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Article
Synthesis, Characterization and Theoretical Study of 1,2(2,2-dihydroxy benzelidenamine) Phenyl Complexes

Authors: Muhammad Rahimi Yusop --- Ahmed Ahmed --- Dina A. Najeeb
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2017 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 12-17
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

New schiff base and its metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Fe(II) and Cu(II) has been synthesized from O-phenylenediamine and O-hydroxyl benzaldehyde. The ligand and its complexes were described the distinctive nature of element by elemental analysis (C,H,N), FTIR, UV-Vis, and magnetic susceptibility. Hyperchem-7 software was used in this project for a theoretical treatment of the synthesized complexes under gas phase condition. PM3 method was used to calculate: heat of formation (ΔHfە), binding energy (ΔEb) and total energy (ΔET) for both ligand and its complexes at 298 K. Additionally, the electrostatic potential of the free ligand (L) was calculated to see the active sites of the product complexes. According to the results of this research, the produced complexes form [ML] type composition where L ligand=1,2(2,2-dihydroxy benzeliden amine). Phenyl and M=Co, Ni, Fe and Cu.


Article
Prophetic guidance in technical Study and analysis
الهدي النبوي في التكنية دراسة وتحليل

Author: Dr. Ahmed Ahmed Sharmait د.حميد احمد شرميط
Journal: Journal of The Iraqi University مجلة الجامعة العراقية ISSN: 18134521 Year: 2017 Issue: 39-2 Pages: 226-235
Publisher: Iraqi University الجامعة العراقية

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Abstract

Praise be to Allaah, who is in accordance with the service of the Prophetic Sunnah, and it is preferable for us to fulfill some of its lofty demands. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone. No partner has a testimony to the path that is best. I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. .After that: the best speech is the word of Allah, and the best guidance of the guidance of Muhammad, the Messenger of God, and that the farmer quote from the guidance of the Prophet, and Ddrrha and governance, it was a gift and still a certain lessons is inexhaustible, the Muslim is guided by his religion and religion, And the reminder of these qualities, which should be contracted by Muslims. It is the prophetic guidance of the Prophet, the technocracy of the people of the beloved Balkani, which popularizes love among people, especially if it is issued by those who are in the position of responsibility, so how the leaders of the nation? This research is devoted to the study of this aspect under the title (guidance of the Prophet in technical) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not intend to search here to address those who were known or known for his kaateen, such as Abu Bakr or Abu Dharr, or the mother of Hani, but rather from the Prophet (peace be upon him). And most of the ahaadeeth have many benefits, limited to what has to do with the limited size of the research. I have reported on the ahaadeeth and the severe effects of weakness. The hadiths are documented in the mention of the part, the page and the number of the hadeeth, although the six books were mentioned in the book and the chapter. The research included three topics: The first topic: Definition of the name and its literature. The second topic: The Prophet's guidance in the technique of men. The third topic: The Prophet's guidance in the technique of women and children. And then the conclusion of the research, which summarized the most important results, and then the index of sources and references. And the God of the intent behind

لحمد للّه الّذي وفقنا لخدمة السّنّة النّبويّة، وتفضّل علينا بنيل بعض مطالبها العليّة، وأشهد أن لا إله إلاَّ اللّه وحده لا شريك له شهادة تهدي إلى الطّريق الأقوم، وأشهد أنّ محمّدا عبده ورسوله المخصوص بجوامع الكلم، وأصلّي عليه وعلى آله وأصحابه وعلى الأنبياء والمرسلين وأصحابهم أجمعين.أما بعد: فإنّ خير الكلام كلام الله تعالى، وخير الهدي هدي محمد رسول الله ، وأنّ من الفلاح الاقتباس من هديّ النبوة، ودررها وحكمها، فقد كان هذا الهدي وما زال معيناً من الدروس لا ينضب، يتأسى به المسلم في دينه ودنياه، ومن ذلك التأسي بأخلاقه الشريفة، وأن التذكير بهذه الخصال، مما ينبغي أن يتعاهده المسلمون. ومن الهدي النبوي الشريف تكنية الناس بالكنى المحببة التي تشيع المحبة بين الناس، ولاسيما إن صدرت ممن هو في موقع المسؤولية، فكيف بقادة الأمة؟وهذا البحث مكرس لدراسة هذا الجانب وتحت عنوان (الهدي النبوي في التكنية)، تناولت فيه الأحاديث الشريفة التي ورد فيها تكنية الرسول  لأصحابه، وليس المقصود بالبحث هنا مخاطبة من اشتهر أو عرف بكنيته، مثل أبي بكر أو أبي ذر، أو أم هاني  بل من كنّاه النبي  للتحبب. وأغلب الأحاديث المنيفة لها فوائد كثيرة، اقتصرت على ما له علاقة بالكنى لمحدودية حجم البحث. وقد أعرضت عن الأحاديث والآثار الشديدة الضعف. وقد وثقت الأحاديث بذكر الجزء والصفحة ورقم الحديث، وإن كان من الكتب الستة زدت عليها بذكر الكتاب والباب. وقد اشتمل هذا البحث على ثلاثة مباحث:المبحث الأول: تعريف الكنية وآدابها.المبحث الثاني: الهدي النبوي في تكنية الرجال.المبحث الثالث: الهدي النبوي في تكنية النساء والأطفال. ثم خاتمة البحث التي لخصت فيها أهم النتائج، ثم فهرست المصادر والمراجع. والله من وراء القصد

