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The negative effects of the absence of studies on environmental impact assessment and sustainable development in the province of Wasit (electrical energy in a model hand Zubaydiah)
الآثار السلبية لغياب دراسات تقيم الاثر البيئي على التنمية المستدامة في محافظة واسط (الطاقة الكهربائية في ناحية الزبيدية انموذجاً)

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Abstract

The beginning of the Environmental Impact Assessment Mechanism (EIA), established in the late 1960 s, is known as the National Environmental Protection Act. The new law provides that any new project will be accompanied by a thorough study of the environmental impacts that the project may have on the environment. To reduce or mitigate the effects of the effects as much as possible. This study is presented to the decision-makers so that they may decide to take the appropriate decision on this new project.

ترجع بداية الية تقييم الاثر البيئي الى الولايات المتحدة الامريكية التي أسسه في نهاية الستينيات من القرن الماضي ما يعرف بالقانون القومي لحماية البيئة وينص القانون الجديد على ان يصاحب اي مشروع جديد دراسة وافية يتم فيها توقع التأثيرات البيئية التي قد يحدثها المشروع على البيئة المحيطة وكيفية تفادي هذه التأثيرات او التقليل منها او تخفيف اثارها قدر المستطاع وتقدم هذه الدراسة الى متخذي القرار حتى يتبين لهم اتخاذ القرار المناسب بشأن هذا المشروع الجديد.اخذت غالبية دول العالم خطوات الولايات المتحدة واصبح التقييم البيئي ركنا رئيسيا في قوانين البيئة في العديد من دول العالم0 وتقيم الاثر البيئي هي عملية موصوفة للتنبؤ بالأثار البيئية لا نشطة التنمية البشرية وتخطيط الاجراءات الملائمة للتخلص من اثارها الضارة او تقليلها وزيادة الاثار الايجابية وتتضمن القواعد الارشادية لعملية تقيم الاثر البيئي مجموعة من النقاط الاساسية مثل المشاركة الكاملة لكافة المنتفعين على مختلف المستويات بأن يعبروا عن ذوي المصلحة الفرصة للمشاركة الايجابية في خطوات عمليه التقييم والشفافية.


Article
An environmental assessment of the validity of groundwater in the Najaf Plateau for different uses
تقييم بيئي لصلاحية المياه الجوفية في هضبة النجف لمختلف الاستعمالات

Authors: . Kefah .S. Alasadi كفاح صالح الاسدي --- Sadiq A. Jabaer صادق عزيز جبار
Journal: Adab Al-Kufa مجلة اداب الكوفة ISSN: 19948999 Year: 2018 Volume: 1 Issue: 37 Pages: 169-192
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

This research deals with the study and analysis of the qualitative characteristics of groundwater in the plateau of Najaf in order to detect their suitability for various uses ( Civil - Agricultural - Industrial ) .The research problem is the following question ( (What the suitability of groundwater in Najaf plateau for different uses of civil and agricultural and industrial ) ) . ?The hypothesis came as the following ( ( vary the validity of the groundwater in the plateau of Najaf for various uses spatially and temporally ) ) .The boundaries of the study Plateau Najaf , which lies between longitudes (41 ° 43, 28 ° 44) to the east and latitudes (55 ° 31, 19 ° 32) to the north , limiting the study area from the north province of Karbala and from the northeast province of Babylon, and is bordered to the south administrative boundaries to spend Manathira hand Middle marginal zone that separates the plateau from the River Euphrates , while bounded on the west side ( flew ) Najaf , which extends to the north -west of the study area in the north-west of which is bordered by the administrative borders of Anbar province , the area of the study area ( 1099.842 km ) Were collected and analyzed (38) model of the groundwater in the study area , and (19) site was sampled by (2) model of each site during the first month of February , which represents ( winter season ) and the second in July , which represents the ( summer season ) has been tested (12) and a compound chemical element and this brings the total elements and chemical compounds ( 456 ) compound and a chemical element and compound chemical elemen

This research deals with the study and analysis of the qualitative characteristics of groundwater in the plateau of Najaf in order to detect their suitability for various uses ( Civil - Agricultural - Industrial ) .The research problem is the following question ( (What the suitability of groundwater in Najaf plateau for different uses of civil and agricultural and industrial ) ) . ?The hypothesis came as the following ( ( vary the validity of the groundwater in the plateau of Najaf for various uses spatially and temporally ) ) .The boundaries of the study Plateau Najaf , which lies between longitudes (41 ° 43, 28 ° 44) to the east and latitudes (55 ° 31, 19 ° 32) to the north , limiting the study area from the north province of Karbala and from the northeast province of Babylon, and is bordered to the south administrative boundaries to spend Manathira hand Middle marginal zone that separates the plateau from the River Euphrates , while bounded on the west side ( flew ) Najaf , which extends to the north -west of the study area in the north-west of which is bordered by the administrative borders of Anbar province , the area of the study area ( 1099.842 km ) Were collected and analyzed (38) model of the groundwater in the study area , and (19) site was sampled by (2) model of each site during the first month of February , which represents ( winter season ) and the second in July , which represents the ( summer season ) has been tested (12) and a compound chemical element and this brings the total elements and chemical compounds ( 456 ) compound and a chemical element and compound chemical elemen

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