research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
Assessment of mandibular third molar position by using computed tomography and reconstructed lateral radiograph

Authors: Istabraq M. Mohamed --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Pages: 104-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Consideration of mandibular third molar is important from orthodontic perspective due to severalfactors such as, lower anterior arch crowding, relapse in lower anterior region, interference with uprighting ofmandibular first and second molars during anchorage preparation and molar distalization. The aims of this studywere to assess of gender differences in the mandibular third molar position and compare and evaluate whetherthere is any differences in the results provided by CT scan and lateral reconstructed radiograph.Materials and Methods: The sample of present study consisted of 39 patients (18 males and 21 females) with agerange 11-15 years. CT images for patients who were attending at Al Suwayra General Hospital/the ComputerizedTomography department. Computed tomographic images were obtained for The distance from Xi point to distalsurface of permanent mandibular second molar was measured in both three dimensional volumetric images andtwo dimensional CT derived lateral image. The statistical analyses included: means, standard deviations. Paired t-testwas used to compare between the two methods and independent t-test was used in verifying the gendersdifference.Results: The results showed that there was high significant method difference between 3D CT and 2D image andgender differences was observed in values of linear measurements of present study, as males showed higher meanvalues than females.Conclusion: There is high accuracy of measurement on CT images, so CT scan is advisable during the diagnosis andtreatment plan of orthodontic cases


Article
The Effect of Artificial Saliva on The Surface Roughness of Different Esthetic Archwires (An in Vitro Study)

Authors: NoorS. Muayad --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 106-112
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:The demand for esthetic orthodontic appliances is increasing so that the esthetic orthodontic archwires were introduced. This in vitro study was designed to evaluate the surface roughness of fiber-reinforced polymer composite (FRPC) archwires compared to coated nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires immersed in artificial saliva.Materials and Methods:Three types of esthetic orthodontic archwires were used: FRPC (Dentaurum), Teflon coated NiTi (Dentaurum) and epoxy coated NiTi (Orthotechnology). They were round (0.018 inch) in cross section and cut into pieces of 15 mm in length.Forty pieces from each type were divided into four groups; one group was left dry condition and the other three groups were immersed in artificial saliva (pH=6.75 ± 0.015) at 37ºC for 1, 14 and 28 days intervals. The AFM was used to evaluatesurface analysis of all samples.ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, LSD and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to identify and localize the source of differences among the groups.Results:At each immersion period, FRPC wires exhibited the highest Ra among the study groups, except at 28 days immersion period where the Teflon coatings were the roughest. On the other hand, the least rough surfaces were the epoxy coatings when compared to analogous esthetic archwires, except at 1 day immersion period where the Teflon coatings had the least roughness. However, statistically non-significant differences were found between Teflon and epoxy at the dry condition and the 1 day immersion.Conclusions:The epoxy coated archwires were the best and the most appropriate esthetic orthodontic alignment archwires in term of the least surface roughness initially and over the course of study period


Article
Color Stability of Different Aesthetic Arch-wires after Immersion into Different Types of Mouthwashes (In Vitro Study)

Authors: Lubna Maky Hussein لبنى مكي حسين --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 100-105
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Because of the demands for aesthetic orthodontic appliances have increased, aesthetic archwires have been widely used to meet patient's aesthetic needs. The color stability of aesthetic archwires is clinically important, any staining or discoloration will affect patient’s acceptance and satisfaction. This study was designed to evaluate the color stability of different types of aesthetic archwires after immersion into different types of mouth washes.Materials and methods: Four brands of nickel titanium coated aesthetic arch wires: Epoxy coated (Orthotechnology and G&H) and Teflon coated (Dany and Hubit) were evaluated after 1 week, 3 weeks and 6 weeks of immersion into two types of mouthwashes (Listerine with alcohol and Listerine without alcohol). Color change measurements were performed by using spectrophotometer VITA Easyshade Compact according to the commission Internationale de I’Eclairage L*a*b* color space system.Results: The results of this study showed that there were highly significant differences in color change values among all brands of aesthetic archwires at various immersion media. On the other hand, a significant difference was found between Dany and Orthotechnology aesthetic archwires at 1 week immersion in distilled water. Listerine with alcohol mouthwash produced more color changes of aesthetic archwires and color change value increases with the time of immersion.Conclusions: All brands of aesthetic archwires showed different degrees of color changes but most of these changes were not visible or clinically acceptable

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (3)