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Article
Header-Words Based for Printed Arabic Document Images Retrieval System
نظام لاسترجاع الوثائق العربية المطبوعة بالاعتماد على كلمات الرأس

Authors: Matheel E. Abdulmunim مثيل عماد الدين عبد المنعم --- Haithem K. Abass هيثم كريم عباس
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 3C Pages: 1751-1759
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Printed Arabic document image retrieval is a very important and needed system for many companies, governments and various users. In this paper, a printed Arabic document images retrieval system based on spotting the header words of official Arabic documents is proposed. The proposed system uses an efficient segmentation, preprocessing methods and an accurate proposed feature extraction method in order to prepare the document for classification process. Besides that, Support Vector Machine (SVM) is used for classification. The experiments show the system achieved best results of accuracy that is 96.8% by using polynomial kernel of SVM classifier.

أنظمة استرجاع الوثائق العربية المطوعة لها دور مهم وضروري في الشركات والحكومات ومختلف الاستخدامات. تم في هذا البحث اقتراح نظام الاسترجاع الوثائق العربية الرسمية المصورة بالاعتماد على اكتشاف كلمات الراس. النظام المقترح يستخدم طريقة كفؤة في تجزئة الوثاق والمعالجة الأولية لها وطريقة دقيقة في استخراج الملامح منها لغرض تهيئتها لعملية التصنيف باستخدام Support Vector Machine (SVM) اثبتت التجارب ان النظام المقترح حقق أفضل النتائج في الصحة التي كانت %96.8 باستخدام polynomial kernel.

Keywords

DIR --- Segmentation --- Header-words --- Words spotting --- SVM.


Article
Behavior Management of Children with Autism

Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Baydaa Ali Othman Al – Rawi, BDS, MSc,PhD, Pediatric Dentistry* أ
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-31
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) is a term refers to the overarching group of conditions to which autism spectrum disorder (ASD) belongs .Objective: This study was designed to determine the existing behavior of children with autism in dental sitting, the behavior improvements in recall dental visits and evaluate the improvement in oral hygiene with using specific visual pedagogy chart.Type of the study: Cross-sectional study.Methods: Forty children of both genders, ages ranged from 4 – 6 years having primary teeth only were selected whose medical history included a diagnosis of autism. The behavior of the children in dental sitting were assessed according to the Frankel scale. The dmft index in the first visit was measured, with codes and criteria established by the WHO(1997).Behavior management method used was one or more of the followings: (physical restraint, "Tell-Show-Feel and Do" technique, verbal and non – verbal communication, reinforcement, parent present / absent).Results: The samples represent by 22 males and 18 females autistic children with no statically significant difference (p> 0.05).The dmft index of autistic children in the first visit. The dmft (mean ± SD) for males was (7.818 ± 0.98) while for females was (6.922 ± 1.09).The frequency of children showed treatment acceptance without difficulty was increase in the recall visits.Conclusions: The dental professional should be flexible to modify the treatment approach according to the individual patient needs.


Article
Clinical Significance of Blastocystis Sp. among Children with Leukemia

Author: Zainab Khalid khalil*
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 107-113
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Blastocystis spp. distributes world widely and the genus Blastocystis include many subtypes that are isolated from human intestinal tract. It is considered the most common parasite detected in human being.Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of Blastocystis spp. among leukemic children, to find out its association with the presence of symptoms (diarrhea and abdominal pain), and to assess the efficacy of different staining methods in detection of Blastocystis spp. Type of the study: cross-sectional study.Method: 103 children were enrolled in this study, 53 leukemic patients and 50 healthy controls. The study was performed during the period between January and June 2014, in Oncology department of Ibn Al-Atheer teaching hospital in Mosul city. Three consecutive samples were taken from each child and a thorough history was taken from them. The samples then treated with 3 stains, iodine, iron hematoxylin, and trichrome.The data was analyzed using minitab version 17, Fischer’s exact test, Two-proportions test, and Correlation test. The results were considered statistically significant with P-value <0.05.Results: Blastocystis spp. was detected in 18.87% of leukemic children and in 10% of healthy group. All specimens were stained by iodine, iron hematoxylin, and trichrome stains. Infection rates among patients were (9.4%, 11.3%, and 18.87% respectively) while among healthy children they were (4%, 6%, and 10% respectively). However, these differences were statistically nonsignificant. A higher infection rate was detected in the preschool children (33.3%) than school age group (6.9%). Furthermore, there was a significant association between Blastocystisspp. infection and intestinal symptoms (abdominal pain and diarrhea).Conclusion: Our study reveals a higher rate of infection with Blastocystis spp. among leukemic children than normal controls and a significant association was seen between incidence ofBlastocystisspp. infection and symptomatic children. Those results draw attention for the significance of Blastocystis spp. infection in immunosuppressed patients and lighten the way for further studies on its pathogenicity and diagnostic methods.


