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Erosion Wear and Hardness of Glass Fiber / Epoxy with Nano and Micro TiO2 Hybride Composites

Authors: Amine Achour --- Shatha Riyad Ahmed --- Ahmed A. Al-Tabbakh --- Aseel Basim Al-Zubaidi
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2018 Volume: 00 Issue: 1 Pages: 43-51
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to prepare and study (Glass Fiber / Epoxy) with nano and micro Titanium dioxide (TiO2) composites with different volume percentage of nano and micro TiO2 powder of 2%, 4%, and 6% volume fraction. Atomic force microscopy techniques was used to measure the grain size of nano TiO2 powder (average diameter was 46 nm) and particle size analyzer techniques was used. Erosive wear behavior of this composite under three different impingement angles of 30°, 60° and 90° and three angular silica sand abrasive particle sizes approximately 425, 600 and 850 μm and hardness (shore D) were studied. In general the erosion wear of micro composites have lower erosion resistance than other nano-based compounds. Erosion resistance increase as the volume fraction increase. Nano composites of GF / EP with TiO2 have many advantages over micro composites from the view point of wear and hardness tests. The worn surface features of unfilled and filled G-E composites were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and results indicates more severe damage to matrix and glass fiber in unfilled composite system as compared to TiO2 filled composites.


Article
EFFECT OF CARBON NANO TUBES ON EROSION WEAR OF CARBON FIBER, GLASS FIBER & KEVLAR FIBER REINFORCED UNSATURATED POLYESTER COMPOSITES

Authors: Marwa Subhi Atallah --- Emad Saadi Abdel Kareem --- Aseel Basim Abdul-Hussein
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 4 Pages: 74-89
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

In the present study, nano composites were prepared by Hand lay-up molding. The nano composites component of the unsaturated polyester resin (UP) as a matrix, 3% volume fractions of Carbon Fiber (C.F), Glass Fibers (G.F), Kevlar Fiber (K.F) as reinforcement and (0.5%,1%, 1.5% and 2%) volume fractions of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) as filler. The erosion wear behavior of this nano composite at four different impingement angles 30°, 45°, 60° and 90° and four angular silica sand abrasive particle sizes 400, 500 , 600 and 800 μm and density were studied. The results showed that the specimens (UP + 3% (GF, CF, KF) +2% CNTs) have the maximum density when compared with the other volume fractions. The non – reinforced unsaturated polyester have lower erosion resistance than nano composites and the specimen (polyester +3% carbon fiber + 0.5% CNTs) has higher erosion resistance than other nano composites at 15cm, angle 30°, grin size of sand 400µm and 15 hour. Application of this work in protection of aircraft structure, turbine blades and pipes from erosion. The Taguchi experimental design ANOVA shows that the filler content factor has great effect on erosion rate of CNTs filled carbon, glass and Kevlar fibers reinforced unsaturated polyester resin.

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