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DETECTION OF GIARDIA INFECTION IN DOGS OF BASRAH CITY

Authors: Ali Naser --- Israa abdul wadood
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 159-171
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine detect the infection rate of Giardiasisin local canine breeds of Basrah, Iraq. Two hundred and twenty-five (225) fecalsamples were collected from dogs of both sexes from March to October 2016.Suspected animals either asymptomatic (56.7%) or symptomatic (43.3%) thesuspected dogs show different clinical signs such as diarrhea (6.66%), pasty feces(13.33%), steatorrhea (8.00%), anorexia (10.66%), emaciation (15.55%) andvomiting (0.88%). Diagnosis of Giardia spp was done on basis of microscopicexamination which detects Giardia cyst and trophozoite with infection rate (40 %),moreover, it was confirmed by ELISA technique(Giardia-specific antigen) to detect(75.55%) was infected with G. lamblia with a high infection rate comparison withmicroscopic examination. It had been shown that high infection rate (43.75%) wasdetected in March than the lowest in July (34.78%). Moreover infection with Giardiawas found more common at (1 day to 6 months) of age; furthermore, females showinfection rate more males. It has been concluded that giardiasis affected canine ofBasrah city lead to substantial effect, therefore animals must be screenedperiodically.

Keywords

Giardia --- dogs --- Anorexia.

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