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Article
Vitamin E Level In Friedreich’s Ataxic Phenotype Patients In Four Major Hospitals In Baghdad

Author: Ahmed Hasan Ahmed*, Ahmed Tahseen Muslim**, Basim Hanoon Jabbar** , Zaki Noah Hasan***.
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 132-136
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the most common form of inherited ataxia, comprising one-half of all hereditary ataxias with a carrier rate between 1 in 60 to 1 in 90 and with a disease prevalence of 1 per 29,000. It can occur in two forms the classic form or in association with a vitamin E dependent ataxia. The precise role of Vitamin E in the nervous system is unknown; An Oxidative attack is suspected to play a role in Ataxia with Vitamin E deficiency, as well as in Friedreich ataxia. Vitamin E is the major free-radical-trapping antioxidant.Objective: The objectives of the study is to asses vitamin E level in patients with Friedreichs ataxia phenotype in Iraqi patients. Type of the study:Cross-sectional study.Method: This study was conducted at the neuroscience hospital and Baghdad teaching hospital during the period from the 1st of November 2013 through November 2014. Forty patients with friedreich's ataxia attended in neuroscience hospital and Baghdad teaching hospital during this period; there was12 male, 20 female patients and their age range between (4-50) years. Results: Regarding the level of vitamin E in patients in the present study, The study revealed that mean level of vitamin E for Friedreich ataxia patients was (10.92 μg/ml) ranging from (8-18 μg/ml),while in the control group the mean was (28.06μg/ml) ranging from (22-36μg/ml), the difference in mean level was found to be statistically significant (p=0.0001.) Thirty percents of (FRDA) patients was (8-9.9μg/ml), while half of patients (50%) were within (10-11.9 μg/ml),and low percentage (15 %)of patients were within (12-13.9 μg/ml ). The rest (5%) were had vitamin E level equal or more than 14 μg/ml. these finding revealed that majority of Friedreich ataxia patients were found with low level of vitamin E (32 patients(80%)), and low percentage with normal level (8 patients(20%.)) Patients with Friedreich ataxia were found to have a comparable level 10.47±1.79(8.4-13.5),11.48±2.61(9.4-18) and 10.66±1.26(9-12.5) for those with less than 10 years, 10-19 years , equal or more than 20 years of age respectively (p=0.382), while it was found to have a significantly decreasing level with advance in the age for the control group, 30.57±4.61(24.5-36), 27.46±3.16(23.7-33.5), 25.50±3.03 (22.9-29) for those less than 10 years, 10-19 years, 20 years or more respectively (p=0.006.) Vitamin E level in relation to Gender showed that Friedriech ataxia male patients had significantly higher vitamin E level compared to females [12.05±2.66 (9.0-18.0) compared to 10.17±1.07 (8.4-12.0)] (p=0.003), while relation to gender in the control group was not of significant value statistically [27.08±2.90 (22.9-30.0) for male compared to 29.04±4.97 (23.7-36) for females] , p=0.136. Conclusion: In the light of the results of the present study, the following conclusions were made: The level of vitamin E in friedreichs ataxic phenotype patients was subnormal than normal range representing 80% of the sample selected for the test. The level of vitamin E in male patients of freidriechs ataxic phenotype patients was higher than female patients.

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