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Article
The Effect of Some Remineralization Materials and Resin Infiltration (ICON) on the Depth of White Spot Lesions

Authors: Israa J. Attar اسراء جعفر العطار --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-75
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: White spot lesions (WSLs) are subsurface enamel demineralization manifested as white opacities which had an esthetic problem. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the lesion depth improvement of WSLs following application of fluoride varnish, tooth mousse and resin infiltration (ICON).Materials and methods: Artificial WSLs were created on 120 premolar teeth using demineralization solution with pH (4-4.5). Samples randomly allocated into four groups; fluoride varnish, tooth mousse, ICON and untreated group. Groups were discolored in Cola and orange juice for 24 hours. Teeth were ground sectioned by longitudinal cutting then these sections examined and photographed under stereomicroscope at 12X magnification then analyzed for lesion depth measurements using Image Pro Plus computer software to record the average lesion depth (μm).Results: The mean values of lesion depth for WSLs groups in DDW, Cola and orange juice increased after formation of WSLs then decreased with the fluoride varnish, tooth mousse and ICON. There was a statistically significant difference between the WSLs, fluoride and Mousse group in DDW and Cola, while there was no statistically significant effect of ICON on WSL in DDW (p=0.341)and Cola (p=0.210).Conclusions: Formation of WSLs is associated with significant lesion depth changes and the use of fluoride varnish, tooth mousse and ICON could return minerals or resin to subsurface enamel of WSLs and improve lesion depth in different soft drinks


Article
EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING PARAMETERS FOR LOW CARBON STEEL SHEET

Author: Kamal Abdulkareem Mohammed
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 14-22
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) is one of the most efficient fusion welding processes which known as a thermo – electric process used in joining metal by a combination of adjustable parameters (heat, pressure and time), it is high speed, flexible and highly productive process. It is extensively used for many industrial purposes in particular in the automotive industry. The aim of the present work is to study the effect of welding nugget area on the tensile strength of the resistance spot welded joints, the present discussion deals with effect of the parameters of resistance spot welding process (current, time, electrode force) on nugget formation and on failure load of the spot weld joints (the relation between nugget size and strength with input parameters). The test material of the specimens which used in this study is low carbon steel. The mechanical performance (peak load, failure mode) of the welded joints was determined by tensile testing, the testing results were analyzed which were obvious the effectiveness and the necessaries of the suitable or proper welding parameters for the strength of the spot weld joints.

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