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Article
Efficacy and Safety of Vaginal CO2 Laser Treatment in Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

Author: Saja Mohammed Jasim, Raed Younis Khalil Al‑Rawi1
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 251-257
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of vaginal Fractional CO2 laser treatment for mild‑to‑severe stages of female stress UI (SUI).Materials and Methods: A total of 60 women with a mean age of 47.6 ± 8 years suffering from SUI were included in this prospective,single‑center, nonrandomized, pilot study. Patients were clinically examined and assessed before treatment and at each follow‑up visitat 1, 3, and 6 months postvaginal fractional CO2 laser treatment by International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire‑UI ShortForm (ICIQ‑UI SF) questionnaire for assessing the degree of incontinence and its impact on the quality of life, Pelvic Organ Prolapse/UISexual Questionnaire (PISQ‑12) for assessing the quality of life in the area of sexuality, digital assessment of muscle strength, and Q‑tip testfor evaluating the mobility of the urethra and bladder neck. Two or three sessions of vaginal fractional CO2 laser treatment were performedfor each woman using SmartXide2 with V2LR laser. Pain during the treatment was measured at every session with a visual analog scale (VAS),any other possible adverse effect observed. Results: Significant improvement (P < 0.001) was found in ICIQ‑UI scores, PISQ‑12 scores,muscle strength, and Q‑tip angle, at all follow‑ups after treatment compared to baseline values. ICIQ‑UI scores decreased at 1, 3, and 6 monthsfollow‑ups by 6.5, 7.17, and 7.30 points, respectively (P < 0.001). PISQ‑12 scores increased at 1, 3, and 6 months follow‑ups by 6.2, 7.8, and9.1 points, respectively (P < 0.001). Muscle strength increased at 1, 3, and 6 months follow‑ups by 1, 1.5, and 2 points, respectively (P < 0.001).Q‑tip angle decreased at 1, 3, and 6 months follow‑ups by 11.7°, 18.5°, and 24.2°, respectively (P < 0.001). No adverse events were reportedby any patients during the procedure. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that vaginal Fractional CO2 laser treatment using SmartXide2 withV2LR configuration laser system is an effective and safe treatment option for patients with mild‑severe SUI.


Article
Seed/Catalyst-Free Growth of 2D And 3D Zno Nanostructures on Glass Substrate by Thermal Evaporation Method: Effects of Carrier Gas Flow Rate

Authors: Forat H.Alsultany --- Rusul A.Ghazia
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science مجلة علوم المستنصرية ISSN: 1814635X Year: 2018 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 ICSSSA 2018 Conference Issue Pages: 129-132
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Here, we report the seed/catalyst-free growth of 2D and 3D ZnO nanostructures on a glass substrate by thermal evaporation of Zn powder in the presence of O2 gas. These nanostructures were grown on (75 ± 5 nm) ZnO seed layers, which were deposited on glass substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. Prior to synthesized ZnO nanostructures, the sputtered ZnO seeds were annealed using the continuous wave CO2 laser at 450 ℃ in air for 15 min.The effects of carrier gas flow rate on the morphological, structural, and optical properties were systematically studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

هنا ، نقوم بالإبلاغ عن النمو الخالي من البذرة / المحفز للبُنى النانوية ثنائية وثلاثية الأبعاد على ركيزة زجاجية بواسطة التبخر الحراري لمسحوق الزنك في وجود غاز الاوكسجين. نمت هذه البنى النانوية على طبقات من بذور الزنك (75 ± 5 نانومتر) والتي تم ترسيبها على ركائز زجاجية بواسطة طريقة الرش. قبل تركيب البنى النانوية لأكاسيد الزنك ، تم ترسيب بذور أكسيد الزنك باستخدام ليزر ثاني اوكسيد الكاربون ذو الموجة المستمر عند ℃ 450 في الهواء لمدة 15 دقيقة. تم دراسة تأثير معدل تدفق الغاز الناقل على الخصائص المورفولوجيا والبنيوية والبصرية بشكل منهجي باستخدام انبعاثات مجال مسح المجهر الإلكتروني ، حيود الأشعة السينية والتحليل الطيفي للأشعة فوق البنفسجي .

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