Article
Infant Sleep Practice and Sleep Environment in Erbil City

Author: Mamoon M. Qasim*, Abbas Abdulkader Alrabaty
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 298-303
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome is a common cause of infant mortality below age of one year, and it is of unknown cause, but simple protective measures in the infant sleep practice and sleep environment can dramatically reduce its occurrence.OBJECTIVE: To study infants sleep environment and sleep practice in Erbil city.METHODS: This was an observational cross sectional study, random sample of 100 mother-infant pairs aged between 1 and 8 months were interviewed face to face using a questioner about infant sleep practice and sleep environment in relation to SIDS risk factors.RESULTS: In this study most Risky infant sleep practice detected were: lateral sleep position 39%,face covering 22%,bed sharing 42%,soft mattress 68%,bottle feeding 40% and smoke exposure 47%,the mothers had little knowledge about SIDS and no recommendations was given to them about safe infant sleep.CONCLUSION:There is a need to increase mothers' awareness about SIDS by public education by the health personnel at the neonatal care units and the primary health centers about SIDS and its risk factors and safe sleep recommendations to decrease its occurrence.


Article
Percutaneous Drainage of Abdominal Collections under Imaging Guide

Authors: Safa M. Al Obaidi صفاء العبيدي --- Mohammed A. Mahdi محمد عبد الامير مهدي --- Nasser M. Meazher ناصر مظلوم مزهر
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2017 Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 5-8
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: One of the most significant advances in the treatment of intra-abdominal collections during the past 2 decades has been the introduction of image-guided therapy with percutaneous catheter drainage. The development of improved imaging modalities, together with broad-spectrum antibiotics and soft drainage catheters, has changed the treatment of collections that previously required an urgent operation. Disease processes that have traditionally been treated with open surgical drainage and debridement can now be resolved with percutaneous catheter drainage and antibiotics. In selected cases, this will allow for better preparation of the patient for a later elective and definitive operation.Objective: Highlight the outcome, safety and effectiveness of percutaneous drainage procedure of abdominal collections performed under imaging guide.Patients and Methods: Forty one patients were referred from surgical wards and emergency department after diagnosing abdominal collections. Then each case discussed with radiologist to determine the route and type of catheter and imaging modality for guidance (ultrasound and/or computerized tomography). The size and site of the collections were estimated along with the most suitable approach and angle of catheter insertion. A safe drainage route was identified avoiding solid organs and bowel.Results: Percutaneous drainage of 41 abdominal collections under imaging control was carried out in 41 patients during a one year period. No complications resulted from the procedure itself. Percutaneous drainage was sufficient to drain the collections in 35 cases (no further surgery is needed). Of those who require surgery (5 patients), the procedure considered to be as a temporary measure. One case was diagnosed as sero-mucinous tumor of bowel.Conclusion: Percutaneous drainage of abdominal collections is a safe, effective and minimally invasive alternative approach to formal surgical drainage.The advantages include: the drainage can be done under local anesthesia, diagnosis and treatment can be achieved simultaneously in radiological department.Key words; Percutaneous drainage, Imaging guide, Collection.


Article
Molecular detection of MSRA Erythromycin-Resistant gene in Staphylococcus spp

Author: Osamah M. Hassan اسامه محمد حسن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2017 Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 90-92
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The resistance to antimicrobial factors is an increasingly global problem worldwide, especially among nosocomial bacteria. Staphylococci have become one of the common causes of nosocomialinfections. Multi drug-resistant staphylococci pose a growing problem for human health.ObjectiveThis study was carried out to evaluate the association between the antibiotic susceptibility patterns and the msrA Erythromycin-Resistant gene in staphylococci isolates obtained from various clinical samples of patients.Methods: A total of 25 staphylococci clinical isolates were collected from the central Health Lab. DNA from each sample was extracted and The gene implicated in resistance to erythromycin (msrA) was amplified using PCR method.Results:The PCR of msr A gene showed positive 16 out of 25 for isolated staphylococci (gave 163 sized amplicons), whichresults may be considered as an important criterion to treating Staphylococcal infections.Conclusion: The PCR is a useful and practical device for the routine diagnosis of macrolide resistance staphylococci use to be microbiology laboratory work flow .the detection of resistance genes by PCR was more reliable, accurate and specific than other methods of detection.Key words : PCR,msrA, staphylococci, erythromycin


Article
البيان في ألفاظ واقعة الهدهد

Authors: آلاء حماد نواف فرحان --- أحمد عبد الستار شلال --- قاسم صالح علي
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028 Year: 2017 Volume: 8 Issue: 30 Pages: 39-78
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Studying the Holy Quran's verses, its meanings, explanations, guides the Moslem to expand his knowledge of his God. The importance of this paper comes from touching the high rhetoric of the verses about hoopoe in Al-Naml Sura. From this usage, we will know why Quran uses special words in its context. This is the rhetorical use which makes Arab incapable to say a like.

