract green tea(Camellia sinesis)on some blood parameters level of Total cholesterol, Triglyceride, low density lipoprotein, High Density Lipoprotein, Very low Density Lipoprotein, the oral administration of green tea extract physiological and histological results the levels of total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein recorded a significant decrase (p≤ 0.05)when compared with control group. The levels of Triglyceride, High Density Lipoprotein and Very low Density Lipoprotein did not record significant increments in comparison with control group. The results presented that the body weights showed significant decrements (p<0.05) when compared with the control group. The weights of livers of treated group enlisted a significant decrement(p< 0.05) while the weight of kidneys did not record any significant changes as compared with the control group.The histopathological results showed presence of hepatic architecture which were obvious for hepatic cells around the central vein, dilation of hepatic sinusoids with proliferation of the endothelial cells which lining the sinusoids with vaculation of the hepatic cells and hyperplasia which were simple in the bilary ducts inside the hepatic tissue.The hepatic cells showed in some slides proliferation and had prominent and clear nuclei with cytoplasm and some hepatic cells presented had two nuclei; These changes were clear and positive when compared with the livers of the control group which appeared with normal tissue, whereas the hepatic cells arranged in radiated shape around the central vein.

اجريت الدراسة على (40) من اناث الارانب المحلية تراوحت معدل أوزانها ( 2.800± 250 )غم وقسمت بالتساوي الى مجموعتين. المجموعة الاولى مجموعة سيطرة ضمت 20 ارنب من الاناث جرعت بالماء المقطر فقط لفترة اسبوعين، المجموعة الثانية مجموعة المعاملة بالمستخلص الكحولي للشاي الاخضر ضمت 20 ارنب جرعت بجرعة 150 ملغم / كغم من وزن الجسم ولمدة اسبوعين .اظهرت النتائج بان مستوى الكولستيرول الكلي (TC (و البروتين الدهني الواطئ الكثافة) LDL) قد سجل انخفاضا معنويا (0.05≥P ) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة . بينما مستوى الكليسيريدات الثلاثية (TG) والبروتين الدهني العالي الكثافة ) HDL) و البروتين الدهني الواطئ الكثافة جداً(VLDL) لم يسجل زيادة معنوية مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة .اما بالنسبة لاوزان الجسم فقد اظهرت النتائج انخفاضا معنويا (0.05>P) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة . اوزان الاكباد فقد سجلت انخفاضا معنويا (0.05>P) بينما اوزان الكلى لم تسجل تغيرا معنويا مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة .


Article
Strain Behavior at Crack Tip in Thin Plate Using Numerical and Experimental Work
سلوك الانفعال عند قمة شق في صفيحة رقيقة بأستخدام الطريقة العددية والعملية

Authors: Bassam Ali Ahmed --- Fathi A.Alshamma
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 3 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 513-526
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In this work, strains were studied and analyzed in a thin flat plate with a surface crack at the center, subjected to cycling of low velocity impact loading for two types of aluminum plates (2024, 6061). Experimental and numerical methods were implemented to achieve this research. Two cases of boundary conditions were used in this study; clamped-clamped with simply supported at the other edges, and clamped-clamped with free at the other edges. Numerical analysis using program (ANSYS11-APDL) based on finite element method used to analyze the strains with respect to time at crack tip. In the experimental work, a rig was designed and manufactured for cyclic impact loading on the cracked specimens. The grid points was screened in front of the crack tip to measure the elastic-plastic displacements in the x and y directions by grid method, from which the strains are calculated. The results show that the strains increase with increasing the crack length. It was found that the cumulative number of cycles leads to increase in the strain values.

في هذا العمل تم دراسة وتحليل الأنفعالات لصفائح رقيقه ومستوية تحتوي على شق سطحي في وسطها ومعرضة لحمل صدمة دوري ذات سرعة منخفضة ولنوعين من سبائك ألالمنيوم (2024,6061) . تم أستخدام طريقتين للتثبيت الأولى تكون صفائح الألمنيوم مثبته من طرفي عرض الصفيحه ومسنده ببساطه من طرفي الطول والثانية تكون مثبته من طرفي عرضها وحره من طرفي طولها .تم استخدام طرق عملية وعددية لانجاز هذا العمل. في التحليل العددي حيث تم أستخدام برنامج (ANSYS11-APDL) بألاعتماد على طريقة العناصرالمحددة وذلك لتحليل الأنفعالات بالنسبة للزمن عند قمة الشق. في الجزء العملي تم تصميم وتصنيع جهاز لتسليط حمل الصدمه المتكرر على مركز العينه. حيث تم طباعة شبكه النقاط عند مقدمة قمة الشق وذلك لقياس الازاحات بطريقة الشبكة وبالتالي ايجاد الانفعالات المتوزعه حول قمة الشق. أظهرت النتائج بأن الأنفعالات المتولده تزداد بأزدياد طول الشق كذلك أظهرت بأن عدد الدورات التراكمي يؤدي الى زيادة قيم الأنفعالات.

Keywords

strain --- crack tip --- analysis --- crack growth --- crack plate

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