ليس هناك أرقى وأسمى من دراسة القرآن الكريم وتفسير معانيه وألفاظه, والغوص في أعماق هذا البحر من الأسرار العظيمة التي ترشد إلى معرفة الله تعالى وتوحيده, فتكمن أهمية هذا البحث في فصاحة وبلاغة القرآن الكريم التي سنتذوقها في آيات واقعة الهدهد من سورة النمل رائعة المعاني والمواقف, من خلال تفسير الألفاظ , وسبب استعمالاتها دون غيرها من الألفاظ , ليتبين لنا حسن نظم القرآن , وجميل معانيه وبديع بلاغته , وحسن صياغة قصصه. لذلك خلص البحث إلى بيان هذه الألفاظ التي عجز العرب عن الاتيان بمثلها فهذه ألفاظ ذات دلالات بلاغية عالية الجودة والسعة في المعنى.


Article
Migraine In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Rheumatological outpatients unit

Author: Ameer Shaker*, Akram Mohammed Al-Mahdawi**, Hayder Adnan Fawzi ***
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 51-55
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Migraine is common in systemic lupus erythematosus.It is a significant source of patient disability.Objective: To determine the rate of migraine in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, to assess migraine type, severity, and the association between migraine and patient’s characteristics.Type of the study: Cross-sectional study.Methods: 100 subjected were recruited and divided into two groups; fifty patients with the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus were recruited from the Rheumatologic department of medicine,and another 50 normal subjects, then complete medical and drugs history were taken from them. Results: Fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Thirty percent of systemic lupus erythematosus patients and 12% of normal subjects had migraine. Of the patients with migraine 80%, 13.3% and 6.7% met criteria for migraine without aura, migraine with aura and retinal migraine respectively. The moderately severe migraine was commonly observed (53.3%). There were significant associations between migraine and systemic lupus erythematosus patients who have Raynaud’s phenomenon, and cardiolipin antibodies.There were no statistically significant associations between migraine, systemic lupus erythematosus duration and patient’s age,sex, and anti-dsDNA. Conclusions:A high rate of migraine in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.Migraine associated with Raynaud’s phenomenon, and cardiolipin antibodies.


Article
HLA-DRB1*03 And DRB1*15 Frequency In Helicobacter Pylori Superficial Gastritis

Author: Wafaa Hazim Salih*
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 68-75
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Background: Helicobacter pylori is an important gastrointestinal bacteria related to the development of superficial atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) may play an important roles in host immune responses to H pylori antigens.Aim of the study: to investigate the association between HLA-DRB1 genotypes and superficial gastritis with H. pylori infection in an Iraqi patients.Patients and methods: Sixty patients with superficial gastritis and 100 individuals with apparently normal results after endoscopic examination were recruited from Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital - Gastrocolonoscope Unit between January 2014 and July 2016. All study patients and controls group underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examinations. They were analyzed for CagA antibodies Immunoglobulin G (IgG) for H. pylori and HLA Class II genotyping (HLA-DRB1).Results: Patients with superficial gastritis with H pylori. The infection showed significant expression (P=0.0001) DRB1*03:01 genotypes and DRB1*15:01 (P= 0.004) as compared to control group. Conclusions: Genetic factor may play a role in gastritis. HLA-DRB1*03 and HLA-DRB1*15 may increased the susceptibility to superficial gastritis in H pylori infected patients.

Keywords

Key words: Gastritis --- H pylori --- HLA


Article
Maternal knowledge related to anemia during pregnancy among a sample of mothers attending Primary Health Care centers. Baghdad.

Author: Maral F Thabit *
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 79-84
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Anaemia is a major public health concern and is one of the most prevalent health issue in women within reproductive age group.Objective: to assess maternal knowledge related to anaemia during pregnancy.Type of the study: A cross –sectional study.Method: The study including 200 mothers who attended selected primary health care centres, Baghdad during November and December 2015, they completed a previously prepared questionnaire coveringsocio-demographic characteristics and knowledge regarding anaemia in 4 main domains. The responses were analysed by using frequency, percentage and percent score for each statement and overall percent score for each domain and mean overallpercent score for all the four domains.Results: the main source of information of the participated mothers was health personal (59.5%).The overall percent score for the main domains was good 71% for aetiology of disease, excellent 91% for signs and symptoms of anaemia, good 75% for complications of anaemia and very good 75% regarding ways of prevention and treatment.Conclusion: Satisfactory knowledge level of mothers regarding anaemia during pregnancy.

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